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An Outline Of Reading Theory And Practice

2006-09-22  魔法


An Outline Of Reading Theory And Practice


Unit 1 The nature of reading

Section 1 What is reading?
Reading means to understand written or printed texts and get the information one needs as efficiently as possible.

Section 2 Major elements involved in the definition of reading

1. Understanding
Three levels of understanding
Understanding the literal meaning (Reading the lines)
Understanding the figurative meaning (reading between the lines)
Application (reading beyond the lines)

2. Text
Features of a text
Unity: a single idea
Coherence: relationship between ideas
Cohesion: relationship between structures
Function: to narrate, to describe, to explain, to argue and persuade

3. Written texts and spoken texts
Diction
Structures
Levels of Formality
Tones
Emphasis
Audience

4. Information and knowledge
Time factor
Audience factor
Utility factor

5. Efficiency

6. What do we understand?
Form
Language
Purpose and function
Tone
Patterns of development
Relation between ideas

7. How do we understand meaning?
What do we already know?
What we would like to know?
What have we learned?
How to use the knowledge gained as a base of understanding new ideas?
What is meaning after all?

8. Purposes of reading
Reading for survival
Reading for entertainment
Reading for information
Reading for study
Reading for research
Reading for profession
Reading to make sure
Reading to check
Reading to compare
Reading to choose

Unit 2 reading and language

Section 1 reading and vocabulary
Section 2 reading and grammar
Section 3 reading and sound
Section 4 reading and idioms and proverbs
Section 5 reading and figures of speech

Unit 3 reading . society. culture

Section 1 social meaning of reading
Section 2 cultural influence of reading

Unit 4 reading skills

Section 1 preview anticipation predict
Section 2 guess the meaning of new words
Section 3 understanding text patterns
Section 4 purpose and tones of the text
Section 5 main idea and supporting ideas
Section 6 linguistic and non-linguistic information
Section 7 transformation
Section 8 outline and summary

Unit 5 text patterns

Section 1 time order
Section 2 space order
Section 3 comparison and contrast
Section 4 classification
Section 5 general-specific
Section 6 topic-discussion
Section 7 problem-solution
Section 8 question-answer
Section 9 definition
Section 10 cause and effects

Unit 6 understanding short stories

Section 1 characters
Section 2 plots
Section 3 setting
Section 4 conflicts
Section 5 theme
Section 6 climax

Unit 7 understanding poems

Section 1 rime
Section 2 rhythm
Section 3 image

Unit 8 understanding drama

Unit 9 critical reading

Section 1 what is critical reading
Section 2 facts and opinions
Section 3 fallacies of development

Unit 10 comparative reading

Section 1 nationality
Section 2 genre
Section 3 time
Section 4 gender
Section 5 language

Unit 11 understanding non-linguistic information
Charts, tables, pie grid

Unit 12 reading and writing

Section 1 similarities and dissimilarities
Section 2 dialogue between the reader and writer

Unit 13 reading exams

Common types of items

Unit 14 understanding newspaper articles

Section 1 organization of newspaper
Section 2 information structure of articles

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