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Breath of Life活力呼吸

2013-03-26  cntic
Breath of Life活力呼吸
by Rebecca A. Say

Sometimes what you take for granted can have a big impact on your life.
有时你视为理所当然的东西可能会对你的人生有很大的影响。

If you want to live a better life, stop and smell the roses. Well, not exactly. This common saying means we should slow down and enjoy small moments, but when it comes to health, it means what it says—take a moment to breathe. Breathing comes so naturally to us that we are hardly aware that we are constantly doing it. However, each breath is vitally important to our survival. _(1)_ Regular breaths do this job well enough, but getting into the habit of breathing deeply increases your health substantially. Deep breathing stimulates your lymphatic system, prevents premature aging, clears your mind, and much more. _(2)_ A basic deep breathing exercise begins by sitting up straight and inhaling first to fill your lower abdomen, then middle, and then chest. _(3)_ After practicing these exercises regularly, you will come to a point where you will feel more energized and alert throughout the day.
Another benefit of deep breathing is revealed during stressful situations. _(4)_ A simple example of this is when a mother is frustrated with a naughty child. _(5)_ In extreme cases, deep breathing can be life saving, such as when it is used during panic attacks. Those who make deep breathing a practice are better at getting through the attack than those who don't. Remember if you want an easy way to improve your health, give your lungs an extra workout today.

(A) To get these benefits, set aside a few minutes several times a day for breathing exercises.
(B) The purpose of breathing in medication is to calm the mind and develop inner peace.
(C) Not only does it bring oxygen into our bodies, but it also expels toxins.
(D) In these stressful situations, deep breaths calm people down quickly by expelling built-up carbon dioxide and giving them something to focus on instead of stress.
(E) When exhaling, start by pushing the air out of the lower abdomen, then middle, and then chest as if you were making waves.
(F) Taking a moment to breathe deeply allows her to calm herself down and better handle the situation in a positive and teaching way.


  1. 第一题空格应选 (C)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句有单数主词 each breath(每一口呼吸),而 (C) 项的主词为单数代名词 it,指的就是前一句的主词 each breath。另外 (C) 项的句子又提到,它不仅可将氧气带入体内,又可排毒,此功能即指空格後一句中的 do this job(奏效),三句产生关联。
    b. 根据上述,(C) 项应为正选。
    大补丸:
    a. expel vt.(从体内或容器内)排出
    Now, slowly expel the air from your lungs.
    现在慢慢地将空气从你的肺里排出。
    b. toxin n. 毒素
  2. 第二题空格应选 (A)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句提到,深呼吸会刺激淋巴系统、预防提早老化、让头脑清醒且还有更多功能。而在 (A) 项句子中可得知如何得到这些好处,故两个句子因为 benefits(好处)一字而形成关联。
    b. 根据上述,(A) 项应为正选。
    大补丸:
    set aside...拨出 留出……
    Tina's parents try hard to set aside some time every night to sit and talk with her.
    蒂娜的父母每晚都试著尽力挪出一些时间坐下来和她说说话。
  3. 第三题空格应选 (E)
    理由:
    a. 空格後一句提到,定期地练习深呼吸後,你会到达某种境界,让你整天都会感到更有能量且更灵活。因此可推知空格中的句子可能会提及如何做此运动,而 (E) 项表示,呼气时,由推挤下腹部的空气开始,然後中间部位,接著胸腔部位,就好比制造波浪一样。符合推测且前後语意连贯。
    b. 根据上述,(E) 项应为正选。
    大补丸:
    as if...犹如……;好像……
    Tom looked as if he were about to pass out after he left the haunted house.
    离开鬼屋後,汤姆看起来好像要昏倒了。
  4. 第四题空格应选 (D)
    理由:
    a. 空格前一句句尾有词组 stressful situations(充满压力的情况)。而 (D) 项句子句首有介词片语 In these stressful situations(在这些充满压力的情况中),故形成关联。
    b. 根据上述,(D) 项应为正选。
    大补丸:
    a. calm down冷静 平静下来
    = cool off
    = cool it
    Calm down and tell me everything that happened.
    冷静下来,把发生的经过一五一十地告诉我。
    b. built-up a. 累积的
  5. 第五题空格应选 (F)
    理由:
    a. 空格前 when 引导的副词子句有主词 a mother(一位母亲)。而选项 (F) 中有所有格 her(她的),指的就是这位母亲,故形成关联。
    b. 根据上述,(F) 项应为正选。
    大补丸:
    a. handle vt. 处理
    = deal with...
    = cope with...
    I don't know how to deal with difficult customers.
    我不知道如何应付难缠的客人。
    b. positive a. 正面的
    negative a. 负面的
    The writer got a lot of positive feedback from readers.
    这位作家得到很多来自读者的正面回应。
    A lack of vitamin D has a negative effect on one's health.
    缺乏维生素 D 对我们的健康有负面影响。

