计算机术语大全

2010-04-29  蓝毛毛

港台术语 内地术语
埠       接口
位元     位
讯号     信号
数码     数字
类比     模拟
高阶     高端
低阶     低端
时脉     时钟
频宽     带宽
光碟     光盘
磁碟     磁盘
硬碟     硬盘
程式     程序
绘图     图形
数位     数字
网路     网络
硬体     硬件
软体     软件
介面     接口
母板     主板
主机板   主板
软碟机   软驱
记忆体   内存
绘图卡   显示卡
监视器   显示器
声效卡   音效卡
解析度   分辨率
相容性   兼容性
数据机   调制解调器
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    二、英文术语完全介绍
    按照字母排序:

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1、CPU

3DNow!(3D no waiting,无须等待的3D处理)
AAM(AMD Analyst Meeting,AMD分析家会议)
ABP(Advanced Branch Prediction,高级分支预测)
ACG(Aggressive Clock Gating,主动时钟选择)
AIS(Alternate Instruction Set,交替指令集)
ALAT(advanced load table,高级载入表)
ALU(Arithmetic Logic Unit,算术逻辑单元)
Aluminum(铝)
AGU(Address Generation Units,地址产成单元)
APC(Advanced Power Control,高级能源控制)
APIC(Advanced rogrammable Interrupt Controller,高级可编程中断控制器)
APS(Alternate Phase Shifting,交替相位跳转)
ASB(Advanced System Buffering,高级系统缓冲)
ATC(Advanced Transfer Cache,高级转移缓存)
ATD(Assembly Technology Development,装配技术发展)
BBUL(Bumpless Build-Up Layer,内建非凹凸层)
BGA(Ball Grid Array,球状网阵排列)
BHT(branch prediction table,分支预测表)
Bops(Billion Operations Per Second,10亿操作秒)
BPU(Branch Processing Unit,分支处理单元)
BP(Brach Pediction,分支预测)
BSP(Boot Strap Processor,启动捆绑处理器)
BTAC(Branch Target Address Calculator,分支目标寻址计算器)
CBGA (Ceramic Ball Grid Array,陶瓷球状网阵排列)
CDIP (Ceramic Dual-In-Line,陶瓷双重直线)
Center Processing Unit Utilization,中央处理器占用率
CFM(cubic feet per minute,立方英尺秒)
CMT(course-grained multithreading,过程消除多线程)
CMOS(Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor,互补金属氧化物半导体)
CMOV(conditional move instruction,条件移动指令)
CISC(Complex Instruction Set Computing,复杂指令集计算机)
CLK(Clock Cycle,时钟周期)
CMP(on-chip multiprocessor,片内多重处理)
CMS(Code Morphing Software,代码变形软件)
co-CPU(cooperative CPU,协处理器)
COB(Cache on board,板上集成缓存,做在CPU卡上的二级缓存,通常是内核的一半速度))
COD(Cache on Die,芯片内核集成缓存)
Copper(铜)
CPGA(Ceramic Pin Grid Array,陶瓷针型栅格阵列)
CPI(cycles per instruction,周期指令)
CPLD(Complex Programmable Logic Device,複雜可程式化邏輯元件)
CPU(Center Processing Unit,中央处理器)
CRT(Cooperative Redundant Threads,协同多余线程)
CSP(Chip Scale Package,芯片比例封装)
CXT(Chooper eXTend,增强形K6-2内核,即K6-3)
Data Forwarding(数据前送)
dB(decibel,分贝)
DCLK(Dot Clock,点时钟)
DCT(DRAM Controller,DRAM控制器)
DDT(Dynamic Deferred Transaction,动态延期处理)
Decode(指令解码)
DIB(Dual Independent Bus,双重独立总线)
DMT(Dynamic Multithreading Architecture,动态多线程结构)
DP(Dual Processor,双处理器)
DSM(Dedicated Stack Manager,专门堆栈管理)
DSMT(Dynamic Simultaneous Multithreading,动态同步多线程)
DST(Depleted Substrate Transistor,衰竭型底层晶体管)
DTV(Dual Threshold Voltage,双重极限电压)
DUV(Deep Ultra-Violet,纵深紫外光)
EBGA(Enhanced Ball Grid Array,增强形球状网阵排列)
EBL(electron beam lithography,电子束平版印刷)
EC(Embedded Controller,嵌入式控制器)
EDB(Execute Disable Bit,执行禁止位)
EDEC(Early Decode,早期解码)
Embedded Chips(嵌入式)
EM64T(Extended Memory 64 Technology,扩展内存64技术)
EPA(edge pin array,边缘针脚阵列)
EPF(Embedded Processor Forum,嵌入式处理器论坛)
EPL(electron projection lithography,电子发射平版印刷)
EPM(Enhanced Power Management,增强形能源管理)
EPIC(explicitly parallel instruction code,并行指令代码)
EUV(Extreme Ultra Violet,紫外光)
EUV(extreme ultraviolet lithography,极端紫外平版印刷)
FADD(Floationg Point Addition,浮点加)
FBGA(Fine-Pitch Ball Grid Array,精细倾斜球状网阵包装)
FBGA(flipchip BGA,轻型芯片BGA)
FC-BGA(Flip-Chip Ball Grid Array,翻转芯片球形网阵包装)
FC-LGA(Flip-Chip Land Grid Array,翻转接点网阵包装)
FC-PGA(Flip-Chip Pin Grid Array,翻转芯片球状网阵包装)
FDIV(Floationg Point Divide,浮点除)
FEMMS:Fast EntryExit Multimedia State,快速进入退出多媒体状态
FFT(fast Fourier transform,快速热欧姆转换)
FGM(Fine-Grained Multithreading,高级多线程)
FID(FID:Frequency identify,频率鉴别号码)
FIFO(First Input First Output,先入先出队列)
FISC(Fast Instruction Set Computer,快速指令集计算机)
flip-chip(芯片反转)
FLOPs(Floating Point Operations Per Second,浮点操作秒)
FMT(fine-grained multithreading,纯消除多线程)
FMUL(Floationg Point Multiplication,浮点乘)
FPRs(floating-point registers,浮点寄存器)
FPU(Float Point Unit,浮点运算单元)
FSUB(Floationg Point Subtraction,浮点减)
GFD(Gold finger Device,金手指超频设备)
GHC(Global History Counter,通用历史计数器)
GTL(Gunning Transceiver Logic,射电收发逻辑电路)
GVPP(Generic Visual Perception Processor,常规视觉处理器)
HL-PBGA 表面黏著,高耐热、轻薄型塑胶球状网阵封装
HTT(Hyper-Threading Technology,超级线程技术)
Hz(hertz,赫兹,频率单位)
IA(Intel Architecture,英特尔架构)
IAA(Intel Application Accelerator,英特尔应用程序加速器)
IATM(Intel Advanced Thermal Manager,英特尔高级热量管理指令集)
ICU(Instruction Control Unit,指令控制单元)
ID(identify,鉴别号码)
IDF(Intel Developer Forum,英特尔开发者论坛)
IDMB(Intel Digital Media Boost,英特尔数字媒体推进指令集)
IDPC(Intel Dynamic Power Coordination,英特尔动态能源调和指令集)
IEU(Integer Execution Units,整数执行单元)
IHS(Integrated Heat Spreader,完整热量扩展)
ILP(Instruction Level Parallelism,指令级平行运算)
IMM Intel Mobile Module, 英特尔移动模块
Instructions Cache,指令缓存
Instruction Coloring(指令分类)
IOPs(Integer Operations Per Second,整数操作秒)
IPC(Instructions Per Clock Cycle,指令时钟周期)
ISA(instruction set architecture,指令集架构)
ISD(inbuilt speed-throttling device,内藏速度控制设备)
ITC(Instruction Trace Cache,指令追踪缓存)
ITRS(International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors,国际半导体技术发展蓝图)
KNI(Katmai New Instructions,Katmai新指令集,即SSE)
Latency(潜伏期)
LDT(Lightning Data Transport,闪电数据传输总线)
LFU(Legacy Function Unit,传统功能单元)
LGA(land grid array,接点栅格阵列)
LN2(Liquid Nitrogen,液氮)
Local Interconnect(局域互连)
MAC(multiply-accumulate,累积乘法)
mBGA (Micro Ball Grid Array,微型球状网阵排列)
nm(namometer,十亿分之一米毫微米)
MCA(Machine Check Architecture,机器检查架构)
MCU(Micro-Controller Unit,微控制器单元)
MCT(Memory Controller,内存控制器)
MESI(Modified, Exclusive, Shared, Invalid:修改、排除、共享、废弃)
MF(MicroOps Fusion,微指令合并)
mm(micron metric,微米)
MMX(MultiMedia Extensions,多媒体扩展指令集)
MMU(Multimedia Unit,多媒体单元)
MMU(Memory Management Unit,内存管理单元)
MN(model numbers,型号数字)
MFLOPS(Million Floationg PointSecond,每秒百万个浮点操作)
MHz(megahertz,兆赫)
mil(PCB 或晶片佈局的長度單位,1 mil = 千分之一英寸)
MIMD(Multi Instruction Multiple Data,多指令多数据流)
MIPS(Million Instruction Per Second,百万条指令秒)
MOESI(Modified, Owned, Exclusive, Shared or Invalid,修改、自有、排除、共享或无效)
MOF(Micro Ops Fusion,微操作熔合)
Mops(Million Operations Per Second,百万次操作秒)
MP(Multi-Processing,多重处理器架构)
MPF(Micro processor Forum,微处理器论坛)
MPU(Microprocessor Unit,微处理器)
MPS(MultiProcessor Specification,多重处理器规范)
MSRs(Model-Specific Registers,特别模块寄存器)
MSV(Multiprocessor Specification Version,多处理器规范版本)
MVP(Mobile Voltage Positioning,移动电压定位)IV
NAOC(no-account OverClock,无效超频)
NI(Non-Intel,非英特尔)
NOP(no operation,非操作指令)
NRE(Non-Recurring Engineering charge,非重複性工程費用)
OBGA(Organic Ball Grid Arral,有机球状网阵排列)
OCPL(Off Center Parting Line,远离中心部分线队列)
OLGA(Organic Land Grid Array,有机平面网阵包装)
OoO(Out of Order,乱序执行)
OPC(Optical Proximity Correction,光学临近修正)
OPGA(Organic Pin Grid Array,有机塑料针型栅格阵列)
OPN(Ordering Part Number,分类零件号码)
PAT(Performance Acceleration Technology,性能加速技术)
PBGA(Plastic Pin Ball Grid Array,塑胶球状网阵排列)
PDIP (Plastic Dual-In-Line,塑料双重直线)
PDP(Parallel Data Processing,并行数据处理)
PGA(Pin-Grid Array,引脚网格阵列),耗电大
PLCC (Plastic Leaded Chip Carriers,塑料行间芯片运载)
Post-RISC(加速RISC,或后RISC)
PPE(Power Processor Element,Power处理器元件)
PPU(Physics Processing Unit,物理处理单元)
PR(Performance Rate,性能比率)
PIB(Processor In a Box,盒装处理器)
PM(Pseudo-Multithreading,假多线程)
PPGA(Plastic Pin Grid Array,塑胶针状网阵封装)
PQFP(Plastic Quad Flat Package,塑料方块平面封装)
PSN(Processor Serial numbers,处理器序列号)
QFP(Quad Flat Package,方块平面封装)
QSPS(Quick Start Power State,快速启动能源状态)
RAS(Return Address Stack,返回地址堆栈)
RAW(Read after Write,写后读)
REE(Rapid Execution Engine,快速执行引擎)
Register Contention(抢占寄存器)
Register Pressure(寄存器不足)
Register Renaming(寄存器重命名)
Remark(芯片频率重标识)
Resource contention(资源冲突)
Retirement(指令引退)
RISC(Reduced Instruction Set Computing,精简指令集计算机)
ROB(Re-Order Buffer,重排序缓冲区)
RSE(register stack engine,寄存器堆栈引擎)
RTL(Register Transfer Level,暫存器轉換層。硬體描述語言的一種描述層次)
SC242(242-contact slot connector,242脚金手指插槽连接器)
SE(Special Embedded,特别嵌入式)
SEC(Single Edge Connector,单边连接器)
SECC(Single Edge Contact Cartridge,单边接触卡盒)
SEPP(Single Edge Processor Package,单边处理器封装)
Shallow-trench isolation(浅槽隔离)
SIMD(Single Instruction Multiple Data,单指令多数据流)
SiO2F(Fluorided Silicon Oxide,二氧氟化硅)
SMI(System Management Interrupt,系统管理中断)
SMM(System Management Mode,系统管理模式)
SMP(Symmetric Multi-Processing,对称式多重处理架构)
SMT(Simultaneous multithreading,同步多线程)
SOI(Silicon-on-insulator,绝缘体硅片)
SOIC (Plastic Small Outline,塑料小型)
SONC(System on a chip,系统集成芯片)
SPGA(Staggered Pin Grid Array、交错式针状网阵封装)
SPEC(System Performance Evaluation Corporation,系统性能评估测试)
SQRT(Square Root Calculations,平方根计算)
SRQ(System Request Queue,系统请求队列)
SSE(Streaming SIMD Extensions,单一指令多数据流扩展)
SFF(Small Form Factor,更小外形格局)
SS(Special Sizing,特殊缩放)
SSP(Slipstream processing,滑流处理)
SST(Special Sizing Techniques,特殊筛分技术)
SSOP (Shrink Plastic Small Outline,缩短塑料小型)
STC(Space Time Computing,空余时间计算)
Superscalar(超标量体系结构)
TAP(Test Access Port,测试存取端口)
TBGA(Tie Ball Grid Array,带状球形光栅阵列)
TCP Tape Carrier Package(薄膜封装),发热小
TDP(Thermal Design Power,热量设计功率)
Throughput(吞吐量)
TLB(Translate Look side Buffers,转换旁视缓冲器)
TLP(Thread-Level Parallelism,线程级并行)
TMP(Threaded Multi-Path,线程多通道)
TPI(True Performance Initiativeindex,真实性能为先指标)
TQFP (Thin Plastic Quad Flat Pack,薄型方面平面封装)
Trc(Row Cycle Time,列循环时间)
TrD(Transistor Density,晶体管密度)
TSOP(Thin Small Outline Plastic,薄型小型塑料)
USWC(Uncacheabled Speculative Write Combination,无缓冲随机联合写操作)
VALU(Vector Arithmetic Logic Unit,向量算术逻辑单元)
VFSD(Vertex Frequency Stream Divider,顶点频率流分隔)
VID(VID:Voltage identify,电压鉴别号码)
VLIW(Very Long Instruction Word,超长指令字)
VPU(Vector Permutate Unit,向量排列单元)
VPU(vector processing units,向量处理单元,即处理MMX、SSE等SIMD指令的地方)
VSA(Virtual System Architecture,虚拟系统架构)
VTF(VIA Technical Forum,威盛技术论坛)
XBar(Crossbar,交叉口闩仲载逻辑单元)
XP(Experience,体验)
XP(Extra performance,额外性能)
XP(eXtreme Performance,极速性能)

