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英语句子成分分析菜鸟自学版(小学生也能看懂的语法讲义) 3

2011-07-17  MouseHappy
英语句子成分分析菜鸟自学版(小学生也能看懂的语法讲义) 3
2010-05-04 08:30


练习四答案
一 判断下列句子是主谓+双宾语结构还是主谓+宾语+宾补,如果是主谓+宾语+宾补,请指出宾补是由什么充当的。
1. I watch the boy playing foot ball.
我看到那个男孩在踢足球。主谓+宾语+宾补。
playing foot ball做宾补
2. My good friend told me a story
我的好朋友给我讲了一个故事。主谓+双宾
3. Tom lent me a pencil.
汤姆借给我一个铅笔。主谓+双宾
4. LiLi noticed two dogs fight.
李利注意到两个狗在打架。主谓+宾语+宾补,fight做宾补
5. I looked at her flying a kite.
我看到她在放风筝。主谓+宾语+宾补。flying a kite做宾补
6. Please hand me the paper .
请递给我一张纸。主谓+双宾
7. The lion ordered the hen to give him some eggs.
那头狮子命令那只母鸡给他一些鸡蛋。主谓+宾语+宾补。
to give him some eggs做宾补
8. He wanted you to go with him.
他要你一起跟他去。主谓+宾语+宾补。to go with him做宾补
9. Li Yang told the little boy to go home.
李扬叫那个小男孩回家。主谓+宾语+宾补。to go home做宾补
10. She asks me to help her .
她请我去帮助她。主谓+宾语+宾补。to help her做宾补
11. My parents leave me some money .
我的父母亲留给我一些钱。主谓+双宾
12. Tom leads me a pencil .
汤姆借给我一只铅笔。主谓+双宾
13. Mother got me some tea .
妈妈给我取了一些茶。主谓+双宾
14. LiLei found 100 yuan in the room.
李蕾发现有100元在房间里/李蕾在房间里发现了100元。主谓+宾语+宾补。in the room做宾补
15. He showed me her photos .
他让我看了看她的照片。主谓+双宾
16. The fans made Lin Junjie a famous star.
那些粉丝们让林俊杰成为一个明星。主谓+双宾
17. Mom let me in.
妈妈让我进去。主谓+宾语+宾补。in做宾补
18. The rich man bought his son an MP4.
那个有钱人给他的儿子买了一个MP4。主谓+双宾
19. The teacher observes the boy sleep.
那个老师观察到那个男孩睡觉了。主谓+宾语+宾补。sleep做宾补
20. The teacher made her monitor.
老师让她做班长。主谓+双宾
21. I saw the baby cry.
我看到那个男孩哭了。主谓+宾语+宾补。cry做宾补
22. I paid him three yuan .
我付给他三元。主谓+双宾
23. He passed me an eraser.
他递给我一个橡皮。主谓+双宾
24. She heard her neighbor singing
她听到她的邻居在唱歌。主谓+宾语+宾补。singing做宾补
25. Tom teaches us English.
汤姆教我们英语。主谓+双宾
26. They asked the teacher to explain it again .
他们请老师在解释一遍。主谓+宾语+宾补。to explain it again做宾补
27. Let me read you his letter .
让我给你读读他的信。主谓+双宾
28. Would you sing us an English song ?
你可以给我们唱支英文歌吗?主谓+双宾
29. I will lend you a book 。
我将借给你`一本书。主谓+双宾
30. Did you notice me leave the house?
你注意到我离开房子吗?主谓+双宾 ]

 

这一节我们专门侃侃句子成分的分析,实际上,句子成分我们在在侃五种基本句型时已经大部分介绍过(句子的 成分主要有:主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、宾语补足语,其中,主语、谓语、宾语、宾语补足语是句子的主干,定语、状语是句子的“枝叶”)只有一个定语还没侃,所以下面我们先来侃侃定语。

