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怎么干土壤中的微生物

2011-08-19  退休工程师
怎么干土壤中的微生物
How to Dry the Microbes in Soilthumbnail
Healthy soil has billions of beneficial microbes in each teaspoonful.健康的土壤有益微生物在每个茶匙十亿美元。

A microbe is a microscopic living organism (such as fungi, bacteria, protozoa or nematodes) that live in soil.微生物是一个微小的活的生物体(如真菌,细菌,原生动物或线虫),生活在土壤中。 Microorganism is the common term used for the various populations of minute animals that help create the biology of soil.微生物分钟的动物,以帮助创造的土壤生物学的不同人群的使用常用的术语。 The soil food web is the ecosystem that provides nutrition for fruit and vegetables that grow on it.土壤食物网的生态系统提供它生长的水果和蔬菜的营养。 Drying or heating topsoil in commercial production is unnecessary because harmful microbes are ingested by beneficial microbes in healthy soil that is rich in organic matter.在商业化生产表层土壤干燥或加热是不必要的,因为在健康的土壤,富含有机质有益微生物进入人体有害的微生物。 It is not necessary to control harmful microbes by heating or drying; rather, take other steps to ensure a healthy microbial population in garden soil.这是没有必要控制有害的微生物,通过加热或烘干,而是采取其他步骤,以确保一个健康的微生物种群,在园土。

Difficulty:难度:
Moderately Challenging中度挑战

Instructions 说明

Things You'll Need 这就是你需要

  • Homemade or commercial compost 自制或商业堆肥
  • Soil sample kit 土壤样品套件
    • 1 1

      Add mature compost to existing garden loam.成熟堆肥添加到现有的花园壤土。 Harmful fungi, nematodes and bacteria are weak competitors against beneficial soil microbes.有害真菌,线虫和细菌,对有益的土壤微生物弱的竞争对手。 Harmful parasitic microbes are genetically designed to attack plant tissue and are unable to defend against other soil microbes that eat them, under normal soil conditions.有害的寄生微生物基因用来攻击植物组织和其他土壤中的微生物,吃正常的土壤条件下,无法抵御。 Compost contains a full range of beneficial microbes that ingest the harmful microorganisms.堆肥含有的有益微生物,摄入的有害微生物的全方位。

    • 2 2

      Ensure biodiversity of garden soil by practicing crop rotation, cover-cropping and no-till gardening.确保实行轮作免耕,覆盖作物和园艺花园土壤的生物多样性。 These sustainable gardening methods return organic matter to soil, reduce microorganism loss through erosion and improve soil nutrient content.这些可持续园艺方法返回有机质的土壤,减少水土流失微生物的损失,提高土壤养分含量。 Biodiversity of microbe populations is the strongest indicator of soil health and productivity.微生物种群的生物多样性是土壤健康和生产力最强的指标。

    • 3 3

      Send garden soil sample to a biological soil test laboratory to analyze microbe populations.花园土壤样品发送到生物土壤测试实验室分析微生物种群。 Excessive use of synthetic fertilizer leaves soil devoid of adequate microbial populations.化肥的过量使用,使得土壤缺乏足够的微生物种群。 Soil foodweb laboratories analyze the fungi, bacteria, nematode and protozoa populations and give instructions for increasing or balancing them.土壤食物网实验室分析的真菌,细菌,线虫和原生动物种群,给他们增加或平衡的指示。 Please see Resources for the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service's list of soil testing labs.请土壤测试实验室为国家可持续农业信息服务的列表,请参阅参考资料。

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References 参考文献

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