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七年级下册英语复习笔记

2012-06-01  南山松林

七年级下册英语复习笔记

Unit  1    Where’s your pen pal from?

Where +be+主语+from?=Where +do/does+主语+come from?

Where are you from?=Where do you come from?

Be  from =  come from

    

联系动词     实义动词

例:Stone is come from China.(×)

             注:be动词与实义动词永远不能连用

 

.国家     国人    国人复数     语言      首都

(the people Republics  of China ) (P. R. C.)

Chinese    Chinese      Chinese       Chinese       Beijing

Canada    Canadian     Canadians   English, French   Ottawa

France     French      Frenchmen     French         Paris

Japan     Japanese       Japanese     Japanese       Tokyo

(the United States of America )(U.S.A.)

     America   American    Americans   English      Washington.D.C.

theunited Kingdom

    England    Englishman     Englishmen        English       London

 Australia   Australian        Australians        English      Canberra

 

三.         Where does he live?  He lives in Beijing.

Where对地点提问的秘诀是:一定,二改,三组合

一定,确定疑问词Where

二改,将原句改为一般疑问句,将第一人称改为第二人称

三组合,把前面的部分及后面部分组合

例:I live in Kunming(画线提问)  Where do you from?

Live是一个不及物动词

及物动词后可以直接加宾语,不需要加任何介词。

不及物动词后不可以直接加宾语,但可以单独使用。如果想要加宾语,需要加上介词。

 

  .   What language does she speak?

     Speak:既可以做及物动词,也可以做不及物动词。翻译为说,讲话及物动词时,只能接某种语言做宾语。

     例:1. He speaks (vt) English.

        2 .Mr stone is speaking. (vi)

             Speak to sb 和某人讲话

      Say: 翻译为说,述说用系统语言表达自己的想法,后面必须跟说话的内容,宾语只能是话语,而不能是人。

例:He says he is a boy.

      Tell: 翻译为告诉,讲述。尤其用在讲故事,讲笑话(tell stories/jocks

          Tell sb sth (告诉某人某事)  tell sb to do sth(告诉某人做某事)

          例:My mother tells me to study well.

      Talk: 翻译为交谈,谈论。后面常跟to, with表示与某人谈话。如果跟about, of表示谈话的内容。

           Talk to sb=talk with sb和某人谈话

           Talk about sth=talk of sth谈论某事

.interestinginterested

  interesting :指事情本身有趣,意为有趣的,令人感兴趣的厂子句中作定语,表语。

  Interested:指人对……感兴趣(be interested

             例句:This is an interesting story.

                   I am interested in learning English.

.a little little

 A little:修饰不可数名词,表示肯定含义,意为有一些,少量

        如:There is little water in Mr. Stone’s cup

Little: 修饰不可数名词,表示肯定,翻译为几乎没有。

        :I know little Japanese

拓展:Many+可数名词复数 egMany books

      Much+不可数名词   eg:  Much money

      Some+可数名词/不可数名词    egSome book/water

      A lot of +可数名词/不可数名词

 

.I like gong to the movies with my friends and playing sports. 

      1        2          3

   1.like doing sth:喜欢干某事,表示个人兴趣爱好,经常性的动作。

                 Eg: I like playing football

      Like to do sth:表示想去做某事,表示最近想去干某事。

2.去看电影

  Go to the movies

  Go to a movie

  Go to the cinema

  Go to see a movie

3.and with

  And连接两个主语,通常放在句首,其谓语动词复数。(连词)

  with为介词,后面跟名词或代词的宾格,通常放在句末。

      Eg: He and I are both students

          He lives in China with his parents.

Unit one 重点词组

1.pen pal 笔友   

 2.speak English讲英语

3. be from=come from来自

4.on weekends在周末

5.write to do 给某人写信

5.live in 居住

7.a little一些

8.likes and dislikes喜欢/不喜欢

9.like doing sth喜欢做某事

10.like to do sth想去做某事

11. tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于某事

12.tell sb to do sth 告诉某人去做某事

13. talk to/with sth 1和某人谈话

4.talk of /about sth 谈论某事

15. be interesting in……感兴趣

16.go to the movies=go to the cinema =go to see a film 去看电影

17.hear from sb收到某人来信

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

一.语言目标:问路,指路

问路的常用句型:

Excuse me1.Where’s the post office?