定语,即起到修饰限定作用的成分,主要是来修饰限定名词或代词的,举例如下:
a black dog (一只黑色的狗
a 和 black 都是定语,来修饰限定dog.,是一只(a)不是两只、三只,是黑色

black)不是白色的、黄色的等等


the book on the desk (课桌上的那本书)
介词短语在这里是作定语修饰book,课桌上(on the desk)上的那本书,不是房间里的、凳子上的等等.
那么经常作定语的有哪些呢?主要有:形容词、介词短语 、冠词、代词(比如:his book 中his 是来作定语来修饰book的)数词。其中,形容词、介词短语作定语最常见,而且要注意其位置,形容词作定语一般在修饰词之前(前置定语),介词短语一般在修饰词之后(后置定语),你可以参见上面的例句。

现在来试试身手,请找出下面各句中所有的定语,并指出是由什么充当的定语。
1、The little boy needs a blue pen.小男孩需要一支蓝色的钢笔。
2、Two boys need two pens.两个男孩需要两支钢笔。
3、 His boy needs Tom's pen.他的男孩需要Tom的钢笔。
4、There are two boys of Toms there.那儿有Tom家的两个男孩。
5、The boy in the classroom needs a pen of yours.教室里的男孩需要你的一支钢笔。
6、The boy in blue is Tom.穿兰色衣服的孩子是汤姆。
7、There are two boys of 9,and three of 10.有两个9岁的,三个10岁的男孩。
到此为止,我们把绝大部分句子成分已经侃完(只剩下一个句子成分-----同位语,没介绍,感兴趣的同学可查阅有关资料),下面我们主要侃一侃在句子分析实践过程中我们可能常遇到的疑难问题。
1)是状语还是定语? 区别是定语还是状语关键是看修饰什么词的,一般来讲,定语是来修饰名词或代词的,状语是来修饰谓语动词的。例如;
I like the book on the desk .
你说这里的划线部分on the desk 是作定语的还是作状语的呢?显然,是作定语的,因为如果是作状语的,那么就是来修饰动词like的,他在课桌上喜欢那本书,显然讲不通。也就是说到底是定语还是状语一是根据它修饰的词二是根据句子意思看能否讲的通。
2)是状语还是宾语补足语?有时,区别是状语还是宾语补足语会有一定的困难,大家看下面的例子:
I found a book on the desk.
大家可以试着分析分析这个句子,你会发现你把划线部分on the desk理解为句子的状语还是理解为宾语补足语都是讲的通滴,理解状语则为:我在课桌上发现了一本书 。理解宾补则为:我发现一本书在桌子上。那到底是什么成分呢,要知道像这样的句子连语法学家整天都在争吵个不休,这个说是宾补,那个说是状语,所以遇到这种情况的话,就不要去钻牛角尖,非的找出个结果来,不过这样的句子如果放到具体的上下文中,就只有一种理解了。
3)对于不及物动词后面加介词或副词之后带宾语的处理
在分析句子过程中,我们可能遇到这样的句子:
I am looking for Jack.
上面这个句子我们把它分析为主谓合适呢,还是分析为主谓宾合适呢?大家知道:look是个不及物动词,但是如果在它后面加上介词for就相当于及物动词了,所以说这个句型你可以把它看作主谓句型,也可以把它看作主谓宾句型
I am looking for Jack
主 谓 状
I am looking for Jack.
主 谓 宾
也就是说以后在遇到类似的一个不及物动词加上介词或副词之后相当于及物动词的情况都这样处理,不过我建议大家按 主谓宾 来分析,这样分析更有实际价值,慢慢你就会明白的
4)对于形容词短语的处理
大家肯定会遇见这样的句子:
He is angry with me
上面这个句子,一般是把它按主系表分析的

