Travel in Chinese

 3gzylon 2012-07-16

Travel in Chinese

Lesson 1

1)哪儿 Where
(例)你们住在哪儿?Where do you live?
(例) 你从哪儿来?Where do you come from?
(例) 哪儿卖火车票?Where do they sell train tickets?
2)给 preposition, as in "for" somebody
(例)妈妈给儿子收拾房间。The mother tidied the room for her son.
(例)他给我介绍了中国的交通情况。He told me all about the Chinese transportation.
3)应该 should do something or be some way
If he took the 2 o'clock train, he should have arrived by now.
He grew up in China, he should understand Chinese.
It's already March, it should be warm by now.
4)可以……can, possibly, maybe
Can I use this telephone?

Lesson 2

1)是……的 a way of emphasizing something about an action, like the time, location or way something has been done.
(例)他是去年九月来的。Emphasizing time
He came last year in September.
(例) 他是来旅游的。Emphasizing purpose
He came for tourism.
(例)他们是坐船走的。Emphasizing method of transportation
He went by boat.
(例) 她是在家吃的早饭。Emphasizing where she had breakfast
She had breakfast at home.
2)可能 possible, maybe
It's so late, maybe he wouldn't come after all.
Maybe it will snow this afternoon.
3)再 indicates an action or state repeating or continuing
Could you say that again?
Let’s wait a little bit longer.
4)赶快 quickly, hurry
It's going to rain, let's go quickly.
It's already 8 o'clock, quick! Get out of bed!
Lesson 3

1)还有 also, in addition
(例) 他会说法语、英语,还有汉语。
He can speak French, English, and Chinese.
(例) 这种衣服的颜色很多,有红色、蓝色、还有黄色。
This clothing is very colorful, there is red, blue, and there is yellow.
2)一……就……,indicates that one event follows immediately after the other
As soon as you arrive in Beijing, give me a call.
3)离 from
It's not too far to our house from here.
From now to the time the plan takes off, there is about 10 minutes.
4)都 here is used for emphasis, like "even" in English
(例)I can't even understand one word of what he is saying.
(例)I don't even know one of your friends.
Lesson 4

1)往 towards, indicating a direction
(例)往 towards, indicating a direction (标题)
(例)Please keep going straight.
After you pass the traffic light, turn left.
2)一直 all along, to show an action has been continuous
These few days, the weather has been cold all the way through.
After you pass the intersection, keep going south.
3)落 to lose or misplace something
The book bag was lost in the car.
When you get out of the car, take a good look around and don't forget anything.
4)记得 to remember
Do you remember the car number of the taxi?
I don't remember his telephone number anymore.
Lesson 5

1)能 to be able to
Could you show me your passport for a moment?
You can't change rooms now.
2)都 all
This luggage is all ours.
We are all from the Unites States.
3)左右 approximately
One double room per day is approximately 300 yuan.
He is around 50 years old.
4)不过 but, indicating a change
This room is not bad, but it's a little small.
The weather in the autumn in Beijing is quite nice, but the air is a little bit dry.
Lesson 6

1)怎么样 a general question like "what do you think" or "what′s up"
What do you think about the weather in Beijing?
It's 6 o'clock why don't we go for dinner together?
2)别 don′t , better not
The weather is no good today, let's not go out.
It's too late. Don't watch TV anymore.
3)收到 to receive
I received her letter yesterday.
I received the ticket that I've reserved.
Lesson 7

1)正好 indicates a convenient coincidence
Are you going to the post office? What a coincidence! You can help me to mail a letter.
It's just so happened that I have time today. Let's go together.
2)怎么 How, used before a verb to make a question about how something is done
May I ask how toget to the Forbidden City?
Do you know how to get to the zoo fairly quickly?
3)应该 should
Before we go to his house, we should give him a phone call.
Today is really cold. You should wear more clothing.
4)那么 and 这么, both indicate more than expected
I never expected the summer in Beijing is so hot.
I never knew that there are so many cars in Shanghai.
Lesson 8

1)得 with a verb or adjective, to show the extent of an action or state
He speaks Chinese very well.
It's raining very heavily.
2)也 also, showing two similar things
She speaks English and can also speak Japanese.
I've been to Shanghai and I've been to Beijing.
3)适合 be suitable
Green tea is more suitable for drinking in the summer.
The color of this clothing is not suitable for you.
4)更 even more
It rained all night. The weather is even colder now.
He knows a lot more about Chinese culture than I do.
Lesson 9

