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2016-05-24  爱吃爱吃...

 

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  动词类:

  1、“看”

  look 看的动作 / see看的结果; watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察; notice 注意 catch sight of 看见 / stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看glance 瞅见/glimpse瞥见 see a film , watch TV

  2、“说”

  telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的交流 say sth 诉说的内容 speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 bargain 讨价还价 chat 聊天 repeat 重复 explain解释 warn警告 remind提醒 discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 figure 指出 declare宣布 claim自称 mention 提起 admit 承认deny 否绝 describe描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍 complain抱怨

  3、“叫”

  cry哭叫 call叫 shout大喊 scream尖叫 moan呻吟 sigh叹气 quarrel大吵

  4、“问”

  ask 询问 interview 采访 express表达 question审问

  5、“答”

  answer回答 respond回应(用其他方式回应) reply回复

  6 、“听”

  listen to听的动作 hear听的结果 pick up收听 overhear无意听到

  7、“写”

  dictate听写 write sth 写 describe描写 drop a line 写信 draw画 take down/write down写下,记下

  8、“拿/放”

  take拿走 bring拿来 hold举着 carry扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch拿来拿去 lift举 put放 lay 铺/放置 pull拉/push推

  9、“抓”

  take hold of 抓着 seize紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠

  10、“打”

  hit一次性的打击 beat不间断的打击 strike突然的击打/突然想到 blow吹刮 attack攻击

  11、“扔”

  throw扔 drop掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake摇

  12、“送”

  send寄送 deliver递送 give给 offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行

  13、“摸/抱”

  touch摸 /fold折叠 /embrace拥抱 / hug抱/hold 握 in one’s arms

  14、“踢/碰”

  kick踢/knock敲/ tip 轻敲

  15、“行”

  walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip溜 come/go enter进入 move搬迁 drive开车 ride 骑 fly crawl 匍匐前进

  16、“坐”

  sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand站,耸立/ lean斜靠

  17、“睡/休息”

  lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest take a nap 打盹 be asleep bend turn over翻身 rest

  18、“笑”

  smile 微笑(不出声) laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing

  19、“哭”

  cry shed tears 留泪 weep呜咽地哭 sob抽泣 burst into tears/burst out crying

  20、“找/查”

  find找到 look for正在找过程 find out查明 discover/explore 发现/探索

  hunt for search for seek / seek for in search of寻找 search sb 搜身 search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 check检查,核实 examine 考察发现问题/体检 test检测,检验 inspect视察

  21、“穿”

  put on 动作 wear穿戴 have on试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up化装 get changed 换衣服 be in red take off 脱 remove 去除

  22、“吃/喝”

  eat/drink sip吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste treat sb to请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃

  23、“得”

  get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess

  24、“失”

  lose 丢了 be lost /be missing人错过失踪,不见 gone不见(物) great loss die die off相继死去 die away 逐渐消失

  25、“有”

  have 有 own是自己的 conquer征服 occupy占有=possess

  26、“无”

  nothing left the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone

  27、“增/减”

  rise / go up /drop人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease

  28、“买/卖”

  buy purchase afford pay pay off pay for sell on sale bargain bill / cheque /cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts

  29、“存在/消失”

  come into being exist appear survive live show turn up disappear die die out pass away be out of sight

  30、“变化”

  develop improve become grow go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative adj.) turn + colour change /change into reform

  31、“认识的过程”

  feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize understand remember be familiar with recall recite apply to

  32、“成功/失败”

  make it succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win lose fail to do failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. into reality

  33、“努力”

  try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do

  34、祝贺

  congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会

  35、赞美/批评

  praise think highly of / blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame criticize /scold sb. for sth. have a low opinion of sb speak ill of

  36、喜/恶

  like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of Dislike hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off

  37、判断

  think believe consider find feel conclude infer doubt

  38、到达

  arrive at reach return to get to stay in sp visit leave leave for on one’s way to upon one’s arrival on doing sth

  39、受伤

  hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from suffer a loss

  40、损坏

  damage destroy ruin break down be broken crash

  41、修复

  repair rebuild restore fix recover oneself

  42、支持/反对

  agree disagree accept receive refuse turn down be against elect vote for/ against

