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Lesson 22

2012-10-10  佳妮20091...

Lesson 22:A glass envelope   玻璃信封

    First listen and then answer the question.
    听录音,然后回答以下问题。
    How did Jane receive a letter from a stranger?

    My daughter, Jane, never dreamed of receiving a letter from a girl of her own age in Holland. Last year, we were travelling across the Channel and Jane put a piece of paper with her name and address on it into a bottle. She threw the bottle into the sea. She never thought of it again, but ten months later, she received a letter from a girl in Holland. Both girls write to each other regularly now. However, they have decided to use the post office. Letters will cost a little more, but they will certainly travel faster.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

dream  v. 做梦,梦想
age  n. 年龄
channel  n. 海峡
throw  v. 扔,抛

参考译文

    我的女儿简从未想过会接到荷兰一位同龄姑娘的来信。去年,当我们横渡英吉利海峡时,简把写有她姓名和住址的一张纸条装进了一只瓶子,又将瓶子扔进了大海。此后她就再没去想那只瓶子。但10个月以后,她收到了荷兰一位姑娘的来信。现在这两位姑娘定期通信了。然而她们还是决定利用邮局。这样会稍微多花点钱,但肯定是快得多了。

 

 

自学导读
  1.A glass envelope, (标题)玻璃信封。
  因为第一封信是装在瓶子里的,瓶子便成了那张写有地址的纸条的玻璃信封。
  2.My daughter, Jane, never dreamed of receiving a letter from a girl of her own age in Holland. 我的女儿简从未想过会收到荷兰一位同龄姑娘的来信。
  文中 dreamed of后面的部分都是宾语。动名词 receiving带有自己的宾语 a letter。( cf. 第  20课语法)receive… from…表示“从……收到……”。
  3.Last year, we were travelling across the Channel and Jane put a piece of paper with her name and address on it into a bottle. 去年,当我们横渡英吉利海峡时,简把写有她姓名和住址的一张纸条装进了一只瓶子。
  (1)在写到过去的事情时,一般过去时和过去进行时可以连用。过去进行时往往用来表示背景,一般过去时表示发生的动作。
  在这句话中,travelling across the Channel是个持续时间较长的背景动作。
  (2)the Channel=the English Channel(channel如果大写,并且除了the以外没有其他定语时,则指英吉利海峡)。
  (3)with在这里表示“有”、“带有”、“具有”等,指纸条上写的内容。
  4.She never thought of it again…
  此后她就再没去想那只瓶子……
  think of指“考虑”、“想”、“想起”等:
  Do you ever think of the girls you met at a party?
  你会想起你在一个晚会上遇到的姑娘们吗?
  5.Both girls write to each other regularly now. 现在这两位姑娘定期通信了。
  both的用法在第14课词汇学习中已经讲过。它用在名词前面时,of可有可无。在both girls中,both为形容词;在both of the…结构中,both为代词。each other指互相,一般作宾语。
  6.Letters will cost a little more, but they will certainly travel faster. 这样会稍微多花点钱,但肯定是快得多了。
  (1)more和faster都是副词的比较级。这里隐含的比较成分是邮局寄信与海上漂瓶。
  (2)动词cost意为“(使)花费”、“价钱为……”,其主语通常为某物或某件事情:
  It costs a lot to buy a house.
  买一所房子要花许多钱。
  The dress cost me twenty pounds.
  这件连衣裙花了我20英镑。


  语法 Grammar in use
  后面可跟of,from,in和on的动词
  许多动词后面加上介词后仍具有其通常意义,但它们与哪些介词连用却往往是固定的,如borrow from,believe in(相信,信仰),receive from等。还有些动词可与不同的介词连用,而动词的意义改变并不大,如dream of/about,help in/with,expect of/from等。在学习中,要牢记哪些介词与它们连用。如下动词和介词通常可以分开使用,可以有自己的宾语,并且大部分都可用于被动结构。
  (1)与of连用的动词
  Someone must warn him of the difficulties. 必须有人提醒他有这些困难。
  He has already been warned of them.
  他已经被警告过了。(被动结构)
  Don't expect too much of your child.
  不要对你的孩子期望太高。
  He must have spoken of the matter to John.
  他肯定对约翰谈起过这件事。
  I have never heard of the actress.
  我从来没听说过这位女演员。
  (2)与from连用的动词
  He borrowed three books from Mary.
  他从玛丽那里借了3本书。
  He always asks for help from his parents. 他总是向父母求助。
  (3)与in连用的动词
  Do you believe in everything he says?
  你相信他的每一句话吗?
  She delights in working hard.
  她喜欢努力工作。
  He failed in his French test.
  他法语考试没通过。
  Jack helped me in driving the sheep home.
  杰克帮我把羊赶回家。
  Mrs. Turner is experienced in teaching. 特纳夫人很有教学经验。
  (4)与on连用的动词
  He finally decided on going home. 他最后决定回家。
  You can't live on fruit only.
  你不能只吃水果。
  Last Sunday, we called on Mr. Dupont.
  上星期天,我们拜访了杜邦先生。


