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382个高考重点词汇解析

2010-04-11  昵称11919...

1.able 用法:be able to do
Note: 反义词unable表示不能,而disabled表示残疾的。
be able to do可以表示经过艰难困苦才能做到的事。
2.abroad 用法:表示到(在)国外,是一个副词,前面不加介词。
Note: 可以说from abroad, 表示从国外回来。
3.admit 用法:表示承认的时候后面要加上动名词形式。
Note: 表示允许进入的时候与介词to搭配。
4.advise 用法:advise sb. to do; advise doing
Note: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:advise that sb. (should) do的形式。
5.afford 用法:通常与动词不定式搭配使用。
Note: 前面需要有be able to或can等词。
6.after 用法:表示在时间、空间之后;be after表示追寻。
Note: 用在将来时的时候后面接一时间点,而in接一个时间段,如:after 3 o’clock; in 3 days.
7.agree 用法:与介词on, to, with及动词不定式搭配。
Note: agree on表示达成一致;agree to表示批准;agree with表示同意某人说的话。
8.alive 用法:表语性形容词,在句中只能作表语,不能作定语。
Note: 可以作状语使用,表示活活地,如:bury sb. alive.
9.allow 用法:allow doing; allow sb. to do
Note: 可以表示允许进入,如:Please allow me in.
10.among 用法:用在三者或三者以上的群体中。
Note: 还可以表示其中之一,如:He is among the best.
11.and 用法:用于连接两个词、短语、句子或其他相同结构。
Note: 与祈使句搭配时往往可以表示条件。如:Work hard, and you’ll succeed sooner or later.
12.another 用法:表示又一个,泛指,相当于one more的含义。
Note: 不能直接加复数名词,需要与一个数词搭配,如:another 2 weeks.
13.answer 用法:及物动词,但在作名词时要与介词to搭配。
Note: 可以表示接电话、应门等。如:answer the phone/door.
14.anxious 用法:be anxious for/about/to do
Note: be anxious about表示担心;be anxious for表示盼望得到。
15.appear 用法:不及物动词,没有宾语,没有被动语态。
Note: 还可以作为系动词,与seem同义,表示看起来……。
16.arrive 用法:arrive at表示到一个小地方;arrive in表示到一个大地方。
Note: 引申含义表示得出,如:arrive at a decision/conclusion.
17.ask 用法:ask to do; ask sb. to do; ask for
Note: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:ask that sb. (should) do的形式。
18.asleep 用法:表语性形容词,在句中只能作表语,不能作定语。
Note: 通常与动词be及fall搭配;sound asleep表示熟睡。
19.attend 用法:表示参加,后面经常加上meeting, lecture, conference, class, school, wedding, funeral等词;也可以表示照顾,照料。
Note: attend to可以表示处理、照料等。
20.attention 用法:pay attention to; draw/catch sb’s attention
Note: 写通知时的常用语:May I have your attention, please?
21.beat 用法:表示打败某人,或连续不断地击打某物。
Note: heartbeat表示心跳。
22.because 用法:后面接原因状语从句,because of后面接名词。
Note: because表示直接原因,因此只有用它才可以回答why的特殊疑问句及用在强调句中。
23.become 用法:系动词,表示变得……。可以由好变坏或由坏变好。
Note: become of sb.表示某人发生了什么事情。
24.before 用法:before long, long before, the day before yesterday, the week / year before last 上上周/前年
Note: It be + 段时间 before…在该句型中,主句时态只有将来时态和一般过去时态。
25.begin 用法:begin to do; begin doing
Note: 当begin本身是进行时的时候,只能用begin to do的形式。如:It was beginning to rain.
26.believe 用法:believe sb.表示相信某人说的话;believe in sb.表示信任;6123结构。
Note: 回答问句时通常用I believe so/not的形式。
27.besides 用法:表示除……之外还有,包含在一个整体之中。
Note: 还可以用作副词,表示此外,要用逗号隔开。
28.beyond 用法:表示越过、在另一边,如:beyond the wood/bridge.
Note: 可以用于引申含义,表示超出……,如:beyond control/power/description.
29.bit 用法:与a little一样可以修饰不可数名词,形容词或副词。
Note: 修饰名词时要用a bit of;not a bit表示一点也不。
30.blame 用法:take/bear the blame; blame sth. on. sb.
Note: 表示应受到责怪时不用被动语态,如:He is to blame.
31.blow 用法:blow down/away
Note: 表示风刮得很大时要用blow hard.
32.boil 用法:boiling表示沸腾的;boiled表示煮过的。
Note: boiling point可以表示沸点。
33.borrow 用法:borrow表示借入:lend表示借出。
Note: 点动词,不能表示借的时间长短。
34.breath 用法:hold one’s breath;
out of breath; save one’s breath
Note: take a breath表示深吸一口气;take breath表示喘口气。
35.burn 用法:burn down/up/one’s hand
Note: burning表示点着的;burnt表示烧坏的。
36.business 用法:on business表示出差;in/out of business表示开/关张。
Note: 表示商业时不可数,表示具体的行业时可数。
37.busy 用法:be busy with/doing.
Note: 不能说My work is busy. 应说I am busy with my work.
38.buy 用法:buy sth. for 5 dollars; buy sth. for sb.
Note: 点动词,不能表示买的时间长短。
39.but 用法:not…but.. but for next but one , have no choice bu to do sth., all but 几乎,差一点
Note: do nothing but do sth. nothing前有do,后面的to要省略。Not only… but also…引导的并列句,前倒后不倒。cannot help/ choose but do sth. 不能不,只能
40.by 用法:by accident, by air/ sea/ train, by and by, by far, by force, by mistake, by chance, by the way
Note: by way of 取道,经由。by reason of 由于。by 引导的时间状语一般句子用完成时态。
41.care 用法:take care of; with care; care for/about
Note: care about表示在乎,常用于否定句;care for表示关心,喜爱,常用于肯定句。
42.carry 用法:carry表示搬运;carry on表示进行;坚持下去;carry out表示执行。
Note: carry没有方向性,可以表示随身携带。
43.case 用法:in case; in case of; in any case; in this/that case
Note: in case后面的状语从句可以用虚拟语气,即in case sb. should do的形式。
44.catch 用法:catch the thief; catch fire; catch a cold; catch up with
Note: be caught表示陷入困境,如:He was caught in the rain.
45.cattle 用法:集合名词,动词要用复数形式。如:Cattle are raised here.
Note: 一头牛可以用a head of cattle. 注意十头牛用ten head of cattle。
46.chance 用法:by chance; take a chance; there is a chance that…
Note: 在chance后面可以用动词不定式或者of的结构作定语。
47.change 用法:change A for B表示用A换成B;change A into B 表示把A变成B。
Note: 表示变化时是可数名词,表示零钱时不可数。
48.class 用法:集合名词,谓语动词单复数由其表示的意思决定。
Note: in class表示在上课,in the class表示在班上。
49.close 用法:动词表示关闭;形容词表示亲密的;副词表示靠近。
Note: close作副词时表示距离上的靠近,而另一个副词形式closely表示密切地。
50.clothes 用法:复数名词,谓语动词用复数,不能加不定冠词。
Note: 要用few或many来修饰。
 51. buy 用法:buy sth. for 5 dollars; buy sth. for sb.
