喀斯特 2011-03-06
In this section we are going to secure the spine, this includes gluing, using mull/jaconet, putting the headbands on and a bookmark if you desire, then sealing it with one piece of paper to help secure everything.


I recommend cutting out all your stuff before you begin then you don't have to rush while the glue is drying :)


You need a bit of mull about this big, enough to wrap around to where the ribbon/tape goes to. I cut two pieces of mull for this for extra strength and durability.


Then you need some headbands! As I said before, black and red for this one. I went and bought some of this sweet ass red from my suppliers out in Sydney's Industrial area. Usually you only need 2 cuttings, one for head and one for the tail but you can double them up. Traditionally, the more flamboyant the headbands, the more important the book was, plus it draws attention. The headband should be just enough to wrap around the spine of the book snuggly.


Ok time for the best bit! Spread the glue evenly over the whole spine, push the glue into the cracks with the bone folder and your fingers.


Once the glue became tacky I grabbed my first layer of mull and rubbed it in, then added another layer of glue ontop of that


Takings off the weight quickly, I folded the edges in and put the new layer of mull on followed by more glue.


Now glue the headbands on, with glue underneath and on top. If you want a bookmark, glue it down the spine about 2 inches between the mull and the headbands.


Ok now finally while its all still wet, get your cartridge paper and cut out a strip then glue over the top (Yes make sure the grain is going the correct way). Feel free to make a mess, use random paper, or write messages on the spine, no one will ever see it, except maybe a book binder in 100 years time restoring the book, but I doubt that will ever happen.


The Cover


First we need the manilla cardboard for the spine of the cover. Grain direction should be correct as always! The height will determine how big your cover is, so you want it to be at least the distance between your headbands. The width is up to you, often I find the width of one page is a good guide.


Fold the manilla at a point approximately in the middle then wrap it around the spine and find the placement of the second fold by eye.


Once satisfied with your manila spine, you have to cut the greyboard (thick card), I chose quite thick board for this book for durability, quality and protection.


GRAIN DIRECTION APPLIES! It is very important the grain is going the correct way. It's very easy to find the direction in board, use the feeling method, it's virtually impossible to bend board against the grain.


The height of the boards should be that of the manilla, the breadth is optional depending on how much over hang you want. The page width minus a few millimetres is often a good guide.


Ok we need to stick the greyboard to the manilla. Come out from the fold about 5-10mm. I think I did 7 or 8. Mark it with a pencil or pen. Then, get your board ready and spread glue from your mark on the manila to the edges. Then place the board carefully, if you do this badly the cover won't be straight.


This step is optional. If you do this the inside cover of your paper will be smooth, if you don't there is a chance there will be a line resulting from the edge of the manilla. With thicker papers its less important. Grab some sandpaper after the glue has dried, and wear down the edge on both sides.


The Cover Cont'd


I apologise because this is a more complex way of doing a cover, hopefully you can figure out how I do it with just one fabric/colour. I came up with the design of a red stripe about 1/3 the way up. Figured out all the maths and cut a piece of buckram the right size.


This photo is just a check, I was happy with the size of it.


The next step is to flip it over and align it properly (there are marks where it should be)


I put my weight on the back cover


Lift up the left, and mark the segments for gluing and do the same for the other side.


Because gluing is stressful and quick I didn't have time to snap all the pictures I wanted. Basically what you do is: With the left cover lifted, glue the buckram on the left and the middle then push the left cover down. Move the weight onto the left cover and lift up the right, gluing the buckram underneath. Flip the cover over and with your bonefolder go in and make sure the buckram is sinking right down into the spine and there is no air bubbles anywhere. Sometimes the edges aren't stuck down very well and a little more glue requires adding.



Tip of the day: Just use the width of the rule to chop off the excess and neaten the edges before you fold them over.


Make sure it's stuck to the edge of the cover, give it a solid rubbing down with your bonefolder. When your happy, then push it down and rub the top down.


Ok so I do the same for the black.


Another tip, for the corners get your set square and line it up 5mm from the end and then just cut down the angle. You can then glue and fold.






Note: When working with more than one fabric I usually overlap the fabrics by a couple of millimetres to stop dust and peeling.



Joining the paperblock and cover is fairly easy but is often the most stressful and the first couple of times you do it there might be some ripples in your inside cover, this can be fixed by waiting for it to dry and then sticking the first page to the inside cover.


Note: I forgot to do a prior step so the photos are misleading. The step missed was trimming the mull and ribbon so it becomes a straight line, doing this is a good idea if you're after a neat book. I realised just before gluing and had to redo the position and gluing preparation.

First you need to get the paper block into the perfect position you want it glued from. It will look finished, don't get excited yet!



Practice shutting the cover as if there is glue on the page. Usually I have my right hand supporting the paper block making sure it is stable but I was taking the photo.


Ok the gluing, you need your wallpaper glue and your other bookbinding glue that you did the spine with. I don't have photos but these are the stages of where you lay glue. First, underneath the ribbon/tape put pva glue.


Then ontop and between the tape


Push the mull down into the glue, and the another layer on top of the jaconet

Do the same again if you have two layers of mull. At this stage the area covered by the mull should be glued with the binding glue, then you grab your wallpaper glue to cover the rest of the page. Don't clean your brush before dipping it in, the mix of glues is helpful, even drag excess glue from the left over onto the rest of the page.


The final step is to push the edge of the cover down so there is glue on it, then basically close the book. Just close it, apply a bit of pressure by squeezing it with your hands. In my experience it is not helpful to rub things down, just let the glue do its job. Before the glue has set but not immediately after closing the cover, open the book to check for problems/air bubbles/creases/extras glue additions/glue overflows Thick papers tend to have less of these problems. Don't over do it with the glue, be confident in your glue's ability to do its job.


Flip and do the other side




Press the book under a weight like books/bricks for as long as you can, a few days is good. Add touches where you please, I did a bookmark.


I hope you learnt something from my tutorial, preferably how to make a book. The reason I make books is because I love it, the satisfaction is immeasurable after so much hard work has gone into it. Check out the extras to see how I do other stuff like embossing (which is in this book I just thought it'd make a nice mini-tutorial).


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