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星球大战风格的保加利亚革命纪念碑(Pics + Text)

2012-12-08  mtjs

保加利亚冰峰纪念碑位于保加利亚具有历史意义的1441米海拔的Buzludzha山(土耳其语意为冰川)山顶,该山在保加利亚的近代史中占据重要地位,是多个历史事件的发生地和战场,冰峰纪念碑由保加利亚共产政权建造用来纪念1891年社会主义领导人Dimitar Blagoev 在该地区组织的社会主义运动。在1981年正式建成开放,不过该建筑并没有在保加利亚共产政权手中维持多久,就由于众所周知的原因被废弃,看到当年建成时的图片真是给人一种红旗漫卷西风的感觉,纪念碑整体造型科幻,配以保加利亚历史传统的精美装饰,其整体风格即使今天看来都令人喜爱,然而,随着保共的倒台,该纪念碑成了一个失败的标记,没人负责维护和管理,现在成了野外的公共厕所。正所谓“雕栏玉砌应犹在,只是朱颜改”。

A Concrete Colossus Hidden Away in the Bulgarian Hills

November 16, 2011


All vintage photos via.

The Buzludzha Monument was constructed in 1981 to commemorate the founding of the Bulgarian Socialist movement nearly a century before, but now stands as a symbol of its failure. The concrete monolith sits atop the crest of a hill that was the site of the decisive battle in which rebels drove the occupying Ottomans from the country. Designed by Guéorguy Stoilov, the structure once served as the congregation hall for the new Bulgarian state, with officials shuffling into the UFO-shaped auditorium. Read on.

The building melds the traditions of Bulgaria’s 1,300 year old history with the international forms of modernist architecture. The structure’s once pristine white walls rub up against then vibrant, now faded mosaics depicting the country’s mythic origins. The friezes are rendered in the Socialist Realist manner, with clusters of blocky archetypal figures in dramatic pose, forging the path towards progress–here represented by the trinity of Lenin, Stalin, and Mao, whose likeness has been mysteriously etched out. Scripts of large embossed lettering spell out absolutist rhetoric along the curved entrance wall.

Photo: Flickr user ERA SURA

The bricolage of mosaics contrasted with the sleek concentric hallways cohered a strange vision of an eclectic modernism, closer to the pan-global modernism of the UN building, completed in 1952, rather than to the formal mishmash of Mendelsohn’s work from the 1920s or the tropical variations of South American modernism. Fragments of Stalinist post-modernism sit comfortably nestled inside the literally alien form–the proletariat as cosmonauts.

Photo: Flickr user Nedko

Photo: Flickr user Nedko

Photo: Flickr user Nedko

After the failure of the Bulgarian totalitarian state in 1989, the building was abandoned and permanently shuttered 4 years later. Since then, the site has been thoroughly vandalized, stripped of its bronze ornament and plaster and strewn with graffiti and detritus. This past September, the Bulgarian cabinet transferred the now-decrepit property to the Bulgarian Socialist Party, which has shown little incentive to restore the monument to its radiant past.

Photo: Flickr user Nedko

Photo: Flickr user Nedko

[via kuriositas]

 
 

Buzludzha (TurkishBuzluca - lit. meaning "glacially/icy") is a historical peak in the Central Stara PlaninaBulgaria and is 1441 metres high. In 1868 it was the place of the final battle between Bulgarian rebels led by Hadji Dimitar andStefan Karadzha [1] and the Turks.

The Buzludzha Monument on the peak was built by the Bulgarian communist regime to commemorate the events in 1891 when the socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement. It was opened in 1981. No longer maintained by the Bulgarian government, it has fallen into disuse.

Buzludzha is reached by a 12 km side road from the Shipka Pass.[2]

Now the monument is abandoned, vandalised, and devastated.

 

The Buzludzha monument
File:Buzludzha.jpg

Distant view
File:Buzludzha-01.JPG


Dome interior

File:Bouzloudja02.jpg


Torch monument

File:Buzludzha-03.JPG


Mosaics

File:Buzludzha vatre.jpg


2012年冬天下雪后的惨样

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    来自: mtjs > 《建筑》

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