           2.Is there a post office near here?

                                             3.Which is the way to the post office?

                                             4.Could you tell me how to get to the post office?

                                 5.Could you tell me how can I get to the post office?

                6.Could you tell me where the post office?

               (特殊疑问句跟在宾语从句后,其语句用用陈述句语序)

   二.Is there a bank near here?

      There be 句型:表示某地有某物表示客观存在。

       否定形式只需在there be + not

       Eg: There isn’t any water in the cap.

       疑问句:Be + there + 其他

       Eg: Is there a zoo near hear?

       have/has:表示某人有某物 从属关系

       Eg: We have a bed in the room?

       如果后接门牌号,用介词at

       Eg: He lives at 88 Hua Xing street.

       在街道上,in the street英国人用法 ,

on the street美国人用法。

Eg: He lives in/on the street.

In the neighborhood of ……的附近

 

三.Just go straight and turn left.

指路常用句型1. Walk on and turn left

                                    2.It is +介词+地点

                                    3.It’s about +(具体数字)……meters  from here

                                    4. Take the second turning/crossing on the right

                                    5. Turn right/left at the second turning.

 

四.1谢谢的说法

1. Thank you very much.

2. Thanks a lot.

3. Thanks

4. Many thank.

5. Thanks a million.

回答谢谢:

1.       That’s all right.

2.       You’re welcome.

3.       Not at all.

4.       Anytime

5.       Don’t mention it

6.       It’ s my pleasure

Welcome to+地点 表示欢迎来到某地

Enjoy 后加 doing sth

Take a walk

 

五.           Through ,across,over(穿过,通过)

1. Through:表示从中间穿过,通过。强调动作在里面进行。

Eg Mr. Stone walks through the park.

2. across:表示动作在某一物体表面进行

EgWe walk across the road.

3.over:多指在空间范围上通过,越过或垂直在上,与表面不接触。

EgThe birds fly over the city.

 

六.Within“

In:强调使用的材料或颜色

In+语言

In+颜色 (表示某人穿什么颜色的衣服)

 

Have fun=have a good time =enjoy oneself

Have fun doing sth

Be busy doing 忙于某事

 

七.方位介词

1.next to ……旁边

2.in front of内部in the front of 外部 ……前面

3.Between ……and……两者之间

4.behind ……后面

5.across from

6.over……之上

 

. I know you are arriving next Sunday

1.are arriving 用进行时表将来时

表示位置移动的词(go, come, leave, arrive)通常用现在进行时表一般将来时。

2.arrive,get to, reach(到达)

arrive不及物动词,后要加at/in 后要加地点名词

get to:经常用于口语中

reach:及物动词,后直接加地点名词

Eg: arrive in Beijing =  get to Beijing =reach Beijing

 

Unit 2 重点词组

1. in front of / in the front of在前面

2. Turn right/left向左/右转

3. go straight向前直走

4. across from……对面

5. Between ……and……在两者之间

6. the beginning of……的开始

7. take a taxi=by taxi打车

8. on one’s way to在某人去某地的路上

9. In the neighborhood在附近

10.take a walk散步

11.go through穿过

12.next to紧挨

13.have fun=enjoy oneself=have a good time玩得开心,过得愉快

14.let sb do sth让某人做某事

15.arrive in/at=get to到达

16.be busy with sth忙于某事

17.be busy in doing sth忙于做某事

18.take a look at= have a look at

19.take your time 不要急

20.take off脱掉

21.enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事

22.on the road=in the road在路上

 

Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?

一.Let’s see the pandas first.

1. Let’s  let us    Let’ s后加动词原形

  Let sb do sth让某人做某事

注:let 后面用人称代词作宾语,用宾格形式。

2.提出建议的其他表达方式

1. Let’s do……

2. Shall we……EgShall we go shopping.

3.Hou/What about……怎么样?