散热器
Axial(fan,轴向型风扇)
Centrifugal - blower(辐射型风扇,离心鼓风机)
TFT(Tiny Fin Technology,微型鳍片技术)

 

2、主板

3GIO(Third Generation InputOutput,第三代输入输出技术)
ACR(Advanced Communications Riser,高级通讯升级卡)
ADIMM(advanced Dual In-line Memory Modules,高级双重内嵌式内存模块)
AGTL+(Assisted Gunning Transceiver Logic,援助发射接收逻辑电路)
AHCI(Advanced Host Controller Interface,高级主机控制器接口)
AIMM(AGP Inline Memory Module,AGP板上内存升级模块)
AMR(Audio/Modem Riser;音效/调制解调器主机板附加直立插卡)
AHA(Accelerated Hub Architecture,加速中心架构)
AOI(Automatic Optical Inspection,自动光学检验)
APU(Audio Processing Unit,音频处理单元)
ARF(Asynchronous Receive FIFO,异步接收先入先出)
ASF(Alert Standards Forum,警告标准讨论)
ASK IR(Amplitude Shift Keyed Infra-Red,长波形可移动输入红外线)
AT(Advanced Technology,先进技术)
ATX(AT Extend,扩展型AT)
BIOS(Basic InputOutput System,基本输入输出系统)
CNR(Communication and Networking Riser,通讯和网络升级卡)
CSA(Communication Streaming Architecture,通讯流架构)
CSE(Configuration Space Enable,可分配空间)
COAST(Cache-on-a-stick,条状缓存)
DASP(Dynamic Adaptive Speculative Pre-Processor,动态适应预测预处理器)
DB Device Bay,设备插架
DMI(Desktop Management Interface,桌面管理接口)
DOT(Dynamic Overclocking Technonlogy,动态超频技术)
DPP(direct print Protocol,直接打印协议
DRCG(Direct Rambus clock generator,直接RAMBUS时钟发生器)
DVMT(Dynamic Video Memory Technology,动态视频内存技术)
E(Economy,经济,或Entry-level,入门级)
EB(Expansion Bus,扩展总线)
EFI(Extensible Firmware Interface,扩展固件接口)
EHCI(Enhanced Host Controller Interface,加强型主机端控制接口)
EISA(Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture,增强形工业标准架构)
EMI(Electromagnetic Interference,电磁干扰)
ESCD(Extended System Configuration Data,可扩展系统配置数据)
ESR(Equivalent Series Resistance,等价系列电阻)
FBC(Frame Buffer Cache,帧缓冲缓存)
FireWire(火线,即IEEE1394标准)
FlexATX(Flexibility ATX,可扩展性ATX)
FSB(Front Side Bus,前端总线)
FWH(Firmware Hub,固件中心)
GB(Garibaldi架构,Garibaldi基于ATX架构,但是也能够使用WTX构架的机箱)
GMCH(Graphics & Memory Controller Hub,图形和内存控制中心)
GPA(Graphics Performance Accelerator,图形性能加速卡)
GPIs(General Purpose Inputs,普通操作输入)
GTL+(Gunning Transceiver Logic,发射接收逻辑电路)
HDIT(High Bandwidth Differential Interconnect Technology,高带宽微分互连技术)
HSLB(High Speed Link Bus,高速链路总线)
HT(HyperTransport,超级传输)
I2C(Inter-IC)
I2C(Inter-Integrated Circuit,内置集成电路)
IA(Instantly Available,即时可用)
IBASES(Intel Baseline AGP System Evaluation Suite,英特尔基线AGP系统评估套件)
IC(integrate circuit,集成电路)
ICH(InputOutput Controller Hub,输入输出控制中心)
ICH-S(ICH-Hance Rapids,ICH高速型)
ICP(Integrated Communications Processor,整合型通讯处理器)
IHA(Intel Hub Architecture,英特尔Hub架构)
IMB(Inter Module Bus,隐藏模块总线)
INTIN(Interrupt Inputs,中断输入)
IPMAT(Intel Power Management Analysis Tool,英特尔能源管理分析工具)
IR(infrared ray,红外线)
IrDA(infrared ray,红外线通信接口,可进行局域网存取和文件共享)
ISA(Industry Standard Architecture,工业标准架构)
ISA(instruction set architecture,工业设置架构)
K8HTB(K8 HyperTransport Bridge,K8闪电传输桥)
LSI(Large Scale Integration,大规模集成电路)
LPC(Low Pin Count,少针脚型接口)
MAC(Media Access Controller,媒体存储控制器)
MBA(manage boot agent,管理启动代理)
MC(Memory Controller,内存控制器)
MCA(Micro Channel Architecture,微通道架构)
MCC(Multilayer Ceramic Capacitor,积层陶瓷电容)
MCH(Memory Controller Hub,内存控制中心)
MDC(Mobile Daughter Card,移动式子卡)
MII(Media Independent Interface,媒体独立接口)
MIO(Media IO,媒体输入输出单元)
MOSFET(metallic oxide semiconductor field effecttransistor,金属氧化物半导体场效应晶体管)
MRH-R(Memory Repeater Hub,内存数据处理中心)
MRH-S(SDRAM Repeater Hub,SDRAM数据处理中心)
MRIMM(Media-RIMM,媒体RIMM扩展槽)
MSI(Message Signaled Interrupt,信息信号中断)
MSPCE(Multiple Streams with Pipelining and Concurrent Execution,多重数据流的流水线式传输与并发执行)
MT=MegaTransfers(兆传输率)
MTH(Memory Transfer Hub,内存转换中心)
MuTIOL(Multi-Threaded IO link,多线程IO链路)
NCQ(Native Command Qu,本地命令序列)
NGIO(Next Generation InputOutput,新一代输入输出标准)
NPPA(nForce Platform Processor Architecture,nForce平台处理架构)
OHCI(Open Host Controller Interface,开放式主控制器接口)
ORB(operation request block,操作请求块)
ORS(Over Reflow Soldering,再流回焊接,SMT元件的焊接方式)
P64H(64-bit PCI Controller Hub,64位PCI控制中心)
PCB(printed circuit board,印刷电路板)
PCBA(Printed Circuit Board Assembly,印刷电路板装配)
PCI(Peripheral Component Interconnect,互连外围设备)
PCI SIG(Peripheral Component Interconnect Special Interest Group,互连外围设备专业组)
PDD(Performance Driven Design,性能驱动设计)
PHY(Port Physical Layer,端口物理层)
POST(Power On Self Test,加电自测试)
PS2(Personal System 2,第二代个人系统)
PTH(Plated-Through-Hole technology,镀通孔技术)
RE(Read Enable,可读取)
QP(Quad-Pumped,四倍泵)
RBB(Rapid BIOS Boot,快速BIOS启动)
RNG(Random number Generator,随机数字发生器)
RTC(Real Time Clock,实时时钟)
KBC(KeyBroad Control,键盘控制器)
SAP(Sideband Address Port,边带寻址端口)
SBA(Side Band Addressing,边带寻址)
SBC(single board computer,单板计算机)
SBP-2(serial bus protocol 2,第二代串行总线协协)
SCI(Serial Communications Interface,串行通讯接口)
SCK (CMOS clock,CMOS时钟)
SDU(segment data unit,分段数据单元)
SFF(Small Form Factor,小尺寸架构)
SFS(Stepless Frequency Selection,步进频率选项)
SMA(Share Memory Architecture,共享内存结构)
SMT(Surface Mounted Technology,表面黏贴式封装)
SPI(Serial Peripheral Interface,串行外围设备接口)
SSLL(Single Stream with Low Latency,低延迟的单独数据流传输)
STD(Suspend To Disk,磁盘唤醒)
STR(Suspend To RAM,内存唤醒)
SVR(Switching Voltage Regulator,交换式电压调节)
THT(Through Hole Technology,插入式封装技术)
UCHI(Universal Host Controller Interface,通用宿主控制器接口)
UPA(Universal Platform Architecture,统一平台架构)
UPDG(Universal Platform Design Guide,统一平台设计导刊)
USART(Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter,通用同步非同步接收传送器)
USB(Universal Serial Bus,通用串行总线)
USDM(Unified System Diagnostic Manager,统一系统监测管理器)
VID(Voltage Identification Definition,电压识别认证)
VLB(Video Electronics Standards Association Local Bus,视频电子标准协会局域总线)
VLSI(Very Large Scale Integration,超大规模集成电路)
VMAP(VIA Modular Architecture Platforms,VIA模块架构平台)
VSB(V Standby,待命电压)
VXB(Virtual Extended Bus,虚拟扩展总线)
VRM(Voltage Regulator Module,电压调整模块)
WCT(Wireless Connect Technology,无线连接技术)
WE(Write Enalbe,可写入)
WS(Wave Soldering,波峰焊接,THT元件的焊接方式)
XT(Extended Technology,扩充技术)
ZIF(Zero Insertion Force, 零插力插座)

芯片组
ACPI(Advanced Configuration and Power Interface,先进设置和电源管理)
AGP(Accelerated Graphics Port,图形加速接口)
BMS(Blue Magic Slot,蓝色魔法槽)
IO(InputOutput,输入输出)
MIOC Memory and IO Bridge Controller,内存和IO桥控制器
NBC North Bridge Chip(北桥芯片)
PIIX PCI ISAIDE Accelerator(加速器)
PSE36 Page Size Extension 36-bit,36位页面尺寸扩展模式
PXB PCI Expander Bridge,PCI增强桥
RCG RASCAS Generator,RASCAS发生器
SBC South Bridge Chip(南桥芯片)
SMB(System Management Bus,全系统管理总线)
SPD(Serial Presence Detect,连续存在检测装置)
SSB Super South Bridge,超级南桥芯片
TDP Triton Data Path(数据路径)
TSC Triton System Controller(系统控制器)
QPA Quad Port Acceleration(四接口加速)

主板技术
Gigabyte
ACOPS Automatic CPU OverHeat Prevention System(CPU过热预防系统)
SIV System Information Viewer(系统信息观察)
磐英  ESDJ(Easy Setting Dual Jumper,简化CPU双重跳线法)
浩鑫  UPT(USB、PANEL、LINK、TV-OUT四重接口)
华硕  C.O.P(CPU overheating protection,处理器过热保护)

 

3、显示设备

AD(Analog to Digitalg,模拟到数字转换)
ADC(Apple Display Connector,苹果专用显示器接口)
AGC(Anti Glare Coatings,防眩光涂层)
AMR(ATi Multi-Rendering technology,ATi多重渲染技术)
ASIC(Application Specific Integrated Circuit,特殊应用积体电路)
ASC(Auto-Sizing and Centering,自动调效屏幕尺寸和中心位置)
ASC(Anti Static Coatings,防静电涂层)
ASD(Auto Stereoscopic Display,自动立体显示)
AG(Aperture Grills,栅条式金属板)
ARC(Anti Reflect Coating,防反射涂层)
BLA Bearn Landing Area(电子束落区)
BMC(Black Matrix Screen,超黑矩阵屏幕)
CCS(Cross Capacitance Sensing,交叉电容感应)
cdm^2(candela平方米,亮度的单位)
CDRS(Curved Directional Reflection Screen,曲线方向反射屏幕)
CG-Silicon(Continuous Grain Silicon,连续微粒硅)
CNT(carbon nano-tube,碳微管)
Cross fire(交叉火力,ATi的双显卡技术)
CRC(Cyclical Redundancy Check,循环冗余检查)
CRT(Cathode Ray Tube,阴极射线管)
CVS(Compute Visual Syndrome,计算机视觉综合症)
DA(Digital to Analog,数字到模拟转换)
DDC(Display Data Channel,显示数据通道)
DDWG(Digital Display Working Group,数字化显示工作组)
DEC(Direct Etching Coatings,表面蚀刻涂层)
Deflection Coil(偏转线圈)
DFL(Dynamic Focus Lens,动态聚焦)
DFP(Digital Flat Panel,数字平面显示标准)
DFPG(Digital Flat Panel Group,数字平面显示标准工作组)
DFS(Digital Flex Scan,数字伸缩扫描)
DIC Digital Image Control(数字图像控制)
Digital Multiscan II(数字式智能多频追踪)
DLP(digital Light Processing,数字光处理,数字投影技术)
DMD(Digital Micromirror Device,数字微镜设备)
DOSD Digital On Screen Display(同屏数字化显示)
DPMS(Display Power Management Signalling,显示能源管理信号)
Dot Pitch(点距)
DQL(Dynamic Quadrapole Lens,动态四极镜)
DSP(Digital Signal Processing,数字信号处理)
DSTN(Double layers Super Twisted Nematic,双层超扭曲向列,无源矩阵LCD)
DTV(Digital TV,数字电视)
DVI(Digital Visual Interface,数字化视像接口)
ECD(ElectroChromic Display,电铬显示器)
EDR(Extreme Dynamic Range,超高动态范围)
EFEAL(Extended Field Elliptical Aperture Lens,可扩展扫描椭圆孔镜头)
EL(Electro Luminescence,电镀发光体)
FED(Field Emission Displays,电场发射式显示器)
Flyback Transformer(回转变压器)
FPD(flat panel display,平面显示器)
FRC Frame Rate Control(帧比率控制)
FSTN(Film Super Twisted Nematic,薄膜超扭曲向列)
GLV(grating-light-valve,光栅亮度阀)
GTG(Grey To Grey,灰阶到灰阶)
HDMI(High Definition Multimedia Interface,高精度多媒体接口)
HDTV(high definition television,高清晰度电视)
HVD(High Voltage Differential,高分差动)
IFT(Infinite FlatTube,无限平面管,三星丹娜)
INVAR(不胀铜)
IPS(in-plane switching,平面开关)
LCD(liquid crystal display,液晶显示屏)
LCOS Liquid Crystal On Silicon(硅上液晶)
LED(light emitting diode,光学二级管)
L-SAGIC(Low Power-Small Aperture G1 wiht Impregnated Cathode,低电压光圈阴极管)
LTPS(Low-Temperature Poly-Si,低温多晶硅)
LVD(Low Voltage Differential,低分差动)
LVDS(Low Voltage Differential Signal,低分差动信号)
LRTC(LCD Response Time Compensation,液晶响应时间补偿)
LTPS(Low Temperature Polysilicon,低温多硅显示器)
MALS(Multi Astigmatism Lens System,多重散光聚焦系统)
MDA(Monochrome Adapter,单色设备)
Monochrome Monitor(单色显示器)
MS Magnetic Sensors(磁场感应器)
MVA(multi-domain vertical alignment,广域垂直液晶队列)
OEL(organic electro-luminescent,有机电镀冷光)
OLED(Organic light-emitting diode,有机电激发光显示器)
OSD(On Screen Display,同屏显示)
PAC(psycho-acoustic compensation,心理声学补偿)
P&D(Plug and Display,即插即显)
PDP(Plasma Display Panel,等离子显示器)
Porous Tungsten(活性钨)
PPI(Pixel Per Inch,像素/英寸)
RGB(Red、Blue、Green,红、蓝、绿三原色)
ROP(raster operations,光栅操作)
RSDS Reduced Swing Differential Signal(小幅度摆动差动信号)
RTA(Response Time Accelerator,响应时间加速)
SC(Screen Coatings,屏幕涂层)
Single Ended(单终结)
Shadow Mask(点状阴罩)
SXGA(Super eXtended Graphics Array,超级扩展型图形阵列)
STN(Super Twisted Nematic,超扭曲向列,无源矩阵)
TCO(The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees,瑞典专业工作人员联合会)
TDT(Timeing Detection Table,数据测定表)
TMDS(Transition Minimized Differential Signaling,转换极低损耗微分信号)
TDMS(transition differential minimized signaling,转换微分最小信号)
TN(Twisted Nematic,扭曲液晶向列,无源矩阵LCD)
TN+film(twisted nematic and retardation film,扭曲液晶向列+延迟薄膜)
TICRG Tungsten Impregnated Cathode Ray Gun(钨传输阴级射线枪)
TFT(thin film transistor,薄膜晶体管,有源矩阵LCD)
Trinitron(特丽珑)
TSTN(triple supertwisted nematic,三倍超扭曲向列)
UCC(Ultra Clear Coatings,超清晰涂层)
UFB(Ultra-Fine&Bright,新概念超亮度液晶显示屏)
UXGA (Ultra Extended Graphics Array,极速扩展图形阵列)
VAGP Variable Aperature Grille Pitch(可变间距光栅)
VBI Vertical Blanking Interval(垂直空白间隙)
VESA(Video Electronics Standards Association,视频电子标准协会)
VGA(video graphics array,视频图像阵列)
VDT(Video Display Terminals,视频显示终端)
VFD(Vacuum Fluorescent Display,真空荧光显示器)
VRR Vertical Refresh Rate(垂直扫描频率)
VW(Virtual Window,虚拟视窗)
XGA(eXtended Graphics Array,扩展型图形阵列)
YUV(亮度和色差信号)

