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如何在项目的每个阶段都保持创造性

2011-10-17  lindan9997
编注:一封凯斯·邓肯的邮件,来自“灵活的生活和底线”读书俱乐部。
Every project is also a change on some level. The phenomenon of change within individuals and bigger systems has been studied widely and it’s been found that change isn’t as chaotic and random as it often feels. There appears to be pattern of psychological experiences and corresponding challenges that we go through when we’re negotiating change. Martha Beck has summarized this into a very accessible model of change that corresponds with the project-management cycle.

   从某种程度来看,每一个项目同时也是一个挑战。已经被广泛的研究过的独立、大型的系统变化现象,不再像感觉的混乱、不可琢磨。玛莎贝克把这些总结成一个容于理解的改变模型,同时也符合项目管理循环。

Here’s what it looks like, what the challenges of each phase are, and how you can leverage each phase of change to be more creative and productive in your creative work:
   下面就是它的简介,每一步骤挑战所在,以及如何在你创造性的工作中把每一阶段的挑战变的更高效和富创造性。
Stage 1: Death And Rebirth

第一阶段:结束与重生

The Death And Rebirth phase is the phase where something has happened to trigger the realization that you have to change something. It may have been an instant realization that you’re going to need to change in order to adapt, because of a specific event like a change in the market, or it may have been a gradual realization that change is needed. Either way, you know that life can no longer go on as before.
  在这个阶段,有些事情导致了“你需要改变什么”的出现。也许是立即实现,比如你需要改变去适应像市场变化这种特殊情况;或者改变需要逐渐实现。不管怎样,你知道生活不再一如既往。
This  tips you into a world of uncertainty, anxiety, self-doubt and confusion because you don’t know how you’ll solve the problem or what you want to create yet.Depending on the scale of the change that you’re going to be navigating and the degree to which you yourself are going to be required to change, you might find yourself needing to grieve the life and way of being that you’re leaving behind before you can begin to conceptualize a new way of being.
   因为不知道将如何去解决这个问题或是想创造什么,你进入一个不确定、焦虑、自我怀疑的的世界。改变的规模取决于你将赞同和否定哪些是自己需要改变地方。也许在构建一个新的生存方式前,你发现自己需要先去哀悼过去的生活和生存方式。
This stage is usually not recognized as part of a project management cycle, but it’s a prominent part of any high-change, agile business, because we return to this phase every time that we hit an obstacle and realize that the plan we had for our project isn’t working. It’s also a natural part of clearing your priorities to make space for new projects and it’s in this state of confusion and frustration that many of our most creative ideas first germinate.
此步骤常常不被认作项目管理循环的一部分,但它是任何重大变化的一个突出部分。每当遇到障碍并意识到我们项目的计划可能不奏效时就会回到这一步。它也是清理你的优先级、为新项目流出空间的一个固有步骤,许多最激动人心的想法就是在这个混乱、沮丧的状态首先萌发
How To Be More Creative And Productive In The Death And Rebirth Phase

如何更高效、更具创造性

Unfortunately, because this phase feels bad, and because we’ve been taught that it’s not okay to be uncertain, we tend to try to avoid it. This only closes down our creativity and gets us more stuck. Learn what anxiety feels like in your body and become aware of the mental stories and fears you tend to habitually return to in this stage. This will help you to notice when you’re feeding your anxiety and you can learn to stop and relax into those moments so that you become more comfortable with anxiety, uncertainty and confusion.

  很不幸,因为这个阶段感觉糟透了,而且我们被告知——不确定即是危险,我们会试图避免它。这么做仅仅只让我们丧失创造性,面临举步维艰的境地。掌握自己身体上焦虑的感觉,意识恐惧心理,你将习惯回到这阶段。当感觉焦虑时,尝试暂停放松片刻,这样能帮助你更轻松应对焦急、混乱和困惑。

You can get more comfortable with this phase and open yourself up to more creative stimulation by giving yourself more novel experiences where you can practice feeling confused and uncertain. With practice, you’ll soon take these emotions in your stride.
  给自己寻找更多新奇的经历,熟悉困惑和不确定的感觉,放开自己接受更多创造性的刺激,你会更适应这个阶段。通过练习,很快你就可以把这些情绪变为你前进的动力。
Use the self-doubt and general uncertainty you’re experiencing to question the assumptions you’ve been making about the way you’ve been trying to solve the problem you’re working on. As you question your assumptions you’ll find new perspectives and unexpected new ways forward.