EgWhat about going shopping?

4.Why not……Why not后加动词原形

EgWhy not have a rest?

 

二.Whyhow come均表示为什么,但在完整问句中,有所差别

Why后面必须接倒装语序,而how come后不须接倒装句型,即how come+主语+动词。

EgWhy is Mr. Stone crying

How come Mr. Stone is crying?

 

三.1.kind of 有一点=a little

2.a kind of一种

3.all kinds of各种各样

4.kind 和蔼

例:It’s very kind of you.你真好。

 

四.Do you like giraffes?

1. like(vt):喜欢,愿意,想要。

2. like+n. 喜欢做某事

EgI like music

    I like children

3.like to do sth 想做某事 (表示一lik次性的,未发生的动作)

EgI like to take with you tonight

4. like sb to do sth

EgI like student to tell truth.

5.would like to do sth 希望做某事

EgI would like to go there

6.like  doing sth喜欢做某事(长期习惯性的动作,尤其指个人爱好)

EgI like reading in bed

7.       How do you like sth?你觉得……怎么样?

EgHow do you like China?

       Like 还可以做形容词adj(相像的),介词prep(),连词conj(如同)。

Eg: The twins are very like (adj.)

Like father, like son (prep.)

Do it like I tell you (conj)

 

区别:be friendly with sb 和某人关系好

      be friendly to sb 对某人友好                                                                            

    be+数词+years old 某人多大了

                        other:表示其他的。后常跟复数

如果other与表示数量意义的词一起作定语,必须位于数量词之后

五.Isn’t he cute?

否定疑问句,常用来表示反问。翻译为难到……不?

EgCan’t you play football?

回答否定疑问句,常用yes/no.但这时yes翻译为”,no翻译为是的

Eg-Doesn’t he have a brother?

-Yes, he does不,他有。

-No, he doesn’t 是的,他没有。

 

六.He sleeps during the day.

go to bed  sleep

go to bed指上床睡觉,强调从脱衣服到上床这一动作,表示准备睡觉,不含睡着的意思。

Sleep指睡觉,睡觉的全过程,用于现在进行时态中,表示正在睡觉。

EgIt’s time to bed

My mother is sleeping

相关词组:go to sleep入睡,想方设法入睡=Fell asleep入睡,强调状态。

          Sleepless失眠的

          Sleepwalker梦游者

          Sleepy困倦的

Unit 4重点词组

1.       be from=come from

2.       kind of=a little

3.       all kinds of

4.       be quiet

5.       during the day

6.       get up

7.       play with

8.       be friendly with sb 和某人关系好   

9.       be friendly to sb 对某人友好

10.   like doing sth

11.   like to do sth

12.   like sb to do sth

13.   go to bed

14.   fall asleep=go to sleep

            

Unit 4 I want to be an actor

一.         询问职业的方式

1.         What do you do?

2.         What’s your job?

3.         What are you?

4.         What’s your work?

5.         What’s your occupation?

 

二.         名词所有格

定义:英语名词可以加“’s”来表示所有关系。如果该名词本身是以s结尾的复数形式,其名词所有格只需要加“ ’ ”.

用法:1.表示有生命的东西的名词或表示时间、国家、城镇、机构等名词构成所有格,通常加’s.

Eg1. the teacher’s desk                            2.today’s newspaper

3.women’s day                 4.China’s culture 中国文化

      2.并列名次各自的所有格,在每个名词后加’s,;表示几个名词共有的则在最后一个名词后加’s.

 

Give sb sth=give sth to sb

Get from ……取得

介词后通常跟宾格形式。

Put on强调动作

Wear强调状态

 

三.                 Sometimes, some times ,sometime some time

1.sometimes译为有时,表示频率和频度的副词。

He sometimes writes to me.

2.some times:名词短语,意为几次,几倍

I have been to Beijing some times.

3.sometime副词,意为某个时候经常用在将来时当中.

