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中英文菜单对照

2010-03-18  验证生命

中英文菜单对照

1 烹调方式 Cooking Method
    fried... ... deep fried... 炸(干炸)...
    quick-fried/stir-fried... (爆)炒... braised... 炖(烧)...
    stewed... 闷(炖、煨)... steamed... ...
    smoked... ... roast... ...
    grilled... ... crisp... 香酥...
    spicy... 麻辣... caramelized... 拔丝...
    toffee... 拔丝... dices... ...
    mashed... ...馅、泥
    ...in brown sauce 红烧... ...in soy sauce 酱汁...
    ...in hot sauce 干烧... ...in tomato sauce 茄汁...
    ...in black bean sauce 豆瓣... ...in rice wine 糟溜...
    ...with fish flavor 鱼香... ...with sweet and sour flavor 糖醋...
    ...in soup ... ...shreds ...
    ...slices ... ...cubes ...

2 调味品 Condiments
    table salt 食盐 sugar 白糖 cheese 奶酪/干酪
    vinegar butter 黄油 pepper 胡椒
    soy sauce 酱油 cream 奶油 curry 咖哩
    mustard 芥茉 tomato sauce 蕃茄酱 honey 蜂蜜
    gravy 肉汁 jam 果酱 cube sugar 方糖
    ginger garlic 大蒜 shallot 大葱
    mayonnaise 蛋黄酱 sweet soybean paste 甜面酱

3 汤类 Soup 
      clear soup/thin soup/consomme 清汤 pottage/thick soup 浓汤
    broth 肉汤 beef soup 牛肉汤
    tomato soup 西红柿汤 cabbage soup 洋白菜汤
    vegetable soup 菜汤 chicken soup 鸡汤
    creamed chicken soup 奶油鸡汤 fish and tomato soup 红鱼汤
    creamed ham soup 奶油火腿汤 beef balls soup 牛肉丸子汤
    creamed prawn soup 奶油虾汤 beef and vegetable soup 牛肉蔬菜汤
    creamed spinach soup 奶油菠菜汤 hot and sour soup 酸辣汤
    minced chicken and corn pottage 鸡茸粟米汤 curry chicken soup 咖哩鸡汤

4 主食 Staple food   
             中餐主食Chinese Food
    rice gruel/porridge 大米粥 millet gruel 小米粥
    steamed bun/steamed bread 馒头 steamed twisted roll 花卷
    meat pie 馅饼 pancake 煎饼
    meatbun/steamed bread with stuffings 包子 dumpling 饺子
    wonton/dumpling soup 馄饨 noodles 面条
    sichuan style noodles with peppery sauce 担担面 fried noodles 炒面
    stretched noodles 拉面 noodles with soup 汤面
    noodles with soybean paste 炸酱面 beef noodles 牛肉面
    spring roll/egg roll 春卷 rice noodles 米线
    sweet dumpling 元宵 egg fried rice 蛋炒饭
    deep-fried dough sticks 油条 soybean milk 豆浆
    muffin 松糕/ cruller 油饼
    
