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音乐如何改变你的生活

2010-12-11  笑熬浆糊糊
来源How Music Can Change Your Life
译者TonyWhere
You all know the old adage – “Music Hath Charms to Soothe the Savage Beast” – in actuality, it has been forever misquoted – it’s really “…to soothe the savage breast” –but either way, there can be no denying music’s power to change moods, and particularly from a somber or angry one – to happier.

大家都知道一句古老的格言:“音乐有安凶抚暴的魅力。”实际上,这句话一直都被错引:它确实能够“安凶抚暴”;但同时,没人能否认音乐改善情绪的作用,尤其能使人从沮丧和愤怒变得更快乐。

Most people intuitively know that listening to music when they are feeling down or depressed can bolster their spirits. However recent research studies have shown that music, especially certain tones can clinically reduce stress. Music can alter brainwave patterns, as can yoga, deep breathing, and meditation – and bring on what is known as the Alpha State. Alpha is described as a state of deep relaxation, where the mind is totally stress-free and more open to problem solving. Using music to relax when dwelling on a particular problem then, may not only elevate your mood – but could help you reach that “a-ha” moment and find a solution.

大部分人直观地懂得,当他们心情压抑或沮丧的时候,听音乐可以改善心境。然而最近的研究显示,音乐在临床上可以减少压力,尤其是特定的曲调。音乐,还有瑜伽,深呼吸和冥想——可以改变脑电波模式,并进入所知的α状态(即宁静、放松和深沉的半意识状态——TonyWhere译注)。α被称为一种深层的放松,它使意识完全处于无压力状态,而且解决问题的思路更加开阔。用音乐来放松自己,然后停留在一个特定问题之上,不仅能够提升你的心情,而且可能帮助你达到豁然开朗的境地,并找到解决办法。

Music has also been shown to increase the level of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, which are linked to mood. In this way music has been shown not only to make you feel good – but also, to be a great motivator. For example, during exercise, listening to music can keep you going, or get you to exercise more by helping you to ignore negative feelings of fatigue and focus on the pleasurable feelings you get from being absorbed in the music.

音乐还显示了增加神经递质如五羟色胺的水平,这种物质跟情绪有关。以这种方式,音乐不仅表现在使你感觉更好,而且是一种巨大的动力。比如,在锻炼的时候,听音乐能使你保持状态,或通过帮你忽略负面的疲劳感使得你锻炼的更多,并把注意力集中在因专注音乐带来的愉悦感当中。

From Gregorian Chants to Gospel Music, there is a spiritual aspect to music that is undeniable. There is not a human culture in existence now or in antiquity that has not had music as part of religious ritual. There is even a belief that each of us has or can find his or her own “Power Song” that can help us to achieve all we want in life.

从格利高里合唱团到福音音乐,音乐有着不可否认的精神层面的影响。没有哪个现存的或古代的人类文化不把音乐作为宗教仪式的一部分。甚至存在一种信仰,认为我们每个人都有或者都能找到他/她自己的“力量之歌”,能帮助我们达到生命中所有的目标。

But beyond “The Search for the Lost Chord” – or the scientific rational of how or why music can change mood– music is at its most basic essence recorded emotion. When we listen to a piece of music we share the artist’s feelings on a visceral level. True, that can be sad, and who among us hasn’t put on a painful love song to share in the misery after a bad break-up. But, by the same token, we can share in the elation of songs of joy and happiness, or any song or piece of music that reminds us of a particular happy time in our past.

但是,在《寻找失落的和弦》——或音乐如何或为何能改变情绪的科学解释之外,音乐最本质的东西是记录情感。当我们聆听一段音乐的时候,我们在跟艺术家分享发自内心的感觉。是的,它可能是伤感的,我们谁没有听过悲伤的情歌勾起那分手后的伤痛。但是,同样地,我们可以分享充满快乐和幸福的欢欣鼓舞的歌曲,或者任何使我们回忆起过去特别快乐时刻的一首歌曲或者一段音乐。

So next time you are feeling down, put on Beethoven’s “Ode to Joy” – or dust off your Bob Dylan albums – you may, or may not connect with the “Harmonic Vibrations of the Universe” but I bet you will feel a whole lot better about whatever it was that was bothering you!

所以,下次当你感觉情绪低落的时候,听听贝多芬的《欢乐颂》,或打扫一下鲍勃迪伦专辑上的灰尘吧。你可能会,也可能不会与这些“宇宙的谐振”有共鸣。但我敢打赌你一定会感觉好很多,无论之前有什么东西困扰着你!

原文:http://www.pickthebrain.com/blog/how-music-can-change-your-life/

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