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【连线图集】从国际空间站俯瞰地球美景

2010-11-11  笑熬浆糊糊

来源Photo Gallery: Best Space Station Cupola Views | Wired Science | Wiredcom
译者Lineker

Space-faring humans have called the International Space Station home for 10 years now, but the orbital laboratory only recently got a window worthy of its stunning views.

cupola-iss022e080014

这十年来,宇航员们一直将国际空间站称之为自己的家,虽然从空间站可以欣赏到壮丽的美景,但直到最近,这个轨道实验室才开了一个观测窗。

The Cupola (pronounced "kyoo-pel-ah") is a seven-paned geometric dome that boasts the biggest spacecraft window ever: a central, circular pane with a 31-inch diameter. Combined with six other trapezoidal windows, the device offers a nearly unimpeded view of space and the big blue marble zipping by 220 miles below.

这个名为“圆顶(Cupola)”的观测舱是一个拥有七扇窗户的圆屋顶,中间的圆形窗户直径为0.79米,号称是有史以来最大的太空船舷窗。其他六扇窗户呈不规则的四边形形状,通过这些窗户,宇航员们可以对太空和下方354公里处地球的美景一览无余。

Since Feb. 15, 2010, astronauts, cosmonauts and others armed with ridiculously huge cameras and lenses have documented the Cupola experience.

自2010年2月15日以来,宇航员利用各式各样的大型照相机和望远镜记录了这种美妙的体验。

Here we offer the best shots taken from, and of, the module windows so far.

下面我们将从这些照片中挑出一些经典佳作,以飨读者。

Italy

意大利

Sicily and the Italy’s distinctive boot shape, along with the Mediterranean Sea, are clearly visible in this shot taken from the Cupola on Oct. 28, 2010. The Soyuz spacecraft appears at the bottom left. Yellowish air glow at Earth's geodesic boundary highlights the thin atmosphere secured by our home planet's gravity.

cupola-iss025e009840

2010年10月28日在“圆顶”观测舱拍摄的这张照片中,西西里岛、呈现独特靴子形状的意大利以及地中海都清晰可见。联盟号宇宙飞船出现在图片的左下方。地线边缘微黄色的天空闪闪发亮,突出了被地球引力所俘获的稀薄大气。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Cairo

开罗

Bright lights engulf Egypt’s capital city on the Mediterranean coast, and the Nile River flows with its own brilliance. City lights also engulf the Sinai Peninsula (right).

cupola-iss025e009858

明亮的灯光照亮了位于地中海沿岸的埃及首都开罗,尼罗河在灯火的映衬之下也显得流光溢彩。图片右侧的西奈半岛(Sinai Peninsula)也沉浸在灯火辉煌中。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Florida

佛罗里达

Florida, the home of Kennedy Space Center — where U.S. astronauts launch to the International Space Station — glows like a beacon in the night. The Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean are also visible. At the top, you can see a piece of Georgia state.

cupola-iss025e010716

佛罗里达是肯尼迪航天中心的所在地,美国宇航员们就是从那里飞入国际空间站的。照片中,熠熠生辉的佛罗里达如同夜空中的明灯,墨西哥湾和大西洋亦清晰可见。照片的顶部还可以看到乔治亚州的一部分。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Gulf Coast

墨西哥湾

Mobile, Alabama, as well as New Orleans (just above the Soyuz spacecraft in front of it) show up well in this shot taken from the Cupola. Cities such as Jackson, Shreveport, Dallas and Forth Worth stand out along Interstate 20 and, at left, so do Little Rock and Oklahoma City.

cupola-iss025e010008

阿拉巴马州和新奥尔良州(联盟号宇宙飞船的前方)都出现在这张拍摄于“圆顶”观测舱的照片。杰克逊市、什里夫波特市、达拉斯市和沃斯堡市沿着20号州际公路连成一排,左侧是小石城和俄克拉荷马城。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Special Delivery

升空以前

Multicolored tape enshrouds the Cupola's seven window panes in a clean room at Alenia Spazio in Turin, Italy, before launch. In addition to captivating views of Earth, the Cupola allows astronauts guiding robotics to see their work in progress.

