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初中近义词辨析

2011-06-04  marysmith

初中近义词辨析

1.look at ;看
look after; 照顾
look up; 查找
look over; 检查
look through;浏览
look out;小心;当心
look out of the window; 朝窗户外面看
look like; 看起来像
look down on sb;看不起某人
look forward to盼望做...
look into调查
look up to尊敬
look sb up and down上下打量某人
look around四处看
2.take the train to sw ; 乘火车去
take... out of...; 把..从..地方拿出来
take notes ; 记笔记
take off ;起飞;脱下;成名;去掉
take down;取下;拿下
take the first place;居首位, 得第一
take a holiday;休假
take one's temperature;查体温
take a day off; 请一天假
take the seat;就坐
take driving lessons;学习驾驶
take photographs拍照
take one's time不匆忙, 不急于, 慢慢来; 浪费时间, 拖延, 磨洋工
take one's temperature测量体温
take the medicine服药
take out the trash倒垃圾
it takes sb 时间 to do sth做某事花费某人多长时间
take after 与...长得相像(性格;外貌)
take a shower洗澡
take a look at看一看
take away拿走
take back 收回
take a walk 散步,
take exercise 运动,
take turns 轮流;替换
take care of 照料;照顾,
take a message for 给……捎个信
take one's chance碰运气
take it easy别急
take in吸收;欺骗;允许某人留宿在家
take for错认为;误以为是;
take it easy别急
take in吸收;欺骗;允许某人留宿在家
take for错认为;误以为是;


3.listen to;听..讲
 hear sb听见 
 sound听起来
4.hear of \about听说 
hear from sb. 收到某人的来信
5.put up 举起;张贴;搭建
put away 把...收起来
put on穿上;上演
put off 推迟;延后
put down放下
put out扑灭
put one's effort into..把某人的精力放在..上面
put down放下;写下

6.get up起床

get out泄露;出版;出去
get out of sw从...出来
get over克服;原谅
get on上车
get off下车
get on\along well with sb与某人相处融洽
get on\along在...方面进展
get to到达
get into进入;陷入..的状态
get back回家;失而复得;取回
get through做完;结束;抵达;通过
get ready to准备做
get lost迷路
get dressed穿衣

7.turn on打开;(突然)攻击

turn off关上;
turn up开大;出现;出席
 turn down关小;拒绝;驳回
turn... into...把...变成
turn right at the first turning在第一个拐弯处向右拐
turn to 翻到;转向;变成;求助于,求教于
turn over 翻身,翻转;把……移交;换频道;营业额达
turn out (of) 把……撵出去
turn in 交上去;(向警方)告发;上床睡觉
turn back 返回,拔回
turn away 转过身去;拒绝进入
turn against 转而反对,与……反目
turn about 转身,向后转
take one’s turn 轮班做
take the job胜任工作
turn against背叛
take it easy别急
take in吸收;欺骗;允许某人留宿在家
take for错认为;误以为是;
8.go swimming去游泳
go on继续;持续,
go to school去上学
go to bed上床睡觉
go home回家
go out for a walk出去散步
go away走开
goes down降落
go back回去go on with继续做某事
 
9.make room for 为……. 让地方
make sentences with 用……造句
made a face or made faces 做鬼脸
be made in在…制造
be made of由…制成
make tea沏茶
make friends with 与……交朋友
make up编出
made a mistake出差错;犯错误
make sure确保,确信
make a noise吵闹
make the bed铺床
make up one's mind下定决心做
make notes记笔记

10.came into 进来
come down 下来,
come in 进来,
come over 过来,
come from 来自
come back 回来
 come round 前来(过来)
come over, come on 快,加油
come out (花)开;出来
come along 赶快,快一点
come up with想出;提出
come about发生

11.have to do不得不做
have an idea 有了主意
have a rest 休息
have breakfast吃早饭
have a look(at) 看一看
have a good time玩得愉快,
had better(not)do 最好(不要)做
have a drink of 喝一点儿
have a bad cold\cough\fever得了重感冒\咳嗽\发烧
have sb do sth让某人做
have sth done请某人做
12.give away分发;捐赠;背弃;出卖
give off散发
give out分发;公布;用完
give in让步;屈服
give up放弃;交出;让出;戒掉
give back归还
13.do the dishes洗碗盘
do the laundry洗衣服
do the housework做家务
do some shopping去购物
do some washing洗衣服
do one's homework做功课
do one's best to do尽力做
do with处理
have something to do与有关
do harm to对有害

 
 
 

 

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