Note: 点动词,不能表示买的时间长短。
52. but 用法:not…but.. but for next but one , have no choice bu to do sth., all but 几乎,差一点
Note: do nothing but do sth. nothing前有do,后面的to要省略。Not only… but also…引导的并列句,前倒后不倒。cannot help/ choose but do sth. 不能不,只能
53. by 用法:by accident, by air/ sea/ train, by and by, by far, by force, by mistake, by chance, by the way
Note: by way of 取道,经由。by reason of 由于。by 引导的时间状语一般句子用完成时态。
54. call 用法: call for / up / back / in / , call on sb. to do sth., pay / make a call on sb. give sb. a call ,on call
Note: call at后面跟地点;call on 后面跟人。
55. care 用法:take care of; with care; care for/about
Note: care about表示在乎,常用于否定句;care for表示关心,喜爱,常用于肯定句。
56. carry 用法:carry表示搬运;carry on表示进行;坚持下去;carry out表示执行。
Note: carry没有方向性,可以表示随身携带。
57. case 用法:in case; in case of; in any case; in this/that case
Note: in case后面的状语从句可以用虚拟语气,即in case sb. should do的形式。
58. catch 用法:catch the thief; catch fire; catch a cold; catch up with, catch sb. doing sth.
Note: be caught表示陷入困境,如:He was caught in the rain.
59. cattle 用法:集合名词,动词要用复数形式。如:Cattle are raised here.
Note: 一头牛可以用a head of cattle. 注意十头牛用ten head of cat
tle。
60. chance 用法:by chance; take a chance; there is a chance that…
Note: 在chance后面可以用动词不定式或者of的结构作定语。
61. change 用法:change A for B表示用A换成B;change A into B 表示把A变成B。
Note: 表示变化时是可数名词,表示零钱时不可数。
62. charge用法:charge sb. with (doing) sth. that… , charge sb. to do sth. charge sb. for $
Note: in charge of 负责; in the charge of 由某人负责(表示的是被动的)。
63. class 用法:集合名词,谓语动词单复数由其表示的意思决定。
Note: in class表示在上课,in the class表示在班上。
64. clear用法:clear away, clear off, make clear, it is clear that…
Note: clear up 及物时表示“澄清,整理,收拾”;不及物表示“晴朗起来,开朗起来”。
65. close 用法:动词表示关闭;形容词表示亲密的;副词表示靠近。
Note: close作副词时表示距离上的靠近,而另一个副词形式closely表示密切地。
66. clothes 用法:复数名词,谓语动词用复数,不能加不定冠词。
Note: 要用few或many来修饰。
67. collect 用法:collect stamps; collect one’s child from school
Note: a collect phone表示对方付费的电话。
68. come 用法:表示到说话者所处的地方来。常见短语有:come to, come about, come across, come out,come to an end, come down, come up, come into being/ exist / force / effect等。
Note: 可用作系动词,表示变成,如:His dreams came true.
69. common 用法:表示普遍性,如:Smith is a common name.
Note: common sense表示常识;in common表示共同点。
70. compare 用法:compare…with…表示把……与……作比较;compare…to…表示把……比作……。
Note: 用作状语时,二者都可以表示比较,如:Compared with/to other women, she was very lucky.
71. consider用法:consider doing sth. / what to do / that...,consider sb. sth. 6123结构
Note: 该词直接跟宾语用动名词但可以用不定式作宾补;considering引导短语作状语,表示“考虑到”
72. condition 用法:表示生活、工作等的条件或状况。
Note: on condition that表示只要,条件状语从句。
73. content 用法:be content with/to do
Note: 表语性形容词,在句中只能作表语,不能作定语。
74. cost 用法:sth. cost sb. some money,只能用物作主语。
Note: 修饰cost要用副词high或low.
75. cover 用法:be covered with表示状态;be covered by表示动作。
Note: 反义词uncover表示揭开盖子;discover表示发现。
76. cross用法:cross off 划掉,cross one’s mind, cross out, bear one’s cross 忍受痛苦
Note: 作形容词一般用于be cross with sb. = be angry with sb.
77. crowd 用法:be crowded with
Note: 集合名词,谓语动词单复数由其表示的意思决定。
78. cure 用法:cure sb. of …
Note: cure 强调治愈,表示结果;而treat知表示动作。
79. cut 用法:cut down/up/off
Note: 作名词时a short cut表示捷径。

80. damage 用法:do damage to sb. = do sb. harm
Note: 表示损害的时候不可数,复数形式可以表示赔偿费。
81. danger 用法:in danger表示处于危险的境地。
Note: 表示一般概念时不可数,表示具体危险时可数。
82. dare用法:作为情态动词一般用于否定句,疑问句或者条件状语从句;作为实意动词后跟不定式。
Note: I dare say that….意为:我猜测,可能,或许。
83. dark 用法:before/after dark; in the dark
Note: 可以表示深色的,如:dark blue.
84. deal 用法:a great/good deal of修饰不可数名词。
Note: 作动词时构成短语deal with, 常与副词how搭配。
85. defeat用法:及物动词,后面的宾语是国家,队,军队等名词。
Note: 不能用人作宾语。
86. demand 用法:demand to do; demand that…, demand of sb. to do sth.
Note: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:demand that sb. (should) do的形式。
87. depend用法:depend on sb./ sth. / one’s doing sth. / to do sth.
Note: depend 不及物动词,常和on连用。意为“依靠,信赖”
88. desert 用法:名词表示沙漠;动词表示抛弃。
Note: 可以用过去分词作表语或定语,表示废弃的,如:a deserted house.
89. determine 用法:determine to do; determine sb. to do
Note: 过去分词表示有决心的,可以说be determined to do sth. 决心做…(表示状态)
90. devote 用法:devote oneself to; be devoted to
Note: 与devote搭配的to是介词,后面接名
词或动名词。如:His whole life was devoted to teaching.
91. die 用法:die of/from/for/out/ away
Note: 点动词,不与for引起的时间状语连用。
92. difficulty 用法:have difficulty with; have difficulties with sth. ; have difficulty in doing sth. ;
Note: 表示一般概念时不可数,表示具体困难时可数。
93. disagree 用法:disagree with sb.
Note: disagree虽然在形式上有否定前缀,但并不是个否定词。注意它的反义问句形式:He disagreed with you, didn’t he?
94. distance 用法:in the distance; at a distance
Note: 可用于引申含义,表示时间上或情感上的距离。
95. divide 用法:divide…into…表示把……分成几份。强调分成等份。
Note: 可以表示除法,如:Nine divided by three is three.
96. do 用法:do away with, do sb. a faour; do up; do with., do wonders, do sb. wrong = do wrong to sb.
Note: 主要用作及物动词;不及物时表示“行”:If you have no pen, pencil will do.
97. doubt用法:doubt sb. / sth. , beyond doubt, in doubt, no doubt, without a doubt
Note: 主句是否定句时宾语用that引导;主句是肯定句时宾语用whether / if引导。
98. downtown 用法:副词,前面不加介词,如:go downtown.
Note: 可用作定语,如:a downtown street.
99. draw 用法:draw a picture/the curtain
Note: 引申含义表示得出,如:draw a conclusion/lesson.
100. dream 用法:dream of/about/that…
Note: 可用同源词构成短语:dream a dream.