I will go to see a doctor sometime tomorrow.

4.Some time:名词短语,意为一段时间,此时的time是不可数名词,翻译为时间。

I’ll stay in China for some time

 

三.         Problemquestion

1.       problem指疑难或难以解决的问题,如数学,人口,环境污染问题,以及令人困惑的是或情况等。

EgCan you work out this math problem? 你会做这道数学题吗?

2Question多只要求回答的问题

EgMr. yang likes to ask all kinds of question

 

辨析: in hospital住院

      In the hospital在医院

      At table进餐吃饭

      At the table在桌子旁边

      Go to school去上学

      Go to the school到学校去

      Job:可数名词,指具体某项工作,多指雇佣的、招聘的、有报酬的工作

      Work:不可数名词,主要指脑力和体力劳动,表示抽象活动

 

四.         We have a job for you as a waiter

As:1.prep.介词:作为,当作。

EgMr. Stone works in Yilin as an English teacher

2. conj:连词:像……一样

      Eg:English is as easy as Chinese 英语像汉语一样简单。

3Conj连词:按照

EgHe does as his mother says他按照他妈妈说的去做

 

Call sb at+电话号码   给某人打电话

五.                We need an actor today!

1.       need n.需要,必要

2.       need v.

(1)   + need+ to do sth 需要做某事

Eg;I need to have a rest

(2)   /+ need + doing sth 应该做某事

Eg: The room needs cleanng.

3.       need情态动词,后加动词原形

 Eg: I need go home to see my mother

 

Unit 4 重点词组

1.       shop assistant店员

2.        bank clerk银行职员

3.       in the restaurant在饭店

4.       go out外出

5.       TV station电视台

6.       in/during the day在白天

7.       work with和某人一起工作

8.       at night在晚上

9.       in the evening在傍晚

10. talk to/with sb和某人说话

11.in hospital住院

12.in the hospital在医院里

13. ask sb sth和某人说要某物

14.give sb sth=give sth to sb给某人某物

15.work late工作很晚

16.want sb to  do sth想要某人做某事

17.get  ……from…………得到

18.want to do sth=would like to do sth     常用于口语

19.get back回来

20.get up起床

21.get on上车

22.get off下车

23.need doing sth

24.need to do sth

 

Unit 5 I’m watching TV

   八种时态:

   两种一般时:一般现在时、一般过去时

   两种完成时:现在完成时、过去完成时

   两种将来时:一般将来时,过去将来时

   两种进行时:现在进行时、过去进行时

·现在进行时

1)        定义:表示现在进行或发生的动作,还可以表示前一段时间的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作(现在进行时经常与时间状语now连用或用在look! Listen!引出的句子中)

2)        构成:主语+be(am.ia.are)+动词的现在分词(doing

3)        用法:1.表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作 如:He’s running.

           2.表示位置移动的动词,如:come go arrive arrive fly 等通常用现在时表示一般将来时。

           EgI’m leaving for Beijing next week下周我将要去北京

4)        现在分词构成

1.       一般情况下在动词后直接加s

2.       以不发音字母e结尾的动词,去e再加ing

3.       以重读闭音节结尾的并且末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,双写该辅音字母,再加ing.

4.       以辅音字母结尾的重读音节叫做闭音节。

 

 ·watchlook ee read区别

1.      watch译为观看、注视,指长时间观看某一活动的场面,如看电视、看比赛等。例:watch a football match    watch sb 观察,注视某人

2.       look:强调看的动作,不强调结果,是不及物动词,后跟宾语时,必须加介词at

例:Look at the blackboard ,please

3.      see:强调看的结果,是及物动词,后面可以直接跟宾语

EgCan you see the clouds in the sky?

