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连系动词(牛津模块七第三单元语法)

2014-10-22  许愿真

连系动词

连系动词(即系动词)用于连接主语和表语,说明主语的状态,性质,特征或身份。常见的系动词是be, 除了 be 动词之外还有一些,他们大致可分为四类:

1 表示“似乎”,如:  appear , seem

She appears/seems all right.

They appear/seem in favour of the Internet.

He appears/seems to be very friendly with us.

They appear/seem to have misunderstood me.

It appears/seems that she will win.

It appears/seems to me that you are all mistaken.

试比较:   He seems (to be) forty. 他似乎四十岁了。(说话人有一定根据)

           He appears (to be) forty. 他看上去四十岁。(从外表上看)

2. 表示“感觉” 如:look , sound , feel , taste , smell 

That sounds wonderful, but some people claim that the Internet is a waste of time.

If you always eat fast food, vegetables may not taste delicious to you.

It feels good to sit in front of the TV after a hard day’s work.

When he got up on stage, he looked a little nervous.

The air often smells bad in Internet cafes.

3. 表示  “变化 ”如: become, come , get , grow , turn , fall, go

Leaves turn green in spring.

The boy will go mad if you don’t allow him to use the computer.

Your son had grown much taller.

He gets easily excited when playing computer games.

She fell asleep the moment she got into bed.

4. 表示其他含义  如: keep, remain , stay , stand , lie, prove, turn out

The Internet proved of great value to us during our project.

You shouldn’t keep quiet in a debate.

People stayed silent and listened to us, and applauded at the end.

For these reasons, I believe the Internet remains a positive tool that helps make our lives better.

translation :

1. 那个老头似乎聋了。

2. 她显得很健康。

3. 她不感觉足够的安全。

4. 这个混合物闻起来很难闻。

5. 现在我的梦想已经变成了现实。

6. 詹姆斯一年年地长大了。 

7. 你必须保持身体健康。

8. 今天的乡村音乐还是与从前一个样。

 

使用连系动词时应当注意以下几个问题

(一)有be 动词的句子变为疑问句或否定句时,直接前提或加not 。

He is in the classroom .  

→ Is he in the classroom ?       →He is not in the classroom.

而其他连系动词变疑问句或否定句时与实义动词相同。

The language spoken in these places stayed the same .

→Did the language spoken in these places stay the same ?

→The language spoken in these places didn't stay the same .

(二 )A: 一般来讲,连系动词之后用形容词作表语可表示主语的性质、特征,这时用“怎么样”提问。

The book is interesting . →How is the book ?

B: 名词作表语表示主语的身份,回答“什么”的问题。

He is a teacher . →What is he ?

C: 副词、数词、代词、介词短语、分词、动名词都可以作表语,分别表示不同的含义。

如:The professor is at home .  教授在家。 (at home 为介词短语)

  The computer is  mine .  这台计算机是我的。(mine 为代词)

  Five and six is eleven .  五加六等于十一。(eleven为数词)

  He is out .  他出去了。(out 为副词)

My job is looking after the children . 我的工作是照看小孩。 (looking...为动名词短语)

The film is moving .   电影很动人。(moving 为分词)

 翻译并比较:

1.我们班都在外面操场上。

2.站在那儿的妇女是干什么的?

3.我门急需要的是好教材。

4.窗户被男孩打开了。窗户是开着的。

5.哪里有五棵树。是去年栽的。

6.我摸了摸桌子。桌子摸上去很冷。

7.请看这幅图。看上去很美。

8.这是个好主意。请按铃喊他们进来

9.我在花园里种的植物现在越长越大。

常见连系动词的用法总结

1. seem

seem (to be) +表语      seem to have done sth.    seem to be doing sth.     seem +从句

2. become

become + noun.         become + adj.           become + v-ed/ing

3. grow

grow + adj.             grow to do sth.          grow into

It’s growing colder at night now.

I grew to like the dog.

Ha has grown into a fine young man.

4. remain

remain + n.             remain + adj.           remain + pron.

remain + v-ed/ing        remain + prep.          remain + to be done

Do some multiple choices.