 101. dress 用法:作名词时常表示女子服装;作动词时用短语dress sb., dress up
Note: dress的宾语只能是人,表示给人穿上衣服。若要表示穿着什么衣服时要用be dressed in的形式。
102. drown 用法:常用分词形式作定语或表语。
Note: a drowning man表示快要淹死的人;a drowned man表示淹死的人。
103. due 用法:due to形容词短语,表示原因。如:He didn’t come due to his illness.
Note: be due to表示定于某时做某事。如:Mary is due to leave at two o’clock.
104. duty 用法:on/off duty; sense of duty
Note: duty free表示免关税。
105. each用法:可以做定语,主语,宾语,同位语。一般指两者each,三者以上时用every做定语。
Note: each other 指的是两者时间;而one another是三者以上。
106. earn 用法:earn money; earn one’s living
Note: 可以有双宾语,如:His success earned him a prize.
107. education 用法:常作不可数名词;加定冠词表示一种或一段教育。
Note: 常用higher或further修饰表示继续教育。
108. effect 用法:have an effect on; take effect
Note: effect作动词时表示进行。
109. end 用法:in the end; at/by the end of; put an end to, odds and ends 杂七杂八
Note: make ends meet表示收支平衡。
110. engage用法:engage sb. / sth. , engage oneself to do sth. 保证。engage for 担保,对…负责。
Note: be engaged to sb. 与某人订婚;be engaged in (doing ) sth. 忙于…。
111. envy 用法:双宾语,envy sb. sth.
Note: 名词可以表示受嫉妒的对象,如:He is the envy of others.
112. equip用法:equip sb. / sth. to do sth. 使具备条件做…, equip sb. / sth. with sth.用…装备…
Note: be equipped with 表示状态。
113. escape 用法:后面要接动名词形式。如:You cannot escape doing it.
Note: 常与介词from搭配,如:He has escaped from the fire.
114. ever 用法:谈论过去的动作,多用于否定及疑问句。
Note: 也可用于谈论将来的动作,表示强调。如:If you ever see Mike, give him my best regards.
115. everyday 用法:形容词,作定语。表示日常的,相当于daily的意思。
Note: every day起状语作用。
116. except 用法:表示除……之外全部或没有,不包含在一个整体之中。
Note: except for表示肯定全部,否定局部。注意except that…的用法。
117. exercise 用法:take exercise, do morning exercises
Note: 表示练习时可数;表示体育锻炼时不可数。
118. expect用法:expect sb. / sth. , expect sb. to do sth. , expect to do sth. / that…
Note: expect 后面跟宾语从句,贮于一般是I,意为“期待,预料,指望,揣想”等。
119. experience 用法:表示经验时不可数;表示经历时可数。
Note: 后面加介词in或of表示具有某方面的经验

120. face 用法:make a face; face to face; face the south
Note: 多用于be faced with这种结构,表示面临、面对。
121. fail用法: fail to do sth. fail (in ) sth. He failed in the exam. = He failed theexam.
Note: 不及物是失败的意思;及物是辜负期望,使某人失望。
122. fall 用法:名词表示秋天;动词表示跌倒,如:fall down.
Note: 可用作系动词,表示进入某种状态,如:fall asleep.,fall in love with, fall into
123. famous 用法:be famous as/for/to
Note: 当it作形式主语时不可用famous, 要用well-known.
124. fear用法:fear to do sth. fear that…, fear for, for fear of , in fear of
Note: for fear that… 后面的从句要使用should构成虚拟语气。意为“唯恐,怕的是,以防”。
125. feed用法:feed sb. feed sb. with sth. feed on sth. feed up 养胖起来。
Note:be fed up with 受够了,腻了,厌烦,不高兴
126. feel 用法:常作系动词,后面用形容词作表语。
Note: 可用作及物动词,用分词作宾语补足语;或6123结构。I feel something moving across my feet.
127. field 用法:表示田地、场地,引申意义表示领域。
Note: in the field表示在田地中;on the field表示在场地中。
128. find 用法:找到,发现; find …to do / done / doing sth. 或者6123结构。
Note: 强调结果;而look for, search等强调动作。
129. fine 用法:The weather is fine. I am fine.
Note: 作及物动词时表示罚款。
130. firm 用法:名词表示公司;形容词表示坚固的。
Note: 在固定结构中,可用作副词,如:stand/hold firm
131. fit 用法:be fit to do; be fit for; keep fit ; fit st. / sb.
Note: 只有作形容词时才能和for连用;该词只可以表示服装大小合适,不能表示款式或颜色。
132. follow 用法:follow sb’s advice; as follows
Note: 可用现在分词表示接下来的,如:the following week.
133. for用法:for all / certain / example / ever / free / fun / instance / long / once / pleasure / shame / short / sure
Note: 作为连词,它不能位于句首,他只是对前一句话进行补充说明。
134. forbid用法:forbid doing sth. , forbid sb. to do sth.
Note: 注意这个结构:He was forbidden ______ the job in the room. 此处只能填 to do, 为什么?
135. force 用法:force sb. to do; by force, put…into force
Note: 可以表示武力,军队,如:air force.
136. free 用法:free to do; free of charge; for free
Note: 可以加介词from表示免于,如:Keep the table free from dirt by putting a cover over it.
137. freeze 用法:Water freezes at zero centigrade.
Note: 可以用现在分词freezing表示极冷的;过去分词frozen表示冻住的。
138. forget用法:forget sth. / to do sth. / that… / about ; forget oneself in (doing) sth 沉浸在…中。
Note: forget to do sth. 忘记了要做什么;forget doing sth. 忘记了做过什么。
139. from用法:from now on , from then on, from door to door, from bad to worse, from hand to mouth
Note: from where 引导定语从句。He hid under the bed, from where he could see his father come back.
140. front 用法:in front of; in the front of; front line
Note: in front of表示一个物体在另一个物体的前方;in the front of表示一个物体在另一物体的前部。
141. fun 用法:Have fun; It is fun to do; What fun it is!
Note: fun是不可数名词,表示乐趣;而funny则表示滑稽的。
142. furniture 用法:furniture是不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。
Note: 可以用a piece/set of furniture.
143. get 用法:get cold; get down to; get away; get close to, get hold of, get in, get off, get on, get rid of, get up
Note: 作使役动词时,不定式作宾语补足语时to不能省。如:Can you get him to pick me up at seven?
144. give用法:give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. , give away / back / off / out / up / way to, give one’s life to
Note: give out 表示“耗尽,用完”是不及物短语。
145. go 用法:go ahead; go all out; go through; go over, go up, go with, go fishing /swimming / hunting
Note: 作系动词表示变化时,只能表示从好变坏,如:These apples have gone bad.
146. good 用法:do good to = do sb. good; it is good of/for sb. to do
Note: 在It is no good的句型中,要用动名词作句子真正的主语。如:It is no good talking to him.
147. graduate 用法:graduate from; a graduate表示毕业生。
Note: 点动词,不能表示毕业时间长短。要表示延续时可以用be away from school.
148. grass 用法:live on grass; keep off the grass
Note: 不可数名词,用复数可以表示各种不同的草。
149. ground 用法:表示室外地面或场地,与sky相对。
Note: 引申意义表示讨论的内容,如:Don’t talk about politics; it is forbidden ground.
150. grow 用法:grow up; grow wheat; grow dark
Note: 作系动词表示缓慢变化。如:He has grown taller.