 

4、视频

3D:Three Dimensional,三维
3DCG(3D computer graphics,三维计算机图形)
3DS(3D SubSystem,三维子系统)
A-Buffer(Accumulation Buffer,积聚缓冲)
AA(Accuview Antialiasing,高精度抗锯齿)
ADC(Analog to Digital Converter,模数传换器)
ADI(Adaptive De-Interlacing,自适应交错化技术)
AE(Atmospheric Effects,大气雾化效果)
AFC(Advanced Frame Capture、高级画面捕获)
AFR(Alternate  Frame Rendering,交替渲染技术)
Anisotropic Filtering(各向异性过滤)
APPE(Advanced Packet Parsing Engine,增强形帧解析引擎)
AR(Auto-Resume,自动恢复)
AST(amorphous-silicon TFT,非晶硅薄膜晶体管)
AV(Analog Video,模拟视频)
AV(Audio & Video,音频和视频)
B Splines(B样条)
BAC(Bad Angle Case,边角损坏采样)
Back Buffer,后置缓冲
Backface culling(隐面消除)
Battle for Eyeballs(眼球大战,各3D图形芯片公司为了争夺用户而作的竞争)
Bilinear Filtering(双线性过滤)
B.O.D.E(Body、Object、Design、Envioment,人体、物体、设计、环境渲染自动识别)
BSP(Binary Space Partitioning,二进制空间分区)
CBMC(Crossbar based memory controller,内存控制交叉装置)
CBU(color blending unit,色彩混和单位)
CEA(Critical Edge Angles,临界边角)
CEM(cube environment mapping,立方环境映射)
CG(C for GraphicsGPU,用于图形GPU的可编程语言)
CG(Computer Graphics,计算机生成图像)
Clipping(剪贴纹理)
Clock Synthesizer,时钟合成器
compressed textures(压缩纹理)
Concurrent Command Engine,协作命令引擎
CSC(Colorspace Conversion,色彩空间转换)
CSG (constructive solid geometry,建设立体几何)
CSS(Content Scrambling System,内容不规则加密)
DAC(Digital to Analog Converter,数模传换器)
DCD(Directional Correlational De-interlacing,方向关联解交错)
DCT(Display Compression Technology,显示压缩技术)
DCT(Display Compatibility Test,显示设备兼容性测试)
DDC(Dynamic Depth Cueing,动态深度暗示)图像
DDP(Digital Display Port,数字输出端口)
DDS(Direct Draw Surface,直接绘画表面)
Decal(印花法,用于生成一些半透明效果,如:鲜血飞溅的场面)
DFP(Digital Flat Panel,数字式平面显示器)
DFS Dynamic Flat Shading(动态平面描影),可用作加速
Dithering(抖动)
Directional Light,方向性光源
DM(Displacement mapping,位移贴图)
DME(Direct Memory Execute,直接内存执行)
DOF(Depth of Field,多重境深)
dot texture blending(点型纹理混和)
DOT3(Dot product 3 bump mapping,点乘积凹凸映射)
Double Buffering(双缓冲区)
DPBM(Dot Product Bump Mapping,点乘积凹凸映射)
DQUICK(DVD Qualification and Integration Kit,DVD资格和综合工具包)
DRA(deferred rendering architecture,延迟渲染架构)
DRI(Direct Rendering Infrastructure,基层直接渲染)
DSP(Dual Streams Processor,双重流处理器)
DVC(Digital Vibrance Control,数字振动控制)
DVI(Digital Video Interface,数字视频接口)
DVMT(Dynamic Video Memory Technology,动态视频内存技术)
DxR DynamicXTended Resolution(动态可扩展分辨率)
DXTC(Direct X Texture Compress,DirectX纹理压缩,以S3TC为基础)
Dynamic Z-buffering(动态Z轴缓冲区),显示物体远近,可用作远景
E-DDC(Enhanced Display Data Channel,增强形视频数据通道协议,定义了显示输出与主系统之间的通讯通道,能提高显示输出的画面质量)
Edge Anti-aliasing(边缘抗锯齿失真)
E-EDID(Enhanced Extended Identification Data,增强形扩充身份辨识数据,定义电脑通讯视频主系统的数据式)
eFB(embedded Frame Buffer,嵌入式帧缓冲)
eTM(embedded Texture Buffer,嵌入式纹理缓冲)
Execute Buffers,执行缓冲区
Embosing,浮雕
EMBM(environment mapped bump mapping,环境凹凸映射)
Extended Burst Transactions,增强式突发处理
Factor Alpha Blending(因子阿尔法混合)
Fast Z-clear,快速Z缓冲清除
FB(fragment buffer,片段缓冲)
FL(fragment list,片段列表)
FW(Fast Write,快写,AGP总线的特殊功能)
Front Buffer,前置缓冲
Flat(平面描影)
FL(Function Lookup,功能查找)
FMC(Frictionless Memory Control,无阻内存控制)
Frames rate is King(帧数为王)
FRC(Frame Rate Control,帧率控制)
FSAA(Full SceneScreen Anti-aliasing,全景屏幕抗锯齿)
Fog(雾化效果)
flip double buffered(反转双缓存)
fog table quality(雾化表画质)
F-Buffer(Fragment Stream FIFO Buffer,片段流先入先出缓冲区)
GPT(Graphics Performance Toolkit,图形性能工具包)
FRJS(Fully Random Jittered Super-Sampling,完全随机移动式超级采样)
Fur(软毛效果)
GART(Graphic Address Remappng Table,图形地址重绘表)
GI(Global Illumination,球形光照)
GIC(Gold Immersion Coating,化金涂布技术,纯金材质作为PCB最终层,提升信号完整性)
GIF(Graphics Interchange Format,图像交换格式)
GLI(Graphics Link Interface,可延展连接界面,磐正提出支持两个不同显卡的SLI,PCI-E 16x+4x)
Gouraud Shading,高洛德描影,也称为内插法均匀涂色
GPU(Graphics Processing Unit,图形处理器)
GTF(Generalized Timing Formula,一般程序时间,定义了产生画面所需要的时间,包括了诸如画面刷新率等)
GTS(Giga Textel Sharder,十亿像素填充率)
Guard Band Support(支持保护带)
HAL(Hardware Abstraction Layer,硬件抽像化层)
HDR(High Dynamic Range,高级动态范围)
HDRL(high dynamic-range lighting,高动态范围光线)
HDVP(High-Definition Video Processor,高精度视频处理器)
HEL Hardware Emulation Layer(硬件模拟层)
HLSL(High Level Shading Language,高级描影语言)
HMC(hardware motion compensation,硬件运动补偿)
Hierarchical Z(Z分级)
high triangle count(复杂三角形计数)
HOS(Higher-Order Surfaces,高次序表面)
HPDR(High-Precision Dynamic-Range,高精度动态范围)
HRAA(High Resolution Anti-aliasing,高分辨率抗锯齿)
HSI(High Speed Interconnect,高速内连)
HSR(Hidden Surface Removal,隐藏表面移除)
HTP(Hyper Texel Pipeline,超级像素管道)
HWMC(Hardware Motion Compensation,硬件运动补偿)
ICD(Installable Client Driver,可安装客户端驱动程序)
iDCT(inverse Discrete Cosine Transformation,负离散余弦转换)
IDE(Integrated Development Environment,集成开发环境)
Immediate Mode,直接模式
IMMT(Intelligent Memory Manager Technology,智能内存管理技术)
Imposters(诈欺模型)
IPEAK GPT(Intel Performance Evaluation and Analysis Kit - Graphics Performance Toolkit,英特尔性能评估和分析套件 - 图形性能工具包)
IPPR Image Processing and Pattern Recognition(图像处理和模式识别)
IR(Immediate Rendering,直接渲染)
IRA(immediate-mode rendering architecture,即时渲染架构)
IQ(inverse quantization,反转量子化)
ITC(Internal True Color,内部真彩色)
IVC(Indexed Vertex Cache,索引顶点缓存)
JFAA(Jitter Free Anti Aliasing,自由跳跃进抗锯齿)
JGSS(Jittered Grid Super-Sampling,移动式栅格超级采样)
JPRS(Jittered pseudo random sampling,抖动假取样)
Key Frame Interpolation,关键帧插补
large textures(大型纹理)
LE(low end,低端)
LF(Linear Filtering,线性过滤,即双线性过滤)
LFB(Linear Frame-Buffer,线性帧缓冲)
LFM(Light Field Mapping,光照区域贴图)
lighting(光源)
lightmap(光线映射)
LMA(Lightspeed memory Architecture,光速内存架构)
Local Peripheral Bus(局域边缘总线)
LOD(Levels-of-Detail,细节级)
Lossless Z Compression,无损Z压缩
LPF(Low-past filter,低通道滤波器)
LSR(Light Shaft Rendering,光线轴渲染)
mipmapping(MIP映射)
MAC(Mediocre Angle Case,普通角采样)
Matrix Vertex Blending,矩阵顶点混和
MCM(Multichip Module,多芯片模块)
Membrane lighting,隔膜光线
Mipmap LOD Bias Adjustment(映射LOD偏移调节)
Modulate(调制混合)
Motion Compensation,动态补偿
motion blur(模糊移动)
MPPS:Million Pixels Per Second,百万个像素秒
MRT(Multiple Render Targets,多重渲染目标)
MSAA(multisampling SceneScreen Anti-aliasing,多重采样抗锯齿)
Multiplicative Texture Blending(乘法纹理混合)
Multi-Resolution Mesh,多重分辨率组合
Multi Threaded Bus Master,多线程主控
Multitexture(多重纹理)
MVSD(Motion Vector Steered de-interlacing,移动向量控制解交错)
MXM(Mobile PCI Express Module,移动PCI Express模块)
NURBS(Non Uniform Relational B Splines,非统一相关B样条)
nerest Mipmap(邻近MIP映射,又叫点采样技术)
NGP(Next-Generation Graphics Port,下一代图形接口)
NSR(nVidia Shading Rasterizer,nVidia描影光栅引擎)
NXL(NVIDIA XPress Link,nViadia X紧迫链路)
OGSS(Ordered Grid Super-Sampling,顺序栅格超级采样)
ORB(Online ResultBrowser,在线分数浏览)
OTES(Outside Thermal Exhaust System,向外热排气系统)
Overdraw(透支,全景渲染造成的浪费)
partial texture downloads(并行纹理传输)
Parallel Processing Perspective Engine(平行透视处理器)
PC(pipeline combining,管道结合)
Perspective Correction(透视纠正)
Perspective Divide,透视分隔
PGC(Parallel Graphics Configuration,并行图像设置)
PureHAL(Pure Hardware Abstraction Layer,纯硬件处理层)
PIP(Picture In Picture,画中画)
pixel(Picture element,图像元素,又称P像素,屏幕上的像素点)
PM(parallax mapping,视差映射)
Point Primitive Support(支持原始点)
point light(一般点光源)
point sampling(点采样技术,又叫邻近MIP映射)
Point Sprit(点碎片纹理)
Positional Lights(定点光源)
Precise Pixel Interpolation,精确像素插值
precomputedpreimaged(预计算预描绘)
Procedural textures(可编程纹理)
Projected Textrues(投射纹理)
PS(Pixel Shaders,像素描影)
PT(Projective textures,投影纹理)
PTC(Palletized Texture Compression,并行纹理压缩)
PVA(Patterned Vertical Alignment,图像垂直调整)
PVPU(Programable Vertex Processing Unit,可编程顶点处理单元)
QC(Quad Cache,四重缓存)
QDR(Quad Data Rate,四倍速率)
QDR SDRAM(Quad Data Rate,四倍速率 SDRAM)
RAMDAC(Random Access Memory Digital to Analog Converter,随机存储器数模转换器)
Range Fog(延伸雾化)
PB(Priority buffer,优先缓冲)
PJSS(programmable jitter table,可编程抖动表)
ps(picoseconds,皮秒,微微秒,百亿分之一秒)
Reflection mapping(反射贴图)
render(着色或渲染)
Rendering to a Window(窗口透视)
RGBA(Red、Blue、Green + Alpha,红、蓝、绿 + Alpha通道)
RGSS(Rotated Grid Super-Sampling,旋转栅格超级采样)
RM(Retention Mechanism,保持机构)
RSAA(Random Sampling Anti aliasing,随机采样抗锯齿)
RTV(Real Time Video,实时视频)
S端子(Seperate)
S3(Sight、Sound、Speed,视频、音频、速度)
S3TC(S3 Texture Compress,S3纹理压缩,以前仅支持S3显卡)
S3TL(S3 Transformation & Lighting,S3多边形转换和光源处理)
SB(Shadow Buffer,描影缓冲)
Screen Buffer(屏幕缓冲)
SDTV(Standard Definition Television,标准清晰度电视)
SEM(spherical environment mapping,球形环境映射)
SGCT(self-gauging clock technology,自测量时钟技术)
Shading,描影
SIF2(SUMA Individual Analog Filter 2,SUMA独立模拟过滤器2)
Single Pass Multi-Texturing,单通道多纹理
SLAM(Symmetrically Loaded Acoustic Module,平衡装载声学模块)
SLI(Scanline Interleave,扫描线间插,3Dfx的双Voodoo 2配合技术)
SLI(Scalable Link Interface,可延展连接界面,nVidia的GeForce6系列双显卡技术)
Smart Filter(智能过滤)
soft shadows(柔和阴影)
soft reflections(柔和反射)
spot light(小型点光源)
SRA(Symmetric Rendering Architecture,对称渲染架构)
Specular Gouraud Shading(镜面高洛德描影)
SS(Smart Shader,智能描影)
SSAA(Super-Sampling Anti-aliasing,超级采样抗锯齿)
Stencil Buffers(模板缓冲)
Stream Processor(流线处理)
Subpixel Accurate Rasterizing(区块子像素精确光栅化)
Subtractive Texture Blending(反纹理混合)
Super Sampling(超级采样)
SuperScaler Rendering,超标量渲染
Table Fog(雾化函数表)
TBFB(Tile Based Frame Buffer,碎片纹理帧缓存)
TBR(Tile Based rendering,瓦片纹理渲染)
tessellation(镶嵌)
texel(T像素,纹理上的像素点)
Texture Alpha Blending(纹理Alpha混合)
Texture Clamping(纹理箝入)
Texture Fidelity(纹理真实性)
Texture Mirroring(纹理反射)
texture swapping(纹理交换)
Texture Wrapping(纹理外包)
T&L(Transform and Lighting,多边形转换与光源处理)
T-Buffer(T缓冲,3dfx Voodoo5的特效,包括全景反锯齿Full-scene Anti-Aliasing、动态模糊Motion Blur、焦点模糊Depth of Field Blur、柔和阴影Soft Shadows、柔和反射Soft Reflections)
TCA(Twin Cache Architecture,双缓存结构)
TIFF(Tagged Image File Format,标签图像文件格式)
Triangle Setup,三角形设置
Transparency(透明状效果)
Transformation(三角形转换)
Trilinear Filtering(三线性过滤)
Texture Modes,材质模式
TMIPM Trilinear MIP Mapping(三次线性MIP材质贴图)
TMU(Texture Map Unit,纹理映射单元)
UCA(Unified Compiler Architecture,统一编译架构)
UDA(Unified Driver Architecture,统一驱动程序架构)
UDOT(UltraSharp Display Output Technology,超清晰显示输出技术)
UMA(Unified Memory Architecture,统一内存架构)
UMA(Unified Motherboard Architecture,统一主板架构)
UPT(unreal performance test,虚幻引擎性能测试)
VA(Vernier Acuity,视敏度)
VDM(Virtual Displacement Mapping,虚拟位移映射)
Visualize Geometry Engine,可视化几何引擎
Vertex Alpha Blending(顶点Alpha混合)
Vertex Fog(顶点雾化)
Vertex Lighting(顶点光源)
Vertical Interpolation(垂直调变)
Viewport Transform,视点转换
VIP(Video Interface Port,视频接口)
VIVO(video inputoutput,视频输入输出)
ViRGE Video and Rendering Graphics Engine(视频描写图形引擎)
VMR(Video Mixing Renderer,视频混合渲染器)
VMS(Virtual Memory System,虚拟内存系统)
VOC(Visual Online Communication,视觉在线通讯)
Voxel(Volume pixels,立体像素,Novalogic的技术)
VP(vertex processors,顶点处理器)
VPE(Video Processing Engine,视频处理引擎)
VPU(Vertex Processing Unit,顶点处理单元)
VPU(Visual Processing Unit,视觉处理单元)
VQTC(Vector-Quantization Texture Compression,向量纹理压缩)
VS(Vertex Shaders,顶点描影)
VS(Visibility Subsystem,可见子系统)
VSA(Voodoo Scalable Architecture,可升级Voodoo架构)
VSU(VertexScalability Unit,顶点可量测性单元)
VSIS(Video Signal Standard,视频信号标准)
VSync(Vertical Sync,重直同步刷新)
VT(Volume textures,体积纹理)
VT(Vertex Texturing,顶点纹理绘制)
VTC(Volume Texture Compression,体积纹理压缩)
W-Fog(W雾化)
Xabre(“Sabre”(基础)+eXtraordinary(非凡)+Advanced(先进)+Brilliant(卓越)+Rapture(欢喜)+Enrichment(丰富))
XBA(Xtreme Bandwidth Architecture,极速带宽架构)
YAB NCTC(Narrow Channel Texture compression,狭窄通道纹理压缩)
Z Buffer(Z缓存)
ZRT(Zone Rendering Technology,区域渲染技术)
ZOC(Z-Occlusion Culling,Z闭塞选择)