  43、做饭

  cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker

  44、建议

  advise suggest recommend urge propose demand persuade 说服

  45、花费

  sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth Sb+afford +n/to do sth

  It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense

  46、省/存钱

  save /save up set aside put away spare no effort/ time

  47、参加

  take part in join /join in attend compete in/ for/against

  48、控告

  accuse sb. of charge sb. with

  49、救治

  help /help out save /rescue sb from sth. treat过程 / cure 结果sb. of sthaid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth

  50、敬佩

  admire respect show respect for/to adore envy /be jealousy in honor of

  51、逃避

  ran away escape from flee hide

  52、阻止/禁止

  prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth forbid doing sth. ban prohibit

  53、 对付/处理

  handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth solve settle

  54 、效仿

  copy imitate learn from learn

  55、 爆发/发生

  come about happen to take place break out burst out go off explosion

  56、安装/装备

  fasten fix set equip be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with装备有

  57、追求

  pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with赶上 keep up with跟上

  58、 想/考虑

  think of 考虑/+as把什么看成 think about想起 consider think over仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be considerate towards sb.

  59 、打算

  plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do

  60 、似乎/好像

  seem appear look like as if as though

  61、开办/关闭

  open start set up close/close up end close down

  名词类:

  1、假期

  vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off

  2、旅游

  trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking

  3、职务人员

  clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard

  4、餐馆/定餐/就餐

  inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin

  5、诊所/看病/服药

  clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon specialist patient

  6、车站/机场

  airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb.

  7、身体部位

  arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist

  8、意志

  will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy

  9、才能/品质

  talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable

  10、优缺点

  advantage disadvantage strength weakness

  11、目标

  aim goal intention purpose belief faith

  12、方式

  means method way manner approach

  13、身体素质

  strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight

  14、图表

  photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图

  15、文章

  reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary日记 Files form make a list of

  16、课堂

  class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks

  17、学校活动

  match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony

  18、建议/观点

  advice/suggestion/idea/proposal/view/recommandation

  19、气候/天气

  climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth

  20、交通

  by train/bus /boat,bike,on the train/bus /a bike,drive a car ,ride a bike ,give sb. a lift/ride

  21、习惯

  habit/custom/get used to regular有规律的(形容词) practice惯例(名词)

  22、感觉

  sight/hearing/touch/smell/sense

  23、情感

  feeling/emotion/anger /delight/sadness/sorrow

  24、财富

  money/possessions/wealth/belongings/fortunes/treasure/diamond /be rich/well-off

  25、运动比赛

  on the playground、on the track and filed、 pitch event game、match、sports player 、coach/judge jogging weightlifting play volleyball/soccer

  26、衣服

  clothes/cloth/clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数;cloth指布,为不可数名词;clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of

  27、事件

  incident/accident  incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故

  形容词类:

  1、人的各种感受

  乐 happy、delighted、to one’s joy、pleased、amused

  悲 sad、unhappy、painful、bitter

  平静 calm、quiet、silent/still、peaceful

  烦 bother、bored、be fed up with

  震惊 surprised、astonished、shocked /amazed

  怕 in fear、be frightened /scared /afraid

  失望 desperate、disappointed 、hopeless be depressed

  满意 be satisfied with 、be content to do

  生气 annoyed、angry、disgusting、burst into rage

  2、表程度的副词类

  narrowly/ nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very very/ quite

  accidently/ once in a while occasionaly/ once far / by far

  farther/ further better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus

  易考的近义词组:

  run/ manage grow/ plant leave/remain fit/ suit/ match

  hit/ beat/strike meet/ satisfy touch /feel play /performer

  contain/ hold /seat/ fill lie/sit/locate help/work/ do

  fall/ sink/ drop matter/ problem /trouble/ money/ account

  cause/ reason that’s why/ that’s because because/ since,as/ for

  last/ continue keep/ stay/ treat/ cure/ operate separate/ divide

  stand/ bear/tolerate/hold turn/become/go change/vary/range

  provide/supply/offer/ give/send 

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