He is angry with me .
主 系 表
但我认为把它分析为主谓宾句型更有使用价值
He is angry with me
主 谓 宾
也就是说把be angry with 看作一整体作谓语,me 来 作它的宾语,如果按主系表分析就把这个整体拆散,无论是从阅读方面还是从写作方面都没什么使用价值。而且考试是不会考你这个句子到底只主系表还是主谓宾,我们分析它主要是为了更好的理解它,应用它,这就是我说的使用价值。
总之,我们以后再遇到这种be+形容词+介词或副词的结构一般都要按主谓宾分析。
5)对于there be句型的处理
There is a tree in front of the house.
there be 句型是我们常见的句型,这个我们怎么分析呢?它到底属于哪个句型呢,这个我们不分析,我们知道它是there be 句型即可,我们分析句子主要是为了理解句子,并不是遇到每个句子,我们都要去分析分析,明明知道它的句义,可以理解它,你再分析它有何意义呢?所以我们再遇到类似的固定结构,比如说强调句型,我们能辨认出句型即可,没必要去分析。
上面我们基本上是从细微之处来看句子分析,最后我们从大的方面着手来侃侃句子分析应该注意的事项:
首先,要明确的是句子分析的目的:是为了在阅读过程中更好的理解甚至是更快的理解文章、在写作过程中能帮你写出符合语法的正确句子。因此我们不能因为分析句子而分析句子,一味的钻牛角尖地分析句子是毫无意义的。
其次,分析句子要从整体入手分析,要善于抓住句子的主干,抓住了句子的主干也就知道了句子的大意。


我想问一下。前边说到一感二听五看既能接doing作宾补,又能接省to的不定式作宾补。怎么区别呢?

doing强调主动和进行,一般指动作是由宾语发出并正在进行。比如: I heard him singing in the next room。我听见他正在隔壁唱歌,
省to不定式做宾补一般也是表示主动,但不一定正在进行,而强调动作的全过程。比如:I saw her cross the street。我看见她过街(指我看到她过街的全过程,而不是看到她正在过街)

11 My sister works in that factory.
我的姐姐在那个工厂工作。主谓。介词短语in that factory做状语
30 Both of them work in the school library.
他们两个人都在学校图书馆工作。主谓宾。介词短语in the school library做宾语
这两个不一样吗?一个做状语,一个做宾语?

回楼上 :这两个应该是一样的.
他们两个人都在学校图书馆工作。主谓宾。介词短语in the school library做宾语
这个答案有误,应该是;

他们两个人都在学校图书馆工作。主谓状。介词短语in the school library做状语
 不好意思,这里有点小失误,特此更正,同时也谢谢楼上

楼主,您好!下面有一句子请帮忙分析句子成份
Hurry up or you may be late for the meeting

may be 一起构成系动词吗?
以前看一本语法书上讲,情态动词+动词原形可以构成复合谓语,这句属于这种情况吗?谢谢!


:Hurry up or you may be late for the meeting
这里的 may be 的确不太好分析.
我觉得 把may be 放在一起做系动词分析不太妥,没有这样的系动词呀
情态动词+动词原形可以构成复合谓语,这里的may be 我觉得是可以这样分析成复合谓语的,同时应该把may be late for
放在一起作为 复合谓语,the meeting 作为宾语 这样分析更有实用价值,也就是说有利于句子的理解.
我还是要重申分析句子的终极目的是为了更好更快的理解句子的意思, 不在于我们把它分析成什么什么句型,你只要能理解了,你真不知道它是做什么什么成分什么什么结构也行.