See sb do sth  看见某人干某事的全过程

See sb doing sth 看见某人正在干某事

4.      read:译为看,读,其宾语常为报纸、书、杂志等

;He’s reading a book

 

三.At ,in, on

a)        in在一天当中的早晨、上午、下午、晚上或年、季节、月前用in

in summer    in the morning    in May   in 2008 

b)        on指具体到某一天上午、下午、晚上用on

on Saturday

c)         at通常用在时刻前

 

       the photo of me 一张我的照片

       the photo of mine我的一张照片

 

Unit 5 重点词组

1.       do homework做作业

2.       watch TV看电视

3.       eat dinner吃晚饭

4.       play basketball打篮球

5.       wait for等待

6.       talk on the photo通过电话通话

7.       talk to sb=talk with sb 和某人谈话

8.       talk of/about sth谈论某事

9.       read books读书

10.   TV show电视节目

11.   go to the films/movies=go to the cinema =go to see a film=go to a movie/film去看电影

 

Unit 6 Its raining

一、             How’s the weather in Shanghai?

1.         How’s the weather?加地点www. xkb1. com

2.          What’s the weather like?   加地点

3.         考点:weather 不可数名词 n.天气(同音词whether=if是否)

例题:What      D       fine weather(day)!

A.       a

B.        an

C.       the

D.       /

感叹句构成:what + adj+名词+主语+谓语

cook 1.v.烹调                及物动词

     2.n.厨师

Cooker厨具

例:I  cook breatfast by myself every morning

 

Pretty:1.adj.漂亮的=beautiful

        She is a pretty girl

2.       adv.相当,很

3.       副词只能修饰动词(study hard),形容词(pretty good,副词本身(very we.jointake part in

1.         join是指某一组织团体,成为成员。如果后加表示人的名词或代词,此时译为加入某人,加入某些人的行列中去。

例:May I join you?

2.         join sb  加入某人

3.         take part in 参加会议或群众性活动

4.       join in = take part in

 

show:1.n.节目    TV show

     2.v给……看,展示  show sb sth    shou sth to sb

There be 句型表示某地有某物,遵循就近一致原则。

 

例题:       There is (be)a book and two pens on the desk

              A dancer and singer is (be)in this room

三.1.  Some… others 一些…一些…

2.  Some… the others表示特定范围内的一些,另一些

3.   One …the other   一个…另一个…

课标 一网

Look:1.vi    look at看过程

     2.连系动词 看起来 +adj作表语

 

Be surprised at

Be surprised to do sth

四.Everyone 每一人  Every one 每一人、事(常与of连用)

 

Unit6重点词组

1.         Read a book

2.         play computer

3.         pretty good

4.         take photos

5.         look cool

6.         lie on the beach

7.         thank sb for doing sth

8.         on vacation

9.         in surprise

10.     be surprised in

11.     to one’s surprise

12.     have a good time =enjoy oneself

 

 

Unit 7 What does he look like?

Stop:

 stop doing sth 停下做某事 

  Eg: Stop murmuring! 不要小声说话!

 Stop to do sth停下来去做另一件事

  Eg: stop to talk! 停下来去说话(开始说话)

 Stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事

     Eg :My mother often stops me from going outside at night

 

Remember :

Remember doing sth 记得曾经做过某事

I remember meeting you

Remember to do sth 记得去做某事

Remember to have supper.

Remember sb to sth代某人问好

 

一.What does he look like?

v  用于询问人的外貌,特征

v  Look like=look the same看起来一样

v  Look

1.动词vi.   Eg: Look at the blackboard

2.联系动词,看起来  Eg : You look very tired

3.名词,外表,长相 EgHer look is nice.

4.like:

ü   动词vt. 喜欢 EgShe likes playing computer games.

ü  介词 prep. 像…… Eg He looks like his father.

ü  名词 n. 爱好 Eg:  Likes and dislikes

       Like当名词讲,通常用复数形式

ü  形容词.相像的 Eg: Mr. Stone and Mr. Wang are very like.

 

二.Andor的区别 “和”   课标第 一网

1.and通常用于肯定句中

2.or通常用于否定句和疑问句中

 EgShe has no legs and no arms

     She has no legs or arms

      当两个名词前后都有否定词修饰时,用and不用or.

 

三.She’s good-looking but she’s a little bit quiet.

