彼岸流年︶ㄣ / 英语学习 / 四级英语常用动词固定搭配

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四级英语常用动词固定搭配

2012-02-06  彼岸流年...
词语 解释
break down 损坏;瓦解;(组织、计划等彻底毁坏)
break into 闯入;强行进入
break off 中止;中断
break out 逃出;突然发生,爆发
bring about 导致;引起
bring forward 提出;提议
bring to 使恢复知觉
bring up 教育,培养,使成长
call at 访问,拜访
call for 邀请;要求,需要
call off 放弃,取消
call on/upon 访问,拜访;号召,呼吁
carry on 继续下去,坚持下去;从事,经营
carry out 贯彻(理论等),执行(计划等);实现(目标等)
come across (偶然)发现;(偶然)碰见;偶遇
come on 开始;进展;上演;来吧,快点
come out 出版;结果是(to be);出现,长出
come through 经历,脱险
come to 总计,达到;苏醒,复原
come up 发生;走近,上来
cut across 抄近路,走捷径
cut down (on) 削减,降低
cut off 阻断;切断,使隔绝
drop by/in 顺便来访(无意的)
fall back on 求助于,转而依靠
fall behind 落后
fall in with 碰见;符合,与......一致
get across 解释清楚,使人了解
get along/with 有进展;生活得,过得
get at 够得着,触及;意思是,理解
get away 离开,走开,逃脱
get by 混过;通过,经过
get down to 开始,着手(此处to为介词)
get in 进入;收回,收获
get out of 逃避;改掉
get rid of 除去,摆脱
get through 接通电话;度过(时间等);结束,完成
get together 集合,聚集
give away 泄露,分送
give back 送还;恢复
give in 交上;投降,屈服
give up 停止,放弃
give way to 给...让路,对...让步(含屈服的意思)
go after 追求,求爱
go around/round 足够分配;流传
go by (时间等)过去;遵守,遵循
go in for 从事,追求,致力于,沉迷于
go into 研究,调查,进入
go over 复习,重温;(重复)检查,审查
go through 经历,经受(困难等)
hand in 交上,递交
hand out 散发,(平均)分发,发给
hold back 阻止,抑制
hold on 继续,不挂断,握住不放
keep on 保持,继续不断
keep up with 向...看齐,跟上
lay aside 把...搁置在一边;储蓄
lay off 休息;(临时)解雇
lay out 布置,安排;设计,制定
let alone 不干涉;更不用说
let down 放下,降低;使失望
live on (动物)以...为食;(人)靠...生活
look after 照顾,照料;注意,关心
look back 回头看;回顾,记忆
look down on/upon 看不起,轻视
look forward to 盼望,期待
look into 调查,观察
look out 留神,注意
look through 仔细查看;浏览,温习
make out 辨认出;理解
make up 组成,构成;捏造,编造;化妆,补充
pay back 偿还,回报
pay off 还清(债);取得成功
pick out 选出;拣出
pick up 拾起;(车)中途搭(人)
pull in (车)停下,进站;(船)到岸
pull off 脱(帽、衣等)
pull on 穿(帽、衣等)
put across/over 解释清楚,说明
put aside 储存,保留
put down 记下,放下;镇压,评定
put forward 提出
put off 推迟
put on 上演;(体重)增加;穿上,戴上
put out 熄灭;关(灯);生产;伸出;出版;公布,发布
put up 建造,搭起;张贴;提(价);提供食宿
run down 追捕;贬低;(逐渐)减少;(逐渐)变弱;撞倒,撞沉
run out (of) 用完,耗尽
run through 游览;贯穿,普遍存在于
see off 给...送行
see to 注意,负责,照料;修理
set about 开始,着手
set down 记下,记入,放下,卸下
set off 动身,出发;引起,使发生
set up 创立,建立,树立;资助
show off 卖弄,炫耀
stand by 支持;袖手旁观;做好准备
stand for 代表,意味着;支持;是...的缩写
take after (在托愿竦确矫妫┯耄母)相像
take ... for 把...认为是,把...看成为
take off 起飞;脱下;匆匆离开
take over 接收,接管;借用,承袭
take to 对...产生好感;开始喜欢;开始从事
take up 开始从事;占去,占据
turn down 拒绝;关小,调低
turn out 结果是,(最后)证明是,制造,生产,关掉
turn over 仔细考虑
turn to 变成;求助于,借助于
turn up 开大,调大;出现,来到
wait for 等候
wait on 服侍,侍候
watch out (for) 密切注意,提防
wear out 穿破;磨损;(使)耗尽
wonder at 对...感到惊讶
work at 从事于,致力于
work out 算出;想出,制定出,解决
worry about (使)担心,(使)发愁
