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五年级英语语法汇总

2015-12-31  rain5797

五年级上册英语语法汇总----121学习吧


1、be动词:am、is、are。am用于I,are用于you,we,they和名词复数;is用于he,she,it

和名词单数(统称为'三单',即第三人称单数)。

2、助动词,主要分为do和does。do用于主语为'非三单'(I,you,复数); does用于主语为'

三单'(he,she,it,名词单数)助动词用于“否定句和疑问句”,后面一律加“动词原形”。 例:(1)I like apples. 否定句: I don't like apples.

一般疑问句:Do you like apples?肯定回答: Yes,I do. 否定回答: No, I don`t.

(2)He reads books on Sundays. 否定句:He doesn't read books on Sundays.

一般疑问句:Does he read books on Sundays?

肯定回答:Yes,he does. 否定回答:No,he doesn't.

3、主语为'非三单'时,动词用原形;主语为'三单'时,动词后面加-s或-es。

4、名词单数变复数规则变化的规律

(1) 以s,x,sh,ch结尾的单词,加-es。如bus-buses,box-boxes,dish-dishes,watch-watches

(2)以o结尾,有的单词加-es,如tomato-tomatoes,potato-potatoes

有的单词加-s,如piano-pianos,photo-photos

(3)以辅音字母 y结尾的单词,把y改成i,再加es,如story-stories,baby-babies

(4)单词以f或fe结尾的,把f或fe改成ves。如,knife-knives,leaf-leaves

(5)一般情况直接加-s,如 boy-boys,girl-girls,apple-apples

不规则变化

(1) 字母a或o变成e,如man-men,woman-women,tooth-teeth,goose-geese

(2) 单复数同形:sheep,deer,fish,Chinese ,people

(3) 其他:child-children,mouse-mice

5、many 可数名词复数,much 不可数名词

some、any后面既可以加可数名词复数,也可以加不可数名词

some用于肯定句和表示请求及建议的一般疑问句(Would you like/ Can(May/Could) I ...?) 例如:(1)I'd like some apples.

(2) There is some water in the glass.

(3) Would you like some tea? May I have some noodles?

any用于否定句和疑问句

例如:(1)I don’t have any notebooks.

(2)I don’t have any soup for lunch.

(3)Do you have any sisters? Is there any Coke?

6、形容词前面必须用be动词。

1/2页

例:He is my music teacher. Lucy is polite.

7、情态动词:can,could,may,would,should,have to,has to,后面必须加动词原形。 例如: I can swim. I have to eat vegetables.

祈使句用动词原形。表示请求、命令等句子叫祈使句。它的主语是听话人(you),一般不需要说出来。通常以动词原形开头。

如:Let's go to school. Open the door,please.

8、冠词 a 、an、the

不定冠词(a、an),表示泛指,a 辅音,如 a young man, a university student

an 元音,如 an e-mail, an active girl,an interesting book 定冠词(the),表示特指、世界上独一无二的东西,如the sun,the Great Wall(注:there be不与the连接)

9、时间介词 in,on,at

in 一段时间:年份;季节;月份;上午、下午、晚上

on 具体时间:X月X日;星期几;节假日

at 时间点:at noon,at night,几点钟(at 7 o’clock;at 7:30)

10、 play 体育项目,如play football,play chess,play sports,play basketball

play the 乐器,如play the piano,play the pipa,play the violin

11、 问人的外貌、个性特征以及物体的外观句式:

What be动词 主语 like?

12、 问星期几

What day is it today/tomorrow?

13、 问你午餐吃了什么?(已吃) What do you have for lunch?

问你午餐想吃什么?(未吃) What would you like for lunch?

问午餐有什么吃? (未吃) What’s for lunch?

14、 It’s time for 名词,如 It’s time for music class.

It’s time to 动词,如 It’s time to go to school.

15、

16、 The first day of a week is Sunday. like 可数名词复数/不可数名词,如 I like Mondays. / I like beef.

like 动词的现在分词(动词的ing形式),如 I like reading.

like to 动词原形,如 I like to read a book.


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