  1. take for granted.../take...for granted
    把……视为理所当然
    Kelly took it for granted that her parents had paid for her college education.
    凯莉把她父母为她支付大学教育经费这件事视为理所当然 。
  2. have an impact on...对……有影响
    The war has had an impact on oil prices.
    这场战争对油价造成了影响。
  3. be aware + that 子句察觉 注意到……
    = be aware of N/V-ing
    Please be aware that we are not responsible for any lost items.
    请注意,我们对於任何遗失物品一概不负责任。
    You should always be aware of your surroundings.
    你应随时注意自己周遭的环境。
  4. get into the habit of V-ing
    养成……的习惯
    Roger got into the habit of reading one book per week.
    罗杰养成每周看 1 本书的习惯。
  5. substantially adv. 大大地
    These new rules will substantially change our standard operating procedure.
    这些新规则将会大大地改变我们的标准作业程序。
  6. premature
    a. 过早的(本文当作提早的)
    It would be premature to finish the negotiations at this time.
    在这个时候结束谈判可能言之过早。
  7. inhale vt. & vi. 吸入
    exhale vt. & vi. 呼出
    If you inhale those toxic fumes, you will get sick.
    你如果吸进那些毒气,就会感到不舒服。
  8. reveal vt. 显露
    A nationwide poll revealed different opinions among young voters.
    一项全国性的调查显示了年轻选民不同的意见。
  9. be frustrated with...因……感到挫折
    All of us were frustrated with the outcome of the meeting.
    我们都对会议的结果感到很沮丧。

  1. vitally adv. 极重要地
  2. lymphatic a. 淋巴的
  3. abdomen n. 腹部
  4. energized a. 有能量的,精力充沛的
  5. stressful a. 压力重的
  6. workout n.(尤指运动的)锻链


活力呼吸
有时你视为理所当然的东西可能会对你的人生有很大的影响。
如果你想要过更好的生活,那就停下脚步,闻一闻玫瑰花香吧。嗯,其实也不完全是这个意思。这惯用的说法表示我们应该要放慢脚步,且好好享受这些片段的时刻,而说到健康,这句话要表示的正如同字面上的意思,要我们『花一点时间来呼吸』。呼吸对我们而言是如此自然,自然到我们几乎很难察觉到我们一直在持续地进行著这个动作。然而,每一口呼吸对我们的生存来说都极为重要。它不但可以将氧气带入我们的身体,同时也可以排毒。规律的呼吸足以让这个功能正常运作,不过养成深呼吸的习惯会大大地增进你的健康。深呼吸会刺激淋巴系统、预防提早老化、让头脑清醒且还有更多功能。要得到这些好处,一天拨出一些时间来做几次呼吸的练习。基本的深呼吸运动由端身正坐开始,首先,吸气灌入下腹部,然後中间部位,接著胸腔部位。呼气时,由推挤下腹部的空气开始,然後中间部位,接著胸腔部位,就好比制造波浪一样。定期地练习这些运动後,你会到达某种境界,让你整天都会感到更有能量且更灵活。
另一项显露出深呼吸的好处即是处於充满压力的状态下。在有压力的情况下,深呼吸可藉由排出囤积的二氧化碳让人快速冷静下来,同时让人把重点放在某件事情上而非压力上。这种情形的简单例子就像妈妈对顽皮的孩子感到挫折一样。花片刻时间做深呼吸能让她自己冷静下来,并用一种正面教导的方式把情况处理得更好。在极端情况下,深呼吸可以救命,好比恐慌症发作的时候进行深呼吸就有此功效。养成深呼吸习惯的人比起一般人更有助於度过这些疾病。请记住,如果你想要用一种简单的方法来改善健康,今天就给予肺部额外的锻链吧!

答案∶1. C2. A3. E4. D5. F

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