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如何用英语介绍中国茶文化

2016-05-28  salao1212



中国拥有三千多年的茶文化。

Yes, I prefer tea.

是的,我爱喝茶。


Most Chinese people like tea and Chinese people are the first people in the world who have tea.
大多数中国人都喜欢喝茶,中国人是世界上最早饮用茶的人。

And we have a recorded history of tea of three thousand years.
茶在中国有记载的历史已经有三千多年了。

And one thousand and two hundred years ago, a man named Lu Yu wrote a book which is called “Cha Jing”, means “the Bible of Tea”.

大约一千两百年以前,有一个叫陆羽的人,专门写了一本《茶经》。



And this is the very first book on tea in the world.

这是世界上第一本关于茶的书。



The book offers a detailed explanation of the original tea, tools for picking and manufacturing tea, types and verification of tea, tea wares for brewing and drinking, history and method of tea drinking, as well as tea producing districts and their rankings. 这本书详细介绍了茶的起源,采茶、制茶的工具,茶的种类和鉴定,煮茶、饮茶的器皿,饮茶风俗的历史演变,茶叶的产地和品质等等。


China now boasts a sophisticated tea culture, which goes far beyond tea itself.

中国的茶文化非常复杂,比茶本身还要复杂。


Tea comes in various types.
茶的种类很多。

It is most commonly classified according to its processing method.

现在最常见的分类是按照茶的加工方法来分。


Fully fermented tea is called red tea, although it is known as black tea among westerners. 

经过全发酵的茶是红茶,但是西方人却把它叫做black tea(黑茶)


Unfermented tea is called green tea and the leaves remain all of green.
不经过发酵的,仍保持原色的是绿茶。

Half fermented tea is called Wulong tea.

半发酵的是乌龙茶。


And the scented tea, which smells like flowers, is made by mixing green tea with flower petals through an elaborate process.
把花瓣同茶叶混合在一起薰制的茶叫花茶、

Take green tea for instance, the ideal temperature of the water should be around 80 degree Celsius.
以绿茶为例,沏茶用的水最佳温度是摄氏八十度左右。

If the water is too hot, nutrients in the tea will be destroyed and the tea will taste badly.
如果水温过高,茶中的营养物质就会被破坏,茶水也很难喝。

On the other hand, if the water is tempered, the tea leaves wouldn’t open up and you will miss the brisk flavor.

相反如果水温不够,茶叶泡不开,茶中的营养物质解析不出来,/您现在阅读的内容来自“李晨老师教英文”公众号/ 就喝不到茶的香味。


In addition, water is another important element. Water from springs, rivers, lakes and wells will result in different flavors.
此外,水的来源也非常重要,泉水、河水、湖水、井水等等,不同的水质都会影响茶的口感。

Chinese people are most accustomed to drinking hot tea.
中国人喝茶习惯要喝热的。

Many tea experts say that once tea cools off, its nutrients disappear and it’s no longer good for your health.
一些专家认为,茶凉了以后,不但茶的精华消失了,/您现在阅读的内容来自“李晨老师教英文”公众号/ 而且对人的身体也不利。

So when you go visit a Chinese friend’s house, you will most likely to receive a cup of hot tea.

因此如果你到中国朋友家做客,他们一定会用热茶来招待你。


And you will find that as you stay and talk, your friend will continually add hot water to your emptying cup of tea.
而且在聊天的过程中,他们还会不断地为你喝空了的杯子添热水。

Or else, they will just throw up the cold tea and give you some new tea.
或者把凉了的茶倒掉,再为你加上新的热茶。

Talking about adding water to the tea cup, we have a saying in Chinese which is “Jiu Man Cha Ban”: Liquor or wine full, full cup. Tea half, half cup.
说起倒茶,中国有句俗话,叫做“酒满茶半”,意思是倒酒时要把杯子倒满,而倒茶时不要倒太满。

Well, they mean something good.
两种方式都表示好意。

For liquor, full cup symbolizes whole heartiness, very sincere.

酒倒满杯表示全心全意。



For tea, half, it means modest.

茶倒半杯表示虚心诚恳。



So we have different ways of giving water to the cup of tea or giving one a liquor to friends.

我们给朋友倒茶和倒酒时,礼节是不同的。


black tea
红茶

green tea

绿茶



与茶相关的英语表达


浓茶:strong tea


喝茶:have/drink tea



无论如何都不——'not for all the tea in China'【非正式】


例句:I wouldn't take that job offer—not for all the tea in China. 我无论如何都不会去做那份工作。

安慰与同情——“tea and sympathy”【非正式】


例句:She needs a plan of action rather than tea and sympathy. 她需要的不是安慰与同情,而是下一步的行动计划。



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