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小学生英语句型汇总

2011-11-22  MouseHappy

1.      问好:Hello! 你好Hi!嗨Good morning.早上好 Good afternoon.下午好 Good evening.晚上好 Good night.晚安 How are you?你好吗 I’m fine,thank you.我很好,谢谢你 /Very well,thank you.很好,谢谢你 Nice to meet you. 很高兴认识你Nice to meet you,too.我也很高兴见到你

2.      告别:Goodbye. Bye. See you. Bye-bye.再见

3.      介绍:What’s your name?你叫什么名字 My name is Wu Yifan.我的名字叫吴一凡 What's his name?他叫什么名字 His name is Mike.他的名字是麦克 What’s her name?她叫什么名字Her name is Chen Jie.她的名字是陈洁 Who are you?你是谁 I’m John.我是约翰 Are you Zoom?你是祖恩吗 Yes,I am.是的,我是 No,I’m not.不,我不是的 This is Zhang Peng.这是张彭 I’m a boy/girl.我是男孩/女孩I’m a student.我是学生Where are you from?你来自哪里 I’m from China.我来自中国 Where does Amy come from?爱米来自哪里 She comes from America.她来自美国

4.      我有…:I have a Teddy Bear.我有一只泰迪熊 Oh,really?噢,真的吗 May I have a look?能不能给我看一看 Sure.Here you are.当然可以。给你 Thank you.谢谢你Oh,it’s nice. I like it.噢,它很好看,我喜欢它 Thanks.谢谢

5.      饮食喜好:What do you like?你喜欢什么 I like hamburgers.我喜欢汉堡包 Do you like pears?你喜欢梨吗 Yes,I do.是的,我喜欢 No,I don’t.不,我不喜欢 Oh,I like them very much.我非常喜欢 Have some fruits.吃些水果吧 Can I have some chicken?我能吃些鸡肉吗 Certainly.当然可以 What would you like for breakfast/lunch/dinner?你早/中/晚饭想吃些什么 I’d like some rice,fish and soup.我想吃些米饭,鱼和汤What do you have for lunch on Mondays?你们星期一中餐吃什么 We have tomatoes,tofu and beef.我们吃西红柿,豆腐和牛肉

6.      谁:Who’s that man/woman?那个男人/女人是谁 He’s/She’s my father/mother.他/她是我的爸爸/妈妈 Who’s this boy/girl?这个男孩/女孩是谁 He’s/She/s my brother/sister.他/她是我的兄弟/姐妹 Who’s he/she?他/她是谁 He’s/She/s my friend.他/她是我的朋友

7.      多少:How many kites can you see?你能看见多少只风筝 I can see 12.我能看见12只 How many books do you have?你有多少本书 I have 17.我有17 本 How many people are there in your family?你们家有多少人 There are three.有3个人

8.      哪里:Where is my car? 我的汽车在哪里It’s in/on/under/near the box.它在盒子里面/上面/下面/旁边 Where are my pencils?我的铅笔在哪 They’re in the pencil-case.它们在铅笔盒里

9.      借东西:Excuse me.对不起,打扰了Can I use your ruler?我能用一下你的尺子吗 No problem. 没问题Here you are.给你 Thank you. 谢谢你You’re welcome.不用客气

10.  描述动物:Look at the elephant.看那只大象 It’s so big.它真大 It has a long nose.它有一条长鼻子 It has small eyes.他有小小的眼睛 The deer is short.鹿是矮的

11.  单数句型:What’s this/that/it?这/那/它 是什么? This/That/It is a fan.这/那/它是 电扇 Is this/that/it a computer?这/那/它是不是电脑 Yes,it is.是的 No,it isn’t.不是的

12.  复数句型:What are they/these/those?他们/这些/那些是什么 They/These/Those are dogs.他们/这些/那些是狗 Are they/these/those ducks? 他们/这些/那些是不是鸭子Yes,they are.是的 No, they aren’t.不是的

13.  颜色:What colour is it?它是什么颜色的 It’s yellow.它是黄色的 What colour are they?他们是什么颜色的 They’re green.它们是绿色的