作及物动词表示种植;作不及物动词表示生长。
151. guide 用法:作名词表示导游、指南;作动词表示指导、带领。
Note: 作名词时与介词to搭配,如:a guide to the museum.
152. habit用法:get/ form / into the habit of , break away from / off a habit, from / out of / by habit 出于习惯
Note: habit 是指个人的习惯;custom 是指一个社会,一个民族的风俗,还可以表示“海关,关税”
153. hair 用法:头发的总称,不可数名词;表示一根根头发的时候可数。
Note: 还可以用来表示动物的毛。
154. hand 用法:by hand; hand in hand; at hand; hand in, hand down, hand out, hand over
Note: 可以表示人手,如:The factory has employed more hands.
155. hang 用法:表示悬挂,过去式和过去分词都是hung; 表示绞刑,过去式和过去分词都是hanged.
Note: 表示悬挂的状态时,用不及物动词形式。如:My shirt is hanging on the wall.
156. happen 用法:happen to do sth. It so happened that… sth. happen to sb.
Note: 区分是碰巧还是发生,记住,人作主语是碰巧;物作主语是发生。
157. hate 用法:hate to do; hate doing
Note: 不定式表示某一次具体的情况;动名词表示习惯性动作。如:I hate walking in the rain. I hate to go out tonight.
158. have 用法:have sb. do/doing/done; have to do
Note: have to do表示客观需要;而must表示主观看法。
159. head 用法:Use your head; head of the department; head for
Note: 可以用作量词,如:a head of cattle.
160. hear用法:hear about / of / from hear sb. do sth. / doing sth. / done ; hearing 听力
Note: hear 表示结果;listen 只表示动作。Hear from 收到某人的来信。
161. heart 用法:by heart; heart and soul; lose heart
Note: 表示灰心的时候不能说lose one’s heart.
162. help 用法:can’t help doing sth.; can’t help to do sth. help to do; can’t help but do sth. , can’t but do sth.
Note: help后面的动词不定式的to可以省略。
163. home 用法:go/come home; be at home
Note: home本身可以
作副词,前面不加介词。
164. hope 用法:hope for; hope to do; hope that
Note: 不能说hope sb. to do.
165. however用法:副词,在句中作插入语,起一个连词的作用,一般有逗号与句子分开。
Note: however 加副词 / 形容词,引导一个状语从句。However hard he tries, he never succeeds.
166. hurt 用法:Me leg hurts. He was hurt.
Note: 作不及物动词时表示疼痛;作及物动词时多指情感上的伤害。
167. ill 用法:be/fall ill; speak ill of; ill manners
Note: 表示生病时是表语性形容词,不能作定语;作定语时表示不良的。
168. immediately用法:它本身是一个副词,意为“立即,马上”= at once = right away
Note: 可以引导一个时间状语从句= as soon as 。Immediately he entered, all of us stood up.
169. in用法:in a flash, in a good time, in a moment, in addition to, in aid of, in chains, in fact, in memory of
Note: in time 及时,有提前之意;最后,终于。on time 指正点,踩着时间点。In也可以作副词。
170. include 用法:including me; me included
Note: include表示部分包括;而contain表示全部包括。
171. increase 用法:increase to/by
Note: 表示自然增长时用不及物动词形式,表示人为增长时用及物动词形式。
172. insist 用法:insist that sb. should do; insist on doing sth.
Note: 当insist表示坚持要求做某事的时候,后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气;当insist表示坚持认为的时候,不用虚拟语气。如:He insisted that I should come to his office at one o’clock. He insisted that I didn’t return the money.
173. intend用法:intend to do sth. / doing sth. / that…, intend sb. to do sth./
Note: intend for (原)打算给某人;准备让某人干…。是别人干;mean to do sth. 是自己干。
174. interest 用法:be interested in; a place of interest
Note: 表示一般意义的时候不可数;表示具体的兴趣爱好可数。
175. join 用法:join in; join up; join to
Note: join表示加入一个组织;join in表示加入一种活动。
176. judge 用法:judge by; judge from
Note: 当表示由……来判断的时候,要用Judging from的形式作状语。
177. jump 用法:jump up/onto/down; jump the stream
Note: 作名词时可以表示跳远,如:long jump.
178. just 用法:just now/then; just a little boy; just struggle
Note: just now通常与过去时搭配;just通常与完成时搭配;用作形容词时意为“公正的,适当的”
179. keep 用法:keep quiet; keep doing; keep on doing; keep sb. from doing
Note: keep doing表示不间断地做某事;keep on doing表示动作是时断时续的。
180. kind 用法:a kind of; all kinds of; It is kind of you to do that.
Note: 可以用Would you be so kind as to sth.表示劳驾。
181. last 用法:last week; last for two hours
Note: the last but one表示倒数第二。作动词表示持续,后跟时间。The meeting will last two hours.
182. late 用法:be late for; come late to; late at night
Note: late作副词表示晚;而副词lately表示近来。
183. law 用法:by law; make/pass/observe/break the law
Note: 表示抽象意义时不可数;表示具体法律时可数。
184. lay 用法:lay the table; lay eggs
Note: lay的过去式及过去分词都是laid.
185. lead 用法:lead to; lead sb. in doing; led by , lead sb. to do sth.
Note: lead to表示导致,其中的to是一个介词。
186. learn 用法:learn from; learn that…, learn sth. by heart
Note: learned people表示博学的人;learn that表示得知。
187. leave 用法:leave for; leave sth. to; ask for leave
Note: 可以在leave后面分用词作宾语补足语,如:Please don’t leave the pot uncovered.
188. lesson 用法:Lesson Two; teach sb. a lesson; draw a lesson, give sb. a lesson
Note: lesson表示所学的内容;class表示课程。
189. let 用法:let sb. do; let in/out, let alone
Note: Let’s go home, shall we? Let us go home, will you?
190. lie 用法:lie in; lie to sb.
Note: 表示说谎时的过去式和过去分词都是lied; 表示躺卧、存在、位于某个地点时过去式为lay, 过去分词为lain.
191. like用法:like to do sth. / doing sth. ; feel like doing sth. ; look like ; nothing like; do as one likes, if you like
Note: 作动词是“喜欢”;作介词,形容词是“像”。How do you like…?你觉得…怎么样?
192. likely用法:be likely to do sth. ; It is likely that…;
Note: 作副词的时候多和most, very 连用。 We will most likely be late.
193. little 用法:little boy; little hope; a little; little by little
Note: 做形容词表示数量时只能修饰不可数名词;作副词用在句首时句子要用倒装语序。
194. live用法:live and learn, live by, live apart, live from hand to mouth, live on,
Note: live 形容词,活的,与dead相对应,一般作定语;还可以表示实况直播。作表语用alive。lively活泼的,活跃的;living作定语,活着的。
195. lonely 用法:a lonely house; feel lonely
Note: lonely是以ly结尾的形容词,可以作定语也可以作表语,主要表示孤独的状态。
196. long用法:long face, long memory, for long, all day long, so long 再见。
Note: long 作为动词,意为渴望,跟不定式; long for 后面跟名词。
197. look 用法:look fine; look as if; look at/into/through/back/down upon
Note: 与see不同的是,look at主要强调看的动作,不强调看的内容。
198. lose 用法:be lost; lose one’s life; lost heart
Note: be lost往往表示丢失了,而be
missing强调不在现场。
199. major 用法:major part; major in
Note: an …major表示主修某专业的学生。
200. make用法:make a dash for, make a deal with, make a face, make friends with, make …into…, make it, make out, make sense, make sure, make up, make up one’s mind, make up for, 以及用于6123结构。
Note: 该词后面的宾补不能用现在分词;当反身代词作其宾语时,宾补只能是过去分词。
201. manage 用法:manage to do; manage it
Note: manage to do表示成功地做成某事,不成功不可以用。
202. many 用法:too/so many people; as many as; a good/great many, many a
Note: 只能修饰可数名词,常用在否定及疑问句中。
203. marry 用法:A marry B; got married; marry well/young, be married to sb.