1)只能 This is the only choice.
I don't have enough money. I can only buy the cheapest ticket.
It's raining today. We have to stay in the hotel. We can't go out.
We don't have much time today. We can only go to on place.
2)尽量 as best we can, the best of our abilities, as much as possible
Tomorrow's meeting is really important. Everyone make sure that you can attend.
When we are traveling, we should take as little luggage as possible.
I'll come back as soon as I can.
3)把握 confidence ,sureness
I'm not sure that I would be able to climb to the top of the mountain.
We are not sure that we would be able to reserve the train tickets for tomorrow.
We are not sure that we can find the painting you are looking for.
4)就 sth. will happen soon
The student who are going south are leaving tomorrow.
I'm going to Shanghai, but I'll come back in 3 days.
As soon as we have some news, we'll let you know.
Lesson 10

1)而且 furthermore
It's relatively far from here to the downtown area, and what's more, the transportation isn't very convenient.
Not only can he drive a car, he also knows how to fix cars.
She can dance, and she also sings well.
2)派send or designate somebody
He was sent by his company.
We will send someone to contact you very quickly.
Don’t worry, we will send experts to mend the computer.
Lesson 11

1)完全 completely
I absolutely agree with your viewpoint.
I don't understand that sentence at all.
2)什么的 and so on
He is interested in Chinese culture. He likes Chinese calligraphy,
Chinese painting and so on.
We've been to many cities in China before, like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and so on.
3)以为 mistakenly believe something
His Chinese is really good. We all thought he was Chinese.
I thought it was going to rain today, so I brought an umbrella.
Lesson 12

1)据说 according to
I hear that the plane tickets to Shanghai are really cheap.
I hear that he can speak many foreign languages.
2)超过 in excess of
To protect your eyes, you shouldn't watch TV more an hour a day.
The number of foreign tourists visiting China this year has already exceeded the number last year.
3)会something will happen
I've already phoned him. He will come today.
How could he possibly know about this thing?
In future, you can contact us directly.
This time we are going to go directly to Shanghai from Hangzhou. We are not going back to Beijing.
5)终于 something has finally happened
We finally have climbed the Great Wall.
We've finally come to Beijing.
Lesson 13

1)其他 another person or a thing or an animal
Do you have any other questions?
Does this clothing come in any other colors?
2)劳驾 excuse me
Excuse me, can you please tell me what time it is?
Excuse me, can you please tell me how to get to the Forbidden City?
3)什么都 whatever
The things there are all expensive.
I don't want to buy anything.
Lesson 14

1)到底 really, after all
What time are we going to the Forbidden City after all?
Were our tickets reserved after all?
2)光顾着only pay attention to one thing
He was only paying attention to watching TV and forgot the departure time.
He was only paying attention to buying things when he was at the airport and he missed his plane.
Lesson 15

1)受不了 can’t handle or can’t bear something
Little children can't bear taking a train for 24 hours.
I can't bear such cold weather.
2)趁(着)take advantage of an opportunity
He took advantage of when I wasn't looking to take my bag away.
He took advantage of his travels in China to meet many Chinese friends.
3)省得 to avoid something
When you get home, give me a phone call; otherwise I'll be worried.
You should reserve a ticket in advance; otherwise you'll be anxious when the time comes.


Lesson 16

1)据 according to
As far as I know, she's never been to China before.
According to statistics, the number of foreigners studying Chinese is increasing all the time.
2)反正 anyway, regardless
It doesn't matter what he ways; regardless, I don't believe a word he ways.
It doesn't matter what the weather is like; regardless, I'm not going anywhere today.
3)搞to be engaged in some activity
They are all university students that are involved in the arts.
Did you get the tickets to the concert?
4)过瘾 satisfying
(例)四川火锅特别好吃,大家吃得很过瘾。Sichuan-style hotpot is really tasty; everyone is really satisfying with having Sichuan hotpot.
The tim was too short; nobody would satisfy that they had enough fun.
5)拿手 special skill
What dish are you best at?
He is really good at singing.

