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配置Spring+hibernate使用ehcache作为second-level cache

2007-08-28  不会游泳...
 

        大量数据流动是web应用性能问题常见的原因,而缓存被广泛的用于优化数据库应用。cache被设计为通过保存从数据库里load的数据来减少应用和数据库之间的数据流动。数据库访问只有当检索的数据不在cache里可用时才必要。hibernate可以用两种不同的对象缓存:first-level cache 和 second-level cache。first-level cache和Session对象关联,而second-level cache是和Session Factory对象关联。

        缺省地,hibernate已经使用基于每个事务的first-level cache。Hibernate用first-level cache主要是减少在一个事务内的sql查询数量。例如,如果一个对象在同一个事务内被修改多次,hibernate将只生成一个包括所有修改的UPDATE SQL语句。为了减少数据流动,second-level cache在Session Factory级的不同事务之间保持load的对象,这些对象对整个应用可用,不只是对当前用户正在运行的查询。这样,每次查询将返回已经load在缓存里的对象,避免一个或更多潜在的数据库事务。

下载ehcache,hibernate3.2必须要ehcache1.2以上才能支持。可以修改log4j配置文件log4j.logger.net.sf.hibernate.cache=debug查看日志

1.在类路径上ehcache.xml:

<ehcache>

    <!-- Sets the path to the directory where cache .data files are created.

         If the path is a Java System Property it is replaced by
         its value in the running VM.

         The following properties are translated:
         user.home - User's home directory
         user.dir - User's current working directory
         java.io.tmpdir - Default temp file path -->
    <diskStore path="java.io.tmpdir"/>


    <!--Default Cache configuration. These will applied to caches programmatically created through
        the CacheManager.

        The following attributes are required:

        maxElementsInMemory            - Sets the maximum number of objects that will be created in memory
        eternal                        - Sets whether elements are eternal. If eternal,  timeouts are ignored and the
                                         element is never expired.
        overflowToDisk                 - Sets whether elements can overflow to disk when the in-memory cache
                                         has reached the maxInMemory limit.

        The following attributes are optional:
        timeToIdleSeconds              - Sets the time to idle for an element before it expires.
                                         i.e. The maximum amount of time between accesses before an element expires
                                         Is only used if the element is not eternal.
                                         Optional attribute. A value of 0 means that an Element can idle for infinity.
                                         The default value is 0.
        timeToLiveSeconds              - Sets the time to live for an element before it expires.
                                         i.e. The maximum time between creation time and when an element expires.
                                         Is only used if the element is not eternal.
                                         Optional attribute. A value of 0 means that and Element can live for infinity.
                                         The default value is 0.
        diskPersistent                 - Whether the disk store persists between restarts of the Virtual Machine.
                                         The default value is false.
        diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds- The number of seconds between runs of the disk expiry thread. The default value
                                         is 120 seconds.
        -->

    <defaultCache
        maxElementsInMemory="10000"
        eternal="false"
        overflowToDisk="true"
        timeToIdleSeconds="120"
        timeToLiveSeconds="120"
        diskPersistent="false"
        diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds="120"/>
       
    <!-- See http://ehcache.sourceforge.net/documentation/#mozTocId258426 for how to configure caching for your objects -->
</ehcache>

2.applicationContext-hibernate.xml里Hibernate SessionFactory配置:

    <!-- Hibernate SessionFactory -->
    <bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <property name="configLocation"><value>classpath:hibernate.cfg.xml</value></property>
        <!-- The property below is commented out b/c it doesn't work when run via
             Ant in Eclipse.  It works fine for individual JUnit tests and in IDEA ??
        <property name="mappingJarLocations">
            <list><value>file:dist/appfuse-dao.jar</value></list>
        </property>
        -->
        <property name="hibernateProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="hibernate.dialect">@HIBERNATE-DIALECT@</prop>
                <!--<prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>-->
                <prop key="hibernate.max_fetch_depth">3</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.hibernate.use_outer_join">true</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.jdbc.batch_size">10</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.cache.use_query_cache">true</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.cache.use_second_level_cache">true</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.cache.provider_class">org.hibernate.cache.EhCacheProvider</prop>
                <!--
                <prop key="hibernate.use_sql_comments">false</prop>
                -->
                <!-- Create/update the database tables automatically when the JVM starts up
                <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</prop> -->
                <!-- Turn batching off for better error messages under PostgreSQL
                <prop key="hibernate.jdbc.batch_size">0</prop> -->
            </props>
        </property>
        <property name="entityInterceptor">
           <ref local="auditLogInterceptor"/>
        </property>
    </bean>
说明:如果不设置“查询缓存”,那么hibernate只会缓存使用load()方法获得的单个持久化对象,如果想缓存使用findall()、 list()、Iterator()、createCriteria()、createQuery()等方法获得的数据结果集的话,就需要设置hibernate.cache.use_query_cache true 才行

3.model类里采用Xdoclet生成*.hbm.xml里的cache xml标签,即<cache usage="read-only"/>

/**
 * @hibernate.class table="WF_WORKITEM_HIS"
 * @hibernate.cache usage="read-write"
 *
 */

4.对于"query cache",需要在程序里编码:

        getHibernateTemplate().setCacheQueries(true);
        return getHibernateTemplate().find(hql);

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