MouseHappy / 英语语法 / 高中英语10大动词短语

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2011-12-19  MouseHappy

come about发生,产生,出现
come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到某人
come after 跟在……后面
come along(with sb.) 快,快来;(与某人)一道来,一起来
come along with 进展;取得成功
come at 达到;了解; 向……扑过来,向……袭击
come away 离开;脱落
come back 回来,复原,恢复
come by 从旁边走过;(偶然)获得
come between离间;干预……间的事;妨碍
come down 倒下,(温度,价格)下降,病倒;传下来;
come down with 付出;被感染上
come from来自;生长于
come forward 涌现,主动地响应要求做某事
come for 为什么而来
come in 进来,上市
come in (into) sight /view出现,看见
come into进入;获得;被卷入
come into action/fashion 开始行动(流行)
come into being 发生,开始存在;形成
come into blossom开花
come into force /effect 开始生效
come into power/office 上台,掌握政权
come into use 开始使用
come of是……的后代;是……的结果
come off脱落;离开;摔下;表现;(+adj.)结果是
come on (演员)出台,跟着来;快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去
come over 过来,从远处过来,转来
come out 出来,出发,结果;(花)开;(秘密)泄露;出版
come out of从……出来;由……引起;摆脱
come over过来;顺便来访;改变观点;(+adj.)逐渐变得(v.+prep.)布满;胜过    
come round绕道而来;顺便来访;苏醒
come through安然度过;安然度过;(声音经电话等)传来
come to 苏醒,总共,达到,得到谅解
come to a stop /an end 停止/结束
come /get to know 逐渐认识
come to oneself 苏醒过来
come up 种子生长发育;升起;走过来;到场;出芽
come up against  应付;对付(困难,反对等)
come up against problems 遇到问题
come up to  达到;等于
come up to standard 合乎标准
come up with 赶上;胜过 ,提出(建议)
come up with a better plan 提出一个更好的计划
come upon(偶然)碰上;攻击
come to life 恢复知觉
come to one’s rescuers 帮助
come to stay 来定居;固定下来
come to terms with 甘心忍受(不愉快的困境)
come true 实现
do away with =get rid of 废除,去掉,取消
do business 做买卖;做生意
do down 胜过;欺骗;说……的坏话
do experiments 做实验
do for 符合……的需要;照料;毁掉
do a good deed 做好事
do good/harm to sb. 给某人带来好处/坏处
do in 杀死某人;使精疲力竭;欺骗
do right 做的好
do some cleaning/shopping/cooking…… 扫除/买东西/做饭……
do sb. a/the fovour 帮某人一个忙
do /try one’s best to do sth  尽力做某事
do out 打扫,收拾
do the bed/the room/the dishes 铺床/收拾房子/刷碗
have something/nothing to do with……与……有/无关
do up 修理;整理;梳理(头发);扣好(女衫等);打扮得漂漂亮亮
do up one’s hair 盘起长发
do well in 在……方面干得好
do with 处理;对付
do wrong 做坏事
What to do ? 怎么办?
How do you do ?你好!
get a laugh 大笑一场
get a sight of 设法得到
get a word in 插话
get about 往来各处;(消息等)传开;着手干(某事)
get above oneself 变得自高自大
get across 穿过,讲清楚使人了解,领会
get ahead 进步;胜过
get ahead (of) 有进展,胜过,提前
get after 攻击;责骂
get away (from) 逃掉,离开,摆脱
get along with sth 进展得
get along with sb 相处
get around =spread 传开
get at 到达;抓住;走近;着手干;领会;贿赂
get back 受贿,回来,恢复
get behind 落后,识破 识破
get burnt 烧着
get by 走过;通过;勉强生存
get close to 接近
get down 从……下来,写下来,记下来,病了/使某人不安
get down to 认真处理;着手
get (seize,take,catch ,lay) hold of 抓住,捉住,掌握
get in 进来;到达;回到家;当选;收集;请来
get into进入;到达;穿上;陷入(困境等)
get in a word 策划
get into trouble 陷入麻烦
get in touch with与……取得联系
get in one’s way 妨碍某人
get it 懂得
get home 回家
get off 下车,离去,脱掉(衣等);摆脱
get on 上车;穿上(衣等);继续前进
get on one’s feet 站立起来
get out 出去;走开;逃出;取出;(+adj.)(天气)变得(晴朗等)
get out of下车;脱(衣);逐渐抛弃(习惯)等;离开
get out of 从……出来,避免
get out of hand失控
get over 克服(困难),从病中恢复过来,不接
get ready 就位;预备
get rid of 摆脱,去掉
get sb.into trouble 使某人陷入麻烦
get stuck 遇到困难;陷进去
get through 完成,通过,用完,从人群中通过,接通电话