 

 

第三章 简单句不“简单”
——简单句的复杂化
我们这里说,简单句不“简单”了,就是说,如果如果你看到一个句子超长,它没准就是个简单句,千万不要以为只是短小的句子才是简单句,那是不一定的。那么,简单句又是怎么变“复杂”呢?大家看看下面几节也许就明白了。
第一节 并列“出现”之后……
并列“出现”之后,会发生什么事呢?呵呵!我们这里说的并列是说句子成分的并列,在英语中,所有的句子成分都可以并列,于是就出现了并列主语、并列谓语、并列宾语、并列定语……等等,于是简单句就复杂了,于是你就看不懂句子了,于是你就迷茫了……
1.Tom, Mike and I are good friends.(三个并列主语)
2.I got up ,washed my face, brushed my teeth and went to school .( 四个并列谓语)
3.I like music ,sport, traveling, surfing the Internet and listening to music .(五个并列宾语)
4.This is a well-known German medical school.(四个并列定语)
我们这一节是让大家明白,英语中有并列这种语法现象的存在,大家了解到这即可,当然,如果在造句中能运用更好

第二节 非谓语动词在“作怪”
大家先看下面的句子:
1. To learn English is not easy.
2. He found it very difficult to get to sleep..
3. Lucy asked me to turn down the radio..
4. His wish was to become a scientist.
5. There is nothing to worry about.
6. He woke up to find everybody gone. .
7. Learning new words is very useful to me.
8. The music is exciting.
9. The boy singing now is a classmate of mine..
10. One day she came into my room laughing happily.
11. The other students in the class keep their eyes closed.
12. Built in 1949,the exhibition hall is almost 50 years old.
你知道上面划线部分是什么呢?
非谓语动词,想必大家都很陌生,但是动词不定式、动名词大家应该很熟悉,实际上,这两位都是非谓语动词家族的成员。什么是非谓语动词呢?顾名思义,“非”,不也,非谓语动词即是不能作谓语的动词。英语中的动词按能否作谓语可以分为谓语动词和非谓语动词两种,这也就是非谓语动词的由来。
非谓语动词从形式上来看有三种:to do\doing\done 。从名称来看有四种:动词不定式(to do )、动名词(doing)、现在分词(doing)、过去分词(done)。这四位也就是非谓语家族的全体成员,也就是它们四位是不能来作谓语动词的。那么它们可以做什么成分呢?实际上,除了不能作谓语外,其他的句子成分,它们都可以作的,其中,动词不定式可以作除了谓语以外的一切成分,动名词可以做主语、宾语、定语、表语,现在分词可以作状语、定语、表语、宾补,过去分词可以作状语、定语、表语、宾补。
非谓语动词是高中英语语法的重点内容,也是高考必考内容,所以我们务必重视这部分内容,但是对于我们这一节内容,大家对于非谓语大概了解即可,看到非谓语动词能够把它们辨别出来就可以了。


练习 五
一 找出下面句子中的非谓语动词,并指出是作什么句子成分
1.To know him is to like him.
2. Mr. Brown has a large family to keep.
3. He stood up to see better..
4. They have started using computers in the library.
5. Her job is taking care of the wounded.
6. I watched them playing chess.
7. The computer needs repairing .
8. There is an old man wanting to see you.
9. I heard them quarrelling in the room .
10. Do you like teaching English?
二 分析本节开头部分十二个句子划线部分的非谓语动词作什么句子成分