 

5、音频

3DPA(3D Positional Audio,3D定位音频)
AAC(Advanced Audio Compression,高级音频压缩)
AC(Acoustic Edge,声学边缘)
AC(Audio Codec,音频多媒体数字信号编解码器)
AC-3(Audio Coding 3,第三代音响编码)
AC97(Audio Codec '97,多媒体数字信号解编码器1997年标准)
ACIRC(Advanced Cross Interleave Reed - Solomon Code,高级交叉插入里德所罗门代码)
ADIP(ADdress In Pre-groove,地址预刻)
AFC(Amplitude-frequency characteristic,振幅频率特征)
AMC(audiomodem codec,音频调制解调器多媒体数字信号编解码器)
APS(Audio Production Studio,音频生产工作室)
APX(All Position eXpansion全方位扩展)
ASIO(Audio Streaming Input and Output interface,音频流输入输出接口)
ATRAC(Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding,可适应转换声学译码,MD专用数字声音数据压缩系统)
AUD_EXT(Audio Extension,音频扩展)
AUX(Auxiliary Input,辅助输入接口)
CBR(Constant Bit Rate,固定比特率)
CS(Channel Separation,声道分离)
CMSS(Creative Multi Speaker Surround,创新多音箱环绕)
CPRM(Content Protection for recordable media,记录媒体内容保护)
DAB(digital audio broadcast,数字音频广播)
DBBS(Dynamic Bass Boost System,动态低音增强系统)
DCC(Digital Compact Cassette,数字盒式磁带)
DDMA(Distributed DMA,分布式DMA)
DDSS(Dolby Digital Surround Sound,杜比数字环绕声)
DHT(Dolby Headphone Technology,杜比耳机技术)
DLS(Downloadable Sounds Level,可下载音色)
DLS-2(Downloadable Sounds Level 2,第二代可下载音色)
DS3D(DirectSound 3D Streams)
DSD(Direct Stream Digital,直接数字信号流)
DSL(Down Loadable Sample,可下载的取样音色)
DSO(Dynamic Sound-stage Organizer,动态声音层组建)
DSP(Digital Sound Field Processing,数字音场处理)
DTS(Digital Theater System,数字剧院系统)
DTT(DeskTop Theater,桌面剧院)
EAX(Environmental Audio Extensions,环境音效扩展技术)
EFM (Eight to Fourteen Modulation,8位信号转换为14位信号)
ESP(Electronic-Shock Protection,电子抗震系统)
Extended Stereo(扩展式立体声)
FM(Frequency Modulation,频率调制)
FIR(finite impulse response,有限推进响应)
FLAC(Free Lossless Audio Codec,自由无损音频解编码)
FPS(FourPointSurround,创新的四点环绕扬声器系统)
FR(Frequence Response,频率响应)
FSE(Frequency Shifter Effect,频率转换效果)
GM(General Midi,普通MIDI)
HDA(high-efficiency Audax High Definition Aerogel,高效高清楚气动)
Hi-fi(high fidelity,高精度设备)
HPF(High-Pass Filter,高通滤波器)
HRTF(Head Related Transfer Function,头部关联传输功能)
I3DL2(Interactive 3D Level 2,第二级交互式3D音效)
IID(Interaural Intensity Difference,两侧声音强度差别)
IIR(infinite impulse response,无限推进响应)
Interactive Around-Sound(交互式环绕声)
Interactive 3D Audio(交互式3D音效)
ITD(Interaural Time Difference,两侧声音时间延迟差别)
LFE(Low Frequency Sound Channel,低频声音通道)
LP(Long Play,长时间播放)
LPF(Low-Pass Filter,低通滤波器)
MC(modem codec,调制解调器多媒体数字信号编解码器)
MDLP(MiniDisc Long Play,长时间播放迷你光盘)
MFM(Magnetic field modulation,磁场调制)
MIDI(Musical Instrument Digital Interface,乐器数字接口)
NC(Noise Canceling,降噪)
NDA non-DWORD-aligned ,非DWORD排列
NVH(Noise、Vibration、Harshness,噪声、振动和刺耳声)
QEM(Qsound Environmental Modeling,Qsound环境建模扬声器组)
QMSS(QSound Multi Speaker System,Qsound多音箱系统)
Raw PCM Raw Pulse Code Modulated(元脉码调制)
RMA RealMedia Architecture(实媒体架构)
RMAA(Right Mark Audio Analyzer,公正标识音频分析软件)
RTSP Real Time Streaming  Protocol(实时流协议)
SACD(Super Audio CD,超级音乐CD)
SCMS(Serial Copy Management System,连续复制管理系统,限制数字拷贝)
SDMI(Secure Digital Music Initiative,安全式数字音乐)
SNR(Signal to Noise Ratio,信噪比)
SPDIF(SonyPhillips Digital Interface,索尼飞利普数字接口)
SP(Stream Processor,音频流处理器)
SPU(Sound Processor Unit,声音处理器)
SPX(Sound Production Experience,声音生成体验)
SPX(Sound Production eXtensions,声音生成扩展)
SRC(Sampling Rate Convertor,采样率转换器,把48KHz转为MD适用的44.1KHz)
SRS(Sound Retrieval System,声音修复系统)
Surround Sound(环绕立体声)
Super Intelligent Sound ASIC(超级智能音频集成电路)
TAD(Telephone Answering Device,电话应答设备)
TC(Time Scaling,时间缩放)
TDMA(Transparent DMA,透明DMA)
THD+N(Total Harmonic Distortion plus Noise,总谐波失真加噪音)
TOC (Table Of Contents,MD内容表,包括磁盘名称、轨数、演奏时间)
VPT(Virtual Phone Technology C Acoustic Engine,虚拟耳机音效技术音响动力引擎)
TVA(Time Variable Amplitude,可随时间变化的音量)
TVF(Time Variable Filter,可随时间变化的滤波器)
UDAC-MB(universal distribution with access control-media base,通用分配存取控制媒体基准)
UTOC (User Table of Contents,可录式MD内容表)
VBR(Variable Bit Rate,动态比特率)
WG(Wave Guide,波导合成)
WT(Wave Table,波表合成)

 

6、RAM & ROM

ABB(Advanced Boot Block,高级启动块)
ABP Address Bit Permuting,地址位序列改变
ADT(Advanced DRAM Technology,先进DRAM技术联盟)
AL(Additive Latency,附加反应时间)
ALDC(Adaptive Lossless Data Compression,适应无损数据压缩)
APM(Automated Precision Manufacturing,自动化精确生产)
ATC(Access Time from Clock,时钟存取时间)
ATP(Active to Precharge,激活到预充电)
BEDO(Burst Enhanced Data-Out RAM,突发型数据增强输出内存)
BPA(Bit Packing Architecture,位封包架构)
AFC media(antiferromagnetically coupled media,反铁磁性耦合介质)
BLP(Bottom Leaded Package,底部导向封装)
BSRAM(Burst pipelined synchronous static RAM,突发式管道同步静态存储器)
CAS(Column Address Strobe,列地址控制器)
CCT(Clock Cycle Time,时钟周期)
CDRAM(Cache DRAM,附加缓存型DRAM)
CL(CAS Latency,CAS反应时间)
CMR(Colossal Magnetoresistive,巨磁阻抗)
CPA(Close Page Autoprecharge,接近页自动预充电)
CSP(Chip Size Package,芯片尺寸封装)
CTR(CAS to RAS,列地址到行地址延迟时间)
DB Deep Buffer(深度缓冲)
DD(Double Side,双面内存)
DDBGA(Die Dimension Ball Grid Array,内核密度球状矩阵排列)
DDR(Double Date Rate,上下行双数据率)
DDR SDRAM(Double Date Rate,上下行双数据率SDRAM)
DRCG(Direct Rambus Clock Generator,直接RAMBUS时钟发生器)
DIL(dual-in-line)
DIVA(Data IntensiVe Architecture,数据加强架构)
DIMM(Dual In-line Memory Modules,双重内嵌式内存模块)
DLL(Delay-Locked Loop,延时锁定循环电路)
DQS(Bidirectional data strobe,双向数据滤波)
DRAM(Dynamic Random Access Memory,动态随机存储器)
DRDRAM(Direct RAMBUS DRAM,直接内存总线DRAM)
DRSL(Direct RAMBUS Signaling Level,直接RAMBUS信号级)
DRSL(Differential Rambus Signaling Levels,微分RAMBUS信号级)
DSM(Distributed shared memory,分布式共享内存)
ECC(Error Checking and Correction,错误检查修正)
ED(Execution driven,执行驱动)
EDO(Enhanced Data-Out RAM,数据增强输出内存)
EHSDRAM(Enhanced High Speed DRAM,增强型超高速内存)
EL DDR(Enhanced Latency DDR,增强反应周期DDR内存)
EMS(Enhanced Memory System,增强内存系统)
EMS(Expanded Memory Specification,扩充内存规格)
EOL(End of Life,最终完成产品)
EPROM(erasable, programmable ROM,可擦写可编程ROM)
EPOC(Elevated Package Over CSP,CSP架空封装)
EPV(Extended Voltage Proteciton,扩展电压保护)
ESDRAM(Enhanced SDRAM,增强型SDRAM)
ESRAM(Enhanced SRAM,增强型SRAM)
EEPROM(Electrically Erasable Programmable ROM,电擦写可编程只读存储器)
FCRAM(Fast Cycle RAM,快周期随机存储器)
FEMMA(Foldable Electronic Memory Module Assembly,折叠电子内存模块装配)
FM(Flash Memory,快闪存储器)
FMD ROM (Fluorescent Material Read Only Memory,荧光质只读存储器)
FPM(Fast Page Mode,快页模式内存)
HDSS( Holographic Data Storage System,全息数据存储系统)
HMC(holographic media card,全息媒体卡)
HMD(holographic media disk,全息媒体磁盘)
HSDRAM(High Speed DRAM,超高速内存)
LRU(least recently used,最少最近使用)
MADP(Memory Address Data Path,内存地址数据路径)
MDRAM(Multi Bank Random Access Memory,多储蓄库随机存储器)
MRAM(Magnetic Random Access Memory,磁性随机存取存储器)
ns(nanosecond,纳秒,毫微秒,10亿分之一秒)
NVRAM(Non-Volatile RAM,非可变性RAM)
NWX(no write transfer,非写转换)
ODR(Octal Data Rate,八倍数据率)
ODT(on-die termination,片内终结器)
OP(Open Page,开放页)
PIROM:Processor Information ROM,处理器信息ROM
PLEDM Phase-state Low Electron(hole)-number Drive Memory
PLL(Phase Lock Loop,相位锁定环)
PRISM(Photorefractive Information Storage Material,摄影折射信息存储原料)
PROM(Programmable Read Only Memory,可编程只读存储器)
PTA(Precharge to Active,预充电到激活)
QBM(Quad Band Memory,四倍边带内存)
QRSL(Quad Rambus Signaling Levels,四倍RAMBUS信号级)
RAC(Rambus Asic Cell,Rambus集成电路单元)
RAC(Row Access Time,行存取时间)
RAM(Random Access Memory,随机存储器)
RAS(Row Address Strobe,行地址控制器)
RAT(Precharge to Active Trp,预充电到激活时间)
RCD(Row to Cas Delay,行地址到列地址控制器延迟时间)
RDF(Rambus Developer Forum,RAMBUS发展商论坛)
RDRAM(Rambus Direct RAM,直接型RambusRAM)
RIMM(RAMBUS In-line Memory Modules,RAMBUS内嵌式内存模块)
ROM(read-only memory,只读存储器)
RRAM(Resistance RAM,非挥发性阻抗存储器)
RP(RAS Pre-charge Times,行地址预充电时间)
RL(Read Latency,读取反应时间)
SCP(CHIP SCALE PACKGE,芯片比例封装)
SD(Single Side,单面内存)
SDRAM(Synchronous Dynamic RAM,同步动态内存)
SDR(Single Date Rate,单数据率)
SDR SDRAM(Single Date Rate,单数据率SDRAM)
SGRAM(synchronous graphics RAM,同步图形随机储存器)
SIMM(Single Inline Memory Module,单边直线内存模块)
SLM(Spatial Light Modulator,空间光线调节器)
SM(Smart Media,智能存储卡)
SMRAM(System Management RAM,系统管理内存)
SODIMM(Small Outline Dual In-line Memory Modules,小型双重内嵌式内存模块)
SPD(Serial Presence Detect,串行存在检查)
SRAM(Static Random Access Memory,静态随机存储器)
SRAM(single-transistor DRAM,单晶体管DRAM)
SSFDC(Solid State Floppy Disk Card,固态软盘卡,通常指Smart Media)
SSTL(Stub Series Terminated Logic,残余连续终结逻辑电路)
TCP(Tape Carrier Packaging,带载封装)
TCSR(temperature compensated self refresh,温度补偿自刷新)
TD(Trace driven,追踪驱动)
TOM(Top of main memory,主内存顶端)
TSOPs(thin small outline packages,小型薄型封装)
UMA(Upper Memory Area,上部内存区)
ULVS(ultra low voltage signal,超低电压信号)
USWV(Uncacheable, Speculative, Write-Combining非缓冲随机混合写入)
VCRAM(Virtual Channel Memory,虚拟通道内存)
VCMA(Virtual Channel Memory architecture,虚拟通道内存结构)
VCSDRAM(Virtual Channel SDRAM,虚拟通道内存)
VM(Virtual Memory,虚拟存储器)
VR(Virtual Register,虚拟寄存器)
WBGA(Windows-BGA,WBGA的面积尺寸为传统TSOP封装的36.52%,重量为传统TSOP的23.37%,整个WBGA的面积与内核的比例为128%,也就是说,封装的面积仅比管芯大28%。
WL(Write Latency,写反应时间)
WORM(write-onceread many,写一次读多次介质)
XDR(eXtreme Data Rate,极速数据率)
XMS(Extended Memory,扩展内存)

