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初一英语下册课本复习资料

2011-01-30  积善之家...

初一英语下册课本复习资料

初一英语

一.重点短语
1.be from/come from 2.live in 3.write to 4.post office 5.pay phone 6.across from
7.next to 8.in front of 9.on the right/left 10.talk a walk 11.have fun doing sth
12.between…and 13.go straight 14.turn left/right 15.welcome to … 16.a little
17.the beginning of 18.next Sunday 19.the way to 20.on one’s right /left 21.go through 22.have a good trip 23.go down… 24.at night 25.be friendly to sb 26.play with
27.be quiet/keep quiet 28.want to be 29.bank clerk 30.shop assistant 31.give sb sth =give sth to sb 32.get…from…33.in the day 34.talk to /with 35.be interested in 36.work hard 37.children of 5—12 38.talk on the phone 39.wait for sb/sth 40.at school 41.at home 42.some…others..43.take a photo/ take photos 44.go out to dinner 45.have a good time 46.at the pool
二.考点归纳
考点1.come from = be from
注: Where do /does sb come from ? =Where be sb from ?
考点2.询问说什么语言
What language do /does sb speak ?
Sb speak(s) …
考点3.dislike = not like = hate
考点4. There be 句型归纳
There be 句型
1). 定义:There be句型表示某处存在某物或某人。
2). 结构:
(1) There is +单数可数名词/不可数名词+ 地点状语.
(2) There are +复数名词+地点状语.
注:谓语动词be要与主语(某人或某物)的数保持一致。当主语是两个或两个以上的名词时,谓语动词要与跟它最近的那个名词一致。
eg.① There_____(be) a bird in the tree.
② There______(be) a teacher and many students in our classroom.
③ There______(be) two boys and a girl under the tree.
3). There be句型与have的区别:
(1) There be 句型和have都表示“有”的含义。区别如下:There be表示“某处存在某物或某人”;have表示“某人拥有某物/某人”,它表示所有、拥有关系。 eg.
①He has two sons. 他有两个儿子。
②There are two men in the office. 办公室里有两个男人。
(2)当have表示“包括”、“存在”的含义时,There be 句型与其可互换。
eg. A week has seven days. =There are seven days in a week. 一个星期有七天。
4)There be 的句型转换
a).否定句 : There be +not +名词+地点
注意:not和no的区别:not是副词,no为形容词,not a/an/any + n. 相当于no+ n.。
There are some pictures on the wall. →There aren't any pictures on the wall. =There are no pictures on the wall.
b)一般疑问句 Be +there +名词+地点?
注意:当肯定句中有some时,要将其改为any(否定变化也一样)。
There is some water on Mars. → Is there any water on Mars?
There are some fish in the water. →Are there any fish in the water?
c).特殊疑问句
There be句型的特殊疑问句形式有以下三种变化:
① 对主语提问:
当主语是人时, "Who's+介词短语? 当主语是物时, "What's + 介词短语?
注意:无论原句的主语是单数还是复数,一般都用be的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。如:
There are many things over there. →What's over there?
There is a little girl in the room.→Who is in the room?
② 对地点状语提问: Where is / are+主语?
There is a computer on the desk. → Where is the computer?
There are four children on the playground. →Where are the four children?
③ 对数量提问:一般有两种句型结构:
How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语?
How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语?
考点5.with 表伴随
1)with + sth
2)with +sth + adj
3)with +sth +介词短语
考点6.arrive at(in) /get to /reach 的区别
1)arrive in +大地点/ arrive at +小地点= get to … = reach +…
2)若地点为地点副词时,则省掉介词in/ at /to
3)若后面没有地点时,只能用arrive
考点7.let 的用法
1)Let’s +动词原形.
2)Let +sb + 动词原形
3)否定形式: Don’t let sb do sth / Let sb not do sth
4)Let’s not do sth
5)反意疑问句: a) Let’s ….. , shall we ? b) Let us ….. , will you ?
考点8.other /else 的区别
1)other 放在名词之前
2)else 放在不定代词/疑问词之后
3)else 的所有格 else’s
考点9.across/through /over 的区别
1)across “横穿,穿过”(着重强调从一个物体表面的一面到另一面)
2)through “穿过” 从物体的内部空间穿过
3)over “跨越/越过” 从物体上方越过,不与物体表面接触.
考点10.询问天气:
How is the weather …?= What’s the weather like …?
考点11.as 作介词. “作为”讲
He works as a teacher .