write down 写下, 把...描写成
write off 注销,勾销,取消
yield to 屈服,服从
(be) about to 刚要,即将
(be) absorbed to 专心于
account for 说明(原因等)
(be) accused of 控告,谴责
acquaint with 熟悉,熟知
adapt to (使)适应,适合;改编,改写
add to 增添,增加;补充说
add up to 合计达,总计
adhere to 附着,粘着
adjust to (使)适应于,把...调节到
agree to (+物)同意,赞成
agree with (+人)同意,赞成
aim at 瞄准,对准;旨在
allow for 考虑到
amount to 合计,共计,等于
answer for 对...负有责任
aplolgize to sb. for sth. 为...而向...道歉
appeal to 诉诸,求助
apply for 申请,请求
approve of 赞成,同意;批准,核准
arise from 由...引起,由...产生
arrive at 到达(小地方);达成,得出
arrive in 到达(大地方)
ask after 探问,问候
ask for 询问,要求
assign to 指派,选派
associate with 使联系,使联合;交往
attach to 系上,贴上;使附属,使依恋
attempt at 企图,努力
attend to 照顾,护理;专心于
attribute to 把...归因于,归咎于
back up 支持,援助;后退
bear/keep in mind 记住
begin with 从...开始
believe in 相信,信任
belong to (在所有权关系等方面)属于
benefit from 受益,获益
blame for/on 责备;因...而受到责备
boast of/about 自夸,夸耀,吹牛
build up 积累,堵塞;树立
burn out 烧光,烧毁;烧起来
burst out + n. 爆发,突然发作
burst out + V-ing 爆发,突然发作
care for 照顾,照料;喜欢;宠爱
catch up with 赶上
check in 办理登记手续
check out 记账后离开;检验,核查
cheer up 高兴,振作
clear away 把...清除掉,收拾
clear up 使变清;放晴;清理
combine with 结合,联合,化合
comment on 评论
communicate with 与...通讯;交流
compare to 比较,对比;把...比作
compensate for 补偿,赔偿
complain about/of 抱怨,申诉
compy with 照做,遵照,应允
conceive of 想像,设想
concentrate on 集中,专心
(be) concerned with 关心,挂念,从事于
(be) concerned with 关心,挂念,从事于
as far as ... be concerned 就...来说
confine to/with 限制
conflict with 冲突,抵触
congratulate on 祝贺,向...致祝词
consent to 同意,赞成
consist of 由...组成
consist in 在于;存在于
consult with 商量,商议
contrast with 对比,和...形成对照
contribute to 捐献,捐助,贡献;投稿
control over 控制,支配
convert to 变化,变换,转换
convice of 使确信,使信服
cope with 对付,应付
correspond to 相当,相类似
correspond with 相符合,成一致
count on 倚靠,指望
count up 算出...的总数,共计
cover up 掩饰,掩盖
cure of 治愈,医治;矫正
deal in 经营
deal with 处理,论述,涉及
dedicate to 奉献,把...用在
deduce from 演绎,推断
define ... as 把...定义为
depend on/upon 依靠,信赖,取决于
derive from 起源,衍生
despair of 对...绝望
deviate from 背离,偏离
devote to 致力于,把...奉献给
die down 变弱,逐渐消失
die out 消失,灭绝
differ from 不同
differ with 与...意见不同
direct to/at 把...对准,针对
disagree with 不同意,不一致
disappoint at/with 对...失望
discharge from 排出;流出;释放;解雇;出院
dispose of 处理,销毁,去掉
distinguish from 区别, 识别,辨别,辨认
distribute over 散布
divide by
do away with 废除,除掉
do without 没有...也行
double up 弯着身子;把...折起来
draw in (黄?到站
draw on 动用,利用
draw up 起草,制订
dress up 打扮,穿上盛装
engage in 使从事于,使忙于
equip with 装备,配备
exchange for 交换,调换,兑换
experiment on/with 进行实验
expose to 使暴露,受到;使曝光
face up to 大胆面向
feed on/with 向...提供,以...为食
feel for 摸索,摸索着寻找
figure out 计算出;领会到
fill in/out 填充,填写
find out 查明,发现
free of/from 无...的,免去...
