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英语同义词辨别

2008-10-28  woeow
同义词词汇辨别

(1 ) Distinguish区别 differentiation区分 discrimination歧视,判别 division分别Demarcation鉴别 dichotomy二分 distinction划分
(2 ) Thesis论题 Theme课题 topic主题 issue议题 
(3 ) Passion 热情 emotion情绪 affect感动 affectivity情性 affection情意,情感sensation感觉 feeling感受, 感情 mood心境,心情 feel觉察 sensitivity敏感度,感受性 sentiment情操 benevolence善心 
(4 ) Power权力 right权益,权利 authority权威 authoritarian威权,极权authorization授权 empowerment增权,赋能 delegation委派,委任 
(5 ) Broach提出 address陈述 discuss讨论 
(6 ) argumentation论证 debate论辩 discourse论述,言说,论成(哈柏玛斯) 
(7 ) Conceive领悟 perceive感知 presence临现,临在 being present存於当下 
(8 ) Comprehension理解 understanding了解,体会 Verstehen领会,了悟 realize体认 be aware of明了,明白 
(9 ) Expressive辞能达意 Articulate能言善道(当动词:明确表述,述说,畅论) Eloquent辩才无碍 
(10) change变迁,变革 Transmission传递 shift转移 transition过渡 transfer迁移 transformation转变 
(11) Reason理性 Rationality理智 reasonableness合理性 reasoning推理 
(12) sense感识 Intellect才智,睿智 wisdom智慧 intelligence智力,智能 
(13) Intellectual智识,知性 intelligent明智的 intellective智性 intelligible智思,可理解的 
(14) Excerpt摘录 abstract摘要 extract节录 summary概述 
(15) Conviction确信 Commitment承诺,热忱 promise诺言 vision愿景,识见
(16) Imperative命令 commandment诫律 directives训令 
(17) Quotation引用,引语 citation引注,引文 
(18) Formulate阐述 elucidate说明 Expatiate详述,细说 direction指示 
(19) Conflation联合 collaboration协同 cooperation合作 
(20) Enculturation濡化 Acculturation涵化 
(21) Virtue德行morality道德 
(22) Knowing知晓,认识 knowledge知识 cognition认知epistemology认识论 
(23) Ascertain确认 identify辨明 classify釐清 
(24) identification认定,识别 identity认同,同一 
(25) Praxis实践 practice实行,实务 phronesis实践智慧 
(26) Investigate探查,探讨 inquire探究 explore探索,探险 research研究(27) Recognize认可 acknowledge承认 
(28) Falsificationism否证论,证伪主义 fallibilism可错论 
(29) Appraisal考评 assessment评估,评量 evaluation评鉴,评价 
(30) Construe直释,注释 explain解释 interpret诠释 
(31) Concept 概念 conception理念 idea观念,想法,理型(柏拉图) notion意念 opinion见解,意见 desire欲念,心愿 will 意志 intention意向 volition意愿suggestion建议 implication启示 view看法 perspective观 点 insight洞见,洞察 
(32) subject学门,科目 discipline学科,规训 
(33) Aura氛围 atmosphere气氛 climate气候 
(34) temperament性情 predisposition天性,素质 inclination趋向 character品格personality个性,人格 tendency倾向 disposition气质propensity习性 
(35) Mode模式 model模型,形模,楷模 schema基模 pattern类型 style风格type型态 paradigm典范,派典 exemplary范式 modeling形模化,示范 
(36) Perception知觉 awareness觉知,儆醒 Perceptiveness觉知性 
(37) Competency职能 Competence竞争力(功力),知能 talent天分,天赋 capacity才能,本领 capability实能,实力 ability能力 potential潜能 faculty官能,机能 
(38) Course课堂,课别 curriculum课程 lesson课目,课 
(39) teaching教学 instruction施教,教导 Pedagogy教育学,教学法 
(40) goal宗旨 end鹄的 aim目的 purpose标的 Objective目标 target标向,指标 
(41) exercise运动 sport巧动,竞技 movement群动,动作 activity活动 
(42) conduct行径,操守 behavior行为 action行动 comportment举止 
(43) entity实体 reality实相,实在 substance物质,元体 matter质料 material材料 attribute属性,归因 essence本质 nature性质 
(44) technique技巧 skill技能 technology技术
(45) criteria规准,判准,效标 benchmark基准,标竿 standard标准 
(46) reason理由 cause原因 
(47) efficacy效能,效力 efficiency效率 effectiveness有效性,功效 validity效度 validation验证,效验 verification确证
(48) subject主体,对象 object客体,物件 
(49) Involvement投入,涉入 engagement参与,约定 immersion沈浸,融入 
(50) mission任务 assignment作业 task课业,事务,课务,工作 
(51) event事件 affair事情 thing事物 
(52) setting场景 field场域 background背景 domain领域 range范畴 scope范围 coverage涵盖面 category类别 horizon视野 
(53) region地区,区域 province位区 area地方,地域 zone地带,地段 district区(块) realm界域 
(54) approach取向 orientation导向,定向
(55) circumstances境遇 treatment处遇,对待 condition情形 status地位,状态 state态势 phase相态 stage阶段 
(54) feature面貌 trait特质 aspect面向 dimension维度 characteristic特点,特徵 
(55) consequence後果,後局 outcome成果 result结果 effect效果

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