get /be tired of 对……感到厌烦;对……失去兴趣
get to 到达,抓住问题的要害,本质
get to know (逐渐)认识
get to sleep 入睡;睡着
get together 聚会,联欢;聚集
get up 起床,站立,
get with 着手,开始
get broken 破碎了
get caught in  困住了
get changed  换衣服
get drunk 喝醉酒
get excited 兴奋
get hurt  受伤 
get lost  迷路
get married  结婚
get paid  付酬劳 
get tired  累了
get used to 习惯于;适应于……
have got 有
have got to (do) 不得不,必须
get married   结婚
get hurt   受伤
get paid   付酬劳
get lost 迷路
get separated 分开
get tired 累了
go about 走来走去;流通;着手进行;忙于;相处
go abroad 出国
go across 走过,经过
go after 追逐;追捕;追求
go after (a job,a prize)追求(职位),争取(奖品)
go against 违背;违反
go ahead 前进;先走;着手干;取得进步做吧(口语),走在前面
go along 前进;进行下去;走开
go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事
go all the way  完全同意
go at 扑向;着手处理;售价为
go away 离开;私奔
go back 返回
go back on 违背(诺言等); 毁(约)
go back on one’s word 食言,说话不算数
go back to 回到;追溯到
go by(时间)过去;从旁边经过;(时机等)轻易放过;依照;凭……判断;顺便走访
go beyond 超出
go down 沿……下去;下去;倒塌;减少,下降
go down on one’s knees 跪下
go for 竭力想取得,喜爱,适用于
go for a walk 去散步
go home 回家
go in for 从事,致力,爱好;追求
go into 研究,调查,进入
go into action 开始行动
go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开;去世;
go off with 拿去;抢走;拐走
go over 检查,审查;复习,重温
go out 外出;熄灭
go out of one’s way 特别费心(做事)
go on 继续走下去;继续进行下去;(时间)过去;发生;过活;(上装等)穿得上
go on doing sth 继续做 (同一件事)
go on to do sth  继续做 (另一件事)
go on with 继续进行
go on with one’s work 继续某人的工作
go out  出去;(灯等)熄灭
go out for 拼命想要
go out of 从……里出来;从……减少
go out of one’s mind 变得神志不清
go over 横穿;转向;复习
go round/around 足够分配; (消息)流传
go to bed 去睡觉
go together 相配;恋爱
go too far 太过分了,走太远了
go through 经历,详细检查
go though with 完成某事
on the go 很忙
to go 剩下的,未完成的
go up 上升,增加,建起;(物价等)上涨
go under 下沉,沉没;失败
go well with 伴随,与……协调;与……持同一看法
go with 相配=match=go along with
go without 没有…… 也行,将就
go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败
go red 变红
go hungry 挨饿
go wrong 出错;发生故障
go boating 去滑船
go bathing 去淋浴
going camping 宿营
go dancing 去跳舞
go fishing 去钓鱼
go hunting 去打猎
go shooting 去射击
go shopping 去购物
go skating 去滑冰

have breakfast/lunch/supper, 吃早(午、晚)餐
have tea 喝茶
have sports 进行体育活动
have labor 劳动
have deep affection on 对……有深刻影响
have difficulty in doing sth. 费力(有困难地)做某事
have fun 有趣
have a smoke 抽烟
have a discussion 讨论
have a meeting 开会
have a talk 谈话
have a talk with sb 与某人谈话
have a chat 聊天
have a fight 打仗,斗架
have a walk 步行;散步
have a word with sb 与某人谈话
have a few words with sb 与某人谈几句话
have words with sb 与某人吵架
have a quarrel 吵架
have a run 跑步
have a break (间,课间)歇
have a haircut 理一发
have a swim 游泳
have a try 试一试
have a rest 休息(一下)
have a class 上课
have a dance 跳舞
have a stomachache 胃疼;肚疼
have a toothache 牙疼
have a cold 感冒
have a fever 发烧
have a holiday 度假
have a day off 请一天假
have a good time 过(玩)得愉快
have a good / high opinion of sb 对某人评价高,对某人印象好
have an exam 进行测试
have nothing on 并不比什么强
have sth in mind 牢记
have sth on 穿/ 带着什么
have sth done 让某人做某事
have to =have got to  不得不,必须()
hear about 听到关于
hear from 得到……的消息,收到……的来信
hear of 听到……
keep about继续履行职责
keep after紧紧追赶;反复提醒
keep at坚持;不断对……施加压力
keep away不接近;避开
keep away from  离开。。。
keep a diary 记日记
keep a record 保持记录
