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九年级英语上册 unit1-4知识点 仁爱版

2012-01-08  草根天地

 

九年级英语重点词组与句型Unit 1

Topic1

1.     have a good summer holiday                        暑假过得愉快

2.     come back from---                                ---回来

3.     have/has been to                                  去过

4.     have/has gone to                                  去了

5.     not--- any more                                   再也不---                     

6.      take photos                                      照相                                   

7.     by the way                                       顺便问一下

8.     take part in                                      参加

9.     around /all over/throughout the world                 全世界

10.  tell sb. something about---                       告诉某人关于某事

11.  have/live a happy/hard life                    过着幸福/艰苦的生活

12.  describe---in detail                                详细描述

13.  give support to                                   支持,提供帮助

14.  see ---oneself                                    亲眼看见

15.  keep in touch with                                ---保持联系

16.  far away                                        遥远的

17.  kinds/sorts of                                    各种各样

18.  not only---but also                                不仅---而且

19.  make progress                                   取得进步

20.  more than/over                                   多于

21.  develop/improve rapidly                           迅速发展/改善

22.  tell sb. (not ) to do sth.                       告诉某人(别)做某事

23.  ask sb. (not ) to do sth.                       要求某人(别)做某事

24.  in order to do sth.                                 为了做某事

25.  have to do sth.                                   不得不做某事

26.  It’s +形容词 for sb. to do sth.              对于某人来讲做某事是---

27.  why not do sth.                                 为什么不做某事

28.  succeed/be successful in doing sth.                   成功地做某事

29.  dream about doing sth.                            梦想做某事

30.  see/hear sb. do/doing sth.               看见/听见某人做/正在做某事

Topic2

31.  get lost                                        迷路

32.  a couple of                                     一些,几个

33.  with the development of                          ---随着---的发展

34.  with the help of ---                               ---的帮助下

35.  one of the +形容词最高级+名词复数                ---其中之一

36.  each other                                      互相

37.  call /ring sb.up                                   给某人打电话

38.  at least                                         至少

39.  sth. happen to sb.                                 某人发生某事

40.  What happened to sb.                              某人发生某事?

41.  take place                                       发生

42.  because of                                      因为,由于

43.  be strict with sb./in sth.                       对某人/某事严格要求

44.  carry out                                        执行

45.  thousands/millions/hundreds of           成千上万/无数的 /成百上千

46.  two thousand/million/hundred      两千/百万/(具体数字后面不加s)

47.  half of---                                       一半---

48.  two thirds                                      三分之二

49.  be short of                                      短缺

50.  so far                                          到目前为止

51.  be known/famous for                              因为---而闻名

52.  be known/famous as                               作为---而闻名

53.  thanks to                                        幸亏

54.  have a long way to go                             有很长的路要走

55.  a town called ---                                 一个叫做---的镇

56.  fewer than/less than                               少于

57.  place of interest                                  名胜古迹

58.  be interested in                                   ---感兴趣

59.  such as                                         例如

60.  look/smell/sound/feel/taste +形容词               ////尝起来

61.  such a/an+形容词+sb./sth                          .如此---的人/

62.  take sb. to sp                                     带某人去某地.

63.  keep up with                                     赶上

64.  What a/an + 形容词+sth./ How +形容词               感叹句

65.  have a population of---                             ---人口

66.  What’s the population of---?                      ---有多少人口?

67.  want to do sth.                                    想要做某事

68.  hate to do sth                                     讨厌做某事.

69.  take measures to do sth.                           采取措施做某事

70.  have(no) chance/time to do sth.                  有机会/时间做某事

71.  used to do sth.                                   过去常常做某事

72.  be used to do sth.                                 被用来做某事

73.  be/get used to doing sth.                             习惯做某事

74.  work well in doing sth.                      ---方面起到显著作用

75.  have fun doing sth.                                 做某事很愉快

Topic3

76.  with the money                                     用这些钱

77.  so that                                            为了,以便于

78.  so---that---                                       如此---以致于

79.  in fact/as a matter of fact                              事实上

80.  come for a visit                                     来参观

81.  in need                                            在困难时

82.  decide on sth.                                       决定某事

83.  provide sth. for sb./provide sb. with sth.              为某人提供某物

84.  feel good about ---                                   ---有信心

85.  lend sth. to sb/lend sb. sth.                         把某物借给某人

86.  borrow sth. from sb.                                向某人借某物

87.  at the same time                                     同时

88.  talk on the phone                                 在电话中交谈

89.  take drugs                                          吸毒

90.  pay for                                            付款

91.  buy sth. for sb.                                    给某人买某物

92.  at home and abroad                                在国内外

93.  send sb. to sp.                                     送某人去某地

94.  send for sb.                                       派人去请某人

95.  aim to do sth.                                     目的是做某事

96.  decide (not)to do sth.                            决定(不)做某事

97.  finish doing                                       结束做某事

98.  How do you like---/What do you think of---?        你觉得---怎么样?

99.  sb.spend st.in doing sth=It takes sb.st. to do sth.  某人花费---时间做某事

100.              sb.spend some money on sth.