    西餐主食Western Food
    bread 面包 toast 烤面包/土司
    rye bread 黑麦面包 bun 小圆面包
    hamburger 汉堡包 bacon cheeseburger 腊肉奶酪汉堡包
    sandwich 三明治 tuna sandwich 金枪鱼三明治
    hotdog 热狗 biscuits/crackers/cookies 饼干
    pancake 烤饼/薄饼 pizza 比萨饼
    meat-pie 肉馅饼
    barley gruel 大麦粥 oatmeal 燕麦粥
    French fries 炸薯条 pudding 布丁
    macaroni 通心面 spaghetti 意大利面条
5
主菜 Entrees
    西餐主菜Western Entrees
    beef steak 牛排 (rare) 半熟的(牛排)
    roast beef 烤牛排 (medium-rare) 适中偏生的(牛排)
    curry beef 咖哩牛排 (medium) 适中的(牛排)
    real cutlet/veal chop 小牛排 (medium-well done) 适中偏熟的(牛排)
    roast veal 烤小牛排 (well done) 熟透的(牛排)
    spiced beef 五香牛排 braised beef 焖牛排
    roast mutton 烤羊肉 lamb chop 羊排
    porp chop 猪排 sliced ham 火腿片
    roast turkey 烤火鸡 roast chicken 烤油鸡
    curried chicken 咖哩鸡 roast duck 烤鸭
    smoked carp 熏鲤鱼 sardine 沙丁鱼
    fried fish 炸鱼 fried eggs 煎鸡蛋
    boiled eggs 煮鸡蛋 poached eggs 荷包蛋
    omelet/omelette 摊鸡蛋/蛋卷 pickled cucumber 酸黄瓜
    salad 色拉 salad dressing 色拉酱
    chicken salad 鸡色拉 French 法式(色拉酱)
    vegebable salad 素菜色拉 Italian 意大利式(色拉酱)
    ham salad 火腿色拉 Blue cheese 蓝乳酪式(色拉酱)
     Russian 俄式(色拉酱)
    backed potato 烤土豆 mashed potato 土豆泥
    
    中餐主菜Chinese Dishes
    bean curb 豆腐 beansprouts 豆芽
    steamed chicken 清蒸鸡 braised chicken 焖鸡
    Beijing roast duck 北京烤鸭 preserved eggs 松花蛋
    braised pork 红烧扣肉 red-cooked pork 红烧肉
    sweet-sour pork 糖醋肉 broiled beef slices 烤牛肉片
    chop suey 炒杂碎 stir-fried liver 炒猪肝
    sweet-and-sour fish 糖醋鱼 meat balls 肉丸子
    fried prawns 炸大虾 steamed turtle 炖甲鱼
6
甜点 Dessert
    cake 蛋糕 cream cake 奶油蛋糕
    ice-cream 冰淇淋 pie 馅饼
    vanilla ice-cream 香草冰淇淋 shortcake 松饼
    chocolate ice-cream 巧克力冰淇淋 tart 果馅饼
    strawberry ice-cream 草霉冰淇淋 apple pie 苹果馅饼
    ice sucker 冰棍 jello 冰糕
    pastry 点心 yam 甜薯
    sweet potato 番薯 raisin 葡萄干
7
酒水 DRINKS
    软饮料非酒精饮料 soft drinks/beverages
    coffee 咖啡 black coffee 不加牛奶的咖啡/清咖啡
    decaffeinated coffee 无咖啡因的咖啡 white coffee 牛奶咖啡
    coffee with cream and sugar 加奶加糖的咖啡 instant coffee 速溶咖啡
    plain coffee 纯咖啡 milk 牛奶
    tea green tea 绿茶
    black tea 红茶 jasmine tea 茉莉花茶
    tea bags 袋泡茶 yogurt 酸奶
    cocacola/coke/cocoa 可口可乐 7-up 七喜
    Pepsi Cola 百事可乐 Diet Pepsi 无糖百事可乐
    Sprite 雪碧 fruit juice 水果汁
    lemonade 柠檬汁 orangeade 桔子汁
    mineral water 矿泉水 soda water 汽水
    fresh orange juice 鲜桔子汁 Fruit Punch 水果混合饮料
    beer 啤酒 light beer 淡啤酒
    draught beer 扎啤
    开胃酒 aperitive/apertif
    wine 低度酒/葡萄酒 white wine 白葡萄酒
    red wine/port 红葡萄酒/红酒 sherry 雪利酒
    champagne 香槟酒 cocktail 鸡尾酒
    non-alcoholic cocktail 无酒精鸡尾酒 martini 马丁尼鸡尾酒
    punch 潘趣酒 vermouth 味美思酒/苦艾酒
    rose liquor 玫瑰酒 cider 苹果酒
    烈性酒 liquor/spirit
    whisky 威士忌 brandy 白兰地
    scotch 苏格兰威士忌 vodka 伏特

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