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中考英语 最后一周必会100组短语精讲

2016-06-19  未来决定...




1.ask(tell,order) sb. (not) to do sth. 请求(要求;命令)某人(不)做某事

2.see(hear,find) sb. do 看见(听见,发现)某人经常做或做过某事

doing 正在做某事

3.do some doing (shopping/washing/reading/cleaning/fishing)做某事

4.go doing (shopping/fishing/swimming/hiking /dancing / travelling /boating /skating /skiing / hunting 去做某事

5.had better (not) do 最好(不)做某事

6.finish(enjoy; give up) doing 做完(喜欢,.放弃)某事

Would you mind doing...? 你介意做某事吗?

7.Thank you for doing 感谢你做某事 [申申老师提示:介词后用动名词]

What(How) about doing...? 你认为做某事怎么样?

8.be busy doing 忙于做某事


9.keep sb. doing 使某人一直做某事

keep(get,make) sth. 形容词(作宾补) 使某物怎么样(keep the room clean/ get him angry/ make it difficult )

10.decide(refuse) to do 决定(拒绝)做某事

11.Why not do...? 为什么不做某事

12.make(let) sb. (not) do 使(让)某人(不)做某事

make sth. to do 制作某物为了干什么

13.can (not) do (不)能做某事 [申申老师提示:情态动词后用动词原形]

14.stop to do 停下来去做某事

doing 停止做某事


(1) go on to do sth. 表示“接着做另一件事”,即接下去做与原来不同的一件事;

(2) go on doing sth.表示“继续不停地做某事或间断后继续做原来没有做完的事”;

(3) go on with sth. 表示“间断后继续做原来没有做完的事”,其后一般接代词作宾语。通常情况下,go on doing sth.和go on with sth.可互换。


After they had read the text, the students went on to do the exercises.


The students went on talking and laughing all the way.一路上学生们一直有说有笑。

After a rest, we went on with our lesson(=After a rest, we went on having our lesson.).


work on 继续做工作

keep (on) working

don't stop working

continue working

16. be made to do 被让、使做某事 [被动语态后用'to do']

be made by sb. 被某人制造

be made in some place 在某地制造

be made of sth. 用什么质料制造

be made from sth. 用什么原料制造

(总结第一个be made of是指不经过加工,能直接看出原材料,例如桌子是由木头做成的,The desk ismade ofwood.

第二个be made from是指经过加工,不能直接看出原料.例如书本是由木头做的.The book is made from wood.)

be made up of sth. and sth. 由什么组成

17.like (enjoy,be keen on) doing 喜欢做某事

would like to do 想要做某事

want to do; would be interested to do

18.It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多少时间

19.be late for(come late to) ……迟到

20.be(get) interested in 对(开始)……感兴趣

21.be pleased with 对……感到满意

22.be full of 充满……

be filled with 装满……

23.operate on 对……动手术

24.get(be) ready for 为……作准备

get sth. ready 把……准备好

25.show sb. around 带领某人参观……

show sth. to sb. 把……给某人看

26.be friendly to 对……友好

It's very friendly of you! (你)真好啊!

27.be thankful to sb. 对……感激

28.have gone (been) to 去了(去过)……

have been in 一直在……

29.thousands of 成千个……

two thousand 两千个……


30.both...and... 既……又……;两者都

neither...nor... 既不……也不……;两者都不

either...or... 既……又……;或者……或者……

not only...but also... 不但……而且……

(注意neither..nor/ either..or/not only..but also/not...but 就近原则问题。还有there be也是就近原则)

31.be good at 擅长于……

do well in ……学得好

32.be good for; be helpful to 对……有益

be bad for; be harmful to 对……有害

33.think about(over) 考虑(仔细考虑)

think of 想念;想到

34.work out the problem 算出习题

answer the question 回答问题

35.play with( / ,the) 玩东西(打球,奏乐器)

36.borrow ...from 从某人那里借进……

lend ...to 把……借出去给某人

keep ... 借……(一段时间)

37.(not) as(so)...as... (不)象……一样 (注意so..as 不可用于肯定句,同时中间要用形容词、副词原形,考试常出错误形式比较级)

38.so(such)...that... 这样……以致于……

(注意such…that作“如此…以致”解,与so…that 意思相同,但用法不同.如:so…that这一结构中,so后边可加形容词或副词,而such后边要用名词(这个名词前面可以带形容词,也可以不带).因此,


1) such+a(an)+adj.+单数可数名词+that…

He was such an honest man that he was praised by the teacher.