14.  时间:What time is it?现在什么时间 It’s 9:45.是9:45 What’s the time?是什么时间 It’s three o’clock.是3点钟 It’s time for English class.现在是上英语课的时间It’s time to get up.现在是起床的时间

15.  天气:What’s the weather like?天气怎样 It’s warm today. 今天是暖和的Is it cold today?今天冷吗 Can I wear my shirt?我可以穿衬衫吗 Yes,you can.是的,你可以 No,you can’t.不,你不可以

16.  买东西:Look at that dress.看那条连衣裙 It’s colourful.它色彩绚丽 Can I heip you?我能帮助你吗 How much is it?它多少价钱 It’s ten yuan.它10元 How much are they?它们多少价钱 They’re five yuan.它们5元

17.  描述人物:Who’s your math teacher?谁是你们的数学老师 He’s/She’s Miss/Mr Li.他/她是李老师 What’s he/she like?他/她是怎样的人 He’s/She’s tall and strong.他/她又高又壮 He/she has big eyes.他/她有大大的眼睛 Is he/she quiet?他/她很安静吗 Yes,he/she is.是的 No,he/she isn’t.不是的

18.  星期及课程:What day is it today?今天星期几 It’s Wednesday.星期三 What do you have on Thursdays?你们星期四有什么课程 We have Chinese,math,science and English.我们有语文、数学、科学和英语

19.  日期生日年龄及节日:What’s the date today?今天什么日期 It’s June 9th .是6月9日Happy birthday!生日快乐 How old are you?你多少岁 I’m fourteen.我14岁When is your birthday?你的生日什么时候 It’s in May. 在5月Is her birthday in July?她的生日在7月吗 Yes,it is. 是的No, it isn’t.不是的When is Teachers’ Day?教师节什么时候 It’s Sept. 10th.是9月10日

20.  能力:What can you do?你会干什么 I can sweep the floor.我会扫地 Can you cook the meals?你会煮饭吗 Yes, I can.是的,我会 No, I can’t.不,我不会

注意:can后面的动词用原形

21.  There be 句型:There is a mirror,a bed and a big colset.有一面镜子、一张床和一个大衣柜 There are two bedrooms,a kitchen,a bathroom and a livingroom.有两个卧室、一个厨房、一个浴室和一个客厅 The colset is near the table.衣柜在桌子旁边 Many clothes are in the closet.很多衣服在衣柜里

注意:用There is还是There are取决于紧跟着它的词组是单数还是复数

22.  Is there a forest in the park?公园里有一片树林吗 Yes,there is.是的,有 No,there isn’t.不,没有 Are there any pandas in the mountains?山里有一些熊猫吗 Yes,there are.是的,有 No,there aren’t.不,没有

23.  我的日常生活:When do you play sports?你什么时候做运动 I usually play sports at 3:00 in the afternoon.我通常下午3点钟做运动 What do you do on the weekend?你周末干什么 I often play football.我经常踢足球 Sometimes I go shopping.有时侯我去买东西

注意:我的日常生活是一般现在时,动词用原形

24.  季节:What’s your favourite season?你最喜欢什么季节 My favourite season is spring.我最喜欢的季节是春天 Which season do you like best?你最喜欢哪一个季节 I like summer best.我最喜欢夏天 Why do you like winter?为什么你喜欢冬天 Because I can sleep a long time.因为我可以睡很长的时间

25.  现在进行时:What are you doing?你正在干什么 I’m doing the dishes.我正在洗碗 What is your father/mother doing?你爸爸/妈妈正在干什么 He’s/She’s watching TV.他/她正在看电视 What are they doing?他们正在干什么 They’re drinking water.他们正在喝水 Are you eating lunch?你们正在吃午饭吗 Yes,we are.是的 No,we aren’t.不是 Are they eating the honey?他们正在吃蜂蜜吗 Yes,they are.是的 No,they aren’t.不是 Is he/she playing chess?他/她正在下棋吗 Yes,he/she is.是的 No,he/she isn’t.不是

