英姿世家 / 待分类 / 【口译训练】(转)老庄与道家思想

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【口译训练】(转)老庄与道家思想

2014-11-15  英姿世家
中国道家思想的创始人是春秋末年的老子。老子,姓李,名耳,他著作的《道德经》只有5000多字,却对后来的中国人却产生了非常深远的影响。老子用“道”来说明宇宙万物的产生和演变,他告诉人们在思想和行为上也要遵守道的规律和特点,顺其自然,以柔克刚,因为表明软弱的东西往往本质坚强。

Lived in the later years of the Spring and Autumn Period, Laozi was the founder of Taoism. His family name was Li and given name was Er. His masterpiece Tao Te Ching, with only 5,000 characters, had a significant impact upon the thoughts of later generations. Laozi applied "Tao" to explain the origin and evolvement of the universe. He maintained that the law of "Tao" could be applied to guide people's thinking and behavior. Everything should be in conformance with the nature. What appears soft and weak can defeat what is hard and strong.

庄子,名周,在他的著作《庄子》中继承和发展了老子“道法自然”的观点,主张将外在的万物与自我等同起来,将生与死等同起来,庄子追求的是精神世界的超越和逍遥。后人习惯将二人以“老庄”并称。

Zhuangzi's given name was Zhou. In his book Zhuangzi, he absorbed and developed Laozi's viewpoint that "Tao is defined by nature" and claimed that everything exterior can be equated with self and life and death are equal. He pursued a spiritual realm of absolute freedom. Descendants usually mention them comparably. 

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