*         Good-looking 复合形容词构成

1.         形容词+动词ing  Egeasy-going

2.         名词+动词ed形式 Eg: man-made 人造的

3.         数词+名词单数 Eg: two-year-old

4.         数词+名词ed  Eg: three-legged

5.         形容词+名词 Eg: full-time 全职的

*         A little bit, a little ,a bit

共同点:当这三个词语作状语时,可以通用,但a little bit 比例另两个所表示的程度要浅。

不同点:a little a bit修饰名词作定语用法不同,a little后直接跟不可数名词而a bit需要加of再加不可数名词

Ega little water=a bit of water

 

四.Lovelike的区别

Like是强度最弱的一个,指对某人、某物感兴趣,表示单纯的兴趣、满意、好感。其后通常加名词、动词不定式或动名词。

Love包含感情色彩最强,意为“爱、热爱、喜欢”其后跟名词、动词不定式或动名词。

Eg: Mr. Stone loves watching football match very much.

考点:love一般不用于进行时态,如果love表示喜欢时,一般不用于否定句,love如果用于否定句,只能表示爱。

Egl like(喜欢) himBut I don’t love() him

Well1.adj 身体好

      2.adv 好地  例:Study well

Not……any more=no more

 

五.I don’t think(否定转移) he’s so great.

Think引导的句子中如果表示否定意义,否定词转移到think前边

如果think后面从具有否定意义,往往把否定词转移到主句,叫做否定转移。

EgI don’t think you are right.

 

Unit7 重点词组

1)        Look like

2)        Curly hair

3)        Medium height

4)        Pop singer

5)        Like doing sth

6)        Like to do sth

7)        Love doing sth

8)        Love to do sth

9)        Tell jokes

10)     Stop to do sth

11)     Stop doing sth

12)     Remember to do sth

13)     Remember doing sthX  kb 1 . c o m

14)     Be of + n.表示人特点性质=be+ adj.

15)     Play chess

16)     Have a joke with sb 和某人开玩笑

17)     Play a joke on sb 戏弄某人

18)     Not……any more =no more

19)     Not……longer=no……any longer

20)     Go shopping\swimming

 

Unit 8 I’d like some noodles

I’d=I would

一、        Would like=want想要、愿意

1.Would like want语气委婉

Would like sth = what sth 想要某物

Would like to do sth =what to do sth 想要做某事

Would like sb to do sth =what sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

2.would like相关的句型

ü  What would you like? =What do you want?

该句型回答必须用I’d like……

Eg: I would like a bowl of sliced noodles without eggs.

*                            Would (情态动词)you like sth……?一般疑问句,你想要某物吗?

这个问句的肯定回答是:Yes, please \Yes, ok\All right

否定回答是:No, thanks                  

*                            Would you like to do sth? 你愿意做某事吗?表示有礼貌提出建议、邀请的句型。

其肯定回答是YesI’d like to(to不可省)

否定回答:Sorry, I can’t \Sorry, I have to do

 

二.可数名词与不可数名词

1)        可数名词变化规则新课 一网

一般可数名词在词尾后加s

sxshch、结尾的词在词尾后加es

ffe、结尾的,变ffe、为v,再加es

以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变yi,加es

o结尾的词,有生命加es,无生命加s(一般情况下)

Negro-negroes   hero-heroes   tomato - tomatoes

Potato – potatoes piano-pianos   zoo –zoos   photo – photos

radio-radios

2)        考点:部分不规则名词的复数变化

man – men   woman–women  tooth –teeth  foot-feet  child-children  mouse–mice deer–deer  sheep-sheep  Chinese-Chinese    Japanese – Japanese

3)        可数名词变复数巧记歌

可数名词有变化,

复数要把尾巴加,

S尾巴最常见,特殊常加es

包括sxshch

辅音加yyi

再把s加上来,遇见ffe末尾变ves

特殊变化特殊记,

终身享用不忘记

 

例题:Apple and orange ice-cream is my favorite

 

三.Alsotooas welleitheras well as

Also:通常用在行为动词前,be动词,情态动词,助动词后。

在表示强调时,也可放在句末。

EgI also speak English

I am also a student

Too:多用于口语当中,通常放在句末,前边必须用到逗号隔开;也可放在句中,这是前后均有逗号。在简略回答中,too常位于代词的宾格形势之后。

    EgI am a teacher ,too

        -How are you?