 

7、磁盘

AAT(Average access time,平均存取时间)
ABS(Auto Balance System,自动平衡系统)
AM(Acoustic Management,声音管理)
ASC(Advanced Size Check,高级尺寸检查)
ASMO(Advanced Storage Magneto-Optical,增强形光学存储器)
AST(Average Seek time,平均寻道时间)
ATA(Advanced Technology Attachment,高级技术附加装置)
ATOMM(Advanced super Thin-layer and high-Output Metal Media,增强形超薄高速金属媒体)
BBS(BIOS Boot Specification,基本输入输出系统启动规范)
BPI(Bit Per Inch,位英寸)
bps(bit per second,位秒)
bps(byte per second,字节秒)
CAM(Common Access Model,公共存取模型)
CF(CompactFlash Card,紧凑型闪存卡)
CHS(Cylinders、Heads、Sectors,柱面、磁头、扇区)
CSS(Common Command Set,通用指令集)
DBI(dynamic bus inversion,动态总线倒置)
DIT(Disk Inspection Test,磁盘检查测试)
DMA(Direct Memory Access,直接内存存取)
DTR(Disk Transfer Rate,磁盘传输率)
EIDE(enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics,增强形电子集成驱动器)
eSATA(External Serial ATA,扩展型串行ATA)
FDB(fluid-dynamic bearings,动态轴承)
FAT(File Allocation Tables,文件分配表)
FC(Fibre Channel,光纤通道)
FDBM(Fluid dynamic bearing motors,液态轴承马达)
FDB(Fluid Dynamic Bearing,非固定动态轴承)
FDC(Floppy Disk Controller,软盘驱动器控制装置)
FDD(Floppy Disk Driver,软盘驱动器)
GMR(giant magnetoresistive,巨型磁阻)
HDA(Head Disk Assembly,头盘组件)
HiFD(high-capacity floppy disk,高容量软盘)
IDE(Integrated Drive Electronics,电子集成驱动器)
IPEAK SPT(Intel Performance Evaluation and Analysis Kit - Storage Performance Toolkit,英特尔性能评估和分析套件 - 存储性能工具包)
JBOD(Just a Bunch Of Disks,磁盘连续捆束阵列)
LBA(Logical Block Addressing,逻辑块寻址)
MR(Magneto-resistive Heads,磁阻磁头)
MBR(Master Boot Record,主引导记录)
ms(Millisecond,毫秒)
MSR(Magnetically induced Super Resolution,磁感应超分辨率)
MTBF(Mean Time Before Failure,平均无故障时间)
NQC(Native Queuing Command,内部序列命令)
NTFS(Net Technology File System,新技术文件系统)
OTF(on-the-fly,高速数据传输错误纠正)
PCBA(Pring Circuit Board Assembly,印刷电路电路板组件)
PIO(Programmed Input Output,可编程输入输出模式)
PRML(Partial Response Maximum Likelihood,最大可能部分反应,用于提高磁盘读写传输率)
RAID(Redundant Array of Independent Disks,独立磁盘冗余阵列)
RAID(Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks ,廉价磁盘冗余阵列)
RPM(Rotation Per Minute,转分)
RSD Removable Storage Device(移动式存储设备)
RST(Read Service Times,读取服务时间)
SAMS(Seagate's Advanced Multi Drive System,希捷高级多硬盘系统)
SAS(Serial Attached SCSI,串行SCSI)
SATA(Serial ATA,串行ATA)
SBT(sound barrier technology,声音阻碍技术)
SCSI(Small Computer System Interface,小型计算机系统接口)
SCMA:SCSI Configured Auto Magically,SCSI自动配置
SLDRAM(Synchnonous Link DRAM,同步链路内存)
S.M.A.R.T.(Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology,自动监测、分析和报告技术)
SPC(Store Performance Council,存储性能会议)
SPS(Shock Protection System,抗震保护系统)
SSO(simultaneously switching outputs,同时开关输出)
STA(SCSI Trade Association,SCSI同业公会)
STR(sequential transfer rates,连续内部数据传输率)
TCQ(tagged command queuing,标签命令序列)
TFI(Thin-Film Inducted Heads,薄膜感应磁头)
TPI (Track Per Inch,磁道英寸)
Ultra CF(Ultra CompactFlash Card,超级紧凑型闪存卡)
Ultra DMA(Ultra Direct Memory Access,超高速直接内存存取)
LVD(Low Voltage Differential)
Wpcom(Write-Precompensation Cylinders,写电流补偿柱面数)
WST(Write Service Times,写入服务时间)

Seagate硬盘技术
AAM(Automatic Acoustic Management,自动机械声学管理)
CBDS(Continuous Background Defect Scanning,连续后台错误扫描)
DiscWizard(磁盘控制软件)
DST(Drive Self Test,磁盘自检程序)
SeaShield(防静电防撞击外壳)   

 

8、光驱

ADIP(Address In Pre-Groove,预凹槽寻址)
ASPI(Advanced SCSI Programming Interface,高级SCSI可编程接口)
ATAPI(AT Attachment Packet Interface,AT扩展包接口)
BCF(Boot Catalog File,启动目录文件)
BURN-Proof(Buffer UnderRuN-Proof,防止缓冲区溢出,三洋的刻录保护技术)
BIF(Boot Image File,启动映像文件)
CAV(Constant Angular Velocity,恒定角速度)
CD(Compact Disc,紧密型光盘)
CDR(CD Recordable,可记录光盘)
CD-ROMXA(CD-ROM eXtended Architecture,唯读光盘增强形架构)
CDRW(CD-Rewritable,可重复刻录光盘)
CLV(Constant Linear Velocity,恒定线速度)
DAE(digital Audio Extraction,数据音频抓取)
DAO(Disc At Once,整盘刻录)
DAO-RAW(Disc At Once Read after Write,整盘刻录-写后读)
DDSS(Double Dynamic Suspension System,双悬浮动态减震系统)
DDSS II(Double Dynamic Suspension System II,第二代双层动力悬吊系统)
DSD(Direct Stream Digital,直接比特流数码)
DVD(Digital VideoVersatile Disk,数字视频万能光盘)
DVD-R(DVD Recordable,可记录DVD盘)
DVD-RW(DVD Rewritable,可重复刻录DVD盘)
DVD-RAM(Digital VideoVersatile Disk - Random Access Memory,随机存储数字视频万能光盘)
DWDD(Domain Wall Displacement Detection,磁畴壁移动检测)
ESER(EAC Secure Extract Ripping,EAC安全抓取复制)
GM(Glass Mould,玻璃铸制)
GSM(Galvanization Superconductive Material,电镀锌超导材料)
IPW(Incremental Packet Writing,增量包刻录)
LIMDOW(Light Intensity Modulation Direct OverWrite,光学调制直接覆盖)
LD(Laser Disc,激光视盘,大碟)
LG(Land Groove,岸地凹槽)
MAMMOS(magnetic amplifying magneto-optical system,磁畴放大播放系统)
MD(MiniDisc,微型光盘)
ML(multi-level,多层光盘技术)
MO(Magneto Optical,磁光盘)
OTF(On The Fly,飞速刻录)
OWSC(Optimum Write Speed Control、优化写入速度控制)
PCAV(Part Constant Angular Velocity,部分恒定角速度)
PPLS(Pure Phase Laser System,纯相位激光系统)
RS-PC(Reed-Solomon Product Code,里德所罗门编码)
RLL(Run Length limited,运行长度限制码)
SACD(Super Audio CD,超级音频CD)
SAO(Sessino At Once,区段刻录)
SARC(Super-Advanced Rapid Cooling,超高级快速冷却)
SC(Spin Coat,旋转覆盖)
SCM(Spin Coat Method,旋压覆盖法)
SLL(SeamLess Link,无缝连接)
SMT(Superconductive Microtherm Technology,超导体散热材料)
Super RENS(super resolution near-field structure,超精细近场结构)
TAO(Track At Once,轨道刻录)
TBW(Thermo Balanced Writing,热电平衡写入)
VCD(Video COMPACT DISC,视频CD)
VIPC(Intelligent Variable Power Correct,智能变功纠错技术)
WD(Working Distance,工作距离)

特殊技术
SOS(Smart Object Salvation,智能目标分析拯救系统)
TADS(Target Acquisition and Designantion For DVD,DVD目标获取和指定)


9、打印机

AAS(Automatic Area Seagment)
dpi(dot per inch,每英寸的打印像素)
ECP(Extended Capabilities Port,延长能力端口)
EPP(Enhanced Parallel Port,增强形平行接口)
IPP(Internet Printing Protocol,因特网打印协议)
MPT(Micro Piezo Technology,微针点压电)
ppm(paper per minute,页分)
SPP(Standard Parallel Port,标准并行口)
TA(Thermo Autochrome,全彩色感热式热感打印)
TB(Thermal Bubble,热泡式)
TET(Text Enhanced Technology,文本增强技术)
USBDCDPD(Universal Serial Bus Device Class Definition for Printing Devices,打印设备的通用串行总线级标准)
VD(Variable Dot,变点式列印)

 

10、扫描仪

CIS(Contact Image Sensors,接触图像传感器)
TWAIN(Toolkit Without An Interesting Name,无注名工具包协议)

 