=sb.pay some money for sth.                 某人花费---钱买某物

101.              so/neither+be/助动词/情态动词+主语      表示后者情况与前者一样/

102.              so +主语+/be/助动词/情态动词                    表示的确如此

 

 

 

 

 

 

九年级英语重点词组与句型Unit 2

Topic 1

1. smell/sound/feel/taste/look +形容词            //感觉//看起来……

2.There be sb doing sth                    有某人正在做某事

3. do(great) harm to…    ……有害  =be harmful to/be bad for

4. What/How about(doing) sth./Let’s do sth.

/Shall we do sth.?/Why not do sth./Why don’t you do sth.            提供建议

5. pour…into…                             ……倒入……

6. see/hear sb. doing/do sth.               /听见某人正在/在做某事

7. do sth useful to do sthtake measures to do sth.     采取措施做某事

8. How long have you been like this  你像这样有多久了?(回答用since for 短语)

9.make sb do sth                            使某人做某事

10.make noise                               制造噪音

11.what’s more                              而且

12.be in a good/bad mood                    心情好/

13.stand sth/doing                          忍受某事/做某事

14.manage to do sth                         努力做某事

15.write to sb                              给某人写信

16.had better do sth     最好做某事     had better not do sth      最好不要做某事

17.not all       不是所有     not every    不是每一个

18.quite a few                              相当多

19. no better than                         ……一样差,不比……

20. cause sb to do sth                     导致某人做某事

21. try to do sth.                         努力做某事

22. all sorts/kinds of                     各种各样

23. not only……but also                   不仅……而且……

24. as well                                也(置于句末)

25. in many ways                           在许多方面;以许多方式

26. It is reported/said that+从句          据报道/据说

Topic 2

27. as a result                            因此

28. leave sth. sp.                         把某物遗忘在某地

29. leave sth here and there               乱扔……

30. walk on                                踩踏

31. care for   关心,照顾  = take care of/ look after

32. do everything sb can to do sth         尽某人最大努力做某事   =try/do ones best to do sth

33. even worse                            更糟糕的是

34. none of 代词(宾格)/名词               没有……

35. in the beginning                      一开始

36. better and better                     越来越好

37. day by day                            一天天

38. be in danger                          处于危险中

39. be in danger of                       面临……的危险

40. come to realize                       逐渐意识到

41. just now                          现在,刚才(与一般过去时连用)

42. stop/keep/prevent…from doing sth      防止……做某事

43. need to do sth                          需要做某事

44. wash/blow  away                        冲走/吹走

45.in public                               在公共场合

46. come into being                        形成

47. turn off/on/up/down                   关掉/打开/调高/调低(声音)

48. deal withdo with                    处理解决

49. take away                             带走

50. blow strongly                         风刮得厉害

51. walk down the street                   在街上走

52. change into                            ……转换成

58. protect the environment                保护环境

64.remember/forget (not) to do sth.         记得/忘记(不)做某事

65.be bad/good for                         ……有害/有益

67. refer to                               提到/涉及

68. have difficulty/trouble/problems doing sth.  有困难做某事

69. take up                                占据

Topic 3

70. pick sth up                            捡起某物

71. How often                              多久一次

72.work for                                ……工作

73.be used for doing                       某物被用于做某事

74.take a shower                           淋浴

75. use sth to do sth                      用某物做某事

76.It’s a pity that+从句                 很遗憾……

77.encourage sb to do sth                   鼓励某人做某事

78.It’s kind of sb to do sth               某人做某事好

79. be supposed to do sth                   应该做某事

80. I’d love to.                           我乐意

81. ought to do  应该做某事    否定ought not to do( oughtn’t to do)

82. instead of doing                       而不是做某事

83. on time                                准时

84. in time                                及时

85. There will be sth to do                有某事要去做

86. make sure to do sth                    确定做某事

87. push…forward/ down                   向前/下推……                

88. pull…up                               向上拉……

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

九年级英语上册 unit3-4知识点 仁爱版

Unit 3 Topic 1

 

贴在墙上  stick sth on the wall          来看一看come and have a look

为……做准备 be ready for sth        准备做某事 be ready to do sth

迫不及待做某事    cant wait to do sth=cant help doing sth.

