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英语作文突破高级材料

2012-03-10  MouseHappy
英语作文突破高级材料
每句话都是精心挑选的,即使你只能写出两三句话也不要担心,一句句的背诵,按照方法中介绍的去做,英语作文人人都能拿高分。别灰心,其实一般和卓越只差一步!!
 
英语作文试题的真相:
“知己知彼,百战不殆!”任何考试题型都是“研究在先,方法在后”,英语作文同样有着它自己的特点。让我们一层层剥开它的真相:
 
真相一:作文是写给老师的,不是写给自己的。
其实,无论是语文作文还是英语作文都是写给判卷老师的,而不是写给自己的。
只要是考试,你必须完成出题者设计的试题,尤其是作文,必须按照判卷老师想要的要求来答题才会给分数。判卷老师越是喜欢的文章,当然分数就会越高。同学们,你们知道判卷老师喜欢什么样的文章吗?
 
真相二:中国的英语作文本身就充满了中国式思维、中国式结构、英语句型,而不是国外的地道文章。
英语试题和英语学习在中国的几十年发展中,由于初期很少人和外国人经常生活在一起或密切往来,仅仅局限于对西方世界和西方语言的间接接触,最终造就了一个“中国人自己的英语世界”。无论是中学作文还是大学四六级作文在慢慢地积累中就形成了一整套“中国式英语作文”的体系,它主要考查语法、词汇、句型和文章结构。“中国式英语作文”的典型特点就是地道的中国式思想表达配以正确的英语句型和词汇使用,形象的讲就是“一个披着西装的中国佬”。而西方的文章本质就和东方的思想不同,在语言的表达习惯和表达逻辑上也是大相径庭。我们也可以说外国人写作文和中国人写英语作文根本不是一回事。
就考试而言,我们有成套的技巧供同学们参考。总结出来的句型、结构以及所有拿分点都是判卷老师所喜欢的,这样就可以轻松达到拿高分的目的。其实“中国式英文作文”有很明显的套路可循,只要大家勤于练习和总结,每个人都可以写出接近满分的“高考英语作文”。
 
真相三:判卷老师的真实写照。
——请同学们谨记:高考发生在每年的暑期。
判卷老师被封闭在一个房间里,面前摆放着成千上万份试卷……
每份作文判卷的平均阅卷时间不到20秒……
判卷老师第一眼:字迹书写(包括字数)。
判卷老师第二眼:结构。
判卷老师第三眼:题目中的关键信息是否写全或跑题。
判卷老师第四眼:句型和语法错误。
判卷老师第五眼:词汇使用。
判卷老师第六眼:给分。
 
 
如何“背”文章才有效?
“背诵”对于百分之九十的同学来说都是非常头痛的问题。根本上讲是大家没有坚持背诵的习惯。人的右脑是无限的,如果从小学三年级开始坚持背诵,两三年后大脑就会深度开发,如果坚持到初三,你所掌握的东西完全可以应付高中英语学习了。你背诵的东西越多,坚持背诵的时间越长,大脑开发的就越透彻,最后你记忆的速度会超过别人十倍。周恩来、郭沫若、胡适、林语堂等都是最好的范例。
“亡羊补牢未为晚矣”,你只需从今天的这一篇文章开始背诵就可以了,别的不要想。记住这句话“嘴不练熟别背诵”。很简单,方法就是朗读熟练后重复、重复、再重复,直到嘴巴可以读得滚瓜烂熟了,你会发现已经不知不觉背下来了,这样的记忆会很扎实。千万不要做“五分钟就把文章背下来,然后认为已经记住”的蠢事,因为短时间记忆就会出现短时间遗忘。正确的背诵方法应该是多次重复自然记忆,即使感觉已经记住了也不要管他,继续每天多次重复,最后你一定可以做到“下笔如有神”或“出口成章”。(挑战一下,你可以在五分钟内把一篇文章读几遍?)
 
切准“高考作文”的要害,对每个拿分点各个击破!
 