  运用自我否定和普遍存在的不确定性,你将经历审视自己创造解决问题方法所做的假设。当你审视你的假设,你将发现新的观点和未曾预料的前进道路。

Create space in your work-life so that you can tolerate the seemingly unproductive nature of this phase. If you’ve over-scheduled your day, you’re going to be urgently trying to make decisions and move your projects on and there will be no space for the uncertainty, contemplation and resulting creativity that the Death And Rebirth phase offers.
  在你的工作与生活中留出空闲时间,以便承受这个阶段看似没有收益性质的阶段。如果超支时间,你将急迫去做决定并贸然前进,没法为不确定因素、思考进而产生创造性留下空间。
Realize that you can take action and begin developing a vision for what you want to create even before your anxiety, confusion and self-doubt have cleared. Don’t get stuck on trying to eliminate anxiety, confusion and self-doubt before you move forward.
  你能在焦急、困惑、自我怀疑消失之前展开行动,发展景象。不要奢望在你能消除他们,除非开始行动。
Stage 2: Dreaming & Scheming

第二阶段:想象和规划

The Dreaming And Scheming phase is the phase where you begin to conceptualize what you want to create. You start off with a few vague ideas, dotted here and there. At first, the dots don’t seem to connect, but as you research and explore more, you start to notice themes and you begin to pull them together into a more detailed, consistent vision. Finally, having clarified your vision, you’re able to break it down into a step-by-step plan to make it happen.

  这个阶段你开始概念化你想创造的东西。以一个初具雏形的想法开始,铺满整个工程。起初这些点并不相互关联,随着研究和探索的深入,你开始注重要点,着手加入更多的细节使其成为一个整体——统一的视觉呈现。最终,确定你的外形,将它分隔成一步步可实行的计划。

How To Be More Creative And Productive In The Dreaming And Scheming Phase
如何更高效、更具创造性
Have a structure for collecting your ideas and guiding your thinking and planning. Charlie’s planners are a great way to break your big project vision down into little steps.
  建立一个体系用以收集你的想法并引导你的思考和计划。查理规划就是一个方法,可以很好的将巨大的项目远景分解为多个步骤。
Be willing to explore and play. If you’re trying to rush through this stage, you’re going to shut down your creativity and end up thinking smaller and creating a plan to create something mediocre.