有机会做某事   have a chance to do sth  练习做某事   practice doing sth

能够做某事    be able to do sth        从现在起,开始 from now on

设法做某事 try ones best to do sth   对…满意be pleased with   be satisfied with

和…相似  be similar to 与…..一样 be the same as      出差  on business

把…翻译成    translateinto        整理包pack ones bag   

进行(一次)长谈 have a long conversation,  have long conversations

向…求助   ask for help    总的来说,通常 in general =usually (毫不)费力做某事 

have (no) trouble/ difficulties (in)doing sth      偶尔  once in a while

作为母语   as mother tongue /first language  第二语言   second language

外语   foreign language       官方语言  the official language

把。。。分成  divide into    ……的总数/ 数量the number of…… 许多 a number of

被广泛使用    be widely used      和某人交流  communicate with sb

这是事实 Its true that+      处于领先地位  take the leading position

鼓励某人做某事  encourage sb to do sth       中国制造  made in China

把……看作,把…认为regard as.        as well as

即使even though      受。。。欢迎be popular with    在。。。做得好do well in

一般现在时的被动语态

英语语态有主动语态和被动语态两种。主语是动作的执行者,叫主动语态。

如:We clean the classroom.我们打扫教室。

主语是动作的承受者,叫被动语态。

如:The classroom is cleaned (by us).教室被(我们)打扫。

1.  被动语态的构成助动词be+及物动词的过去分词+by+宾语)

其中by意为“被……;由……”,表动作的执行者。

如:The glass is broken by that boy.玻璃杯是那个男孩打破的。

be有人称、数和时态的变化,其肯定式、否定式、疑问式的变化规则与be作为连系动词时完全一样。

如:English is widely spoken around the world. (肯定式)

English is not widely spoken around the world. (否定式)

Is English widely spoken around the world? (疑问式)

Yes, it is./No, it isnt.

2.  被动语态的用法:

1)在没有指明动作的执行者或者不知道动作执行者的情况下,可用被动语态。如:This coat is made of cotton.这件大衣是棉制的。(2)要强调动作的承受者而不是执行者时,用被动语态。如:Her bike is stolen.她的自行车被偷了。

3.  主、被动语态的转换:

主动语态:主语+及物动词谓语动词+宾语(+其它)

 

 


被动语态:主语+be+及物动词的过去分词+by+宾语(+其它)

注意:(1)主动、被动互转时,时态不变。(2)主动句的主语是代词的主格形式,变成被动态by的宾语时,要用宾格形式。如:

(1)  People grow rice in the south.   Rice is grown (by people) in the south.

(2)  She takes care of the baby.   The baby is taken care of (by her).

交际用语:谈论英语的广泛使用

1.---Youll have a good chance to practice speaking English there.

---Youre right.

2.---But Im not good at English. Im a little afraid.

---Dont worry.

3.---Is Spanish similar to English?

---Not really.

Unit 3  Topic 2

我听不懂你的话I cant follow you.

做得好 Good on ya, mate =Well done

我明天要飞往迪斯尼乐园   Im flying to Disneyland tomorrow.

祝你旅行愉快 Have a good trip!   玩得开心 Enjoy yourself!

一直,总是 all the time      取决于,视……而定,依靠depend on (doing sth)

与…不同    be different from    与…相同     be the same as

……和……不同之处 differences between and  成功做某事 succeed in doing sth.

使别人理解你 make sb. understood (使动用法 make sb. done )

去飞机场的路上  on the way to the airport    送别  see sb off

伸出 put out     怎么了?Whats up? 想搭车  ask for a ride   搭乘,捡起pick up

我不明白 Im puzzled.         我只是开玩笑 Im just kidding.

至于某人/某物  as for sb/sth一般来说,大体上   generally speaking =in general =generally

起居室 a sitting room =a living room      填表格 fill in a form =fill out a form

乘地铁 take the subway= take the underground   written/oral English  书面/口头英语

众所周知  as we know    发生 come about (强调原因)=happen (强调偶然性)

被迫做某事  be forced to do sth     在开始时 in the beginning   渐渐地 little by little

总之 in short      采纳take in     你好吗? How are you doing?

写信给某人 write to sb.            写回信给某人  write back to sb.

更糟糕的是    even worse        向某人致以最美好的祝愿 Best wishes to sb.

