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倒装句解析

2009-10-04  zhengtian...

高考英语倒装考点归纳与试题解析

英语中的倒装句指的是主语、谓语位置颠倒的情况,根据其倒装形式又可分为部分倒装和全部倒装两种形式。在历年的高考中,倒装句都是其考查的重点,本文通过对高考倒装句考点的归纳和试题的解析,以便同学们能够更好的备考2007年高考。
 
考点一.强调否定状语的倒装句。即将含有否定意义的副词或连词置于句首引起的部分倒装结构。这类状语有:never, seldom, rarely, little, few, at no time, by no means, no longer, hardly/scarcely….when…, no sooner…than…, not only…but also…, not until, nowhere, neither…nor…等。
 
1. I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means____ with my progress. (06年重庆卷)
 A. the teacher is not satisfied  B. is the teacher not satisfied
 C. the teacher is satisfied      D. is the teacher satisfied
 
解析:by no means意思是决不,在任何情况下都不,放在句首,句子要用部分倒装。故正确答案为D

2.──Did Linda see the traffic accident?
 ──No, no sooner____ than it happened.(06
年天津卷
)
 A. had she gong   B. she had gone   C. has she gone   D. she has gone
 
解析:no sooner……than意为…………”no sooner所在的主句常用过去完成时,that引导的从句用一般过去时,no表示否定意义。故正确答案为A

 
注意:not only…but(also)…连接两个并列分句且包含否定意义的not only放于句首时,not only后的分句要进行部分倒装, but (also)后的分句不进行倒装。
 
3. Not only____ interested in football but ____ beginning to show an interest in it. (02年上海卷
)
 A. the teacher himself is; all his students are
 B. the teacher himself is; are all his students
 C. is the teacher himself; are all his students
 D. is the teacher himself; all his students are
 
解析:not only位于句首,其后句子用部分倒装的形式,而but also后的句子语序不倒装。故正确答案为D

 
考点二. Only+状语/状语从句置于句首时,主句要进行部分倒装。
 4. Only then____ how much damage had been caused? (06年陕西卷)
 A. she realized            B. she had realized
 C. had she realized        D. did she realize
 
解析:only位于句首修饰状语then,全句要进行部分倒装, 由then又知道此时时态应用一般过去时态。故正确答案为D

 
考点三.作状语的介词短语放于句首时引起的句子要全部倒装。有时为了强调将作状语的介词短语放在句首,而将主语放到句末;或者当句子中主语较长时,为了使句子平衡,常以作状语的介词短语开头。
 
5. At the foot of the mountain____.(06年四川卷)
 A. a village lie        B. lies a village
 C. does a village lie   D. lying a village
 
解析:介词短语at the foot of the mountain位于句首,句子用全部倒装,其时态应为一般现在时态。故正确答案为B

 
6. Just in front of our house____ with a history of 1,000 years. (06年上海卷)
 A. does a tall tree stand    B. stands a tall tree
 C. a tall tree is standing   D. a tall tree stands
 
解析:介词短语位于句首,句子用全部倒装结构。故正确答案为B

 
考点四. so/such…that…结构中的so, such连同它所修饰的成分共同位于句首表示强调时,主句要进行部分倒装。
 7. So difficult____ it to work out the problem that I decided to ask Tom for advice. (06年广东卷)
 A. I did find      B. did I find   C. I have found    D. have I found
 
解析: so位于句首且so修饰difficult,主句部分进行部分倒装,整句为一般过去时态。故正确答案为B

 
考点五. soneithernor表示前面所说的情况也适合于后者时用倒装结构“soneithernor+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语so表示肯定意义,neithernor表示否定意义)的形式。
 8. ──It’s burning hot today, isn’t it?
 ──Yes. ____ yesterday. (06
年福建卷
)
 A. So was it  B. So it was  C. So it is   D. So is it
 
解析: so在这里表示昨天的天气情况也跟今天的一样。故正确答案为A

 
9. —I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible.
      — ____. (04
年全国卷
Ⅲ)
 A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me D. So do I
 
解析:前句表示否定,则后句也应表示否定,根据上一句的情态动词,第二句中也应该用情态动词would。故正确答案为B

 
但是,如果so表示强调,即强调前面所说的情况的真实性时,其结构则是“so+主语+助动词/系动词/情态动词的形式,这里的主语同前一个句子的主语指的是同一人或物。如:
 
10. ──WellI do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast. (05年辽宁卷)
 ──_____.
 A. So it is   B. So is it   C. So does it   D. So it does
 
解析:肯定前一句话中的宾语从句“the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal”, so引导的句子不进行倒装,而且so引导的句子中谓语动词要与该宾语从句中的谓语动词相一致。故正确答案为A

 
考点六. As/though引导的让步状语从句要用倒装结构。as / though引导的让步从句中必须将表语或状语提前(形容词、副词、分词、实义动词提前),构成形容词/副词/名词/动词/分词+as/though+主语+谓语的其它部分的形式。
 
11.______, he talks a lot about his favorites singers after class.(05年重庆卷)
 A. A quiet student as he may be    B. Quiet student as he may be
 C. Be a quiet student as he may be D. Quiet as he may be a student
 
解析:整个表语部分quiet student提在as之前

 
并且名词student前的冠词a要省略。故正确答案为B
 
12. ______, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John.(01年上海卷)
 A. As long as I have traveled    B. Now that I have traveled so much
 C. Much as I have traveled       D. As I have traveled so much
 
解析:本题中从句与主句之间存在明显的让步关系,故需要选择由as引导的让步状语从句,并且要将副词much提前进行倒装。故正确答案为C

 
使用as/though进行倒装时需要注意的是:

 
句首有名词时,名词不能带任何冠词。
 
句首是实义动词时,其他助动词则放在主语之后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语,则宾语和状语随实义动词一起放在主语之前。如:
 Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.
 
虽然他尽了努力,但他的工作总做的不尽人意。

 
考点七.非真实条件句中的倒装。即在非真实条件句中含有were, had, should等助动词时,可以将if省略,把助动词放在非真实条件句的句首的倒装形式。
 
13._______ fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off.(06年湖北卷)
 A. Would you be  B. Should you be C. Could you be  D. Might you be
 
解析:该句中条件句为非真实条件句,省略if且表示与将来事实相反。故正确答案为B

 
14. ______ for the free ticket, I would not have gone to see the film.(95年上海卷)
 A. If it is not    B. Were it not  C. Had it not been   D. If they were not
 
解析:该条件句中省略if,且表达与过去事实相反。故正确答案为C

 
由高考考点的稳定性可知,只要我们掌握了倒装句这六种重要的考查形式,熟悉其解题规律,就能够在复习时极大的提高复习效率。

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