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英语口语表达技巧

2006-11-01  wangyq237
Reader‘s Show 读者秀
My Tips on Oral English
英语口语表达技巧
    

  Attending Oral English Contests are a valuable experience for me. Not only do I aim at winning a prize or gaining honor for the university, but also making lots of friends, whose majors vary from art to science. While the traditional view of these competitions may mainly focus on the pronunciation or tones of the speaker, I gradually did realize that it’s more like a test for logical thinking and individual perspective. Students who could enter the final competition have an excellent accent, so the judges would focus more on the question and answer part or the improvised speech. The topic of the speech is based from the recent events on campus, to those from around the world.
  I’ve mentioned the importance of personal perception, the significance of oral English is never to be forgotten. Since that’s the main standard for the teachers to choose qualified students to participate in the competition on behalf of the university. I’m so fortunate to have been chosen by the English teachers Fanghong and Wangjuan, who are the tutors best at training students. In the three years of college life, I have had many opportunities to attend various kinds of contests. From the Oral English competition in Hubei Province to the 21st century cup. The contents and the principles of each competition may be distinct, so at first, I found it hard to get used to so many different competitions. However, gradually, I discovered that to improve my speaking and thinking ability is the core value that can enable me to perform well in various contests. The students who compete in smaller competitions may gain good experienced. Then it is more possible for him or her to get the opportunity to attend more formal contests. I do think I’m lucky to get so many chances. The more competitions I attend, the better attitude and thinking method I’ll get, and these valuable experiences finally enabled me to participate in the 21st century cup.
  The preparation for this competition is rigorous. Understanding the principles of the contest is very important. It consisted of three parts; the prepared speech of 4 or 5 minutes, then came the improvised speech for about 3 or 4 minutes, finally the judges would target on the prepared and unprepared speech to raise 2 questions, and each required less than a 2 minute answer.
  The first task is to write a speech for the topic assigned. And the very topic I got for the regional competition was “honesty and integrity in education”. Another big topic and a small answer. That’s the traditional routine we follow to write any speeches. At the beginning, I arranged the speech in 3 parts; the first was a small story which reflected the reality that the dishonesty had already entered into every aspect of our society, including the education field as well. Then, a deeper analysis was raised to show that fame and money may be the main cause of the cheating behavior in education. Finally, it occurred to me that the method of solving the problem should be significant, and it took 50% of my speech. First of all, we should purify our heart and soul, that is, to inform the younger generation that to learn knowledge all by oneself is the core value of education. More than passing the exams and getting high marks. Secondly, the significance of the social group is important. Since the community the advocating for individual thinking and logical thinking could arouse student’s interests in researching and discovering the truth rather than focusing on tests only. Meanwhile, high-tech could be a tool in hand to enable us to protect integrity. For instance, monitors can make sure that the exams are deprived of cheating, and e-censorship would easily detect two identical papers which are then suspected of plagiarism. At last the paragraph is completed. And the amendments were made times to make the speech more easily to understand and the language was more influential. Since there lies the difference between a composition and a speech. The first emphasize on its comprehensiveness while the last depends on the influence on people.
  Through the phone interview, I finally got the ticket for the south regional final contest. I was a bit nervous and didn’t do well on the prepared speech. As I’m not someone who’s very expressive and passionate. When it comes to me with the topic of my unprepared speech, I was glad since the topic was rather close to our daily life, “are pets necessary for the family nowadays?” I first set an example of my aunt, whose daughter went abroad, and the pet dog went with her everywhere. From the example we could see the importance of the comfort we get from pets. Besides, we could also see the news of pets saving the owner, or pets helping humans with daily chores. To keep a pet is a good idea. Still, some side-effects of the pets are to be shown to make the speech complete. The first question for me is that, pets are wearing various clothes even if they like it or not, is that right? I just asked a question back: “How do you know that they do not like them?” This is a change to the serious atmosphere, and I give my success to it partly, since a flexible and creative mind in the contest is usually important. Meanwhile, through the observation of other contestants, I found that logical analysis, and graceful performance is even more attractive.
  The final competition held in Beijing had come to its end. I didn’t go into the final, and I got the third prize. I’m not that satisfied. I lack the ability of analyzing the topic and arranging the ideas in a logical and appropriate way. That would be my goal for improvement of my oral English. Since English is only a tool for communication. The individual thinking and the broad view over the world is the core value we are looking forwards.