用现在进行时表示将来

现在进行时表示将来时,常有“意图”、“安排”(但不是固定不变的)或“打算”含义。它表示最近或较近的将来,所用的动词多是位移动词。

如:come, go, arrive, leave, fly, start, begin, return, open, die

例:Im going.我要走了。When are you starting?你什么时候动身?

Dont worry. The train is arriving here soon.别着急,火车马上就到了。

表示将来的现在进行时除了用于位移动词外,亦可用于某些非位移动词。

如:My uncle is meeting us tomorrow.我叔叔明天会见我们。

She is buying a new bike soon.她不久将买一辆新自行车。

  交际用语:谈论不同国家英语的不同点并了解交际中的身体语言

1.I cant follow you. Can you speak more slowly, please?

2.Oh, it sounds interesting.

3.If you want to succeed in making yourself understood, you need to know some of these differences

4.---Whats up? ---The foreigner is asking for a ride.

5.Generally speaking, American English is different from British English in pronunciation and spelling.

Unit 3  Topic 3

使别人理解你 make yourself understood    陷入困境, 很尴尬 get into trouble

和某人会谈  have conversations with sb    在……努力,致力于 work hard at.

同意某人的看法 agree with sb.        英语口语    oral/spoken English       

公开地   公然地  在公共场合 in public    犯困  feel sleepy

担心期末考试   be afraid of the final test  有时  at times = sometimes = once in a while

向某人求助  ask sb for help = turn to sb for help

想要做某事  feel like doing sth=want to do sth.=would like to do sth.

放弃 give up      写日记 keep a diary    请再说一遍 I beg your pardon.

给某人一些关于…..建议   give sb some advice建议某人做某事     advise sb to do sth

在……方面很差/  be weak in    担心犯错  be afraid of making mistakes

理解课文大意    get the main idea of the article深呼吸  take a deep breath 

正确发音 get the pronunciation right     做听力训练   do some listening practice

做……最佳时间  the best time to do sth.     开班会   hold a class meeting

和某人分享…share sth. with sb.    谢谢你的倾听 Thank you foryourlistening.

做某事感到荣幸  Its an honor to do sth.    尽可能经常 as often as possible

就这些 Thats all.  记住去做某事 remember to do sth.  记住做过某事 remember doing sth.

坚持做某事      stick to  doing sth / keep on doing sth.

起初 at first    嘲笑某人 laugh at sb.   造(完整的)句子 make (complete) sentences

为了做某事 in order to do sth./so that +句子   逐渐意识到come to realize

最后,但同样重要的 Last but not least

wh- +to do

wh-是指when, where, which, who(m)how等连接词,它们和动词不定式连用,即为wh- +to do结构。这种结构在句中常作主语、表语和宾语,作宾语时可以转换为宾语从句。(对于谓语动词来说,wh- +to do这个不定式动词的动作是个尚未发生的动作,所以在转换成宾语从句时,通常须加情态动词或用将来时表示未来。)

如:I dont know what to do.=I dont know what I should do.

 She cant decide which to buy.=she cant decide which she will buy.

反之,如果主句中的主语与宾语从句中的主语一致时,宾语从句(由疑问词引导)通常可以与“疑问词+不定式”互相转换。

如:I dont know what I should do.=I dont know what to do.

如果不一致就不能转换。I want to know what Mary will do.(不能说:I want to know what to do.)

交际用语:谈论如何学习英语

1.---, but I hate to speak English in public.---Youd better not.

2.---I know its very important to learn English well. But its difficult for me.---Me, too.

3.Have you ever had any difficulties in studying English?

4.---, could you give us some advice on how to learn English well?

---Youd better follow the tape and do some listening practice.

I think the best time to remember new words is in the morning.

Unit 4 Topic 1

环绕travle around 实现梦想 achieve ones dream发射send up

踏上set foot on       在做某事方面取得进步 make progress in doing sth.

为感到自豪 be proud of (doing)sth    劝某人做某事advise sb. to do sth.

期望某人做某事 expect sb. to do sth.    毋庸质疑  there is no doubt that

在科技和商业领域 in technology and business  出现,产生  come into being

在…的帮助下  with the help of/ with ones help  多亏,由于 Thanks to.