11、公司名称

3Nod(三诺)
10MOONS(天敏)
A4tech(双飞燕)
ABIT(升技)
Acer(宏基)(笔记本以及品牌电脑使用的牌子)
Accolade(崇盛)
Acorp(佰钰)
ACTIMA(长谷)
AD(Analog Device Inc,类比设备公司)
Addonics(花王)
ADI(诚洲)
AGFA(爱克发)
Airwebs(联尚)
Aiwa(爱华)
AL(Advanced Logic Inc,先进逻辑公司)
Albatron(青云)
AMAZON(亚马逊)
Amax(中宇)
AMC(Applied Microsystems, Corp,实用微系统公司)
AMD(Advanced Micro Device,超微半导体)
AMI(American Megatrends Incorporated,美国趋势科技)
AOC(冠捷)
AOPen(Acer Open,建碁)
Apacer(宇瞻)
APC(American Power Conversion,美国能源转换)
Apple(苹果)
APT(中达国际)
ArtMedia(亚美达)
ASF(Applied Science Fiction)
Asion(亚逊)
ASUS(华硕)
ATi(治天,扬智)
Asource(源兴)
Atrend(中凌)
AVC(Asian Vital Components,奇鈜科技,亚洲关键部件生产商)
Award(爱华)
Aztech(爱捷特)
Bell(贝尔)
Benq(Bring Enjoyment and Quality to Life,明基,传达资讯生活真善美)
BETOP(北通)
Bigata(百佳泰)
BIGHAND(大手)
BioStar(映泰)
BOE(Beijing Over East,京东方)
Brother(兄弟)
BTC(英群)
BUDDY(霸迪)
C&T(Chips and Technologies, Inc. 芯片和技术公司)
Canon(佳能)
Casio(卡西欧)
Cardex(耕宇)
Cellink(浩年)
Chaintech(承启)
Chaoyi-tech(超意数码)
Chic(业盛)
China(Sciences Group 中科
Cisco(思科)
CL(Cirrus Logic)
CMedia(骅讯)
color(七彩虹)
Creative(创新)
Creative(Idea(创新锐)
Compaq(康柏)
CSUN(世讯)
CTX(中强)
CVICSE(中创)
DataExpert(联讯)
Dataland(迪兰恒进)
Daywoo(大宇)
DDD(三帝,秦众QinZhong)
DDD(Dynamic Digital Depth Inc.,动态数字境深公司,httpwww.ddd.com)
DEC(Digital Equipment Corp. 数据设备公司)
DELL(戴尔)
delta(台达)
DESHARK(帝鲨)
DFI(友通,钻石)
Diamond(帝盟)
DGC(大吉)
Diamond(帝盟)
DTI(Dimension Technologies Inc,维度技术公司)
DTK(创宏)
EAR(Extreme Audio Reality)
Ecom(龙维)
ECS(精英)
Eagles(金鹰)
EagleTec(鹰泰)
EMC(唯冠,华冠)
EPO(仪宝)
EPOX(磐英  现正更名为“磐正”)
Epson(爱普生)
Ericsson(爱立信)
Etech(力宜)
ETOP(顶坚)
FIC(First International Computer,Inc.第一国际计算机公司)大众
FLY(福扬)
FMI(Fujitsu Microelectronics, Inc.)富士通微电子
Founder(北大方正)
Freetech(富棋)
FST(Future Sound Technologies)未来音乐技术
Fujistu(富士通)
FujiFilm(富士林)
Gadmei(佳的美)
Gainward(耕宇)
Gamtec(和跃)
Geil(Gold Empire International Ltd,金皇国际有限公司,金邦)
Genius(胜盈)
Genuine(捷元)
Gigabyte(技嘉)
GoldSun(高圣)
Gigabyte(技嘉)
GreatWall(长城)
Guillemot&Hercules(大力神)
GVC(致福)
Haier(海尔)
Hanwang(汉王)
Hardlink(固网)
Hayes(贺氏)
Hedy(七喜)
High-Edge(高尖)
HighPower(海霸)
Hitachi(日立)
Hoxtek(富本)
HP(Hewlett-Packard,美国惠普公司)
HP-Link(和平)
HuaWei(华为)
Huaqi(华旗)
Hyundai(现代)
IBM (International Business Machine Corp.,国际商业机器)
IDG(International Data Group,国际数据集团)
IDT(Integrated Device Technology, Inc. 综合设备技术公司)
ICS(Integrated Circuit Systems,集成电路系统)
IIYAMA(饭山)
Imagic(梦想家)
Intel(英特尔)
Iwill(艾崴)
IMS(International Meta System,国际元系统)
Infineon(亿恒,英飞凌)
Iomega(艾美加)
ITE(Integrated Technology Express, Inc. 综合技术加速公司)
JetBoard(捷波)
Jetway(捷锐)
Jhncc(华鑫)
JNC(捷讯)
Joytech(阿波罗)
K&G(将王)
Kinpo(联宝)
Kingfore(金佛)
Kinghorse()
Kingmax(胜创)
KingNet(金浪)
Kingstone(金仕顿)
Kodak(柯达)
lander(建达蓝德)
LangChao(浪潮)
Leaktek(丽台)
Legend(联想)
LEMEL(联强)
LEO(大众)
Lexmark(利盟)
LG(乐金)(Goldstar,高士达)
Liteon(建兴)
Longway(龙维)
Lucent(朗讯)
LuckyStar(联胜)
MagicPro(辉煌)
MAG(美格)
MANLI(万丽)
Matsonic(松力)
Maxtor(迈拓)
Maxell(万胜)
Maxtor(迈拓)
MediaTek(联发)
Megastar(皇朝)
Megtron(美创)
Microsoft(微软)
Micron(美光,美凯龙)
Microtek(全友(台湾中晶))
Mida(美达)
Minolta(美能达)
Mitsubshi(三菱)
Mitsumi(美上美)
MLE(Microsoft Learning and Entertainment,微软教学与娱乐公司)
MoSyS(Monolithic System Technology, Inc.,单片电路系统技术公司)
Motorola(摩托罗拉)
MS(Microsoft,微软)
MSI(MicroStar,微星)
Mustek(台湾鼎展科技)
Nanya(南亚)
NAI(Network Associates Incorporation,McAfee,网络联盟公司)
National(松下)
NCC(Nippon Chemi-con,日本化工)
NDL(Numerical Design Limited,数字设计有限公司)
NEC(日电)
NETAC(朗科)
Nightingale(夜莺)
Nikon(尼康)
Nissan(日产)
NMC(New Media Communication,新型媒体通信)
NOKIA(诺基亚)
Norcent(宏盛)
NS(National Semiconductor,国家半导体)
NTC(Nanya Technology Corp. ,南亚科技)
NTT(nippon telegraph and telephone,日本电报和电话公司)
NumberNine(第9)
OAK(海洋)
Octek(海洋)
Olympas(奥林巴斯)
OMEGA(奥米加)
Ondata(昂达)
Origo(欧瑞格)
Palit(小精灵)
Panasonic(松下)
Paradise(奔驰新天下)
pcchips(明致鑫明)
PenPower(蒙恬)
Penrod(彭路得)
Permier(普立尔)
Philips Semiconductors(飞利普半导体)
Pilotide(旗舰)
Pine(松景)
Pioneer(先锋)
PMI Pacific Magtron International
PowerColor(憾讯)
PROCOMP(博达)
QDI(Quality Delivery Innovation,品质递送创新,联想)
QDI(Quantum Design Incorporation,量子设计公司)
Quanta(广达)
Quantum(昆腾)
Quantum3D(昆腾3D)
Qxcomm(全向)
RCC(Reliance Computer Corporation,信心计算机公司,ServerWorks的前身)
Realtek(瑞昱)
Redfox(红狐)
Ricoh(理光)
Rongfeng(融丰)
RPE(Royal Philips Electronics,皇家飞利浦电子公司)
Samaung(三星)
Sanyo(三洋)
SAST(先科)
SBELL(上海贝尔)
SCE(sony computer entertainment,索尼计算机娱乐部)
Seagate(希捷)
Seagull(海鸥)
SeeThru(世和资讯)
SGI(Silicon Graphics Inc,硅图形公司)
SMC(Standard Microsystems Corp. 标准微系统公司)
SMIC(Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation,中芯国际集成电路制造有限公司)
Shuttle(浩鑫)
Siemens(西门子)
SIPIX(矽峰)
SiS(Silicon Integrated Systems,硅片综合系统公司,矽统)
Soltek(硕泰克)
Sony(索尼)
Soyo(梅捷)
Sparkle(旌宇)
Speedy(讯怡)
Start(Star,实达)
STM(STMicroelectronics,意法半导体,由意大利SGS Microelettronica及法国Thomsom半导体公司合并而成)
Stones(四通利方)
Sun Microsystems(升阳太阳微系统)
SuperMicro(超微)
Superpower(上普)
Taicom(台康)
Teac(泰克)
Teclast(台电)
Tekram(建邦)
TENDA(吉顺通)
Thunis(清华紫光)
TI(Texas Instruments Inc. 德州仪器)
Titan(提坦)
Togotech(岛谷科技)
Tontru(同创)
TopStar(国傲通,顶星)
TORiSAN(三井)
Toshiba(东芝)
TP-link(普瑞尔)
Transmeta(全美达)
Trident(泰鼑)
Triplex(启亨)
TSMC(Taiwanese Semiconductor Manufacturing Company,台湾积体电路)
TW(同维)
TwinMOS(勤茂)
Transcend(创建、宇瞻)
Twinhead(伦飞)
Tyan(泰安)
UEI(Universal Electronics Inc.,世界电器)
Umax(力捷)
UMC(United Microelectronics Corporation,台湾联华电子公司,半导体制造商)
Uniark(天虹)
Unika(双敏)
USI(Universal Scientific Industrial,通用科学工业)
USTC(Union Semiconductor Technology Corp,联合半导体技术公司)
V^3(V Cubed Semiconductor,V立方半导体)
VIA(威盛)
ViewSonic(优派国际)
Viguar(伟格)
VuegoBrisa(明基电通)
WD(Western Digital,西部数据)
Winbond(华邦)
Wintime(富品)
Winward()
Xerox(施乐)
XGI(Xabre Graphic Inc,前图强,SiS的独立的图形芯片业务部门)
Xoceco(厦华)
Yamaha(雅马哈)
Yuan(小影霸)
ZD(Ziff-Davis出版公司)
Zeling(则灵)
Zida(华基)
Zoltrix(速捷时)


12、组织和会议

ADT(Advanced DRAM Technology,高级内存技术)
ANSI(American National Standards Institute,美国国立标准协会)
BAD(Best Amiga Dominators)
CBF Cable Broadband Forum,电缆宽带论坛
CEA(Consumer Electronics Association,消费者电子协会)
CEMA(Consumer Electronics Manufacturing Association(消费者电子制造业协会)
CPE Customer Premise Equipment(用户预定设备)
CSA(Canadian Standards Association,加拿大标准协会)
DCA Defense Communication Agency,国防部通信局
DOJ Department of Justice(反不正当竞争部门)
DSP Delivery Service Partner(交付服务合伙人)
DVB:Digital Video Broadcasting,数字视频广播
E3(Electronic Entertainment Expo,电子娱乐展览会)
EFF Electronic Frontier Foundation(电子前线基金会)
EPA(Environmental Protection Agency,美国环境保护局)
ETRI(Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute,电子和电信研究协会)
FCC(Federal Communications Commission,联邦通信委员会)
FTC(Federal Trade Commission,联邦商业委员会)
GDC(Game Developer Conference,游戏发展商会议)
HTTC(HyperTransport Technology Consortium,HyperTransport技术协会)
ICT(Information and Communications Technology,信息和通讯技术)
IEC(International Electrotechnical Commission,国际电子技术委员会)
ISSCC(International Solid-State Circuits Conference,国际晶体管电路讨论会)
ICSA International Computer Security Association(国际计算机安全协会),它的前身为NCSA(National Computer Security Association,国家计算机安全协会)
ITU(International Telecommunications Union,国际电信同盟)
IEEE(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,电子电路工程师协会)
IETF(Internet Engineering Task Force,因特网工程任务组)
IFWP International Forum White Paper,国际白皮书论坛
ISC(International Steering Committee,国际筹划指导委员会)
ISOMPEG International Standard Organization's Moving Picture Expert Group(国际标准化组织的活动图片专家组)
ISOM(International Symposium on Optical Memory,光盘国际会议)
ISSCC(IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference,IEEE国际固态电路协议)
ITAA Information Technology Association of American,美国信息技术协会
ITWG(international technology working groups,国际技术工作组)
JCIA(Japan Camera Industry Association,日本摄影机工业协会)
JEDEC(Joint Electronic Device Engineering Council,联合电子设备工程委员会)
JEITA(Japan Electronic Information Technology Association,日本电子信息技术产业协会)
JPEG(Joint Photographic Experts Group,联合图像专家组开发的一种图像压缩格式)
MAC(Mobile Advisory Council)
MCSP Microsoft Certified Solution Providers,微软认证解决方案供应商
MJPEG(Motion Joint Photographic Experts Group,移动式连续图像专家组)
MMA MIDI Manufacturer Association(MIDI制造商联盟)
Naturckydds(The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation,瑞典环境保护协会)
NCITS(National Committee on Information Technology Standards,信息技术标准国立委会员)
NCTA National Cable Television Association,美国电缆电视协会
NBITD(National Board for Industrual and Technical Development,瑞典国立工业和技术发展委员会制订)
NIA Networking Interoperatility Alliance(网络互操作联盟)
NUTEK(由National Board for Industrual and Technical Development,瑞典国立工业和技术发展委员会制订).
OAAF:Open Arcade Architecture Forum,开放式Arcade体系论坛
OEM(Original Equipment Manufacturer,原始设备制造商)
OIF Optical Internetworking Forum,光纤互连网络论坛
PCI-SIG(PCI Special Interest Group,PCI利益集团)
PCMCIA(Personal Computer Memory Card International Association,个人计算机存储卡国际协会)
PSS(Public Solutions Seminar,公众解决方案研讨会)
RIAA(Recording Industry Association of America,美国唱片工业协会)
RIO Redistributed Internet Object(因特网分配组织)
RTA(RapidIO Trade Association,RapidIO行业协会)
SIA(The Semiconductor Industries Association,半导体工业协会)
SID(Society for Information Display,信息显示研讨会)
Siggraph(Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics,美国计算机协会计算机绘图专业组)
SPA Software Publishers Association,软件出版商协会
TMG(Technology and Manufacturing Group,技术和制造组)
TSOWU(The Swedish office worker's union,瑞典办公人员联合会,以制订TCO标准著称)
UAWG Universal ADSL Working Group(通用ADSL工作组)
UCAIDUniversity Corporation for Advanced Internet Development
UL(Underwriter`s Laboratories,新产品承诺实验室)
VAR Value Added Resellers(增值分销商)
W3C(World Wide Web Consortium,万维网协会)
WECA(Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance,无线以太网兼容联盟)
WHQL(Microsoft Windows Hardware Quality Lab,微软公司视窗硬件质量实验室)
WinHEC Windows Hardware Engineering Conference,视窗硬件工程会议
WPC(WORLD PC EXPO,世界PC展览会)
WTO(World Trade Organization,世界贸易组织)

 

13、编程

API(Application Programming Interfaces,应用程序接口)
ASCII(American Standard Code for Information Interchange,美国国家标准信息交换代码)
ATL ActiveX Template Library(ActiveX模板库)
BASICBeginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code(初学者通用指令代码)
COM Component Object Model(组件对象模式)
DNA Distributed Internet Application(分布式因特网应用程序)
HLL(high level language,高级语言)
HLLCA(High-Level Language Computing Architecture,高级语言计算架构)
MFC Microsoft Foundation Classes(微软基础类库)
NVSDK(nVidia Software Development Kit,nvidia软件开发工具包)
SDK(Software Development Kit,软件开发工具包)
STL(Standard Template Library,标准模版库)

 