秘诀一:只需一篇范文反复训练你的书法,一个月后就可以写一手漂亮的英文。
       (英语只有26个字母,算上大小写才58个,一个月时间足够了。)
秘诀二:有接近一半的作文有固定规律可循,我们将其主要句型结构提炼“模
        板”,叫它“万能模板万能用”。
秘诀三:收集几十个高级句型,简单改装后你就可以在高考作文中如鱼得水,轻
        松取得高分。
秘诀四:收集几十个高级单词或短语,直接套进文章里你就可以在高考作文中如鱼得水,轻松取得高分。
秘诀五:长句、难句只需简单句加上关联词就可以造就了。
秘诀六:名言谚语能套就套,不会套自己造,照样拿高分。
秘诀七:注意开头结尾都有固定的格式和句型。
秘诀八:最高级的方法就是“无中生有”。作文题目中只会给出零碎的提示信息,而用什么句子把它们串起来就看你的功底了。用已经背诵好的精彩句子套进提示信息,你就可以写出让判卷老师吃惊的文章,看似水平极高,其实都是早有准备。
 
(在我们的作文课上,我会逐个为大家讲解这八个秘诀的使用,同时给大家足够的高级句型,你只需像拼积木一样就可以写出满分作文。)
 
别忽视,还有一些小技巧很重要:
1.        用句子量来计算单词量。平均每句话10个单词左右。若文章要求是120词,
    你的句子就在12到13个。   若是150词,你的句子量就在15到16个。
2.        句与句之间的不要留一个字母的位置,将他拉大到两到三个字母,这样便
    于判卷老师数字句子,自然也便于自己数句子。
3.        注意每句话开头要大写。
4.        书写的字体最好是每个字母分开的,不要连体、花体。有些同学的字母看
     起来有点幼稚,没关系的,关键是清晰、整齐。
5.        分段要清晰,单词间距平均工整。
6.        书写字体不要太小,要让判卷老师能够轻松看到。
7.        不要交白卷,在试卷里面的单选、完形、阅读中有无数的句子,找一些好
    句子往上抄,但要字迹工整。只要有字,考官就会给分。
8.        注意是否题目中要求你要写出文章的标题。写标题时实词第一个字母要大
    写,虚词第一个字母要小写。
 
送给你同学们一套心法,希望大家反复揣摩然后记在心间:
 
好材料是“找”出来的。
好句子是“背”出来的。
好词汇是“套”出来的。
好文章是“改”出来的。
好书法是“模”出来的。
                                                
 
 
废话大放送:
别走开,下面是特别放送——拿高分的“废话”句子!一定要背下来哟!
●1.For all these reasons we should put away our mobile phones and focus our attention on studies.
●2.If we want to study well, we should devote our time and energy to our studies.
●3.If we want to have a good command of English, we must put to use what we have learned time and again.
●4.I am sure you will make surprising progress if you follow my advice.
●5.It is necessary for the student to go outside to get to know the world.
●6.My advice is that they should devote all their energy and time to protecting environment rather than anything  else. [the environmental protection]
●7.People wonder whether it is good for students to do so.
●8.In my opinion, taking part-time jobs will do more good than harm to the students so long as they keep a balance between study and the jobs.
●9.Mastering reading techniques is the key to effective reading.
●10.The best way to improve your speaking ability is (to learn) to speak more.
●11.I’m sure the constant practice will help you win success.
●12.What we should do is to develop our adaptive abilities to face it rather than to escape from it.( adaptive abilities适应能力)
●13.As long as we try hard and work diligently, we can become successful in various careers.
●14.So, after considering all of these, I think you may agree with me that to be a teacher as my life career is a wise choice.(结语实用语)
●15.Good health contributes a lot to success.
●16.Water is of great importance to our daily life.   (be of great importance to对…十分重要)
 