keep a record of 保存成绩;保留……记录
keep a secret 保守秘密
keep an eye on 照料;照管
keep an eye out for sb /sth 留心或注意某人或某事
keep back 留在后面,阻止,忍住,隐瞒
keep down 下降,缩减开支
keep doing 继续,一直做
keep hold of 握住,抓住
keep fit 保持健康;身体好
keep from避免;忍住
keep in 把……关在里面,闭门不出;留在家里;保守秘密
keep.... in mind 记着,不忘
keep off 避开,远离,让开;使不接近;
keep off the grass不要踏草
keep on (doing) (其后不能接暂短动作的动词)继续(做),不停地(做)
keep one’s balance 保持平衡
keep one’s feeling in 抑制住对。。。的感情
keep order 维持秩序
keep out 使其等在外面,不让进入,阻止
keep...out of... 把某人制止在……外
keep seeds 保存种子
keep it up 坚持着做下去
keep up 保持,维持,鼓足勇气;不减弱;坚持下去
keep up with 跟上;熟悉;保持接触
keep watch 注意;提防
keep with 陪伴
keep (stop/prevent )sb from doing 阻止某人做某事
keep sb doing 使某人一直做某事
keep oneself 保守秘密,不告诉别人
keep sth in mind  记着。。。
keep sth.a secret 对……保密
keep in touch with 和……保持联系
keep sth from sb 把某事瞒着某人()
keep together 不分散
keep time 按时,合拍子
keep to 坚持某种习惯,遵循
keep track of 记录;保持联系
look about 环顾;四下环顾
look after =watch out 照料;留神
look ahead 朝前看;考虑到将来
look at 看……
look 把……看作……
look away 把目光移开去
look around 到处看
look back 回头看; 回顾
look down 向下看,俯视
look down on (upon)sb 轻视某人,看不起
look for 寻找;期待
look forward 向前看
look forward to doing 盼望;期待
look in 顺便来访=drop in
look in朝里面看;顺便看望
look into sth 调查,了解某事,浏览(书报) ,窥视
look like 看起来像……
look on (upon) 旁观,看待
look on (upon) 把……看作,认为是……
look out 小心,当心,向外看
look out for照看;密切注意;寻找
look out of 向……外看
look over 仔细检查;从……上面看过去;审阅,翻阅
look through 浏览,仔细地检查
look sb. in the face 直视某的脸
look sb. into silence 用眼神让某人安静下来()
look sb. up and down 上下打量某人
look stronge/happy看起来(上去)强壮/高兴
look to 负责,留意
look up (从词典中)找出,查字典;向上看;好起来;寻找
look up to sb 尊敬某人
Look you! 注意!
a disappointed look 失望的表情
a shy look 害羞的表情
a worried look 焦虑的表情
judge a person by his(her) looks 以貌取人
take /have a look at sb./sth. 看一下某人/某物
make a (some)difference 有关系;有影响
make a dive for 冲向
make a decision 作决定
make a face(faces) 做鬼脸
make a film 制作电影
make a fire 生火
make a fool of sb. 愚弄某人
make a joke 开玩笑
make a long face 拉长脸;不高兴
make a living 谋生
make a lot of enemies 树敌太多
make a mistake犯错误
make a record 制作唱片
make a request 提要求
make a round trip 乘往返车
make a plan for 为……作计划
make a promise 许诺
make a search for 寻找
make a sentence (with)(用)造句
make a speech 作演讲
make a stand 立正;站住
make a study of sth. 研究什么
make a suggestion 提建议
make an appointment with 和……约定
make an effort to do sth. 作出努力去做谋事
make an excuse 找借口
make an experiment 做实验
make an impression on 给……印象
make an apology to sb. 向某人道歉
make away (急忙)离去;逃走
make away with 携……而逃;摧毁;浪费()
make as if 假装;装作
make beds 铺床叠被
make believe 假装,假扮
make certain 弄清楚
make coffee 冲咖啡
make down 改小(衣服)
make eyes at 向……送秋波
make good marks 取得好的分数
make friends with sb. 和某人朋友
make fun of 开……玩笑
make for 走向,向……前进;冲向
make informed decision about ... 了解
make it 办成,做到,成功;赶上,及时达到
make laws 制定法律
make money 赚钱
make matters worse 更糟糕的是
make no difference 没有关系;没有影响
make off with 携……而逃
make off 逃跑,匆匆离开
make one’s way 前进;成功
make one’s will 立遗嘱
make one’s ends meet  收支相抵
make oneself understood 使某人理解
make out 开列;书写;辩认出;开(写)支票,假装
make out of 用……制造出;理解
make peace 讲和