  如果你试图匆匆完成这些步骤,也意味着将遏制你的创造力、停止想出更灵活、富有创造性的计划,得到一些平庸的产品。

Rather than trying to figure it all out on paper or in your head, get out into the real world and test out your rough ideas. This will let you gauge the response and level of interest from other people, feel for yourself where what resonates with you, and get feedback that will enable you to refine your idea.
  还在尝试在脑中或者纸上找出你的想法?请回到现实的世界来,考验你并不成熟的想法。测量旁观者的反应和兴趣程度,感知他人与你哪里产生共鸣,得出的反馈能让你精炼出自己的想法。
Give yourself a diverse range of novel experiences – this will expose you to more opportunity to figure out what resonates with you and to come up with ideas for your project. Cross-pollination with other industries often sparks innovation.
    给自己提供不同的丰富经历——将给予你更多的机会找出与你共鸣的东西、想出新的点子。与其他产业的交叉交流常常可以擦出革新的火花。
Realize that you’ll probably still experience some anxiety and lack of clarity at this stage. True confidence is only really created when you’re taking action and gaining real-world experience, and there are things that you can learn by taking your project out into the real world that you can’t figure out otherwise. So be willing to take action even before you have all of the future steps laid out.
  这阶段你可能仍然经历一点焦虑和茫然。真正的自信只有当你采取行动,逐渐增加现实的经验时才会产生,有一点你得清楚——把你的项目推向现实世界而不是其他地方才能解决问题。因此,在你罗列出所有将要实行的步骤前积极行动。
Stage 3: The Hero’s Saga
第三阶段:英雄传说
The Hero’s Saga Phase is named after the stereotypical hero’s tale, where the hero sets forth on his or her journey and no sooner has s/he left their door, when a monster of some sort gets in the way. The hero fights and slays the monster, sets off again and soon bumps into another monster. This pattern repeats itself and the hero persists on his/ her journey, dealing with each monster and setback as it arises, until s/he finally gets to the prize at the end of the journey.
  传说源于一个老套的英雄故事。一位英雄开始他的旅途,刚出门便被一头怪兽挡路。英雄干掉怪兽继续出发,但不久又撞到另一头,就这样一遍又一遍。英雄坚持在他的道路上,与每一头怪兽拼杀把它们打回老家,随着旅程最终结束赢得了荣誉。
The Hero’s Saga starts when you begin taking your ideas out into the real world, and you’re focused on implementing the plan that you carefully drew up in the Dreaming And Scheming Phase.
  这个过程就是把脑中想法在现实世界实行,你得集中精力去实行在“想象与规划”阶段规划完善的蓝图。
How To Be More Creative And Productive In The Hero’s Saga
如何更高效、更具创造性
Schedule to review your plans and progress regularly (weekly and monthly) so that you can adjust frequently to prevent big investments in the wrong direction. Every month or so, pop back and remind yourself of the big picture that you’re trying to accomplish.
  将回顾你的计划列入时间表,有规律的进行工作(每月或者每周)。这样你能时刻调整,避免在错误的方向花费大量精力。每一个月左右,回顾同时提醒自己将要完成总计划的要点。
Link up with other solopreneurs and creatives and set up a supportive community and mastermind group that you can turn to for support, accountability, and advice when you’re tired, distracted, frustrated, stuck or feeling like giving up.
  联合其他的和创意人员建立一个后援、策划团体。你能寻求支持、承担、建议,尤其当你感到疲倦、困惑、挫败、停止前进或感觉绝望时。
Work hard, but schedule time to play hard too. Restore your physical, mental and emotional energy by exercising regularly, sleeping well, staying connected with your friends and family and regularly taking time to do leisure activities that you enjoy.
  努力工作,同时安排时间去疯狂。有规律的锻炼来储存你的体力、脑力、情绪,保持充足的睡眠,和朋友、家庭保持联系,定期拿出时间享受喜爱的业余活动。
Celebrate all of your accomplishments – big and small.

  庆祝你所有的成就——无论大小。

Record all your new, unrelated ideas in your idea garden – ready for you to harvest them when this project is complete.

  记录所有新奇、不相关的点子到你的点子工厂,当项目完成就是准备收获之时。

Consider outsourcing the procedural tasks that you don’t enjoy.
  考虑将你不喜欢的中间步骤外包。
Stage 4: The Promised Land

第四阶段:允诺之岛

The Promised Land is that enviable and often illusive place where your project or change journey is complete and you get to celebrate and enjoy the fruits of your labor.
  在令人羡慕而迷幻的岛屿,你完成了整个项目,准备庆祝享受劳动的果实。
How To Be More Creative And Productive In The Promised Land
如何更高效、更具创造性
As with the Death And Rebirth Phase, our sense of urgency often drives us to rush past the Promised Land Phase as we jump into another project. Take some time to consciously celebrate your completions and achievements before you move on to the next thing.
  如同在“结束与重生”阶段,急切的心情往往导致我们冒过允诺之岛直冲下一个项目。但在你前往下一项目前,得有意识的花些时间庆祝你的完工、总结收获。
Look for ways to share your successes and the lessons you learned along the way with others – it’s a great way to build your network and your brand.
  与其他人分享你的成功、一路来学到的教训。这也是一个建立人际网、打造你的风格绝佳的方法。
Stay ahead of the curve and don’t get complacent. If your project has launched and needs ongoing maintenance, schedule to review progress regularly (monthly) so that you can keep tweaking and improving on your delivery.

  保持谦逊,避免自满。如果你的项目已经启动同时需要不断的维护,制定定期计划(每月)回顾进程以便不断调整改善你的交易。

  
  As soon as you can, let go of the project by closing it or training someone else to maintain it, so that you have space for new creative projects.
    关闭项目或培养其他人来维护,总之尽快脱身上一个项目。为你新的创意项目留下空间。
Which Phase Do You Enjoy Most?

哪一个阶段是你最喜欢的呢?

