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新版九年级英语Unit 1 How can we become good learners?重点短语及句型解析

2014-10-23  珠穆朗玛...

新版九年级英语Unit 1 How can we become good learners?重点短语及句型解析  

新版九年级英语Unit 1 How can we become good learners?重点短语及句型解析

重点短语:

1.work with与某人一起学习

2.make word cards制作单词卡片

3.listen to tapes听录音磁带

4.ask sb. for help向某人求助

5.watch videos看录像

6.have conversations with sb.同某人谈话

7. too... to .........而不能......

8.finish doing sth完成做某事

9.give a report 作报告

10.at first起初

11.word by word逐字逐句地

12.the secret to... ......的秘密

13.be afraid to do sth害怕做某事

14.fall in love with爱上......

15.the secret to.  。。。的秘诀 

16. body language 肢体语言

17.as well

18.a piece of cake小菜一碟;很容易的事

19.look up 查阅;查找

20.so that 以便;为了

21.repeat out loud大声跟读

22.take notes记笔记

23.sentence patterns句型

24.spoken English英语口语

25.make mistakes in ......方面犯错误

26.the ability to do sth做某事的能力

27.depend on .......而定;取决于;依靠;依赖

28.pay attention to 注意;关注

29.connect ... With...............连接或联系起来

30.get bored感到厌烦

31. think about      考虑 

36. be good at      ....方面擅长 

37. even if             即使,尽管, 纵然 

38. worry about        担心,担忧

31.be afraid of 害怕......

32.try to do sth 尽力做某事

33.be stressed out焦虑不安的

34.each time 每当;每次

35.instead of代替,而不是

36.even if即使,尽管

37.be born with  生而具有 

固定短语:

1.be afraid to do sth        /  be afraid of doing sth       害怕做某事   

2. by doing sth       通过做某事 

3. finish doing sth     完成某事 

4. try to do sth..       尽力做某事 

5. find it + adj. + to do sth    发现做某事??

6. begin to do sth         开始做某事 

7. help sb. ( to ) do sth     帮助某人做某事

8. need to do sth         需要做某事

9. keep doing sth        一直在做某事 

10. practice doing sth        联系做某事

11. remember to do sth       记得去做某事 

知识点讲解:

一.--------How do you learn English?  —I learn by studying with a group.

 1.“by+doing形式表示方式、方法

语法结构

by+doing形式,通过做...的方式

I learn Chinese by listening to tapes

提问方式

How do you...?或How can I...?这类句型

-How can I turn on the light?

-By turning this button.

2.拓展:介词by的其他用法:

1by+交通工具,/...”    by bus

2by+地点,...的旁边;靠近...”   by the lake

3by+时间,截止到...;不迟于...”   by ten

by短语】

by the way 顺便问一下       by accident= by chance 偶然地 

by mistake 错误地     one by one 一个接一个     

step by step 一步一步地      by the time ……为止    

by oneself 独自地        by hand 用手        

by the end of ….... 末尾

3.辨析bywithin

by

侧重某种手段、交通工具、传递方式或媒介等

with

侧重有形工具、材料、内容等

in

侧重语言、语调、笔墨、颜色等

Eg. We’ll be traveling by car.

He broke the window with a stone.

Please answer the question in English.

二..疑问词how的用法

1)(问方式方法)怎样;如何

---_______ do you learn English well?---I learn it by using it in my daily life.

---Can you tell me_______I can get to the nearest post office?

2) 身体怎么样? --How are you? ---Fine. Thanks.

3) How +adj 构成的疑问词

How often__________How old__________How far__________

How soon__________How many__________How much__________

How long__________How tall__________

练习: How +adj 构成的疑问词填空

1.--- __________will it take you from your school to the library?

---About half an hour.       

2.---__________is Mr Wang?   ---He is forty years old.

3.--- __________ will you come back? ---In a week.

4.--- __________people are there in your family?   ---Four.

5.--- __________milk do we need?   ---Three bottles.

6.--- __________do you go to see your grandma? ---Once a week.

7.--- __________do you live from school?  ---Three miles.

三、.practice v 练习     practice doing sth 练习做某事

【拓展】finish doing sth enjoy doing sth ,  mind doing sth ,

 give in doing sth ,  can’t help doing sth

We often practice __________English  among English.(speak)

This term I enjoy __________(watch) English movies.

四.It’s too hard to understand spoken English.

1.[辨析] “It'sadj. (for/of sb.)to do sth.”句型中用forof的区别

It'sadj.of sb.to do sth.