高级词汇的使用
1.occur 替换 think of
   Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house.
   替换:An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.
         It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.
2.average 替换ordinary
   I’m an average ( ordinary ) student.
3.but替换very
   The film we saw last night was very interesting.
   替换:The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting.
        The film we saw last night was anything but boring.
4.suppose 替换should
   He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.
5.appreciate 替换thank
   Thank you very much for you help.
   替换:We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.
6.the case替换 true
   I don’t think it is the case ( true ).
7.on替换as soon as
   As soon as he arrived, he began his research.
   替换:On his arrival, he began his research..
8.due to替换because of
He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.
9.cover替换walk/read
    After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.
10.contribute to替换  be helpful/useful
Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study.
    替换:Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.
11.round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby
    ① The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans?
② Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby).
12.come up with替换think of
    Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas.
13.set aside替换save
    Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books.
14.refer to  替换talk about/of, mention
    The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous.
15.can not but / can not help but替换have to do
I could not but (had to) go home.
16.be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to替换be interested in
He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps.
17.more than替换very
    ① I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September.
      替换:I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September.
     ② If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.
18.perfect (ly)/ fantastic/ awesome/marvelous/terrific 替换good/ very well
He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaks English perfectly ( very well ).
19.the other day替换a few days ago
    The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. ( NMET 1997 )
20.consist of替换be made up of
    Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students.
21.attend to替换look after
22.express one’s satisfaction with替换be satisfied with
23.spare no efforts to do替换try one’s best to do
24.be rushed off one’s feet  替换be busy in doing
25.a handful of替换a little / some
26.meanwhile替换at the same time
27.seldom替换not often
28.wealthy替换 rich
29.amazing替换surprising
30.as a matter of fact 替换in fact
31.获得acquire      赢得,取得gain 替换get
32.勤奋的,勤勉的diligent替换hardworking
33.疲惫不堪的exhausted替换tired
34.参加 participate in替换join, enter
35.把…看做 regard as ,consider as替换see…as
36.进步,成就achievement, accomplishment替换progress
37.难以置信incredible, astonishing替换great
38.各种各样的various替换different
39.复杂的complicated替换difficult to understand
40.确信的,毋庸置疑的absolutely, definitely, it’s no wonder that替换surely
41.巨大的tremendous, enormous, huge替换very big
42.意识到 be aware of替换realize
 
高考英语议论文写作经典40句
    每一句都是“重磅炸弹”,都可以得高分,请你慢慢把他们背熟,以后的议论文都可以自然套用。
 
描述现象或提出问题为主:
表示……受到关注
1.      With the increasingly rapid economic growth, more problems are brought to our attention.
随着日益迅速的经济发展,更多的问题受到我们的关注。
2.      The preservation of forests has aroused people’s wide concern
保护森林引发人们的广泛关注.
/How we can maintain the ecological balance has been widely discussed in our university.
如何保护生态平衡在我们学校被广泛讨论。
/Recently the phenomenon has aroused people’s wide concern
最近这个现象引起了广泛关注。
 
重要影响
1.    Nowadays more and more people begin to realize the importance of the problem of education.
现在越来越多的人开始认识到教育问题的重要性。
/Nowadays more and more people notice the significance of the problem of pollution.
现在越来越多的人开始注意到污染问题的严重性。
2.    It may create/cause /lead to a series of problems.
这有可能造成一系列的问题
3. Advertising play a significant role in American business, furthermore, it exerts enormous effects on the nation’s economy.
广告在美国商业中起着重要的作用,而且它对国家的经济有着极大的影响。
4.  According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.
根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大约78.9%的大学毕业生在毕业后都想继续进修。
5.      Our city becoming increasingly crowded due to the expanding population and the sharp rise in the number of private cars.
由于不断增长的人口和私家车数量的剧增,我们的城市变得愈来愈拥挤。
6.      With the rapid development of modern technology, the Internet has become a necessary part of our daily life and work.
随着现代科技的迅速发展,互联网已经成为生活和工作中必不可少的一部分。
 
表示观点
表示支持或反对
1.    Personally, I stand on the side of…
就个人而言,我支持…
/As far as I’m concerned, I am in favor of the opinion that…
就我而言,我赞同…的观点
2.    From my part , I completely agree with the former/latter.
至于我,我完全同意前/后者的观点。
/Personally, I side with the former/latter opinion.
就个人而言, 我赞同前/后者的观点。
3.    For the reasons presented above, I strongly commit to the notion that…
根据上述的理由,我坚持的观点是…
 