       -Fine ,thanks, and you?

       -Me ,too!(反义句:me nether)

As well:通常用于否定句中,表示也,但只能放在句末。

      EgHe plays the piano as well.

Either:只能用于否定句中,通常位于句末

      EgI don’t like you either

As well as:作连词表示“也,还,而且”用来连接两个并列成分

EgHe as well as his parents goes (go) to the park every morning.

注:as well as 连接的两个名词或代词做主语时,谓语动词在人称和数的变化上,要与第一个主语保持一致,即就远原则。

Unit 8重点词组

1)        orange juice

2)        help sb with sth

3)        green tea

4)        ice cream

5)        have a drink

6)        what size

7)        what kind of

8)        would like sth = what sth 想要某物

9)        would like to do sth =what to do sth 想要做某事

10)     would like sb to do sth =what sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

11)     kind of =a little =a little bit

12)     all kinds of

13)     as well as

14)     help sb (to) do sth

 

Unit 9 How was your weekend?

Did:

Vt. 做、干、打

助动词,无意义(帮助动词完成他的疑问和否定)

 

一,         一般过去时

定义:表示在过去的时间里发生的动作状态

肯定式:谓语动词用过去式

        Eg: My weekend was great.

疑问式:连系动词be的疑问句,把句中的waswere提到句首

        实义动词的疑问句在句首加助动词did,后用动词原形。

EgWas your weekend great?

     Did you go to the park yesterday?

否定式:连系动词be的否定句,在waswere后加not

实义动词的否定句在实义动词前加didn’t,谓语动词用动词原形。

EgI wasn’t born in 1997.

     I didn’t play computer games yesterday.

动词过去式构成:

一般的在动词词尾后加ed

e结尾的动词在e后加d

重读闭音节并且末尾只有一个辅音字母的,双写该辅音字母再加ed

以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变yied

不规则的特殊记:

原形

过去式

过去分词

原形

过去式

过去分词

be

was/were

been

beat

beat

beaten

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

bend

bent

bent

bet

bet

bet

bite

bit

bitten

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

brought

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

build

built

built

burst

burst

burst

buy

bought

bought

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

creep

crept

crept

cut

cut

cut

deal

dealt

dealt

dig

dug

dug

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

flee

fled

fled

fly

flew

flown

forbid

forbade

forbidden

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

freeze

froze

frozen

get

got

got

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

hang

hung

hung

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

kept

kneel

knelt

knelt

know

knew

known

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

let

let

let

lie

lay

lain

light

lit

lit

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

put

put

put

read

read

read

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

set

set

set

sew

sewed

sewn/sewed

shake

shook

shaken

shine

shone

shone

shoot

shot

shot

show

showed

shown/showed

shrink

shrank

shrunk

shut

shut

shut

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank

sunk

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

slide

slid

slid

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

spit

spat

spat

split

split

split

spread

spread

spread

spring

sprang

sprung

stand

stood

stood

steal

stole

stolen

stick

stuck

stuck

sting

stung

stung

stink

stank

stunk

strike

struck

struck

swear

swore

sworn

sweep

swept

swept

swim

swam

swum

swing

swung

swung

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear

tore

torn

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

understand

understood

understood

wake

woke

woken

wear

wore

worn

weep

wept

wept

win

won

won

write

wrote

written

*                            用法:一般过去时表示过去某一确定时间内发生的动作或存在的状态,经常与表示过去的时间状语连用。

例:Mr. Stone went to Tibet three years ago.

       过去时中常见的时间状语

1.         last week \month \year

2.         yesterday

3.         the day before yesterday

4.         时间段+ago

5.         in+

6.         just now

7.         this morning

Eg: John got (get) up at 7 this morning

*                            一般过去时表示过去一个时间内的习惯性动作。

EgI often went to my hometown when I was a little boy.