七年级下册(Unit 7—Unit12)
一.重点短语
1.look like 2.medium build 3.curly hair 4.medium height 5.the captain of 6.tell jokes
7.have a new look 8.go shopping 9.what size 10.orange juice 11.green tea
12.do some reading 13.study for the text 14.have a party 15.clean the room 16.cook sb sth = cook sth for sb 17.talk show 18.look for 19.a little bit 20.go on vacation
21.summer camp 22.walk back to 23.think of 24.in fact 25.the Great Wall
26.the Palace Museum 27.agree with 28.have to 29.sports shoes 30.Children’s Palace 31.no talking 32.show sb sth = show sth to sb 33.be in bed 34.by ten o’clock
35.make dinner 36.a thirteen-year-old boy
二.考点归纳
考点1.询问人的长相:
What does /do sb look like ? 回答用表示人的外貌或长相的词.
What does your aunt look like ? _______ .
A. She is tall with curly hair B.She is shy and quiet C.She likes doing chores
考点2.say /tell /speak /talk 的区别
1).say :说/讲着重说的内容,它的宾语只能是 “话” 不是人.
2).tell :告诉某人某事.
A) tell sb sth . B).tell sb about sb /sth
3).speak:表示讲何种语言/打电话中 speak to sb )
4).talk: 交谈. talk to /with sb talk about sth
How do you _____ this in English ?
I have something important to _______ you .
She can _______ three languages now .
He is ______ with his penpal now .
考点3.stop 的用法.
1)stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情
2)stop to do sth 停下(正在做的事情)来做另一件事
3)stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人干某事
4)can’t stop doing sth 情不自禁干某事
The students stopped ______(talk)when the teacher came to the classroom .
They are very tired ,but they didn’t want to stop ______ (rest ).
考点4.remember 的用法
1).remember to do sth记得将要干某事(事没做)
2).remember doing sth .记得曾经做过某事(事已做)
考点5.do /does /did 可作代替动词,代替上文的实义动词,以避免重复.
Who broke the window ? Tom _______.
Who often helps the old man ? He _______.
考点6.would like 的用法:
1).would like sth .
2).would like to do sth
3).would like sb to do sth
4).Would you like sth ? 的回答: Yes ,please / No ,thanks .
5).Would you like to do sth ?的回答:
Yes ,I’d love to / I’d love to , but … .
考点7.spend 的用法:
句型:Sb + time /money +(in) doing sth
Sb +time/money + on sth
She spent two hours ______(read )a story .
考点8. do some /the + v-ing 做某事
do some shopping do some cleaning do some washing
考点9.What about 的用法
1).What about doing sth ?
2).How about /What about doing sth ?= Why not do sth ?
考点10.句型: How +be +….? 怎么样? 于What +be +……+like ?
What was your weekend like ? = ___ was your weekend ?
考点11.watch 的用法:
1).watch sb do sth 观看某人做了某事
2).watch sb doing sth 观看某人正在干某事
The teacher is watching them ______ (play ) football.
I often watch her ______(play )football.
考点12.It’s time 的用法
1)It’s time for sth 该到某事的时间了
2)It’s time to do sth该到干某事的时间了
3)It’s time for sb to do sth该到某人干某事的时间了
考点13.have fun doing sth 很高兴干某事
We had great fun _______(play) in the water .
考点14.find 的用法:
1).find sb +adj 发现某人怎么样
2).find sb + 名词 发现某人是……
3).find sb doing sth 发现某人正在干某事
4).find it +adj+ to do sth 发现干某事怎么样
5).find +that 从句 发现……
He found it was hard to work out the math problem .
=He found____hard ____ work out the math problem
考点15.make 的用法
1).make sb do sth 使某人干某事
2).make sb +adj 使某人怎么样
3).make sb +名词 使某人成为……
4).make +oneself +过去分词 使自己被干某事
5).be made to do sth 被迫干某事
That made me _______(feel) very happy.
His words made me _______(sadly).
He raised his voice to make himself _______ (hear).
考点16.句型
1)don’t have any money for sth .没有钱干某事
2)don’t have enough money to do sth =
can’t afford to do sth 没有足够多钱干某事
I didn’t have any money for a taxi.
I don’t have enough money to buy a car.= I can’t ______ ______ buy a car.
考点17.decide的用法
1)同义词组:decide to do sth= make a decision to do sth = make up one’s mind to do sth
决定干某事
2)decide not to do sth
考点18.同义句:
What do you think of ….?
= How do you like …..?
考点19.can’t stand 的用法
1).can’t stand sth /sb 不能忍受某事/某人
2).can’t stand doing sth 不能忍受干某事
考点20.mind的用法
1).mind doing sth 介意干某事
2)mind one’s doing sth 介意某人干某事
3)句型:Would you mind …?的回答:
不介意: No,please / certainly not / of course not / Not at all
介意: I’m sorry ,but I do / Yes, I do mind / Better not .
Would you mind my _______(close )the door ?
考点21. enjoy doing sth

考点22.too many/ too much /much too
1)too many + 复数名词
2)too much + 不可数名词
3)much too + 形容词或副词
考点23.must/ have to 的区别
1)must 表示说话人的主观看法,没有时态,人称变化
2)have to 表示客观方面的必须,外界迫使某人不得不做某事. 有人称和时态的变化.
3)must的否定句mustn’t 不容许,禁止
4)have to 的否定句 don’t /doesn’t /didn’t +have to 不必须 = needn’t
You needn’t come early = You don’t _____ _____ come early .

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