14、Windows

AES(Attachment Execution Service,附件执行服务)
ASF(Advanced Streaming Format,高级数据流格式)
ASP(Active Server Pages,活动服务页)
BRC(Beta Release Candidate,测试发布候选版0)
CE(Consumer Electronics,消费电子)
COA(Certificate of Authenticity,真品证明书)
DCOM(Distributing Component Object Model,分布式组成物体模块)
DCE(Desktop Composition Engine,桌面组成引擎)
DEP(data execution prevention,数据执行预防)
DHCP(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,动态主机分配协议)
DID(Device ID,设备ID)
dll(dynamic link library,动态链接库)
DMF Distribution Media Format
DMT(Discreet Monitor Timing,智能型显示器调速)
DOM(Document Object Model,文档目标模型)
DUN(Dial-Up Networking,拨号网络)
E-WDM(Enhanced Windows Driver Model,增强型视窗驱动程序模块)
EULA(End-User License Agreement,最终用户释放协议)
EPM(enterprise project manage)
ERD(Emergency Repair Disk,应急修理磁盘)
GDI(Graphics Device Interface,图形设备接口)
GUI(Graphics User Interface,图形用户界面)
GPF(General protect fault,一般保护性错误)
GTF(General Timing Formula,普通调速方程式)
HCL(Hardware Compatibility List,硬件兼容性列表)
HCRP(Hardcopy Cable Replacement Profile,硬复制电缆复位协议子集)
HE(Home Edition,家庭版)
HTA HyperText Application,超文本应用程序
IAS(Internet Authentication Service,因特网证明服务)
ICF(Internet Connection Firewall,因特网连接防火墙)
IIS(Internet Information Server,因特网信息服务器)
INF File(Information File,信息文件)
INI File(Initialization File,初始化文件)
IOMON(Intel WDM IO Subsystem Performance Monitor,英特尔WDM输入输出子系统性能监视)
LOB(Large Object,大型对象)
MBSA(Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer,微软基准安全分析器)
ME(Millennium Edition,千年版)
MMC(Microsoft Management Console,微软管理控制台)
MMC(MultiMedia Controler,多媒体控制器)
MTP(Microsoft Multimedia Transport Protocol,微软多媒体传输器协议)
MUI(Multilingual User Interface,多语言用户接口)
NDIS Network Driver Interface Specification,网络驱动程序接口规范
NT(New Technology,新技术)
OLE(Object Linking and Embedding,对象链接和嵌入)
OPP(Object Push Profile,物体推拉传输协议)
PAN(Personal Area Networking,个人区域网络)
Qos(Quality of Service,服务质量)
RC(Release Candidate,候补释放版)
RDP(Remote Desktop Protocol,远程桌面协议)
RMS(Rights Management Services,版权管理服务)
RPC(remote procedure calls,远程程序呼叫)
RRVP Resource ReserVation Protocol(资源保留协议)
RsoP(Resultant Set of Policy,方针结果规定)
RTM(release to manufacture,厂商版,公开发行批量生产)
RTOS(Real Time Operating Systems,实时操作系统)
SBFS Simple Boot Flag Specification,简单引导标记规范
SDP(Service Discovery Protocol,服务发现协议)
SHS(Shell Scrap Object,外壳剪贴对象)
SID(Subsystem ID,子系统ID)
SIP(Session Initiation Protocol,会议起始协议)
SMS(Systems Management Server,系统管理服务器)
SP(Service Pack,服务工具包)
SVID(Subsystem Vendor ID,子系统销售者ID)
VBA(Visual Basic for Applications,应用程序可视化Basic)
VEFAT Virtual File Allocation Table(虚拟文件分配表)
VSDS(Visual Studio development System ,虚拟工作室发展系统)
VxD(Virtual device drivers,虚拟设备驱动程序)
VID(Vendor ID,销售者ID)
VLK(Volume License,大量授权企业版)
WebDAV(Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning,基于网页的分布式创造和翻译)
WDM(Windows Driver Model,视窗驱动程序模块)
WGF(Windows Graphic Foundation,视窗图形基础)
Winsock Windows Socket,视窗套接口
WFP(Windows File Protection,视窗文件保护)
WHQL Windows Hardware Quality Labs,Windows硬件质量实验室
WHS Windows Scripting Host,视窗脚本程序
WMA(Windows Media Audio,视窗媒体音频)
WMP(Windows Media Player,视窗媒体播放器)
WMS(Windows Media Services,视窗媒体服务)
ZAM Zero Administration for Windows,零管理视窗系统

 

15、软件

DOS(Disk Operating System,磁盘操作系统)
OS(Operating System,操作系统)

加密
ECC Elliptic Curve Crypto(椭圆曲线加密)
SET Secure Electronic Transaction(安全电子交易)
WAPI(WLAN Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure,无线局域网鉴别与保密基础架构)

 

16、语言

CSS(Cascading Style Sheets,层叠格式表)
DCD Document Content Description for XML XML文件内容描述
DTD Document Type Definition,文件类型定义
DTXS(Decryption Transform for XML Signature,XML签名解密转换)
HTML(HyperText Markup Language,超文本标记语言)
JVM(Java Virtual Machine, Java虚拟机)
OJI Open Java VM Interface,开放JAVA虚拟机接口
SDML(Small Device Markup Language,小型设备标示语言)
SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language,标准通用标记语言
SMIL Synchronous Multimedia Integrate Language(同步多媒体集成语言)
VRML:Virtual Reality Makeup Language,虚拟现实结构化语言
VXML(Voice eXtensible Markup Language,语音扩展标记语言)
XML Extensible Markup Language(可扩展标记语言)
XMLESP(XML Encryption Syntax and Processing,XML加密语法和处理)
XSL(Extensible Style Sheet Language,可扩展设计语言)
XSLT(Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation,可扩展式表语言转换)

 

17、网络Net

ACS(Access Control Software,存取控制软件)
ADSL(Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line,不对称数字订阅线路)
AES-OCB(Advanced Encryption Standard-Operation Cipher Block ,高级加密标准-操作密码块)
AFE(Analog Front End,模拟前置)
AH Authentication Header,鉴定文件头
AMR(AudioModem Riser,音效数据主机板附加直立插卡)
AOL(Alert On LAN,局域网警告)
AP(Access Point,无线存取点)
ARP(Address Resolution Protocol,地址解析协议)
ASP(Application Service Provider,应用服务提供商)
ATM(Asynchronous Transfer Mode,异步传输模式)
BOD(Bandwidth On Demand,弹性带宽运用)
CBR(Committed Burst Rate,约定突发速率)
CCIRNCoordinating Committee for Intercontinental Research Networking,洲际研究网络协调委员会
CCM(Call Control Manager,拨号控制管理)
CDSL Consumer Digital Subscriber Line(消费者数字订阅线路)
CGI(Common Gateway Interface,通用网关接口)
CIEA(Commercial Internet Exchange Association,商业因特网交易协会)
CNPS(Computer Noise Prevention System,计算机噪音预防系统)
CIR(Committed Infomation Rate,约定信息速率)
CTS(Clear to Send,清除发送)
DBS-PC Direct Broadcast Satellite PC(人造卫星直接广播式PC)
DCE Data Circuit Terminal Equipment,数据通信设备
DDE(dynamic data exchange,动态数据交换)
DES(ata Encryption Standard,数据加密标准)
DMT Discrete Multi - Tone,不连续多基频模式
DNS(Domain Name System,域名解析系统)
DOCSIS(Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications,线缆服务接口数据规格)
DoS(Denial of Service,拒绝服务)
DRM(Digital rights management,数字版权保护)
DSVD(Digital Simulataneous Voice and Data)
DTE Data Terminal Equipment,数据终端设备
EAP(Extensible Authentication Protocol,扩展证明协议)
EBR(Excess Burst Rate,超额突发速率)
ESP Encapsulating Security Payload,压缩安全有效载荷
FDM Frequency Division Multi,频率分离
Flow-control流控制
FRICC Federal Research Internet Coordinating Committee,联邦调查因特网协调委员会
FTP(File Transfer Protocol,文件传输协议)
Ghost(General Hardware Oriented System Transfer,全面硬件导向系统转移)
HDSL High bit rate DSL,高比特率数字订阅线路
HCF(Host Controller,主体控制处理)
HSP(Host Signal Processing,主体信号处理)
Home PNA(Home Private Network Adapter,家庭私人网络适配器)
HPNA(home phoneline networking,家庭电话线网络)
HSF(Host Signal,主体信号处理)
HTTP(HyperText Transfer Protocol,超文本传输协议)
IAS(Internet Authentication Service,因特网证明服务器)
ICMP(Internet Control Message Protocol,因特网信息控制协议)
ICS(Internet Connection Sharing,因特网连接共享)
IETF(Internet Engineering Task Framework,因特网工程任务组)
IHW(Information High Way,信息高速公路)
IKE Internet Key Exchange,因特网密钥交换协议
IM(Instant Message,即时信息)
IMAP4 Internet Message Access Protocol Version 4,第四版因特网信息存取协议
iMOVE(Internet Mobile ObserVation Equipment,因特网移动观察装置)
Internet(因特网)
IP(Internet Protocol,网际协议)
IPSec(Internet Protocol security,因特网协议安全性)
IPv4(TCPIP version 4)
IPv6(TCPIP version 6)
ISDN(Integrated Service Digital Network,综合服务数字网络)
ISOC Internet Society,因特网协会
ISP(Internet Service Provider,因特网服务提供商)
JUMP(Java User Move Path,Java用户移植路径)
LAN(Local Area Network,局域网)
LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol,轻权目录访问协议
LOM(LAN-on-Montherboard)
IAB Internet Activities Board,因特网工作委员会
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force,因特网工程作业推动
IXA(Internet Exchange Architecture,英特尔交换架构)
L2TP(Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol,二级通道协议)
LMDS Local Multipoint Distributed System,局域多点分布式系统
MIC(Message Integrity Check,信息完整性检查)
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension,多用途因特网邮件扩展协议
MMS(Metadirectory Services,网络资源目录服务)
MNP Microcom Networking Protocal
MODEM(Modulator Demodulator,调制解调器)
MOH(Modem-on-Hold,Modem状态保留)
MSP(Music Service Providers,音乐服务提供商)
MSS(Maximum Segment Size,最大数据段尺寸)
MSMQ(Microsoft Message Queue,微软消息队列)
NAT(Network Address Translation,网络地址转换)
NC(Network Computer,网络计算机)
MCS(Microsoft Certificate Server,微软认证服务器)
NCS(Networking Communications System,网络通信系统)
NDS Novell Directory Service,Novell目录服务
NIC(Network Interface Controller,网络接口控制卡)
NIC(Network Information Center, 网络信息中心)
NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol,网络新闻传输协议
MSN Microsoft Network,微软网络
OFDM(orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,直角频率部分多路复用)
P3P(Privacy Preference Project,个人私隐安全平台)
PBC(packet binary convolutional Code,封包二进制回旋编码)
PEAP(Protected EAP,保护性EAP)
PDS Public Directory Support,公众目录支持
PGP Pretty Good Privacy,优良保密协议
PIC(Personal Internet Communicator,个人因特网通讯器)
PICS Platform for Internet Content Selection,因特网内容选择平台
PLC(platform LAN connection,平台间局域网连接)
POF Polymer Optical Fiber,聚合体光纤
POP3 Post Office Protocol Version 3,第三版电子邮局协议
PPTP Point to Point Tunneling Protocol,点对点通道协议
QAM(Quadrature Amplitude Modulation,正交振幅调制)
RADIUS(Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service,远程证明拨入用户服务)
RADSL Rate Adaptive DSL,速率自适应数字订阅线路
RARP(Reverse Address Resolution Protocol,反向地址解析协议)
RDF Resource Description Framework,资源描述框架
RIS(Remote Installation Services,远程安装服务)
RSA(Rivest Shamir Adlemen,一种因特网加密和认证体系)
RTS(Request To Send,需求发送)
SAVD(Simulataneous Audio Voice and Data),又称为AudioSpan
SDSL(symmetric Digital Subscriber Line,对称式数字订阅线路)
SIP(Session Initiation Protocol,会议开始协议)
SIS Switched Internetworking Services(交换式网络互联服务)
SMIME Secure MIME,安全多用途因特网邮件扩展协议
SNMP(Simple Network Management Protocol,简单网络管理协议)
SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol,简单邮件传输协议)
SKIP Simple Key Exchange Internet Protocol,因特网简单密钥交换协议
SPTS(SharePoint Team Services,共享点团组服务)
SSL(Secure Sockets Layer,安全扩展槽层)
SUA(Single User Account,单用户帐号)
SVG(Scalable Vector Graphics,可缩放向量图形)
TCP(Transmission Control Protocol,传输控制协议)
TKIP(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol,暂时密钥完整性协议)
TLS(Transport Layer Security,传输层安全性)
UART(Universal Asynchronous ReceiverTransmitter,通用异步接收发送装置)
UDP(User Datagram Protocol,用户数据报协议)
ULS User Location Service,用户定位服务
UMTS(Universal Mobile Telecommunication System,全球移动通信系统)
URL(Uniform Resource Locator,统一资源定位)
VDSL(Very High DSL,超高速DSL)
VOD(Video On Demand,视频点播)
VPN(virtual private network,虚拟局域网)
WAN(Wide Area Network,广域网)
WLAN(Wireless Local Area Network,无线局域网)
WOR(Wake On Ring,响铃唤醒)
WPA(Windows Product Activation,视窗产品激活)
WWAN(Wireless Wide Area Network,无线宽域网)
WWW(World Wide Web,万维网,是因特网的一部分)

 

18、通信

3C(China Compulsory Certification,中国强制性产品认证制度)
CSD(Circuit Switched Data,电路切换数据通话)
CTI:Computer Telephone Integration,计算机电话综合技术
DBS Direct Broadcast Satellite,直接卫星广播
DRM(Digital Rights Management,数字适当管理)
DWDM Dense WaveLength Division Multiplex,波长密集型复用技术
EMS(Enhanced Message Service,扩展型信息服务)
FSTN(Film compensated Super Twisted liquid crystal,带补偿膜超扭曲相列)
GPRS(General Packet Raice,整合封包无线服务)
HSCSD(High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data,高速巡回开关数据)
IMEI(International Mobile Equipment Identity,国际移动设备身分码)
J2ME(Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition,JAVA2平台微型版)
MIDP(Mobile Information Device Profile,移动信息设备组)
MMDS Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service,多波段多点分发服务
MMS(Multimedia Messaging Services,多媒体信息服务)
PBX(Private Branch eXchange,企業內部電話交換系統)
PCD(Personal Communication Device,个人通讯设备)
PCM(Pulse Code Modulation,脉冲编码调制)
PSTN(Public Switched Telephone Network,公用交换式电话网)
SMS(Short Messaging Service,短消息服务)
STK(SIM TOOL KIT,用户识别应用发展工具)
TAM(Telephone Answering Machine,电话应答机)
TAPI Telephony Application Programming Interface,电话应用程序接口
TSAPI Telephony Services Application Programming Interface,电话服务应用程序接口
WAP(Wireless Application Protocol,无线通讯协议)
WDM WaveLength Division Multiplex,波分多路复用
WiMax(World Interoperability for Microwave Access,全球微波接入互操作性网络)
WGE(Wireless Game Engine,无线游戏引擎)

 

19、游戏

 