Note: marry是点动词,不能表示时间延续。如要表示结婚的时间长短可以用have been married for…
204. matter 用法:It doesn’t matter; a matter of fact ; What’s the matter?
Note: the matter在句中只能作表语,如:Can you tell me what is the matter?
205. mean 用法:mean to do sth. ; mean doing sth. ; What do you mean by…?
Note: mean to do表示打算做某事;mean doing表示意味着。
206. means 用法:by means of; by no means; every possible means, by all means, by this means
Note: means是单复同型的名词。只有加了s才能表示“方法,手段”。
207. measure 用法:measure one’s height, The tablecloth measures 18 by 20 feet. Measure one’s owrds
Note: 用作名词,意为“措施”,可数。Take measure s to do sth. / against sth.
208. meet 用法:meet sb. at the station; meet the need; meet with = come across
Note: meet可以表示有目的的去见;meet with往往表示偶遇。
209. mind 用法:mind doing; make up one’s mind to do; Do you mind…? Would you mind if I did sth. ?
Note: 回答mind的问句时,介意用yes, 不介意用no.
210. miss 用法:miss doing; miss the train; be missing
Note: miss和hit是反义词,表示没打中/打中。还可以表示想念,怀念。miss sb. / sth.
211. moment用法:at the last moment, for the moment, for a moment , not for a moment, this moment
Note: the moment (that)…引导的是时间状语从句 = as soon as
212. more 用法:more or less; the more…, the more…; more than,no more than, not more.. than
Note: 数词要放在more之前,如:one more.
213. most用法: most of all, at the most, make the most of, 可作主语宾语;加the 是最高级;a表示非常;
Note: mostly 副词,大部分,大多数,常置于表语中。
214. move 用法:move over to; be moved to tears
Note: 现在分词moving表示令人感动的;过去分词moved表示觉得感动的。
215. music 用法:dance/listen to music; a piece of music
Note: 前面不加冠词,如表示具体某人的音乐时可以加冠词。
216. must 用法:must be; must be doing; must have done; mustn’t do
Note: must表示推测时翻译成一定是,只能用在肯定句中,而mustn’t表示禁止。
217. name用法:by name, by the name of, call one’s names, in the name of, make one’s name, of the name of
Note: 用作动词,意为“命名,取名”,常用于句型7。name after, name sb. as / to be
218. nationality 用法:What’s your nationality?
Note: 回答这样的问句时要说I am Chinese.
219. necessary 用法:if necessary; it is necessary to do/that
Note: 在necessary后面的从句要用虚拟语气,即it is necessary that sb. should do的形式。
220. need 用法:need to do; needn’t do; need doing = need to be done
Note: 在疑问句、否定句中可以把need作为情态动词使用。作为实意动词时则不限句型。
221. next 用法:next to the room; next one; the next day; next door neighbor
Note: next to可以表示仅次于,如:Next to swimming I like running best. 还可以表示“几乎”。
222. no more 用法:no more books; no more than
Note: no more than表示仅仅;not more than表示不超过。
223. none 用法:none of; none is there
Note: 用于三者或三者以上;可以代替人或事物。
224. nor 用法:neither…nor…; nor do I.
Note: nor用在句首时,要使用倒装语序。Neither…nor…连接两个主语时,谓语动词要用就近原则。
225. notice 用法:notice sb. do/doing; notice that; take notice of
Note: 作名词时可以表示提前通知,如:They wanted two weeks’ notice before I left.
226. number 用法:a number of; the number of; large/small number
Note: 只能修饰可数名词,不能修饰不可数名词。
227. object 用法:作名词时表示物体、宾语、目标;作动词表示反对。
Note: 常与介词to搭配,后面接动名词。
228. occur 用法:表示发生,不及物动词,没有宾语,没有被动语态。
Note: 句型It occurred to sb. that…表示某人突然想起某事。
229. offer 用法:offer to do; offer sb. Sth , offer sth. for $ , offer $ for sth.
Note: 作名词时offer可以表示开出的价钱,如:a special offer.
230. old 用法:ten years old; how old; older; oldest
Note: 表示家庭成员长幼时要用elder和eldest.
231. once 用法:once upon a time; once in a while; once every two weeks
Note: 可以引导时间状语从句,表示一旦……。
232. open 用法:keep the door open; be open to; an open window
Note: be open表示开放;be opened表示开张。
233. operate用法
:operate sth. 及物,开动,操作。不及物时,“起作用”Is this drug operating yet?
Note: 动手术,只能是不及物。常和介词on连用。You can get a private doctor to operate on him.
234. or 用法:either…or.. , one or two… , or else, or rather, or so, Hurry or you won’t make the train.
Note: or other和something , sometime 等词连用表强调。I’ll think of something or other for the plan.
235. order 用法:order sb. to do; order that…; in order to; out of order
Note: order后面的从句要使用虚拟语气,即order that sb. should do的形式。
236. other 用法:would rather, some…or other , others, the others ,the other day 不久前有一天
Note: tthe other 指两个中的另一个。others , the others 可以做主语宾语等。
237. outdoor 用法:outdoor activities
Note: outdoor是形容词,作定语或表语;outdoors是副词,作状语,如:Let’s play outdoors.
238. over 用法:over there; over 40; go over; come over to my house
Note: 表示在……之上时,over往往表示运动。如:The plane flew over the city.
239. owe用法:owe $ to sb. = owe sb. $ owe… to … …应归功于… 或者…用归咎于…。
Note: owing to 由于,后跟名词。 His death was owing to an accident.
240. paper 用法:a piece of paper; paper work
Note: 表示纸张时不可数;表示报纸、文件、试卷时可数。
241. part 用法:(a) part of; part with; spare part
Note: a part of表示一小部分;part of不强调大小。
242. past 用法:go past sb.; in the past; in the past 10 years
Note: in the past与过去时搭配;in the past 10 years用完成时。
243. pay用法:pay a visit to, pay attention to , pay back, pay for, pay off, pay one’s respect to , pay out, pay up
Note: pay的宾语既可以是人也可以是金钱。用作名词,表示工资待遇,不可数。
244. percent 用法:percent of
Note: 百分数的动词单复数主要由其所代替的名词所决定。如果代替的是不可数名词或可数名词单数,谓语动词用单数;如果代替的是复数名词,则谓语动词也用复数形式。
245. permit 用法:permit sb. to do; permit doing
Note: 与allow用法一样,但还可作不及物动词,如:If weather permits, we will go for an outing
246. persist 用法:persist in (doing) sth. 坚持干。。。
Note: persist that… 坚持说。。。
247. persuade 用法:persuade sb. to do; persuade sb. into doing
Note: 只有表示劝说成功的时候才可以用persuade, 否则可以用try to persuade.
