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英语不规则动词

2011-10-07  MouseHappy

表9:英语不规则动词

  这里是最基本的不规则动词。最基本的是最重要的。

  英语不规则动词有400多个。但相当一部分都是这些基本词再加前缀。掌握了这里的最基本不规则动词,其余的不规则动词就容易记了。

Simple 不定式 Past 过去式 Past Participle 完成式 汉译
IRREGULAR VERBS that do not change: 形式不变
bet bet bet 打赌
bid bid bid 出价
burst burst burst 爆裂
cost cost cost 花费
cut cut cut 切割
hit hit hit 打击
hurt hurt hurt 伤害
let let let
put put put 放置
quit quit quit 退出
rid rid rid 摆脱
set set set 设置
shut shut shut 关闭
spread spread spread 伸展
wet wet wet 弄湿
IRREGULAR VERBS that change to D: 改为D
flee fled fled 逃离
have had had
hear heard heard 听到
lay laid laid 放置
make made made 制造
pay paid paid 偿付
say said said
sell sold sold 出售
tell told told 告诉
IRREGULAR VERBS that change to T: 改为T
bring brought brought 带来
buy bought bought 购买
catch caught caught 捕捉
creep crept crept 蠕动
deal dealt dealt 交易
feel felt felt 感觉
fight fought fought 战斗
Keep kept kept 保持
kneel knelt knelt
leave left left 离开
lose lost lost 失去
mean meant meant 意指
seek sought sought 寻找
sleep slept slept 睡觉
sweep swept swept 扫描
teach taught taught
think thought thought 思考
weep wept wept 哭泣
IRREGULAR VERBS that change from D to T: D → T
bend bent bent 弯曲
build built built 建造
lend lent lent 借出
send sent sent 发送
spend spent spent 花费
IRREGULAR VERBS that change the PAST PARTICIPLE to N:完成式以N结尾
be was/were been
beat beat beaten 击打
bite bit bitten
blow blew blown 殴打
break broke broken 打断
choose chose chosen 选择
do did done
draw drew drawn 绘制
drive drove driven 驾驶
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen 降落
fly flew flown 飞翔
forget forgot forgotten 忘记
forgive forgave forgiven 原谅
freeze froze frozen 冻结
get got gotten 获得
give gave given 给予
go went gone
grow grew grown 生长
hide hid hidden 隐藏
know knew known 知道
lie lay lain 躺 
ride rode ridden
rise rose risen 上升
see saw seen 看见
shake shook shaken 动摇
speak spoke spoken 演讲
steal stole stolen 窃取
swear swore sworn 发誓
take took taken 拿走
tear tore torn 撕裂
throw threw thrown
wear wore worn 穿
write wrote written
VERBS with a VOWEL CHANGE ONLY: 变元音
become became become 变为
bleed bled bled 出血
come came come 到达
dig dug dug
feed fed fed 喂养
fight fought fought 战斗
find found found 查找
grind ground ground 研磨
hang hung hung 挂起
hold held held 持有
lead led led 领导
light lit lit 点亮
meet met met 遇见
read read read 阅读
run ran run
shine shone shone 照耀
shoot shot shot 拍摄
sit sat sat
slide slid slid
stand stood stood 站立
stick stuck stuck
strike struck struck 罢工
understand understood understood 理解
win won won
wind wound wound
VERBS with a VOWEL CHANGE from I to A to U: 元音 I→A→U
begin began begun 开始
drink drank drunk
ring rang rung
shrink shrank shrunk 收缩
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk 下沉
spring sprang sprung
stink stank stunk
swim swam swum 游泳

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