练习五答案
练习 五
一 找出下面句子中的非谓语动词,并指出是作什么句子成分
1.To know him is to like him.
了解他了就会喜欢他。To know him做主语
2. Mr. Brown has a large family to keep.
布朗先生要养活一大家子人。to keep做定语
3. He stood up to see better..
他站起来想看得更好。to see bette做目的状语
4. They have started using computers in the library.
他们在图书馆已经开始使用电脑。using computers做宾语
5. Her job is taking care of the wounded.
他的工作就是照看伤员。taking care of the wounded做表语
6. I watched them playing chess.
我看到他们在下棋。playing chess做宾补
7. The computer needs repairing.
那台电脑需要修理。Repairing做宾语
8. There is an old man wanting to see you.
有个老人等着要见你。wanting to see you做后置定语
9. I heard them quarrelling in the room.
我听见他们在房间里争吵。Quarrelling做宾补
10. Do you like teaching English?
你喜欢教英语吗?teaching English做宾语
二 分析本节开头部分十二个句子划线部分的非谓语动词作什么句子成分,
13. To learn English is not easy.
学英语不容易。做主语
14. He found it very difficult to learn maths
他发现学数学很困难。做真正宾语
15. Lucy asked me to turn down the radio..
露西要我把收音机音量关小。做宾补
16. His wish was to become a scientist.
他的愿望是成为一个科学家。做表语
17. There is nothing to worry about..
没什么可担心的。做定语
18. He woke up to find everybody gone. .
他醒来发现每个人都走了。做结果状语
19. Learning new words is very useful to me
学新单词对我来说非常有用。做主语
20. The music is exciting.
那是首人激动的音乐。做表语
21. The boy singing now is a classmate of mine.
那个正在唱歌的男孩是我的同班同学。做定语
22. One day she came into my room laughing happily.
一天,她高兴地唱着走进我的房间。做伴随状语
23. The other students in the class keep their eyes closed.
在班上的其他学生都把他们的眼闭上。做补语
24. Built in 1949,the exhibition hall is almost 50 years
old.
那所建立于1949的展览大厅有50年的历史了。做状语


现有一问题请指导!
成功的语言学习者不只依赖书本或教师。以下有两种翻译句子
1、Successful language learners do not just depend on books or teachers.
2、 Successful language learners aren't just depend on
books or teachers.

这两种翻译都对吗?
何时用 do 何时用be
谢谢!


很明显 第2种翻译是错误的 在这里句子的谓语动词是depend on 是行为动词 ,需要用 do not 或 does not 来否定
至于说何时用 do 何时用be 那是根据句子的动词是行为动词或是be动词 如果是行为动词用do not 或 does not 如果是be动词用is not 或 are not
第三节“阴魂不散的骨灰极”两大结构之
——with结构与独立主格结构
为什么说是“阴魂不散”主要是说这两大结构在书面英语中你会经常遇到,经常感到难以理解。为什么说是“骨灰级”主要是因为这两大结构已经是简单句最难理解的部分了,如果你能够把这两大结构理解了,你也就是“骨灰级”人物了。
不过,这两大结构也不像我说的那样超恐怖,实际上,要是认真学起来,也不是太难。首先,我们来看with结构:
With 结构本身是由三部分组成:
with +名词/代词+to do/doing /done /形容词/介词短语等
1 2 3
此句型的关键是第三部分,因为它可以由多种形式来构成,请大家看下面的例句:
1. With so much work to do, he could not go home.
2. With his hands trembling, he sat there.
3. We like to sleep with windows open.
4. He stood there with his hands in his pockets
5. With the weather changed, we decided to put off the sports meet.
大家试试分析上面的四个句子中with 结构中的第三部分是由什么形式来充当的。
那么,独立主格结构又是什么“东东”呢?这个结构说白了跟with结构基本上是一样的,只不过比with结构少了个with 而已,换句话说,把with结构中的with仍掉就成为独立主格结构了,超简单吧,with结构是由三部分组成,那么独立主格结构就是有两部分组成:
名词/代词+to do/doing /done /形容词/介词短语等
下面的例句:6.Weather permitting ,we’ll go on a picnic tomorrow (如果天气允许,我们明天去野餐)
7.I gave you today three-fourths of the money, the rest to follow within a month.
(今天我把那笔钱的四分之三给你,其余部分下个月内给你。)
8.The work done, they went home.(工作完了,他们回家了)
9. He stood at the door, his hands in his pocket..
(他站在门口,双手插在口袋里。)
10. He was waiting, his face white with anger.
(他在等待着,脸气得发白。)’
请大家分析一下上面句子中划线部分作为独立主格结构是由什么形式来充当的。With 结构和独立主格结构,大家了解即可,看到这两个结构能把他们辨认出来就可以了。

练习六
(见讲解部分)

It is 100 miles away. away 在此作什么成份


Language learning is a kind of active learning.