248. pick 用法:pick apples; pick pocket; pick up
Note: pick表示采摘;pick up表示捡起,学会,接送,收听到等。
249. play用法:play a part/ role in , play fair, play a trick / joke on, play truant, play with
Note: 该词后跟球类运动不加冠词;跟乐器得加冠词the。
250. pleased 用法:be pleased with; be pleased to do
Note: pleased是表语性形容词,在句中只能作表语,不能作定语。作定语的可以使用pleasant。
251. pleasure 用法:with pleasure; my pleasure; it’s a pleasure
Note: with pleasure表示非常愿意;it’s a pleasure和my pleasure表示不用谢。
252. point 用法:5 points; point of view; point at/to/out
Note: point at表示指着一个物体;point to表示指着一个方向。
253. population 用法:a large/small population; what’s the population? 5个考点。
Note: 表示人口数字的时候谓语动词用单数;表示居住在某一地区的人时谓语动词用复数。
254. praise 用法:praise sb. for; in praise of,sing the praises for
Note: praise作名词时不可数。
255. prefer 用法:prefer A to B; prefer sb. to do sth. prefer to do sth. …rather than do sth.
Note: prefer后面用不定式表示某一次具体的动作,用动名词表示习惯性的动作。
256. prepare 用法:prepare sth.; prepare for sth.; be prepared
Note: prepare sth.表示准备某事;prepare for sth.表示为某事做准备。
257. present用法:present…with sth. , present oneself, be present , be present in 存在
Note: 作为名词意为“现在”,“礼物”,make a present of sth. to sb. 把...送给…at present, for the present,
258. pretend用法:pretend that…, pretend to do sth. , pretend to sth. 自称。 He pretends to great knowledge.
Note: 该词只有两种宾语。作为形容词,意为“假的,想象出的”That is my pretend friend.
259. prevent 用法:prevent sb. (from) doing
Note: 在被动语态中,from不能省略:He was prevented from going to school because of his illness.
260. price 用法:high/low price; what’s the price?
Note: 经常与介词at搭配,表示以……的价钱/代价。
261. promise 用法:promise to do; make/keep/break a promise, promissing
Note: 作动词时可以表示显示出,如:The clouds promise rain.
262. prove 用法:prove to be; prove sth.; prove that…
Note: 作系动词使用,表示被证明是……,不用被动语态。
263. provide 用法:provide sth. for sb.; provide sb. with sth.
Note: 分词经常作连词使用,表示如果……的话,如:She can go with us provided that she arrives in time.
264. put用法:put aside / away / back / down / forward / in / into power / off / on / on weight / out/put up with
Note: put through 接通电话,经历,完成;put up 修建,张贴,举起手,住宿,捐赠,提出建议
265. quarrel用法:quarrel with sb. about sth. 就…而吵架;quarrel with sb. for sth. 因…而吵架
Note: quarrel with 还有“找茬,挑毛病,和...过不去” A bad student quarrels with his pen.
266. question 用法:in question; beyond question; out of (the) question, question sb. on sth.
Note: out of question表示没问题;out of the question表示不可能。
267. raise 用法:raise the price; raise a question; raise pigs
Note: 及物动词,要与不及物动词rise分开。
268. rather用法:had rather, or rather, rather…than…, rather than, would rather…than…,
Note: I’d rather you did it. 宾语从句中使用虚拟语气。
269. reason 用法:the reason for/why, reason sb. into doing sth. 通过讲道理使某人做…,
Note: 说明reason的内容时不能用because, 如:The reason why he was late was that he was ill.
270. receive用法:receive sth. receive sb.
Note: receipt 收到(不可数);收条(可数),be in receipt of, on receipt of。reception 接待。
271. recognize用法:recognize sth. / sb. / that…, recognize …as…
Note: recognize 表示辨认出;而know表示知道,了解;realize 表示意识到。
272. recover 用法:recover from
Note: 过去分词表示痊愈了的,如:Are you completely recovered from your illness?
273. refer 用法:refer to; refer …to …
Note: refer to表示谈到、查阅;refer …to …表示归功于……、归咎于……。
274. refuse用法:refuse sth. refuse to do sth.
Note: 有时候也有这个句式:They refused me permission. She can’t refuse him anything.
275. regard 用法:regard …as …; in/with regard to
Note: 复数表示敬意,如:give/send one’s regards to…
276. regret用法:regret sth. / that… / doing sth. /
Note: 如果跟不定式表示“遗憾”,常和say, tell, announce, inform等词连用。
277. remain 用法:remain clean; remain to be, remaining
Note: 可以作系动词或不及物动词,没有宾语,没有被动语态。
278. remember 用法:remember to do; remember doing; remember me to …
Note: remember to do表示记着要去做某事;remember doing表示记着做过某事。
279. remind 用法:remind sb. of sth. ; remind sb. that …
Note: Please remind me to do sth. …表示请提醒我……。
280. repeat 用法:repeat the question; repeat oneself
Note: repeat本身就有again的意思,不能与again连用。
281. result 用法:result in 结果…; result from 由…造成。without result 白费。
Note: as a result 结果,作状语;as a result of 由于…的结果,表示原因; in the result
282. return 用法:return to; return the book; in return; many happy returns 祝你长寿
Note: return本身就有back的意思,不能与back连用。
283. right 用法:on the right; you are right; all right,It’s all right. That
’s all right. That’s right.
Note: right作副词时表示正好,如:He was hit right on the face.
284. rob用法:rob sth. , rob sb. of sth. robber 劫匪,robbery抢劫
Note: rob sb. of sth. 还有“剥夺,使失去”You have robbed me of my happiness!
285. room 用法:standing room; make room for; bathroom
Note: room表示空间时是不可数名词。
286. round 用法:round the corner; all the year round
Note: a round trip表示往返;a single trip单程旅行。
287. run用法:run a race / a risk / across / after / against / away / away from / down. / for / into / off / out / over
Note: 作及物动词可表示“经营,管理”。run off one’s feet 忙得脚丫子朝天。run out of 人做主语。
288. sale 用法:on sale; for sale; sales tax; salesman
Note: on sale表示减价出售(美);出售(英);for sale表示待售。
289. same 用法:the same as; at the same time; all the same
Note: same前面的定冠词不可省略。
290. satisfy用法:satisfy sb. be satisfied with , to one’s satisfaction 使某人满意的事
Note: satisfy sb. that…使相信。He satisfied me that he could do the work well.
291. say 用法:say that… say hello / good bye to sb. say to oneself 心里想到,暗自思量。That is to say.
Note: say He is said to have gone to the U.S.A. 不定式的动作发生在主句谓语动作前,用完成时态
292. school 用法:at school; go to school; law school
Note: go to school表示上学的目的,不加冠词;go to the school表示到学校这个场所。
293. score用法:in score , keep the score, on the score of 由于,为…,
Norte: 名词表示“比分,得分,考分”;二十。A score of, scores of , three score and ten 七十
294. sea 用法:go to sea; at sea; by sea
Note: by sea表示乘船;by the sea表示在海边。
295. seem用法:seem to do sth. / to be../ 形容词 /分词/名词 /介词短语
Note: It seem that… , It seems as if… There seems to be …
296. search 用法:search for; in search of
Note: search for sb.表示寻找某人;search sb.表示搜某人的身。
297. seat 用法:have/take a seat; be seated; The room can seat 40 people.
