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【研究显示快乐的人比一般人长寿35% 】

2012-10-06  wls136

四级六级阅读练习(20):研究显示快乐的人比一般人长寿35%

小编寄语:熟悉四六级阅读理解题型的同学应该都了解,英语四六级考试阅读理解材料大多选自《时代》《卫报》《今日美国》等外刊。要想阅读理解这部分拿到高分,必须在平常多阅读,掌握新词汇,锻炼阅读速度。但对于很多同学来说,如何每日在浩瀚的互联网世界寻找合适的阅读材料进行分析解读是一项很耗时间的事情。为此,沪江英语每日精选《卫报》《时代》等外刊上的文章供大家进行阅读练习。

【今日阅读推荐】本篇阅读材料“研究显示快乐的人比一般人长寿35%”选自《今日美国》(原文标题:Happy? You may live 35% longer, tracking study suggests 2011.10.31)。如果大家觉得比较简单,就当作泛读材料了解了解,认识几个新单词或新表达方式也不错。如果大家觉得这些材料理解上有难度,不妨当做挑战自己的拔高训练,希望大家都有进步^^

Be happy. Live longer.

No, it's not that simple, but new research says happy lives are longer — by 35%.

The study, published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that those who reported feeling happiest had a 35% reduced risk of dying compared with those who reported feeling least happy.

Rather than rely on recollections about their feelings of happiness as in earlier studies, this British study of 3,853 participants ages 52-79 rated their feelings at different times on one particular day. Five years later, researchers recorded the number who died ??损騧慺?厘?http://bulo.hjenglish.com/event/?版权所有沪江网?厘?慺騧损??and controlled for a variety of factors, including age, gender, health, wealth, education and marital status.

rely on 依靠;依赖

This approach "gets closer to measuring how people actually feel" rather than relying on recollections or general questions about well-being, says epidemiologist Andrew Steptoe, a psychology professor at University College in London, who co-authored the study.

epidemiologist n. 流行病学家

How happy a person is at any point in time, he says, is a product of "some background disposition; some people tend to be happier than others," but also "what they are doing, who they are with, 鉋??扷釾??沪江四六级欢迎您!?版权所有沪江网??釾扷??鉋and other features of that point in time. Both are important."

"It's perfectly true that someone's happiness over a single day will be affected by what happens to them over that period," Steptoe says. "However, survey experts and psychologists have come to the view that in many ways, this is a better approach to understanding how people actually feel than asking them general questions about how happy they are. Responses to general questions are influenced strongly by personality, by what people think they 'ought' to say 篽????ω臲炔http://bulo.hjenglish.com/podcast.htm?版权所有沪江网炔臲ω????篽and by recollections that might not be quite accurate," Steptoe says.

What's not clear, he says, is whether happy feelings are the key to longevity or if it's something else that causes extended life. "We can't draw the kind of final conclusion that the happiness is leading directly to better survival," he says.

longevity n. 长寿;寿命

draw a conclusion 下结论

Others who have done research in this area but haven't read the study say this link between a one-day measure and mortality is important.

"The fact that positive emotions in one day predicted survival is pretty amazing," says Sonja Lyubomirsky, a psychology professor at the University of California, Riverside.

"We do know that happiness is associated with an extended life span," she says. If we can get people to be happier, would that extend the lifespan? We don't know that yet. Future research can definitely try to show that."

Arthur Stone, a professor of psychiatry and psychology at Stony Brook University in New York, who has used measurements over the course of a day in his research, says the fact that the researchers "got a relationship with mortality means that the relationship must be fairly robust because they only had 3,800 people ??????〉?http://bulo.hjenglish.com/goal.htm?版权所有沪江网?〉??????and they were only measuring the one day."

psychiatry n. 精神病学

robust adj. 强健的;健康的

And what if some who were measured on that one day were just having a bad day?

"A 'bad day' should weaken the relationship," Stone says. "What it's saying is there are enough people here that people having odd days didn't really matter very much. Some people had bad days and some had good days. If they had been able to measure several days with these techniques, one would guess that the relationship would be even stronger."

Laura Kubzansky, an associate professor in the Department of Society, Human Development ??鞰???な?http://cet.hjenglish.com?版权所有沪江网?な???鞰??and Health, at Harvard's School of Public Health in Boston, says there's a "burgeoning body of work that suggests positive psychological functioning benefits health," and this study is significant because it "adds to the arsenal."

"It could say to people, you should take your mood seriously," Kubzansky says. "I think people sort of undervalue emotional life anyway. This highlights the idea that if you are going through a period where you're consistently distressed, it's probably worth paying attention to how you feel — it matters for both psychological and physical health."

sort of 有点儿;稍稍

highlight v. 突出;强调;使显著

distressed adj. 痛苦的;忧虑的

This study asked participants to rate how happy, excited ??豬??歍埣http://www.yeshj.com/?版权所有沪江网埣歍??豬??and content they felt at four points during a single day — 7 a.m., 7 p.m. and a half-hour after each. They used a rating scale from 1 ("not at all") to 4 ("extremely").
"Generally, they were less happy when they woke up and most happy at 7 p.m.," Steptoe says.

Question time:

1. What matters to how happy a person is?

2. When do people feel happiest during a single day?

【参考答案反白可见(按ctrl+A即可)

1. Some background disposition; some people tend to be happier than others, ???釬?傄?http://bulo.hjenglish.com/myfeed/?版权所有沪江网?傄?釬???And what they are doing, who they are with, and other features of that point in time.

2. 7 p.m.

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