Learning a language is different from learning mathematics
上述两句中都是动名词作主语,但两者有何不同呢。第二句中a language 起到什么作用?谢谢!


away 是副词,应该是做状语,楼主是这样吗?

此句中:It 主语 is 系动词 100 miles 表语
away 状语

Language learning is a kind of active learning.

Learning a language is different from learning mathematics
两句都是动名词做主语,但第一句中的learning名词化倾向大一些
第二句中的learning动词性强一些.
第二句中的a language 是在动名词短语Learning a language中做Learning 的宾语.
away 是副词,应该是做状语,我觉得是对的

练习六答案
练习六
分析下面句子中with 结构中的第三部分是由什么形式来充当的。
1. with so much work to do, he could not go home.
由于有很多的工作要做,他不能回家。动词不定式充当
2.With his hands trembling, he sat there.
他坐在那儿,手在颤抖。动名词充当
3.We like to sleep with windows open.
我们喜欢开着窗户睡觉。形容词
4.He stood there with his hands in his pockets
他站在那儿,手插在口袋里。介词短语
5.With the weather changed, we decided to put off the sports meet.过去分词
由于天气发生了变化,我们决定推迟运动会。
分析下面句子中独立主格结构中的第二部分是由什么形式来充当的
6:Weather permitting ,we’ll go on a picnic tomorrow
如果天气允许,我们明天去野餐。现在分词充当
7.I gave you today three-fourths of the money, the rest to follow within a month.
今天我把那笔钱的四分之三给你,其余部分下个月内给你。不定式
充当
8.The work done, they went home.
工作干完了,他们回家了。过去分词充当
9. He stood at the door, his hands in his pocket..
他站在门口,双手插在口袋里。介词短语
10. He was waiting, his face white with anger.
他在等待着,脸气得发白。形容词短语
第四节 真正的“傀儡”—— It
我们说it是”傀儡”,主要源于it所特有的品质,it 可以作形式宾语和形式主语,这是其他词所不能的,什么是形式主语\形式宾语?
形式主语,顾名思义,就是形式上的主语,并不是真正的主语,所以我们说它是“傀儡”并不为过。大家看下面的例子:
I. It is no use writing to her.
给她写信是没用的。
2. It is no use persuading him not to do this.
劝说他不干那件事是没有的。
3. It is difficult to understand these sentences.
理解这些句子是一件困难的事
上面的三个例子中It 就是作的形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动名词短语或者是动词不定式短语。比如第一句:动名词短语writing to her 是作真正的主语,第二句;动名词短语persuading him not to do this 是真正的主语,第三句:动词不定式短语to understand these sentences 作的真正的主语
形式宾语,顾名思义,形式上的宾语,并不是真正的宾语,大家看下面的例句:
4. I found it difficult to take care of a child.
我发现照看一个小孩子是困难的
5. I think it necessary to learn English.
我认为学英语很有必要。
上面两个句子中的it 就是作形式宾语,而动词不定式是作真正的宾语。比如第一句中的to take care of a child 就是作真正的宾语,第二句中的to learn English 作真正的宾语。
关于形式主语和形式宾语,大家了解即可,看到他们要能把他们辨认出来。


练习七
判断下列句子中it 是作形式主语还是形式宾语
1. It is foolish of you to waste money .
2. I find it quite pleasant to talk with you .
3. It is impossible for us to understand him.
4. He made it clear why he didn’t come on time .
5. It is no use trying to explain .
6. She thinks it easy to understand a letter written in English.
7. It’s not very useful to read the whole book.
8. Mike made it clear that he disagreed.
9. Is it possible to go by bike ?
10. He felt it his duty to help her .