做生意do business  玩游戏 play games    看电影 watch movies

购物 do shopping    在线聊天 chat on line   例如   such as /for example /for instance

头痛  get headaches 眼睛发炎 get sore eyes   正确使用 use sth. properly

发送,接收邮件 send and receive an mail  按照下面的指示做 follow these directions

打开turn on   把……和…..连接connet to / with… 连上英特网connect to the Internet

点击  click on     输入type in      在屏幕上on the screen

一组信息的目录 a list of messages      做完某事  finish doing sth   

宾语补足语: 宾语补足语用来补充说明宾语,与宾语一起构成复合宾语。可作宾语补足语的有名词、形容词、副词、介词和动词不定式等。

(一)、名词、形容词、副词、介词短语作宾语补足语。如:

1.We call him Jim.(名词)

  我们叫他吉姆。

2.We must keep our school clean every day.(形容词)

   我们必须每天保持校园清洁。

3.Call him in, please.(副词)

   请叫他进来。

4.Leave it on the desk.(介词短语)

   把它留在课桌上。

(二)、动词不定式作宾语补足语可分为三种情况:

1.跟带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有:ask, tell, get, teach, want, invite, like, allow, wish, encourage等。如:Tell Jane to sing us a song.叫简给我们唱支歌。

2.跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有“一感(feel)、二听(listen to, hear,三让(make, let, have,四看(look at, see, watch, notice)如:Lets have a rest.让我们休息一会儿。

但这种结构变成被动语态时,to必须加上。如:

He was seen to leave the room with a book in his hand.有人见他手拿着一本书离开这个房间。

3.跟带to或不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语。 这类动词只有help。如:

Can you help me (to) wash my clothes ?

你能帮我洗衣服吗?

(三)、分词作宾语补足语可分为两种情况。

1.现在分词作宾语补足语,经常表示正在发生的动作。可跟这类补足语的动词有:see, watch, hear等。如:

I hear somebody singing in the next room.

我听见有人在隔壁唱歌。

2.过去介词作宾语补足语,经常表示被动。如:

You need to have your hair cut.

你需要理发了。

Unit 4 Topic 2  When was it developed?

被允许做某事be allowed to do sth   对……有害  be bad for

把……给某人看 show sth.to sb.    由……制成be made of / from / in

被用来做…..be used for doing sth.  由…开发/ 发明/研制  be developed by / be invented by 

这个用英语怎么说 Whats the English for this ?   Whats this in English?

在日常生活里in ones daily life    在某人一生期间 during ones life

据说/据报道 Its said /reported that +     克隆羊  the cloned sheep

到目前为止,至今为止so far     人类  human beings:  生物  living things:

和…相似  be similar to      和…一样the same as:   确切知道  know for certain

成为我们生活中的一部分  be part of our lives  对…感到惊异    be surprised at sth

独立思考   think for themselves  警告某人某事warn sb of/about sth  /that 

不再  no longer=notany longer   把……看着/视为 treast.as

为…做巨大贡献make a great contribution to (doing) sth  在医学领域in the medical field

对…有(不良)影响     have some( bad) effects on   发现 find out

发挥很好的作用  work well in  只要  as long as在其余时间里  during the rest of the time

迷路lost ones way=get lost = be lost    在森林中迷路  lost ones way in a forest

逃跑run away     使某人惊讶的是 to ones surprise

一般过去时的被动语态

谓语部分的基本形式是be的过去式was/were+及物动词的过去分词。如:

  When was it made?  它是什么时候制造的?

It was made in 1980.它是1980年制造的。

When was the digital camera invented?

数码像机是什么时候发明的?

It was invented in 1975.

它是1975年发明的。

Unit 4 Topic 3

太好了 /太令人兴奋Sounds great!/ That sounds exciting.

乘宇宙飞船 by spaceship     多么有趣What fun!

我恐怕不(会)。我希望如此(不)Im afraid not./ Im afraid so./ I hope so./ I hope not.

为了学习人类文化   in order to learn about humans culture

亲眼所见 seewith ones own eyes= see sth.oneself  科学研究  scientific research   

参加有关火星的太空飞行  take part in the space flight to Mars

发现新东西  discover something new  喜欢……胜过…… preferto               

长大  grow up  掌握一些基本技能 master some basic skills

在未来  in the future    以。。。为基础base on   绕地球go around the earth

相隔  at a distance of   在表面上 on the surface

相当于…的五分之二的强度      two-fifths as strong as

离…近  be close to    进展顺利 /不顺 go well / wrong

登上火星  land on Mars   在旅途期间  during the journey   更糟糕的是  whats worse     

水供给water supplies    限制用水  limit the use of water

100元钱   be worth 100 yuan      值得做某事be worth doing sth

在太阳系之外  beyond the solar system

情态动词的被动语态:是由“情态动词+be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。如:Aliens can not be seen on the earth.

在地球上不可能见到外星人。

Other planets may be visited soon in the future.

将来其他的星球也会有人登陆。

Scientific research should be done carefully.

应该认真地进行科学研究。

These trees must be watered in time.

这些树应该及时浇水。

 

 

 

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