同义句:When I was a little boyI often went to my hometown

注:当时间状语放在前面,用,与主句隔开。

*                            一般过去时可以了表示过去某个时间内连续发生的动作

例:He came into the room, turned on the light, sat on the table and began read a book.(并列谓语)

*                            评价已故的历史人物或名人,常用一般过去时。

二,     spend pay take cost区别

Spend:其主语必须是人。

Spend time\money on sth

EgI spent 100 yuan on this coat

Spend ……(in) doing sth

Eg: I spent an hour (in) doing my homework

Pay: 其主语必须是人。不能表示花费时间。

Pay……for……

Eg: I paid 100 yuan for this coat

Take :其主语必须是物。(it

It takes sb some time to do sth

Eg: It takes me half an hour to help my mom clean the room.

Cost:表示花费钱,主语是物。

EgA bowl of noodles cost me 3 yuan

 

三. A few ,few的区别

A few 修饰可数名词,表肯定。“有一些”

:I have a few Japanese friend.

Few: 修饰可数名词,表否定“几乎没有

: There are few apples in the box.

 

Every one +

Every one of +名词复数谓语动词用单数

Everyone表示人,每一个人

Every one of the books(定语) is(与主语保持一致) very interesting

Watch sb do sth全过程

Watch sb doing sth正在进行

感观动词加不带to的动词不定式或doing

 

Unit 9重点词组

*                            have a party

*                            stay at home

*                            play tennis

*                            do some reading

*                            clean one’s room

*                            go to the cinema

*                            go shopping

*                            talk show

*                            go to the beach

*                            practice doing sth

*                            study for the test

*                            do one’s homework

*                            go for a walk

*                            have a good trip

*                            have a bath=take a shower

*                            spend……(insth

*                            spend on sth

*                            enjoy doing sth

*                            watch sb do sth

*                             watch sb doing sth

*                            It’s time to do sth

*                            It takes sb some time to do sth花费某人多长时间去做某事

 

Unit10  Where did you go on vacation?

On vacation=on holiday

例题:Who wants (want) to go shopping.

1.         who做主语,后用陈述句语序,谓语动词通常用单数形式

2.         to do 中,to是动词不定式符号

to doing 中,to是介词

 

同义词组:go to+ some place

          Visit+ some place

           Pay a visit to some place

 

Visit sb 看望某人=pay a visit to sb

 

Listen to sb doing sth听某人做某事

 

Allwhole

All:指全部的,整个的,与复数名词连用时,指所有的

修饰不可数名词时,指整个范围或全部的数量。All在句子中,用于定冠词the和形容词性物主代词及其它限定词前。

Egall my books

All the year around

Whole:表示全部的,一般修饰单数的可数名词,如果与名词复数联用时,指整个的,强调整体的概念。Whole在句子中用于定冠词the和形容词性物主代词及其它限定词后.

Eg: the whole morning=all the morning

 

Watch\hear\see\listen to\look at \find + sb doing sth

sb do sth做宾语补足语 

have fun doing sth做某事愉快、高兴

enjoypracticediscussminddoing sth

find sb doing sth发现某人正在干某事(doing现在分词做宾语补足语)

 

find look forfind out 的区别

find:表示寻找的结果

look for:表示寻找的过程

EgI can’t find mf pen. I am looking for it

find out:发现、找到……的答案

in the corner on the corner at the corner

In the corner、屋子里的一个角落

on the corner at the corner大街的某一个拐角

例题: They were standing talking on\at the corner of the street

 他们站在街道的角落正在谈话。

 

Help sb to do sth

Help sb do sth

Help sb with sth

 

Make 1.制造,制作

2.使役动词,使……怎么样

Have let \ make sb do sth 动词原形做宾补

使役动词后要跟动词原形做宾补

 

Come back 回来             go back回去

Get back  取回              give back归还

 

Discuss sth讨论某事

Discuss sb with sth和某人讨论某事

Discuss doing sth

 

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