练习七答案
判断下列句子中it 是作形式主语还是形式宾语
1. It is foolish of you to waste money.
你浪费钱,真傻。形式主语
2. I find it quite pleasant to talk with you.
和你说话我感到很高兴。形式宾语
3. It is impossible for us to understand him.
让我们去理解他是不可能的。形式主语
4. He made it clear why he didn’t come on time .
他已经清楚地表达了他为什么没有按时来。形式宾语
5. It is no use trying to explain.
尽力地去解释是没有什么用的。形式主语
6. She thinks it easy to understand a letter written in English.
她认为去理解一封用英文写的信是容易的事。形式宾语
7. It’s not very useful to read the whole book.
读整本书没有多大用处。形式主语
8. Mike made it clear that he disagreed.
迈克明确地表达他不同意。形式宾语
9. Is it possible to go by bike ?
骑自行车去可能吗?形式主语
10. He felt it his duty to help her .
他感觉去帮助她是他的责任。形式宾语

 

综合练习一
分析下列句子的句子结构
1. we are working.。
2. I can swim very well.
3. The waiter brought a bottle of beer to me.
4. Why does the wind blow.
5. The rain has been pulling down for a whole day.
6. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music.
7. Jim asked you to give his best wishes to everyone.
8. You must get the car ready by tomorrow.
9. I have a lot of clothes to wash.
10. He gave his son some advice on reading.
11. Read me the first paragraph.
12. I’ve ordered some soup for you.
13. He began leaning English ten years ago.
14. My being late worried my teacher.
15. The president himself would visit our school.
16. April fool’Day is the special day of the year
17. He usually takes a nap after lunch.
18. I got it back at once.
19. He finished lunch and went into the garden.
20. The telephone rang.
21. We study hard.
22. His father might have died.
23. Will you leave the door open/ unclosed
24. Can you make the dog stand still?
25. The landlord had them working day and night.
26. A sound knowledge of grammar is important to good writing.
27. We all breathe, eat, and drink.
28. I woke up at 6:00 in the morning.
29. The book weighs five kilos.
30. They will be flying to London.

综合练习一 答案
分析下列句子的句子结构
1. We are working.
我们在工作。主系表
2. I can swim very well.
我游泳泳地很好。主谓
3. The waiter brought a bottle of beer to me.
那个使者给我了一瓶啤酒。主谓双宾/主谓宾状
4. Why does the wind blow?
风为什么会吹?主谓
5. The rain has been pulling down for a whole day.
雨已经下了一整天了。主谓
6. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music.
汤姆和杰克都喜欢乡村音乐。主谓宾
7. Jim asked you to give his best wishes to everyone.
吉姆请我把他的最好的祝愿带给每个人。主谓宾补
8. You must get the car ready by tomorrow.
到明天为止你一定要把小车准备好。主谓宾补
9. I have a lot of clothes to wash.
我有许多的衣服需要洗。主谓宾,to wash做clothes的定语
10. He gave his son some advice on reading.
他在阅读方面给了他的儿子一些建议。主谓双宾
11. Read me the first paragraph.
给我读第一段。主谓双宾
12. I’ve ordered some soup for you.
我已经为你要了一些汤。主谓双宾/主谓宾状
13. He began leaning English ten years ago.
十年前他开始学英语。主谓宾
14. My being late worried my teacher.
我的迟到让我的老师很担心。主谓宾,动名词短语My being late做主语
15. The president himself would visit our school.
总统将亲自参观我们的学校。主谓宾
16. April fool’Day is the special day of the year
愚人节是一年中很特别的一天。主系表
17. He usually takes a nap after lunch.
他通常在午饭之后要小睡一会儿。主谓宾
18. I got it back at once.
我马上把它取回 。主谓宾
19. He finished lunch and went into the garden.
他吃完午饭后去了花园。主+并列谓语
20. The telephone rang.
电话响了。主谓
21. We study hard.
我们努力学习。主谓
22. His father might have died.
他的父亲可能已经去世了。主谓
23. Will you leave the door open/ unclosed?
你要把门开着?主谓宾补
24. Can you make the dog stand still?
你能让那只狗站着不动吗?主谓宾补
25. The landlord had them working day and night.
地主让他们整天工作,主谓宾补
26. A sound knowledge of grammar is important to good writing.
扎实的语法知识对于写作是重要的。主系表
27. We all breathe, eat, and drink.
我们大家都呼吸、吃和喝。主谓
28. I woke up at 6:00 in the morning。
我在早上6点钟起床。主谓
29. The book weighs five kilos.
那本书重达10斤。主谓,five kilos做状语
30. They will be flying to London.
他们将飞往伦敦。主谓宾
综合练习二
Exercises:分析下列句子的句子结构
31. The shop assistant found some certain materials for me.
32. He promised me a new English-Chinese dictionary.
33. Please pass a newly- published to me.
34. He lived in Guang Zhou.
35. The father is showing the boy how to plant trees.
36. His uncle left him some money.
37. She has taught us English for 3 years.
38. I like popular music.
39. She knows what to do next.
40. I hate arriving late.
41. The meeting starts at three.
42. My heart is beating loudly.
43. Tom’s birthday is two weeks away.
44. He told me the news by telephone.
45. There are many people in the room.
46. He isn’t as tall as his brother.
47. I have a new sweater.
48. It is important to learn a foreign language now.
49. Trees turn green in spring.
50. He wants to be a doctor.
51. He refused to help me.
52. My teacher advises me to read English every day.
53. He became ill again.
54. He gives me a pen.
55. He speaks English better than me.
56. The earth is bigger than the moon.
57. There are some babies in the garden.
58. We have had supper.
59. The policemen are looking for the missed paper.
60. They elected him chairman.