注意:正在干什么是现在进行时,主语和动词间加上am/is/are,动词加ing

26.  交通方式:How do you go to school?你怎样去学校的Usually I go to school on foot.通常我走路去的 Sometimes I go by bike.有时侯我骑自行车 How does Sarah go to school?萨拉怎样去上学的 She goes to school by bus.她乘公共汽车的

27.  问路:How can I get to Zhongshan Park?我怎样才能到达中山公园 You can go by the No. 15 bus.你可以坐15路公交车 Where is the library?图书馆在哪里 It’s next to the cinema.它在电影院旁边 Go straight and turn left.笔直走然后左转弯 Walk straight for three minutes.笔直走3分钟 It’s on the right.它就在你的右边 It’s east of the bookstore.它在书店的东面  

28.  一般将来时:What are you going to do on the weekend?你周末打算去干什么 I’m going to visit my grandparents this weekend.我这个周末将要去看望爷爷奶奶 Where are you going this afternoon?你今天下午打算去哪里 I’m going to the bookstore.我打算去书店 What are you going to buy?你将要买什么 I’m going to buy a comic book.我打算买一本漫画书 When are you going?你计划什么时间去 I’m going at 3:00 o’clock.我打算3点钟去 Who are you going with?你打算和谁一起去 I’m going with Zhang Peng.我打算和张彭一起去

注意:一般将来时的句子主要结构是“主语+ am/is/are going to+动词原形”

29.  爱好:What’s your/his/her hobby?你/他/她的爱好是什么 I like collecting stamps.我喜欢集邮 He/She likes playing the violin.他/她喜欢拉小提琴

注意:like后面的动词加ing

30.  Does he/she teach English?他/她教英语吗 Yes,he/she does.是的 No,he/she doesn’t.不是的

31.  工作:What does your father/mother do?你爸爸/妈妈是干什么的 He/she is an artist.他/她是一位画家 Where does he/she work?他/她在哪里工作 He/She works in a company.他/她在一家公司上班 How does he/she go to work?他/她怎样去上班的 He/She goes to work by car.他/她开车去上班

32.  来自:Where does the rain come from?雨来自哪里 It comes from the clouds.它来自于云

注意:一般现在时中,当主语是第三人称单数时,动词要用第三人称单数形式,规则类似于名词复数规则,一般在词尾加s。但是在问句中因为有助动词does,主要动词用原形。

33.  过程:How do you do that?你怎样做那件事情It’s easy.很简单 First,put the seeds in the soil.首先,把种子放在土壤里Then water it.然后给它浇水 What should you do then?然后你应该做什么 Put it under the sun.把它放在阳光下 Wait for the sprout.等待幼苗长出

34.  比较级:How tall are you?你有多高 I’m 164 cm tall.我164厘米 How heavy are you?你有多重 I’m 48 kg.我48公斤 I’m taller than you.我比你高 You’re thinner than me.你比我瘦 You’re 4 kg heavier than me.你比我重4公斤 Its tail is longer.它的尾巴更长

注意:两者之间进行比较时需要用形容词的比较级,一般在词尾加er

35.   疾病:What’s the matter?你怎么了 I feel sick.我生病了 I have a fever.我发烧 My throat is sore.我喉咙痛 My nose hurts.我鼻子痛

36.  感觉:How do you feel?你感觉怎样 I feel happy.我感到高兴  How are you feeling?你现在感觉怎样 I’m angry.我很生气 How does Amy feel?爱米感觉怎样 She’s tired.她很疲劳 How are you?你好吗 You look so sad today.你今天看起来很伤心

37.  一般过去时:What did you do last weekend?你上个周末干什么了 I washed clothes.我洗衣服了 Did you go swimming yesterday?我昨天去游泳了吗 Yes,I did.是的 No,I didn’t.不是的 Where did you go on your holiday?你假期里去过哪里 I went to Xinjiang.我去过新疆 How did you go there?你怎样去的 I went by train.我坐火车去的

注意:一般过去时的句子中动词要用过去式,一般在词尾加ed。但是在问句中因为有助动词did,主要动词用原形

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