Did some of the phases sound unappealing to you? That’s normal – most of us prefer one stage of change over the others:
  有些阶段对你来说并不具有吸引力?这很正常——大多数人都喜欢其中一个改变阶段,而不是其他。
If you enjoy the Death And Rebirth Phase most, you’re probably great at coming up with new ideas and love re-inventing the wheel. You’re good at questioning what other people are doing, but you might find it harder to think big and create your own vision or to take action to implement your ideas.

  迷恋接受与重生。你脑中可能充满各种各样的想法并喜欢重新创造。你经常对其他人做什么充满疑问,但可能没有开阔的视野,也不愿采取行动去实现你的想法,创造你的愿景。

If you enjoy the Dreaming And Scheming Phase most, you’ll love generating big visions and exploring new project ideas. You probably have vision-boards and planning sheets up the ying-yang, but you might find it harder to nurture your ideas into the real world and get them shipped.

  沉醉于想象与规划。你富有远见并积极探索新的计划与构想。但将想法引入现实世界时你会困难重重,导致把它们抛弃。

If you enjoy the Hero’s Saga Phase most, then you’ll enjoy being given a vision and project plan to implement and manage. You’re probably great with details, resource management and getting stuff done, but you may struggle when it comes to innovating new ways of doing things and generating creative solutions.
  喜欢英雄的征程。你习惯接受一个愿景和项目的实施计划。细节方面如资源管理、完成任务是你的强项。但处理方法上出现革新、产生创造性的解决方案时你会显得不适应。
If you enjoy the Promised Land most, then you’re probably great at tying up loose ends, and tweaking and maintaining projects in the long-term, but you might not be very good at questioning the status quo, handling major changes on a project, innovating or big-picture strategizing.
  习惯允诺之岛。你的特点是使结局更紧凑,调试并维护项目的长期运行。你并不擅长与质疑现状,处理项目的重大改变,革新或制定宏观战略。
Ideally, you should look to leverage your strengths, stick to doing what you love and find team members who can cover the parts of the change/ project management cycle that you don’t enjoy. But, as Charlie talked about in The Unconventional Guide to Freelancing, freelancers and entrepreneurs are often wearing many hats and having to be the full board of directors for their business.
  理想情况下,你应该突出自己的优势,坚持你喜欢做的并寻找人执掌你并不喜欢的如:项目变化/循环管理。然而就像查理在《非传统的自由指南》里谈论的,自由职业者和企业家都具多重身份,必须对他们的企业发展全权负责。
What If You Don’t Have the Cashflow To Outsource Yet?

如果你没有足够的周转资金去外包?

If you haven’t got the cashflow to outsource the parts of the project change cycle that you don’t enjoy, then here are some tips for managing your project successfully through all the stages of change:
  将你并不喜欢的项目改革循环外包,但如果你没有足够的周转资金?这里有些对经营项目成功渡过所有改变阶段的建议。
Awareness goes a long way. We like to linger in the change phases that we enjoy most. If you know which phases of change you enjoy most, you’ll be more likely to catch yourself if you’re unconsciously avoiding progressing your project into the next phase.
  你得清楚有很长的路要去体验。我们习惯徘徊在自己最喜欢的改变阶段。而如果你知道自己最喜欢哪一部分的改变,将更能在你无意识时把持自己,避免把项目推进到下一个阶段。
Plan for the whole change cycle. Schedule time to think big, creative thinking picture and time to plan the Hero’s Saga details, so that you’ll do both. Schedule time to restore yourself and to celebrate along the way.

  为整个改变循环做出计划。划出时间去考虑宏观的、创造性的部分和实施道路上的细节,你将同时去解决这些问题。拿出时间休息,别忘了途中庆祝。

Get a coach who will help you with awareness and growing in greater flexibility to manage all of the stages of change.

  寻找一个有助于你认知和成长的老师,让你能灵活处理改变的每个阶段。

Form a mastermind with a good mix of folks – or just informally use your network of friends to coach each other through the stages that you don’t love.

  与各式各样的人一起,成为其中领导者。或者充分的利用你的网友,彼此学习渡过你不喜欢的步骤。

Look for opportunities to do joint ventures with people who are great at the parts of the change cycle that you’re not so great at.
     和善长改革循环的人一起,寻找开一家合资公司的机会,那正是你不擅长的。

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