It'sadj.for sb.to do sth.

形容词一般为表示性格,品德,心智能力,或主观感情、态度的形容词,如good, kind, niceclever, foolish等。

形容词一般为表示事物的特征、特点或客观形式的形容词,如easyharddifficult, interestingimpossible等。

可改为“Sb. isadj. to do sth.”结构。

不能改为“Sb. isadj. to do sth.”结构。

练习:

[2013·雅安]  It is important ________ people ________ learn team spirit.

Aof; of        Bof; to     Cfor; to                   Dto; to

It’s foolish________him to do so.  A. for   B. of    C. to     D. with

2.too...to...“...而不能...”.   Eg. He is too young to join the party.

 注意:not+反义词+enough to...

so...that+否定句

练习:

我弟弟年龄太小不能上学。

My brother is ______  ______  _______he can’t go to school.

My brother is ______  _______  ______ go to school.

My brother______  ______  _______  _______ go to school.

这张桌子太重我搬不动。

The table is ______  _______  _______ I can’t carry it.

The table is_______  ________for me______  ________.

The table_____  _____  ________ for me______  ________.

单项选择:

(  ) They are ____ tired ____on. 

    A. too; to walk   B .too; walking     C. can’t ;to work     D. very ;to walk

(  ) – This box is ___ heavy for me to carry. Can you help me?  —Certainly.    

    A. so   B. much    C. very   D. Too

五.The more you read, the faster you’ll be.

  “The__________…the__________…”,表示…………”

练习:

[2013·咸宁] 

—The doctor told me not to eat too much, but I find it difficult. —The doctor is right. ________ you eat, ________ you will be.

AThe less; the healthier           BThe less; the more healthier

CThe more; the healthier            DThe more; the more healthier

六..But I was afraid to ask questions because my pronunciation was very bad.

 (1)be afraid of sth/doing sth 害怕做某事【担心(出现某种不良后果)】

 (2)be afraid to do sth 害怕去做不敢去做某事】

 (3)be afraid +that 恐怕【用于礼貌地表达可能令人不愉快的消息】

【记】The girl was afraid to go across the bridge, for she was afraid of falling down from it.

练习:

1.(  ) Tina is so shy that she is afraid of ____ in front of a group.

   A. to speak   B. speak   C. speaking   D. spoke

2.大多数女孩都害怕蜘蛛。 Most girls are _______  _____spiders.

3.[2013·重庆] 

(  )—Can I take a seat here, sir? —________ My cousin will be back soon.

 ANothing serious.  BWhat's up?   CHow are you?  DI'm afraid not.

.I fell in love with this exciting and funny movie!

1.fell in love with

【拓展】fall fell fallen v 落下

 (1) 不及物v 落下,跌落    fall into 跌进……

(2) 系动词变成     fall asleep 入睡  fall ill 生病

(3) n, “秋天” = autumn

【短语】:fall into 落入    fall off 跌落     fall down 倒下

     fall behind 落后  fall asleep 入睡  fall in love with 爱上

练习:

   What’s wrong with Tom?   —Bad luck! Tom ____ his bike and hurt his leg.

A. fell    B. fell off    C. dropped   D. drop off

  Mr. Brown ____ China last year and ____ in love with it.

  A. flies to ; falls    B. flew ; fell    C. flew to; felt  D. flew to ; fell

2.excite exciting/excited   兴奋的

  be excited about感到兴奋

【拓展】

interestinteresting/interested 有趣的    be interested in 感兴趣

The students are __________in these ______books.( interest)

surprisesurprising/surprised 吃惊的    be surprise at 感到吃惊

They are __________at the ___________news.( surprise)

relax relaxed /relaxing 令人放松的 be relaxed about ……感到放松

bore bored/boring adj. 令人厌烦的

【注】 —ing结尾的adj. 常用来作定语或表语,修饰物。

       —ed结尾的adj.用来表示情绪,常做表语,修饰人

We are__________ about the __________news .(excite)

 —What__________news!       --Yes. We are all __________about it.

  A. exciting; exciting  B. excited; excited  C. exciting; excited

  This TV show is too ____. I’d rather listen to music.

   A. fantastic   B. exciting  C. boring  D. interesting.

八.I did not understand these sentences at first.

 (1) at first = at the beginning 最初,开始 【强调在时间顺序或做某事过程等开始之初】

 (2) first of all 首先,第一  【表明陈述事情的重要性】

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