Lesson 17

1)怪不得 no wonder
No wonder he didn't go to the Great Wall yesterday; he was sick after all.
They put sugar in the porridge; no wonder it's so sweet.
2)倒 indicate something unexpected
I would really like to go with you. It's just that I don't have the time.
This pair of shoes really isn't expensive. It's just that the colour is not very nice.
3)显得 to appear
After it rains, the leaves look even greener.
This article of clothing makes her look very young.
Lesson 18

1)不见得 not necessarily
Expensive things are not necessarily all good.
He doesn't necessarily have time to go to the movies with us.
2)立马right away
As soon as I spoke, he understood right away.
As soon as he received the phone call from his mother, he immediately went home.
Lesson 19
1)万一 just in case
Would we still go tomorrow in the small chance that it rains?
You should still bring some more clothing, just in case the weather suddenly gets colder.
2)至于 to the extent of
If you just thought carefully about this problem, you wouldn't be unable to answer.
It couldn't be that you never head of Beijing.
Since you don't like to eat spicy food, let's not go and have Sichuan food.
Since you're not feeling well, let's go back a little earlier.
Lesson 20

1)舍不得 to be unable to bring oneself to do something
I've never been able to bring myself to wear this piece of clothing.
He can't bear to leave his Chinese friends.
Following the development of the Internet, it's much more convenient now for people to contact each other.
As people's income increases, more and more people are buying cars.
Following the development of the Internet, it's much more convenient now for people to contact each other.
As people's income increases, more and more people are buying cars.
Lesson 21

1)本来originally or in the first place
He's always liked China. He's liked China from the beginning. Now he liked it even more.
This road used to be very narrow. It was widened later on.
2)不愧the reputation is well deserved
The Great Wall deserves its reputation as a famous world culture heritage site.
He deserves his reputation as the most famous scientist of the 20th century.
3)竟然 unexpectedly
I didn't expect to meet him here.
He doesn't even know the answer to this question.
4)干脆 simply
That tour guide answered all of the questions very simply and straightforward.
This problem has been solved in a very straightforward manner.
Lesson 22

1)明明 something is clearly different
You obviously knew that there was something happening this afternoon. Why did you go out?
He's obviously been there before, but he said he'd never been there before.
2)好 in order that
Bring a raincoat in case it rains.
Leave me a phone number so that we can contact each other when we need to.
3)难免 hard to avoid
Even between friends, it's hard to avoid sometimes having different points of view.
You've just started learning Chinese. This kind of mistake is hard to avoid.
Lesson 23

1)免得 to avoid something
You should bring a map so that you don't get lost.
It would be best for you to call home, so that mother doesn't become anxious.
2)多亏 fortunately
Fortunately, we reserved a hotel in advance. Otherwise, we wouldn't even have a place to stay.
Fortunately, I wore a sweater. Otherwise I surely would have caught a cold this time.
Lesson 24

1)正好 a convenient coincidence
It just happens that I'm going there as well. Let's go together tomorrow.
When I wear this article of clothing, it's just right.
2)恐怕 an estimate
I'm afraid I can't go to your house on Sunday.
I think he's been gone roughly twenty days.
3)恨不得 anxiously hoping for something
He really hopes to travel to every country.
He's so anxious. He wants to study all of the lessons in one day.
Lesson 25

1)只是 only, just
I'm just looking around. I don't plan on buying anything.
He didn't say anything. He just sat there quietly.
2)热衷 to be devoted to something
He's really devoted to skating.
He's always loved collecting stamps from different countries.
3)难得 a rare occurrence
This is a rare opportunity to come to China and work.
It's a rare opportunity for you to come to Beijing. Why don't you stay an extra few days?
4)肯定 surely
You surely have never been here before.
This must be the most beautiful city in China.
Lesson 26

1)好在 fortunately
Yesterday, I lost my wallet. Fortunately, a police officer helped me find it later on.
Fortunately, it's not very far away. I'll come again tomorrow.
2)让 allow, let
She was the one who asked me to come and look for you.
The salesperson at the door won't let me in.
3)实在 really
After it rains, the roads here are really too difficult to travel.
The things here are really far too cheap.
Lesson 27

1)浑身 whole body
She played ping-pang for two hours and was sweaty all over.
He didn't bring an umbrella and he was wet from head to toe.
2)偏 intentionally against something, often with 要,不
I don't allow him to play there, but he wants to go anyway.
You want to know about this? Well, I'm not going to tell you anyway.
3)的确,确实 really, indeed
Sichuan food really is quite hot.
It ’s really interesting to go to a temple fair.
4)根本 simply, fundamentally
It’s not cold at all this winter.
His cooking is really bad.
so good
Lesson 28

1)至少 at least
To take a taxi from here to the airport, it needs at least 80 RMB.
It seems that he's at least 50 years old.
2)刚才 just now, just then
What did you say just now? I didn't hear clearly.
Why didn't you mention this thing before? Why are you only saying it now?
3)了不起 extraordinary, amazing
He's so small, yet he already speaks two foreign languages. It's really amazing.
To build the Great Wall 2000 years ago is an amazing achievement.

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