Note: seat是及物动词,一般用人作宾语;物作宾语意为“容纳”。没有宾语就必须用被动语态。如:He was seated next to an old lady.
298. seize用法:be seized with 突然生病,突然感到,产生某种想法 seize hold of
Note: seize sb. by one’s arm = seize one’s arm  seize 强调突然;而hold 表示状态。
299. sell 用法:be sold; sold out; sell sth. for 5 dollars
Note: 与well搭配时不用被动语态,表示状态。如:This kind of book sells well.
300. send 用法:send up/out/for/away, send sb. to do sth.
Note: send sb. to place表示打发某人去某地;take sb. to place表示带着某人一起去某地。
301. separate 用法:a separate room; separate…from…
Note: separate表示把不同的整体分开;divide表示把一个整体分成若干部分。如:Please separate the good apples from the bad ones. He divided the apple into three

302. serve 用法:serve the people; serve good food; serve sb. Right
Note: serve for 不是为……服务的意思,而是充当的意思 = serve as 。如:The box serves for a table.
303. set 用法:set up/out/off/about/an example/ back/ fire to
Note: 名词词组a set of可作量词使用,表示一套。
304. shall用法:作为助动词表示纯粹的将来,用于第一人称。
Note: 情态动词,用于1,3人称的疑问句,征求对方意见;用于2,3人称,表示许诺,威胁,命令。
305. share 用法:share sth.; share in happiness
Note: 名词表示一份,如:I want my share of the money.
306. should用法:情态动词表示虚拟语气,用于表示请求,建议,命令等词后面的从句中,可以省略。
Note: 用于It is time that…句型时,不能省略。在If从句中,表示与将来事实相反。
307. show 用法:show sb. sth. show sb. round, show off, show up, show sb. in / out /the door
Note: show sb. in / out 中的in / out 是副词
308. sick 用法:be sick of; sick people
Note: 表示生病的时候既可以作表语也可以作定语。
309. since用法:ever since, since then, long since It is ….since…
Note: since 引导的从句在句首是让步状语从句,时态和主句一致;位于句末时间状语从句,用一般过去时态,特别注意since引导从句中的谓语动是瞬间动词还是延续性动词。It’s a long time since you were here last. = It’s a long time since you left.
310. size 用法:be of the same size; size 25
Note: 短语the size of可以表示大小比较,如:This hall is three times the size of that room.
311. sky 用法:in the sky; skies
特殊用法:表示世上独一无二的事物,前面用定冠词;在有形容词修饰时,前面有时加不定冠词。如:Pink clouds floated in a pale sky.
312. sleep 用法:go to sleep; sleep soundly
Note: sleeping表示熟睡的;sleepy表示昏昏欲睡的。
313. smell用法:smell sth. , sth. smell + 形容词。Smell like…, smell out
Notre: smell 作系动词,后面一般跟形容词作表语,不能用被动语态和进行时态。
314. snow 用法:snow hard; snowstorm
Note: 表示物质的时候不可数;表示一场雪的时候可数。
315. so 用法:so as to do sth. , so far, so far as, so long as, so that.. , so-so, so-called, or so, even so, and so on
Note: so…th
at… 状语从句,从句中有情态动词表示目的,没有表结果;so … as…引导定语从句。 It so happened that…碰巧。
316. sometimes 用法:表示频率的副词,经常用在一般现在时中。
Note: some times表示几次;some time表示一段时间;sometime表示某一时刻。
317. soon 用法:as soon as; sooner or later; soon after; how soon , as soon as possible / one can
Note: no sooner …than表示刚……就……,用在句首时,句子用倒装语序,如:No sooner had he arrived than he began to complain.
318. sorry 用法:be sorry for; I’m sorry, but… , be sorry to do sth. / have done sth.
Note: 表示难过时只能作表语;作定语时表示可怜的、悲惨的。如:a sorry look.
319. space 用法:in space; spaceship; a parking space
Note: 表示宇宙空间时不可数;表示空间、空地时可以作可数名词,也可以作不可数名词。
320. spare用法:spare sth. , sspare sb. sth. , spare sth. to do sth., spare no effort to do sth. / in sth.
Note: 作为形容词,意为“多余的,空闲的”,“富余的”,“清瘦的”。
321. speak用法:speak for, speak of, speak out, speak to, speak with, generally / strictly speaking
Note: 作及物动词时,只能跟语言作其宾语:He can speak Chinese.
322. spend 用法:spend …in doing; spend …on sth.
Note: 必须用人作spend的主语。
323. sport 用法:sports and games; sportsman; sports meet
Note: 表示某项运动时可数;表示运动的总称时不可数;作定语用时常用复数。
324. stand用法:stand for, stand by, stand on one’s head / hands, stand out as, stand up, stand up for, stand up to
Note: 作为系动词表示状态,意为“位于”,作为及物动词可表示“忍受,经受”。
325. start用法:start to do sth. start doing sth. start for / off / out / up / with, at the start, from start to finish
Note: start 着重突然开始的动作,常用来表示“开动,发动”。start the car, start to work
326. steal用法:steal a glance / look 偷偷瞧一眼,steal away, steal sth. from sb.
Note: 及物动词意为“偷”;不及物动词意为“溜”。steal into the house
327. stick 用法:with a stick; walking stick; stick out; stick to sth.
特殊用法:表示困住的时候多作不及物动词,如:The key has stuck in the lock.
328. stop 用法:stop doing; stop to do; a bus stop; stop sb. from doing
Note: stop doing表示停止做某事;stop to do表示停下来去做别的事。
329. strike 用法:strike twelve; be on strike; be struck, go on strike
Note: struck和stricken都是strike的过去分词。stricken主要用作定语,表示受灾的、受罪的,如:All the people were rescued from the stricken ship.
330. study 用法:in the study; study sth.,
Note: 名词经常用复数,表示各种学科的学习,如:I will not end my studies when I leave school.
331. succeed用法:succeed in doing sth., succeed to the throne, succeed …as
Note: 不及物动词意为“成功”,常和介词in连用。及物动词意为“继任,继承”。
332. suffer用法:suffer from sth.
Note: 受苦,受到;suffer from 后面跟疾病名,“生….病”。suffering 名词,痛苦,苦难。
333. suggest 用法:suggest doing; suggest that
Note: 当suggest表示建议的时候,后面的从句要用虚拟语气,即suggest that sb. should do的形式;当suggest表示显示的时候,不用虚拟语气。如:He suggested that we should leave at once. The smile on his face suggested that he was very pleased.
334. suit 用法:a suit of; suit sb.
Note: suit表示服装的颜色、款式,或某种情境等适合某人;fit表示服装的大小对某人合适。
335. supply用法:supply sth. , supply sb. with sth. = supply sth. to sb.
Note: 可以作名词用,意为“给养,供应品”,可数。in short supply 供应不足
336. suppose 用法:suppose that… , be supposed to do sth.
Note: suppose 可以用作连词引导从句,意为“假定”= supposing that….
337. surprise 用法:in surprise; by surprise; to one’ surprise; be surprised at…, surprise sb. doing sth.
Note: 在surprise后面经常用动词不定式作原因状语,如:He was very surprised to see me.
338. take 用法:take up/on/for/off/back/away/out/down, take it for granted that…
Note: 当take表示花费的时候,常用it作形式主语,即It takes/took sb. some time to do sth.