表示陈述原因
1.    If asked to make a choice, I would not hesitate to side with the latter view for several strong reasons.
如果要我选择的话,我将基于以下几点理由毫不犹豫地选择后者的观点。
2.    I fully agree with the statement that… The reasons are chiefly as follows:
我完全同意…,  主要理由如下:
3.    I can hardly side with the latter opinion for the following several sound reasons:
我很难认同后一种观点,理由有以下几个方面:
4.    The reasons why… are as follows. The main reason is… What is more, … Thirdly… As a result, …
 
表示发生巨大变化
1.    Our eating habits have changed drastically since western fast food was introduced into China ten years ago.
自从十年前西式快餐进入中国以来,我们的饮食习惯发生了巨变。
2.    With the rapid development of economy, great changes have taken place in …
/remarkable/amazing/fantastic
/progress/growth /improvement
/society/industry/living standard
随着经济的快速的发展,…发生了巨大的变化。
3.    At present/currently/lately/recently/nowadays/these years/in the past several decades/over the last several years…
目前/当前/最近/近来/现今/这些年来/在过去几十年里/过去几年来…
 
正反两面看
1.      Though scientific advancement has brought us many benefits, it also produces some negative effects on human life to some extent.
虽然科学技术的进步给我们带来很多好处,同时也在某种程度上对人类生活带来负面影响。
2.      Views on the issue in question vary from person to person.
对该问题的看法因人而异。
3.      Attitudes towards this hot topic differ widely.
人们对此热点话题的态度不一。
4.      The discussion about…has never stopped in the past few years. Let’s have a look at its advantages and disadvantages before drawing the final conclusion.
关于…的讨论在过去几年里从来都没停止过。在得出最终的结论之前,让我们来分析一下它的利弊.
 
结论
1.    From what has been discussed above, we may safely arrive at the conclusion that…
从以上所讨论的来看,我们可以得出以下结论…
2.    Obviously, we can draw the conclusion that …
3.    Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
4.  To conclude my essay, I would like to quote an old saying “…”
我想引用一句古语来结束我的文章:“…”
5. Up until now, we can see it clearly that____ is not beneficial or harmful in itself. The key lies in the user---so long as we can make proper use of it, it can be most helpful to us in many respects.
 
呼吁/解决办法
1.    Both governments and ordinary citizens should join hands to make this world a better place to live in, not only for ourselves, but also for future generations.
不仅仅是为了我们,更是为了我们的后代,政府和普通公民应该联合起来,使这个世界变成更美好的家园。
2.    I suggest the department concerned taking some effective measures to improve the present situation.
我建议有关部门采取一些有效措施改善现状。
3.    When everyone realize the significance of environmental protection and adopts some feasible measures, I am fully confident that we can enjoy a cleaner environment.
当每个人都充分意识到环保的重要性,并采取可行的措施,我坚信我们能享有更干净的环境。
4.    Obviously, it is high time that we took some effective measures to solve the problem.
/Consequently, it is high time that we made great efforts to put an end to...
5.    What we should make sure is to absorb the essence and discard the dregs.
我们要做到的是取其精华,弃其糟粕。
6.    We are blessed with new opportunities and faced with new challenges.
我们被赋予新的机会和面临着新的挑战。
7.    I firmly believe that if we try our best to..., can we...
8.    It is high time that we called on the efforts from all sides to deal with this problem properly.
10. In my mind, the government and the citizens should join hands to put an end to these_____.
11. It is more than necessary that all of us joined in the efforts to fight against this notorious phenomenon.
12. If everyone makes a contribution to environmental protection, the world will become much more beautiful. 
如果每个人都为保护环境做出贡献,世界会变得更加美好。
13. Let’s work together to make our world a better place.        
让我们一起努力把世界变得更加美好。
 

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