1. The cloth that __ smooth and soft __.

    A. feels; sells well B. feels; is well sold C. is felt; sells well D. is felt; sells good

2. __ delicious, the food was soon sold out.

A. Tasted     B. Being tasted    C. Tasting     D. To taste

3. Happy birthday, Alice! So you have ___ twenty-one already.

    A. become     B. turned    C. grown       D. passed

4. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ___ as the plane was making a landing.

    A. seat        B. seating    C. seated      D. to be seating

5. Be careful when you cross this very busy street. If not, you may ___ run over by a car.

    A. have   B. get   C. become    D. turn

6. Your suggestion _____ good.

    A. hears     B. sounds    C. listens to         D. listens

7. The theory that he had stuck _______ true.

A. to proved           B. proved      C. proving        D. to prove

8. What he said caused us _____.    

A. to feel frightening   B. feel frightened   C. feeling frighten   D. to feel frightened

9. We don’t care if a hunting dog smells ____, but we really don’t want him to smell ____.                                           

A. well; well      B. bad; bad       C. well; badly        D. badly; bad

10. The traffic lights ____ green and I pulled away.

    A. came    B. went    C. got   D. grew 

(key:斜体选项)

表语从句用法小结

概念:放在连系动词后面做表语的从句。

常用连系动词:be, look, remain, seem…

引导表语从句的连词:that, whether, when, where, because, why…

1. 引导表语从句的that一般不能省略。

   The trouble is that I have lost his address.

2. 表语从句通常用whether而不用if 引导。

   The question is whether we can make good

   preparations in such a short time.

3. 常见的表语结构有:

   It looks as if …       The reason is that…            It is because…      

That is why…        The fact is/ remains that…

Translate the following sentences:

(1). That was what she did this morning.

(2). This is why we can’t get the support of the people.

(3). The reason he is late for school is that he missed the early bus.

(4). It looks as if it is going to rain.

(5). But the fact remains that we are behind the other classes.

4.表示“建议,劝说,命令,请求”等后面的表语从句中,用虚拟语气should …,should可省略。

1. My suggestion is that we (should) start early tomorrow.

2. Our request is that we (should) have a good rest to refresh.

Practice

1. --- The mother tries to do everything for her son.

  --- That’s ______ she is mistaken.

  A. where   B. wherever   C. when   D. how

2. --- Are you still thinking about yesterday’s games?

  --- Oh, that’s _______ .

  A. What makes me feel excited.  B. whatever I feel excited

  C. how I feel about it           D. when I feel excited

3. ______ made the school proud was ______ more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities.

  A. What, because    B. What, that     C. That, what     D. That, because

4. Perseverance (毅力)is a kind of quality- and that’s _____ it takes to do anything well.

   A. what    B. that    C. which    D. why

5. ______ she couldn’t understand was _____fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons.

   A. What, why     B. That, why    C. What, because    D. Why, that

6. The place _____ the bridge is supposed to be built should be _____ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest.

   A. which, where   B. at which, which   C. at which, where   D. which, in which

7. ---Don’t you think it necessary that he ____ to Miami but to New York?

  ---I agree, but the problem is ____ he has refused to.

   A. will not be sent, that B. not be sent, that C. should not be sent, what D. should not send, what

8. Go and get your coat. It’s ____you left it.

   A. which      B. where     C. there where      D. where there

9. It was _____ she was about to speak that the telephone rang.

   A. which   B. when  C. where   D. whom

10. ---I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.

   --- Is that ____ you had a few days off?

   A. why    B. how   C. what    D. where 

11. What the doctors really doubt is ____ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.

    A. that    B. how    C. where    D. what

12. _____ we were worried about was ____ they could manage to control the pollution.

    A. That, how       B. That, whether   C. What, that      D. What, whether 

13. _____ Lily will get better soon is  ______ her mother is worrying about now.

   A. What, what  B. Whether, what    C. If, that      D. What, that

14. America was _____ was first called “India” by Clumbus.

   A. that        B. where    C. what      D. the place 

15. --- What are you worrying about when going to the zoo?

   --- It is _____ there is any chance of being harmed by animals.

   A. why     B. when     C. whether      D. what

(key:AABAA  CBBBA  BDBCC)

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