  词汇学习 Word study
  1.dream
  (1)vt. 做梦,梦见:
  I dreamt/dreamed I was in Scotland. 我梦见我在苏格兰。
  (2)vt. 做梦,梦见(与of,about连用):
  I often dream of/about you.
  我经常梦见你。
  I dreamt of a large empty room.
  我梦见一个很大的空房间。
  (3)n.梦;梦想,幻想。
  I dreamt/had an interesting dream last night.
  昨晚我做了一个有趣的梦。
  Have you heard of the American Dream?
  你听说过美国之梦吗?
  2.throw vt.
  (1)投,扔,抛:
  Don't throw stones at the dog.
  别向那狗扔石头。
  Throw the ball to Tom.
  把球扔给汤姆。
  Shall I throw this old newspaper away?
  我把这旧报纸扔掉好吗?
  (2)把……对准目标;向……作出举动:
  George was very happy today. Julie had thrown a smile at him in the morning.
  乔治今天很开心。早上朱莉朝他微笑了一下。
  The boss threw him an angry look.
  老板恼怒地看了他一眼。


  练习答案 Key to written exercises
  1.关键句型练习答案
  1 from        2 on              3 in                4 on            5 from
  6 from        7 of               8 on               9 from         10 in
  11 on…in    12 of             13 in              14 on           15 of
  16 of           17 from         18 of…on      19 on           20 of…of
  21 of           22 of/from     23 of             24 from       25 in
  2 6on          27 on             28 from         29 on           30 in
  31 from       32 on             33 on             34 on           35 in
  36 from       37 on             38 on             39 in            40 of
  41 on          42 on             43 of             44 in            45 in
  46 in           47 from         48 of             49 of           50 of
  51 on          52 of             53 from         54 in
  2.多项选择题答案
  1d  2b  3d  4d  5b  6d
  7a  8 c  9d  10 a  11b  12 b


  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
  ★dream v. 做梦,梦想
  have a dream
  dream a dream
  have a good dream
  sweat
  Have a good/sweat dream.
  She is daydreaming.
  daydreaming:思想开小差
  dream of doing something
  think of:想、考虑
  dream of:梦想
  I dreamed of flying in the sky.
  dream on 继续做梦,痴心妄想
  dream boat:梦中情人,梦寐以求的
  ★age n. 年龄
  teengager:十几岁的人
  ★channel n. 海峡
  ★throw v. 扔,抛
  threw thrown
  throw away 扔掉


  【课文讲解】
  同位语 My daughter  Jane
  of one's own age  He is boy of my own age.
  with 放在名词后面做定语
  I have a bag with books in it.
  with 放在句子后面做状语用
  think of:考虑   dream of:梦想
  write to:给某人写信  write to me
  each other:相互-往往强调两者之间的相互
  one another:强调三或三者以上的相互
  will cost   will travel
  一旦用cost,主语一定是物
  something cost somebody
  more:即可做形容词,又可做代词   give me more
  a little 可以修饰比较级:稍微
  much more:多的多
  It's a little hotter. It's much hotter.
  It's expensive.    That is more expensive.
  That is a little more expensive.
  That is much more expensive.
  much faster 快的多


  【Multiple choice questions】
  3.dream of/dream that...
  (d)
  8. go on a trip 进行旅行
  (c)
  9.(d)
  a lump of paper:一团纸
  a tube of paper:一管纸
  a bar of:一条,一块
  a piece of paper/a sheet of paper 一张纸
  10.(a)
  7.(a)

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