339. talk 用法:talk of/about/back; talk sth. Over
Note: talk主要强调说话者之间的交流,不强调说的内容。
340. taste用法:taste sth. , taste like, in good / bad taste , of taste, to one’s taste
Note: 做连系动词以为“尝起来”,后跟形容词。作名词意为“品味,格调,修养”等。
341. teach 用法:teach oneself; teach sb. how to swim, teach school
Note: 引申意义表示教训,如:teach sb. a lesson. 注意比较:give us a lesson
342. tear用法:tear down / off / in half / in two / one’s hair / to pieces / up ; in tears, bust into tears
Note: 作动词意为“扯,拉,撕”;作名词意为“眼泪”。
343. tell用法:tell sb. sth. , tell sb. to do sth. tell a story, tell of, tell about, tell one’s fortune, to tell you the truth
Note: tell … from… 把…与…区分开来。该词一般用于双宾语句型或宾补句型。
344. think 用法:think of/about/over/out/up/ through / highly of, think of…as… ;6123结构。
Note: 可以用think aloud表示自言自语;
think to oneself心里想。
345. through 用法:through the window/bridge; get/look/go through
Note: 表示纵向穿越或穿越一个立体结构。
346. tire 用法:tire sb.; be tired of/from
Note: 现在分词tiring表示令人疲倦的;过去分词tired表示感到疲倦、厌烦的。
347. touch 用法:keep in touch; get into touch; be out of touch
Note: keep in touch with表示与……保持联系;get into touch with表示与……取得联系。
348. train 用法:by train; take the train; training
Note: 当train前面有定冠词的时候,不能用介词by, 要用on.
349. treat用法:treat … as… , treat sb. to sth. treat with, be one’s treat, under treatment
Note: 作为动词有“治疗”之意,但只强调治疗的动作,不注重结果。
350. trouble 用法:in trouble; trouble sb.; get into trouble; have trouble doing
Note: have trouble doing表示做某事有困难;take trouble to do表示不辞辛苦地做某事。
351. try 用法:try one’s best to do sth. ; try to do sth. ; try doing sth. ; try sb., try on
特殊用法:try to do表示尽力;try doing表示试着做。
352. turn 用法:in turn; by turns; turn on/off/down/up/in/to/out/over/round
Note: 当turn用作系动词时,后面的名词前不加冠词,如:After years of hard work, he turned writer.
353. under 用法:under the table; under 20 years old; under discussion / treatment / construction
Note: 引申意义表示在……的管辖之下,如:He had nearly fifty men under him.
354. unless 用法:表示除非,主语通常用现在时,从句用一般现在时。
Note: 从句中的有些成分通常可省略,如:He will never come here unless invited.
355. until 用法:not …until …; it was not until …that …当not until …用在句首时,主句要用部分倒装。
Note:主句谓语动词是延续性的动词用肯定;是瞬间动词则用否定形式,以构成not…until结构。
356. urge用法:urge sb. to do sth. , urge that…, urge to, urge for,
Note: 作为及物动词,意为“敦促,呼吁,促使,驱使,强调”等意思。
357. up用法:up and down, up to, be well up in / on,
Note: It is up to sb. to do sth. 应/该由某人决定做某事。
358. upstairs 用法:go upstairs
Note: 用作定语时,要定语后置,如:a room upstairs.
359. used 用法:a used car; used to do; be used to doing; be used to do
Note: used to do表示过去常常做某事;be used to doing表示习惯于做某事;be used to do表示被用来做某事。
360. usual 用法:as usual; usual place
Note: usual和common都可以翻译成通常的。usual表示时间上的经常性;而common表示范围上的普遍性。
361. various 用法:various kinds
特殊用法:在various后面只能用复数名词,而在different后面既可以用单数名词,也可以用复数名词。
362. very 用法:very good/well; the very book
Note: 表示非常的时候是副词;作形容词表示加强语气。He is the very man I want to work with.
363. wait用法:wait about, wait for, wait on , wait to do sth. , wait until…, wait up, waiting room
Note: 不及物动词,在某些搭配中是及物动词:wait the answer, wait the result, wait one’s chance
364. want 用法:want to do; want sb. to do; You are wanted on the phone.
Note: 在want在表示需要时,want doing = want to be done如:This room wants cleaning.
365. warn 用法:warn sb. to sth. warn sb. of sth. warn sb. that…
Note: warn sb. not to do sth. = warn sb. against doing sth.
366. waste用法:waste sth. waste away, waste one’s breath, waste sth. in doing sth.
Note: 作名词用时意为“浪费”不可数,但可加不定冠词。It’s a waste of time your talking to him.
367. watch用法:watch sb. / sth. , watch sb. doing sth. / do sth. / done / 介词短语,watch for / out / out for / over, on watch , go on watch, keep a watch on, keep watch
Note: 用在祈使句中一般意为“当心”;作名词是手表的意思。
368. way 用法:by the way; in the way; in a way; make one’s way, under way, ways and means, on the way to
Note: in the way表示挡路、妨碍;in a way表示在某种意义上。
369. wear 用法:wear a new shirt; wear out
Note: wear除了表示穿着之外,还可以表示佩戴,如:wear new glasses; wear a necklace; wear a flower
370. weigh 用法:It weighs 15 pounds. It weighs light / heavy.
Note: 作及物动词意为“权衡,考虑”。weight 名词;weighty 形容词。
371. well 用法:well done; in the well; well worth; He is well. do well in
Note: 在表示身体好的时候well是形容词,在表示其它意思的时候是副词。
372. will用法:against one’s will, at will, good / ill will, be willing to do sth., Will you please do sth?
Note: 作为助动词,表示纯粹的将来;情态动词表示意愿;作名词表示意志,遗嘱。
373. when用法:可引导时间状语从句,定语从句,条件状语从句 since when, when doing sth.
Note: when引导的从句中,动词既可以是瞬间动词,也可以是延续性动词。
374. while 用法:a little while; for a while; once in a while
Note: 可以表示对比关系,翻译成然而,如:He likes sports while I enjoy reading.
375. win 用法:win the game; win a prize
Note: win的宾语不能是对手,不能说win sb. in the game.
376. wish 用法:wish sb. good luck/all the best; wish that…
Note: wis
h表示不能实现的愿望,因此在后面的宾语从句中要使用虚拟语气。
377. without用法:without delay, do without, go without, without number, do / go without
Note: 介词引起短语作状语,不同的名词有不同的意思。
378. wonder用法:wonder that…/ to do sth. / at / about , do wonders , It’s a (no) wonder that..
Note: I wonder if you would do sth? 表示委婉地提出请求或疑问。名词表示奇迹,难怪
379. word 用法:in one’s own words; in other words; in a word
Note: 可以表示命令、消息等,前面不加冠词,如:Word came that I was wanted at the office.
380. work 用法:at work; out of work; go to work; work out; doesn’t work, work as, work at
Note: 还有起作用,有效果。名词表示工作不可数;表示著作可数;works表示工厂,为单复同形。
381. worth 用法:be worth doing; be worth 5 dollars; be worthy to be done, be worthy of being done
Note: worth翻译成某事值得被做,但后面要用动名词的主动形式,不能用被动形式,
382. youth 用法:in one’s youth; youth club; a good youth
Note: 作可数名词时表示个体;作不可数名词时表示整体

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