  对我来说,参加英语演讲比赛的经历很有价值。不仅为学校赢得奖杯和荣誉,还能交很多朋友,其专业从艺术到科学都有。人们对这些比赛的传统看法还是主要集中在演讲者的发音或语调上,而我认为这更多的是考察选手的逻辑思考能力和观察能力。因此,能够进入总决赛的学生应该具备良好的发音,这样评委就可以更多地关注问题和回答部分,临场演讲,以及针对最近校园甚至世界发生的事件的看法发表的演讲等。
  虽然我一再强调个人观点的重要性,英语口语的意义也不能被忽视。因为这是老师选拔合格学生代表自己的大学参加竞赛的主要标准。我非常荣幸能够被我的英语老师方宏和王娟选中。他们是非常善于培养学生的老师。在三年的大学生活中,我获得了多次参加各种竞赛的机会,从参加湖北省英语演讲比赛到21世纪杯。而每次竞赛的原则皆有不同,因此,在开始的时候,我发现自己不知道如何适应不同的比赛。然而,渐渐地,我发现提高自己的表达和思考能力是保证我在各种比赛中有良好表现的核心任务。因此,参加相对小型比赛的学生最后会变得非常有经验,也就有更多的机会参加一些更为正式的比赛。我想,我能获得这么多机会,是非常幸运的。我参加的比赛越多,就能获得更好的心态和思考方法,而正是这些宝贵的经验使我最终能够参加21世纪杯英文演讲比赛。
  针对这次竞赛的准备工作和其他选手一样非常严格,甚至更加艰苦。首先要理解比赛的原则。它主要包括三部分:4-5分钟预备的演讲,然后是3-4分钟的即时演讲,最后是评委针对预备的演讲和即时演讲分别提出两个问题,每个问题需要做出2分钟的回答。
  第一个任务是要根据分配的主题起草预备演讲稿。我在地区性比赛中选中的主题是“教育中的诚信”。一个很宽泛的主题,和一个小答案。我们按照传统的程序起草演讲稿。首先,我把文章分成三部分。第一部分是一个小故事或一种很严重的现象,能够反映出不诚实已经蔓延到了社会的每个角落这一现实,包括教育领域。然后,展开深入分析,论证教育领域之所以出现作弊行为,对名利和金钱的追逐是根本缘由。最后,我认为解决问题的办法才是最重要的,它占据了整个演讲的50%。首先,我们应该净化我们的心灵,应该告知年轻一代,独立学习知识是教育的核心价值,而不仅仅为了通过考试或者取得高分。其次,社会的影响也不容忽视。社会对独立思考和逻辑思考的提倡将调动学生对研究和探索真理的兴趣,而不仅仅是专注于考试。同时,高科技也是我们确保诚实的重要工具。例如,监视器可以保证考试不会出现作弊,电子阅卷设备可以很简单地识别出两份雷同卷,并判为抄袭。最后一段是结尾。这篇演讲稿经过了多次修改,使其更易于理解,文章的语言更有感染力。作文和演讲稿是有一定区别的,前者强调可读性,后者则强调对听众的影响力。
  通过电话面试,我最终获得了进入南部地区总决赛的资格。由于有点紧张,我的预备演讲没有发挥好。我我不是一个很有表现欲和激情的人。但当我得到即时演讲的题目时,我非常高兴,因为这个主题和我们的日常生活非常接近——宠物是否是现代家庭必需的?首先,我以我姑姑为例子,她女儿出国了,家里的宠物狗寸步不离地陪伴着她。通过这个例子,我们可以看到人类从宠物身上得到的精神安慰。而且,我们也可以看到很多关于宠物救了主人,或者宠物帮助主人处理家务等等此类的新闻。因此,养宠物是非常好的想法。当然,演讲中还要提到宠物带来的负面影响,以保持演讲的全面性。评委提出的第一个问题是:人类为宠物穿上各种各样的衣服,却不管它们是否喜欢,这是否正确?我只是反问道:“您如何得知它们不喜欢呢?”这是对当时紧张气氛的调节,我认为我的成功一定程度上归因于这句话,因为比赛中一个灵活而有创造性的想法是非常重要的。同时,通过观察其他参赛选手,我发现逻辑分析和得体的表现更能吸引评委的眼球。
  最终,我在北京举行的总决赛止步。我未能获得冠军,只获得了第三名。结果不太令人满意。我缺少一种通过逻辑和适当方法分析主题、组织思想的能力。而这也是我提高自己的口语能力的目标。英语仅仅是交流的工具。个人对世界的思考能力和广阔的视野是我们所希望获得的核心价值。

Author:陈林 编译:陈秀丽

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