综合练习二 答案
31. The shop assistant found some certain materials for me.
那个店员为我找到一些材料。主谓双宾/主谓宾状
32. He promised me a new English-Chinese dictionary.
他许诺说要给我一本新英汉字典。主谓双宾
33. Please pass a newly- published to me.
请递给我一本新出版的。主谓双宾/主谓宾状
34. He lived in Guang Zhou.
他住在广州。主谓宾
35. The father is showing the boy how to plant trees.
那位父亲正在给那个男孩演示怎么种树。主谓双宾
36. His uncle left him some money.
他的叔叔留给了他一些钱。主谓双宾
37. She has taught us English for 3 years.
她已经教我们英语三年了。主谓双宾
38. I like popular music.
我喜欢流行音乐。主谓宾
39. She knows what to do next.
她知道下一步怎么做。主谓双宾
40. I hate arriving late.
我讨厌来晚。主谓双宾
41. The meeting starts at three.
会议在三点开始。主谓
42. My heart is beating loudly.
我的心跳的很厉害。主谓
43. Tom’s birthday is two weeks away.
汤姆的生日是在两星期之后。主系表
44. He told me the news by telephone.
他是通过电话告诉我那个消息的。主谓双宾
45. There are many people in the room.
房间里有很多人。There be句型
46. He isn’t as tall as his brother.
他和他的哥哥不一样高。主系表
47. I have a new sweater.
我有一件新运动衣。主谓宾
48. It is important to learn a foreign language now.
现在去学一们外语是非常重要的。主系表
49. Trees turn green in spring.
树木在春天变成绿色。主系表
50. He wants to be a doctor.
他要成为一个医生。主谓宾
51. He refused to help me.
他拒绝帮助我。主谓宾
52. My teacher advises me to read English every day.
我的老师建议我每天读英语。主谓宾补
53. He became ill again.
他又病了。主系表
54. He gives me a pen.
他给我一只笔。主谓双宾
55. He speaks English better than me.
他说英语比我好。主谓宾
56. The earth is bigger than the moon.
地球比月亮大。主系表
57. There are some babies in the garden.
在花园里面有一些婴儿。There be句型
58. We have had supper.
我们吃过午饭了。主谓宾
59. The policemen are looking for the missed paper.
警察正在寻找失踪的文件。主谓宾
60. They elected him chairman.
他们推选他当主席。主谓宾补

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