ACT(Action,动作类游戏)
AGBS(Advance GameBoy development System,高级GameBoy发展系统)
ARPG(Action Role Play Games,动作角色扮演游戏)
AVG(Adventure Genre,冒险类游戏)
Cosplay(costume play,道具玩,动漫真人秀)
CP(command processor,指令处理器)
CPI(count per inch,每英寸计数)
DAN(Dance,跳舞类游戏,包括跳舞机、吉它机、打鼓机等)
DC(Dreamcast,世嘉64位游戏机)
DIY(Do it Yourself,自己装机)
DMAC(Direct Memory Access Controller,直接内存存取控制器)
DOA2:HC(Deal or Live 2:hardcore,生与死2完整版)
DTL(Developer Tool,发展工具包)
EC(Early Childhood,学龄前儿童)
EE(Emotion Engine,情感引擎)
EIB(Elements Interface Bus,元素接口总线)
ETC(etc,其它类游戏,包括模拟飞行)
FFB(Force Feedback,力量反匮技术)
FFJ Force Feedback Joystick(力量反匮式操纵杆)
FMA(full-motion animated backdrops)
EFU(Elemntary Functional Unit,增强功能单元)
FPS(First Person Shooters,第一人称射击游戏)
FTG(Fighting Game,格斗类游戏)
GB(Game Boy,任天堂4位手提游戏机)
GBA(Game Boy Advanced,任天堂增强型手提游戏机)
GBC(Game Boy Color,任天堂手提16色游戏机)
GBL(GameBoy Light,GB夜光型)
GBP(GameBoy Pocket,GB口袋型)
GG(Game Gear,世嘉彩色手提游戏机)
GIF(Graphics Interface unit,图形接口单元)
GPRs(General Purpose Registers,通用寄存器)
GS(Graphic Synthesizer,图形合成器)
FC(Famicom,任天堂8位游戏机)
FFB(Force FeedBack,力回馈)
FLS(Front Light Screen,前发光屏幕)
FMAC(Floating-Point Multiply-Accumulators,浮点累积乘单元)
fps(frames per second,帧秒)
FR(Frames Rate,游戏运行帧数)
FSR(force sensor resistance,动力感应电阻)
GS(Graphics Synthesizer,图形合成器)
HDMI(High Definition Multimedia Interface,高清晰度多媒体接口)
IGP(Integrated Graphics Processor,整合图形处理器)
IHE(Inertial Harmonic Drive Engine,惯性谐振驱动引擎)
IOP(IO Processor,输入输出处理器)
IPU(Image Processing Unit,图像处理单元)
K-A(Kids to Adults,小孩至成年人)
MAC(Macintosh,苹果电脑)
MAME(Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator,多种街机模拟器)
MCP(Media and Communications Processor,媒体通讯处理器)
MCPX(Media and Communications Processor X,媒体通讯处理器X,Xbox专用)
MEMS(Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems,微型电子机械系统)
MMOFPS(Massively Multiplayer Online First Person Shooters,大型多人在线第一人称射击游戏)
MMORTS(Massively Multiplayer Online Real-Time Strategy Game,大型多人在线即时战略游戏)
MMORPG(Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game,即大型多人在线角色扮演游戏)
MS(Memory Stick,内存棒)
MP(Memory Paks,内存包)
MUD(Multiple User Dimension,多用户空间)
N64(Nintendo 64,任天堂64位游戏机)
NGC(Nintendo GameCube,任天堂游戏立方)
NPC(No Player Control,非玩家控制对象)
RSX(Reality Synthesizer,真实合成处理器)
SFC(Super Famicom,超级任天堂16位游戏机)
SLG(Simulation Game,模拟类游戏)
SPG(Sports Games,运动类游戏)
SPRAM(Scratch Pad RAM,附加便携RAM)
SRPG(Strategies Role Play Games,战略角色扮演游戏)
STG(Shoot Game,射击类游戏)
STI(SONY,Toshiba,IBM)
SS(Sega Saturn,世嘉土星32位游戏机)
PC(Personal Computer,个人计算机)
PUZ(puzzle game,解迷游戏)
PS(Play Station,索尼32位游戏机)
PS(Pocket Station,索尼手提游戏机)
RAC(race,赛车类游戏)
RTCW(Return to Castle Wolfenstein,重返狼穴)
RTS(Real Time Strategies,实时战略)
RPG(Role Play Games,角色扮演游戏)
RPS(Role Play Strategies Games,角色扮演策略游戏)
SD(Secure Digital,安全数据)
SPEs(Synergistic Processor Elements,协同处理器)
SXU(Synergistic eXecution Unit,综合执行单元)
TAB(Table Chess,桌棋类游戏)
TCG(texture coordinate generator,纹理坐标生成器)
VU(Vecotr Unit,向量单元)
XDK(Xbox Development Kit,Xbox发展工具包)

 

20、数码设备

AE(Auto Focus,自动测光)
AF(Auto Focus,自动对焦)
DC(Digital Camera,数码相机)
DV(Digital Vidicon,数码摄录机)
DVFM(Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Management,动态电压和频率管理)
EPOC(Electronic Piece of Cheese,小型电子块)
EVF(Electronic Viewfinder,电子取景窗)
HPC(Hand held PC,手持电脑设备)
InfoLithium(带电池使用时间信息的可充锂电池)
Intel PCA(Intel Personal Internet Client Architecture,英特尔个人因特网客户机架构)
MO(Mobile Office,移动办公)
MTF(Modulation Transfer FunctionFactor,调制转换功能元素)
OIS(Optical Image Stabilizer,光学影像稳定技术)
PCA(Personal Internet Client Architecture,个人网络终端架构)
PDA(Personal Digital Assistant,个人数字助理)
PVP(Portable Video Player,便携式视频播放器)
SHAD(Super Hole Accumulation Diode,超级孔状积累二极管)

 

21、服务器

C2C card-to-card interleaving,卡到卡交错存取
cc-NUMA(cache-coherent non uniform memory access,连贯缓冲非统一内存寻址)
CHRP(Common Hardware Reference Platform,共用硬件平台,IBM为PowerPC制定的标准,可以兼容Mac OS, Windows NT, Solaris, OS2, Linux和AIX等多种操作系统)
EMP Emergency Management Port,紧急事件管理端口
GWS(graphics workstations,图形工作站)
ICMB Inter-Chassis Management Bus, 内部管理总线
MPP(Massive Parallel Processing,巨量平行处理架构)
MUX Data Path Multiplexor,多重路径数据访问
PPC(peer to peer Computing,同位计算)
RPC(Remote Procedure Call,远程软件呼叫)
SOS(Server Operating Systems,服务器操作系统)
TLP(Thread Level Parallelism,内部处理器并行运算)
TPS:transactions per second,每秒处理事项数
UPA Ultra Port Architecture,超级端口结构
VIS(Visual Instruction Set,视觉指令集,Sun的SIMD指令群)

 

22、维护方式

NBD(Next Business Day,下一个工作日)
POW(Part on warranty,保修期内部件)

 

23、其它

ACCP(Applied Computing Platform Providers,应用计算平台提供商)
AGPS(Assisted Global Positioning System,援助全球定位系统)
AI(Artificial Intelligence,人工智能)
AL(Artificial Life,人工生命)
APM(Advanced Power Management,高级能源管理)
ARR(Annual Return Rate,年返修率)
ASCI(The 10-year Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative,领先10年战略加速计算机)
ASPI(Advanced SCSI Program Interface, 高级SCSI编程接口。它定义了当和SCSI主机适配器通讯时应用程序使用的一系列软件命令)
ATM(Automatic Teller Machine,自动提款机)
ATSC(Advanced Television Systems Committee,高级电视系统委员会)
AVI(Audio Video Interleave,音频视频插入)
BDP(Benchmark Development Program,基准测试发展程序)
Benchmarks:基准测试程序数值
BOPS:Billion Operations Per Second,十亿次运算秒
BSD(Berkeley Software Distribution,伯克利软件分配代号)
BTO(Build-To-Order,按客户需要来设计,相对于台式机Barebone)
CAD(computer-aided design,计算机辅助设计)
CAM(Computer-aided manufacturing,计算机辅助制造)
CCD(Charge Coupled Device,电荷连接设备)
CCS(Cut Change System)
COMDEX  Computer Distribution Exposition(计算机代理分销业展览会)
CDPD(Cellular digital Packet data,细胞数字信息包数据)
CEO(Chief Executive Officer,首席执行官)
CG(Computer Graphics,计算机动画)
COO(Chief Organizer Officer,首席管理官)
CRM(Customer Relationship Management,顾客关系管理)
CTO(Chief Technology Officer,首席技术官)
CTS(Carpal Tunnel Sydrome,计算机腕管综合症)
CPS Certification Practice Statement(使用证明书)
CVS(Compute Visual Syndrome,计算机视觉综合症)
DAC Dual Address Cycle, 双重地址周期
DCC(Digital Content Creation,数字内容创造)
DHHF(Dual Head - High Fidelity,高精度第四代双头)
DMB(Digital Multimedia Broadcasting,数字多媒体广播)
DOC(Disk On Chip,芯片磁盘)
DPC(Desktop PC,桌面PC)
DRF(Digital radio frequency,数字无线电频率)
DRT(Desktop-replacement,台式机代替型笔记本)
DSL Data Strobe Link,数据选通连接
EDA(Electronic Design Automatic,电子设计自动化)
ES(Engineering Sample,工程样品)
ESD(electro-static discharge,静电释放)
ESP(Embedded System Platform,嵌入式系统平台)
EMC(Electron Magnetic Compatibility,电磁兼容)
EMS(Electro Magnetic Susceptibility,电磁敏感度即电磁抗干扰)
EMF(Electron Magnetic Field,电磁场)
ERP(Enterprise Requirement Planning,企业需求计划)
ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning,企业资源计划)
ERP(estimated retail price,估计零售价)
EOS(eBookMan Operating System,电子书操作系统)
ES(Energy Star,能源之星)
FAQ(Frequently Asked Questions,常见问题回答)
FLIR(Forward Looking Infra-Red,前视红外)
GPL(General Public License,通用公共许可证)
GPS(Global Positioning System,全球定位系统)
HCI Host Controller Interface,主机控制接口
HCT:Hardware Compatibility Test,硬件兼容性测试
HID(Human Interface Device,人机对话接口设备)
HID(Host Interface Device,主机接口设备)
HPTC(high performance technical computing,高性能技术运算)
HPS(High Performance Server,高性能服务器)
HPW(High Performance Workstation,高性能工作站)
IA(information appliance,信息器具)
IP(intellectual property,知识产权)
IT(Information Technology,信息技术)
IHVs(Independent Hardware Vendors,独立硬件销售商)
IRQ(Interrupt Request,中断请求)
ISVs(Independent Software Vendors,独立软件销售商)
JIT Just In Time,准时制生产
JTAG(Joint Test Action Group,连结测试行动小组,主要由 JTAG 組織發展,正式名稱為 IEEE 1149.1 的晶片設計規範)
Low ESR(Low Equivalent Series Resistance,低等效串连阻抗)
MCAD(Machine computer-aided design,计算机辅助机械设计)
MCM(Multi Chip Module,多芯片集成模组)
MEM(Micro-Electrical Mechanical,微电子机械)
MFD Multi Function Device(多功能设备)
mAh(milli amperehours,毫安小时)
MiPad(Multimodal Interactive Notepad,多语态互动式记事本)
MMC(Multimedia Card,多媒体扩展卡)
MMS(Media Management System,媒体管理系统)
MMVF(Multi-Media Video File,多媒体视频文件)
MRP Material Requirement Planning,物料需求计划
MRP II Manufacturing Resource Planning,制造资源计划
MRS(Midrange Server,中型服务器)
MRW(Midrange Workststion,中型工作站)
MSP Media Stream Processor(媒体流处理器)
MSRP(Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price,厂商建议零售价)
MTVPAK(Microsoft TV Platform Adaptation Kit,微软TV平台适配套件)
NGSCB(Next-Generation Secure Computing Base,下一代安全计算机基础)
NX bit(No eXecute bit,无执行位反病毒)
OA(Office Automation,办公自动化)
OLTP(online transaction processing,在线交易处理)
OCR(Optical Character Recognition,光学字符识别)
OPT Optimized Production Technology,优化生产技术
OSVs(Operation System Vendors,操作系统销售商)
PCOC(PC On Chip,芯片上的个人电脑)
PFC(Power Factor Correction,功率因数校正)
PIC(Programmable Interrupt Controller,可编程中断控制器)
PIM(Personal Information Management,个人信息管理)
PIN (personal identify number,个人鉴别号码)
PMC(Potable Media Center,便携式媒体中心)
PNP(Plug and Play,即插即用)
POS(Point Of Sells,电子收款机系统)
POW(Part on warranty,零件保修)
PSU(Power Supply Unit,计算机电源)
PVC(Poly Vinyl Chloride,聚氯乙烯)
PVR(personal video recorders,个人视频录像机)
QCS(Quick Charging System,快速充电系统)
Q-desk(Q-desk是BenQ on desk的缩写,Q还代表Quality生活品质和Cute快乐)
REMA:Realtime Exclusive Mode Applications,实时高级应用
RF(Radio Frequency,无线电频率)
RMA(Return Material Authorization,返回材料认可)
RS(reportsec,报告速度秒)
RSMMC(Reduced-Size Multi-Media Card,小体积多媒体卡)
RTOS(Real Time Operating System,即時作業系統)
SAM(sales available market,可发售市场)
Sandra(System ANalyser, Diagnostic and Reporting Assistant,系统分析、诊断和报告助理)
SAR(Specific Absorption Rate,比吸收率,单位时间内单位质量的物质吸收的电磁辐射能量)
SCS(Single Chip System,单芯片系统)
SCT:Software Compatibility Test,软件兼容性测试
SD(Security Digital Card,安全数字卡)
SDI(Strategic Defense Initiative,主动战略防御)
SHP(Super high-band Processor,超级高频处理器)
SIM(security identification module,安全辩认模块)
SM(Smartmedia,智能卡)
SMD Surface Mount Device,表面安装设备
SMM(System Management Mode,系统管理模式)
SMP:GSymmetic Multi-Processor
SOAC(System On a Chip,系统集成多功能芯片)
SOAC(System on a card,全系统升级卡)
SoC(System on Chip,集成在芯片上的系统)
SOHO(Small Office and Home Office,小型办公室和家庭办公室)
SSCT(Surface Stability Cholesteric Texture,表面稳定胆缁型液晶架构)
STB(Set Top Boxes,电视顶置盒)
TCO(Total Cost of Ownership,拥有总成本)
TI(Technical Inspection,技术检查)
TPM(Trusted Platform Module,信任平台模块)
TSID( Technical Support Identification Number,技术支持代码)
TSO(total system cost,系统总成本)
TTL(Transistor-Transistor Logic,晶体管to晶体管逻辑电路)
TTS(text-to-speech,文本语音朗读)
TQM Total Quality Management,全面质量管理
UL(Underwriters Laboratories Inc.保险实验室,是一个非盈利安全测试和认证机构)
UPS(Uninterruptable Power Supply,不间断电源)
VBI Vertical Blanking Interval,垂直空白间隔
VCD(Value Change Dump - 硬體描述語言模擬結果的標準輸出格式)
VCR(Video Casstte Recorder,录像机)
VDTM(Virus Definition Transport Method,病毒定义码传送方法)
VHS(Video Home System,视频家用系统)
VNL(Virtual National Laboratory,虚拟国家实验室)
WDA(Wireless Digital Assistant,无线数字助理)
WfM Wired for Management,有线管理
Wintel(Windows & Intel,微软和英特尔联盟)
WMI(Wired for Management Initiative,主动式管理线路)
WOL(Wake On Lan,局域网唤醒)

 

24、纳米科技

AFM(Atomic Force Microscope,原子力显微镜)
LOC(Lab on chip,芯片实验室)
SNFOM(Scanning Near-field Optical Microscope,近场光学显微镜)
SPM(Scanning Probe Microscope,扫描探针显微镜)
STM(Scanning Tunneling Microscope,扫描隧道显微镜)

PA(Protection grade against UVA,抗UVA保护级)
SPF(Sun Protection Factor,太阳保护因素)
UV(Ultraviolet Radiation,紫外光)

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