focus on (使)聚焦,(使)集中
frown upon 皱眉
glance at/over 提到,影射,扫视
guard against 提防, 预防,防止,防范
hang about/around 闲荡,闲呆着
hang on 坚持;不挂断;抓紧不放
hang on to 紧紧抓住
hang up 挂断(电话)
have on 穿着,戴着
head for (使)朝...行进,(使)走向
head on 迎面的,正面的
hear of/about 听到
hear from 收到...的(来信)
can/could not help 禁不住,忍不住
hinder from 阻止,妨碍
hurry up 匆匆完成,(使)赶快
identify with 认为...等同于
impose on 把...强加给;利用,欺骗
impress on 印,留下印象
improve on/upon 改进,超过
inform of/about 通知,告诉
inform against/on 告发,检举
inquire of/about 询问,打听,调查
insist on/upon 坚决要求,坚持
interfere in/with 干涉,介入;妨碍,干扰
involve in 卷入,陷入;牵涉,包含
knock down 击倒,撞倒
knock out 击倒,击昏
laugh at 因...而笑,嘲笑
lead to 导致,通往
learn of 听到,获悉
learn from 向...学习
leave alone 不干涉
leave behind 留下,忘记带
leave for 动身去
leave off (使)停止
leave out 遗漏,略去
lie in 在于
limit to 限制,限定
line up 排成一行
long for 渴望,极想
major in 主修,专攻
meet with 遇见,碰到
mistake for 把...误认为
mix up 搅匀;混淆,搞混
model on/after 模仿
multiply by 乘以
name after 给...取名,命名
object to 反对,不赞成
occur to 被想到,被想起
operate on 开动;动手术
originate in/from 起源,发生;首创
owe to 应把...归功于
participate in 参与,参加
pass away 去世
pass on 传授,传递
persist in 坚持不懈,执意;持续
persuade of (使)相信
piece together 拼合,拼凑
plunge into 纵身投入,跳入;猛冲;使突然陷入
point out 指出
prefer to 更喜欢,宁愿
preside at/over 主持
prevail over 取胜,占优势;盛行
prevent from 预防,防止
profit by/from 得利,获益
provide sb. with sth. 提供,供给
provide sth. for sb. 提供,供给
quarrel about/over 争吵,口角
range over 论及,涉及
react against 反应,起反作用;反抗
read about/of 读到
reason with 理喻,与...评理,劝告
recover from 痊愈,恢复;重新获得
refer to 参考,查阅;涉及,提到
refer to ... as 把...称做,把...当做
regard ... as 把...看做,认为
register with 注册,登记
relate to 有关联
rely on/upon 依靠,依赖
remark about/on 评论,议论
remember to 向...致意,代...问候
remind sb. of sth. 使想起
remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
reply to 回答,答复
report to 报导,报告
resign to 辞职,辞去,放弃;托付给
resort to 求助;诉诸于,采取,凭借
respond to 响应,回答
rest on 依靠,依赖;被搁在, 停留在
restrain from 阻碍,控制,抑制
result from 起因于,由...产生,因...而造成
result in 导致,结果是
ring off 挂断电话, 走掉, 离开
ring up 打电话;<美> 把(款项)记入现金记录机, 登录
rob of 抢劫,盗取
scrape through 勉强通过
search for 寻找,探查;搜查, 搜索
seek after/for 寻找,追求,探索,试图,企图
select from 挑选,选择
send for 召唤,派人去请,派人去拿;函索
send in 递送,呈报,呈送,递交
send off 寄出, 邮寄,发送,派遣, 解雇, 给...送行
separate from (使)分离;(使)分开
settle down 定居; 平静下来, 专心于;解决,调停
settle to 静下心来
shake off 抖落,摆脱,甩掉
share in 分享,分担
share with 分与,分派,分配,分享,共用
side with 支持,站在...的一边, 和...抱同样的见解
slow down/up (使)放慢,减速
smell of 有...的气味,有...的味道
specialize in 擅长于,专门研究,专攻
speed up 加速
stem from 起源于
step on 踩,踏上
stick to 粘在...上,粘住;坚持,信守
subject to 使服从,使遭受
submit to 使服从,使受到,服从,屈服,忍受,顺从;呈送,递交
substitute for 代替...,替换...,取代...
subtract from 减去
succeed in 在...方面成功
suffer from 忍受,遭受;使痛苦,患病;受损失
sum up 计算...的总数,概括,总结
surrender to 投降,自首
switch off 切断,(用开关)关掉
switch on 接通,(用开关)开起
sympathize with 同意,同感;同情,怜悯,共鸣
talk over 详尽地商议,商量,讨论,说服,议论
taste of 有...味道,体验,感到
tell from 区别,辨别,认出
think better of 重新考虑决定不做,较高评价,认真考虑;经考虑对...改变看法
think of 考虑,关心;想一想,想起,想象,有...的看法,记起
think of ... as 把...看做是,认为...是
think over 仔细考虑,重新考虑
throw away 丢弃,扔掉,抛弃;浪费(金钱等)
touch on 略微谈到,谈及,提及
try on 试穿,试验
try out 试用,试验,考验,提炼
turn in (to) 上床睡觉,上缴,出卖,把...向内折,告发,收听

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