cupola-jsc2004e44650

升空以前,在意大利都灵阿莱尼亚航天公司(Alenia Spazio)一间洁净室组装的“圆顶”观测舱,它的七扇窗户被彩色的带子遮蔽了起来。除了能观测到地球的美景之外,“圆顶”观测舱还能让宇航员们对机器人的工作进行引导。

Image: NASA/Alenia Spazio (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA/阿莱尼亚航天公司 (高分辨率图

Spacewalk

太空行走

As the Earth zooms by below him, astronaut Nicholas Patrick of the STS-130 space shuttle crew finishes removing insulation blankets and bolts from the Cupola's window panes in this February 17, 2010 photo.

cupola-iss022e066886

这张照片拍摄于2010年2月17日,图中执行STS-130任务的宇航员尼古拉斯·帕特里克(Nicholas Patrick)已经打开了“圆顶”观测舱窗口上的螺丝和隔热衬垫。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Cosmonaut

俄罗斯宇航员

Oleg Kotov, a space station commander during Expedition 23, peeks out of the cupola to catch a sweeping view of the Earth.

cupola-iss023e042386

空间站指挥官奥列格·科托夫(Oleg Kotov)从“圆顶”观测舱的舷窗内观测美丽的地球,他正在执行“远征23(Expedition 23)”号任务。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Sunrise

日出

As orbital sunrise dawns, the sun’s blinding rays peek out from behind space station equipment.

cupola-iss022e068276

当轨道处黎明来临,太阳炫目的光线从太空站设备后方直射过来。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Soichi Noguchi

野口聪一

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Soichi Noguchi of the space shuttle’s STS-130 crew wields a digital SLR camera to capture a view of Earth from the Cupola.

cupola-s130e010380

日本航空宇宙探险局的宇航员野口聪一是负责执行STS-130任务的成员之一,他正在使用数码相机透过“圆顶”观测舱舷窗拍摄地球美景。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Kazakhstan

哈萨克斯坦

The space station’s constantly shifting S-shaped path over the Earth allows astronauts and cosmonauts to peer down at most areas of the planet. Here, the Syr Dar’ya River floodplain in Kazakhstan meanders across the region. Dark areas are brush, highlighting the river's snaking behavior over time.

cupola-iss025e005504

由于空间站在地球上方的轨道不断呈现S形变化,因此宇航员们得以观测到下方地球的大部分区域。上图中蜿蜒穿过这片区域的是哈萨克斯坦境内的锡尔河(Syr Dar’ya River)。深色区域是河流的冲刷部分,表明了河道经常曲折行进的特点。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Earthly Silhouette

地球轮廓

Astronaut Jeffrey Williams' silhouette stands out against a vista of the Earth behind him.

cupola-iss022e083739

宇航员杰弗里·威廉姆斯的侧面身影,他的背后则是地球的远景。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Workstation

工作站

Not just camera-wielding spacefliers can fit into the Cupola — a fully outfitted workstation that controls robotic arms on the space station does, too.

cupola-iss023e039983

“圆顶”观测舱中除了挥舞着照相机的宇航员外,还有空间站上用于控制机械手臂的一整套工作站。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

Room for a View

齐聚一堂

The seven-member crew of NASA’s STS-131 space shuttle mission cram into the Cupola, leaving room for the 31-inch-pane's full glory. Counterclockwise, from top left: Alan Poindexter; James P. Dutton Jr.; Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger, Rick Mastracchio, Naoko Yamazaki, Clayton Anderson and Stephanie Wilson.

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执行美国宇航局STS-131号航天飞机飞行任务的七名宇航员都挤在“圆顶”观测舱中,他们分别是阿兰·波因戴克斯特、詹姆斯·达顿、多劳西·梅特卡尔夫·林登博格、里克·马斯特拉奇诺、山崎直子、克莱顿·安德森和斯蒂芙妮·威尔逊(逆时针从左上方开始)。

Image: NASA (hi-res)

图片来源:NASA (高分辨率图

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