make peace with 与……和好
make progress 取得进步
make reference to 说道;提到;参考
make room for 给某人让地方
make sb do sth. 使某人做谋事
make sense 有意义;有道理
make sense of弄懂……的意思
make sure 确信;一定
make the best of 充分利用
make the most of 充分利用
make good use of 充分利用
make up 拼凑;组成;补偿;捏造,临时编造,虚高;化装;和解
make up for 补偿,弥补
make up of 由……组成,由……构成
make up one’s mind 下决心
make up to 接近;巴结;向……求爱
make use of 利用
make yourself at home请不要客气
make war 开战
be made by... 是由……制造(做)的
be made for... 是给……做(制)的
be made of... 是由……制成的(物理变化)
be made from... 是由……制成的(化学变化)
be made in... 是由……制造的()
be made into... 制成……(前面是原材料,后面是整体)
be made up of... 是由……组成的(主语是整体,后面是部分)
put across/over 解释清楚;做成(交易)
put an end to 结束;终止
put aside 储存,保留;把……放在一边,暂不考虑
put away 把……收起;储存,积攒
put back 放在原处;拨回(钟表的针);阻碍
put by 把……放在一边;储蓄;推迟对……考虑
put down 镇压,写下来
put forth 发表;提出;出版
put forward 提供;提出(要求、事实等)
put in 花费;正式提出;把……放进
put in for 申请
put prison 把……投进监狱
put...into... 把什么放进什么里; 把什么译成什么
put into production 把……投入生产
put into use 投入使用
put out 熄灭;关(灯);出版;伸出;生产
put on 穿上;上演;教唆;增加(体重)
put on more pressure 增添更多压力
put on a play 上演剧目
put on speed 加速
put on weight 增加体重
put off 推迟,拖延;阻碍;下车
put one’s heart into 全心全意投入
put sb. out of job 使某人失业
put one’s feeling into words 用语言表达感
put up with 忍受,容忍(讨厌的人) 不斤斤计较
put up 举起;安装;张贴;建造,搭起,支起;为……提供住宿;进行(抵抗)
put to (船只顺避风等而)靠岸
put together把……放到一起;合计;会合
put through 使穿过;使从事;接通(电话),为……接通电话
It sb. st. to do sth  某人做某事花费多少时间
take action 采取行动
take along 随身携带
take aim (at) 瞄准
take a chance 碰运气
take a deep breath 做深呼吸
take advantage of 利用
take a lead 带头
take a look at 看一眼()
take a picture 拍照
take a photo of sb 给某人照相
take a risk 冒险
take a taxi 乘出租车
take an exam 参加考试
take A for B 把A误认为是B
take apart 拆开(机器等) ;分辨;区分 把……理解为 (作为)
take away 拿走,夺去,使离去;减去
take back 收回(说错的话)
take back one’s words 收回(刚讲的话) surprise 突然(吃惊)拿……;出奇兵攻占 mistake 由于疏忽而拿……
take care of 照顾;照料
take charge of 负责
take down 取下;记下;拆卸
take delight in 以……为乐
take effect 生效
take effective measures 采取有效措施
take for 认为,以为;误认为
take..sth.for granted 认为理所当然
take hold of 抓住;掌握
take in 收进;接受;吸收;带进
take in sb 欺骗
take interenst in 对……感兴趣
take it (things) easy 别紧张;悠然自得;轻松
take into account 把……考虑进去
take...into consideration 考虑谋事物
take notes 作笔记
take medicine 吃药
take off 拿走;脱下(衣帽等);起飞
take on 接受;包含;领会;承担,从事;呈现,具有;
take on sb 雇用
take on a new look 呈现新面貌
take oneself off 走开,离去
take one’s leave 告辞
take one’s pace 代替某人位置(职位)
take one’s seat 就坐
take one’s time 不着急;慢慢干
take one’s temperature 量体温
take office 就职
take out 拿出;去掉;扣除;(通过申请等)取得,办理
take out on 对……发泄
take over 占据;接任(职位)
take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪
take pains to do 努力做某事
take part in 参与;参加
take part with 袒护;支持
take place 发生
take possession of 占有;占领
take the part of 袒护;支持
take up 拿起;着手处理;占去;占据(时间,地方),从事于;接纳(乘客)
take up with 与……成为朋友
take sb. to task 责备某人,申斥某人
take sb./sth. to 把某人/物带到(给)
take the place of 代替,顶替
take to 开始;对……产生好感;形成的习惯
take (great) trouble to do sth不辞辛苦做
take turns 轮流
take turns to do sth.轮流做某事
take in turn 依次

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