They are such interesting novels that I want to read them once again.


He has made such great progress that the teachers are pleased with him.


such而用so.例如:He had so many falls that he was black and blue all over.

He had so little education that he was unfit for this job.



so+ many(多) / few(少) +复数可数名词+that…

so+ much(多) /little(少) +不可数名词+that…

39.for (单词); so that (从句) 为了

so as to ... (注意不用于句首)

in order to ... 为了,以便

40.at night; in the day(time) 在夜里(白天)

on the night of 在(某天)夜里

41.some medicine for 治……的药

42.There's something wrong with ……有毛病

43.What's wrong with you? 你怎么啦?

What's the matter with you?

44.speak English(say it in English) 说英语(用英语说它)

45.take a message for …to… 为……带口信给

leave a message for 给……留口信

give a message to 给……口信

46.What's the weather like...? ……天气怎么样?

How is the weather ...?

47.in front of 在……前面 ♀

in the front of 在……前部(空间内) ♀

48.have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快

have a great(lovely) day

enjoy oneself

enjoy one's time

enjoy every minute of it

49.agree with sb. on sth. 同意某人关于……

agree to sth. 同意什么计划、建议

disagree to /with

50.all (different) kinds of 各种

51.as soon as possible 尽快地

as soon as sb. can

52.at home; in 在家

at Tom's; in Tom's home 在汤姆家

53.at the moment (now) 此刻(现在)

at the moment (at that time) 那时刻(当时)

54. be able to; manage to 能(办到某事)

be able to; can 会(做某事)

55.be covered with 被……覆盖

56.be famous /known for 以……出名

be famous/known as 作为。。出名

57.be proud of 为……自豪

58.by the way 顺便说

in this way 用这种方法

on one's way (to) 在……路上

get in the way 挡道,妨碍

59.used to do 过去常做

be used to doing 习惯于

be used to do 被用来为了

60.from time to time; sometimes 不时地; 有时候

once for a while; now and then 断断续续; 时而,

61.make friends with 与……交朋友

62.praise sb. for sth. 为某事表扬某人

63.didn't do; wasn't able to do 没做; 没能(办到)

failed to do

64.We are going to have a match... [两个'进行']

There is going to be a match...

65.Hedied two years ago. [两个'死']

He has been dead for two years.(注意for+一段时间不可与瞬间动词连用,所以die 改为be dead)

66.He bought a bike a month ago. [两个'买']

He has had this bike for a month.(同上)

67.He came toShanghai last year. [两个'来']

Hehas been in Shanghai since last year.(同上)

68.Heleft Shanghai last week. [两个'离开']

He has been away from Shanghai since last week.(同上)

69.He borrowed this book three days ago. [两个'借']

He has keptthis book for three days.(同上)

70.Where did you go...? [ 两个'什么地方']

What place did you visit...?

71.How long did you stay...? [两个'多少时间']

How much time did you spend...?

72.of one's own [两个'属于自己']

belong to sb.(宾格)

73.an hour and a half [两个'一个半小时']

one and a half hours

74.replace; take the place of (动词) [几个'代替']

instead of; in place of (介词词组)

instead (副词)

75.take a bus (动词词组) [两个'乘车']

by bus; in a bus (介词词组)

76.the Games were held ... [两个'举行']

the Games took place ...

77.This happened ... [两个'发生']

This took place ...(注意初高中阶段翻译成发生的单词或短语多没有被动语态)

78.have to ... 不得不 [两个'必须']


79.don't have to do [四个'不必']

don’t need to do

needn't do

don’t need any help

80.work it out (副词词组) [两个 it 的位子]

go over it (介词词组)

81.look after ...well [两个'很好地照顾']

take good care of

82.protect sb. from [两个'保护……免受']

keep sb. off

83.Please...,will you? Let us...,will you? Let's...,shall we? [几句特殊的反意疑问句]

I don’t think it is …, is it? We had to …, didn’t we?

I’m …, aren’t I? We’d better…, hadn’t we?

84.Will you take me to the zoo, Mum? 带去 [三个'带']

Would you please bring me some water? 带来

He used to carry a bag in his hand. 带着

85.help sb. with sth. [三个'帮助']

help sb. do

help sb. to do sth.

86.Wait(Just) a moment. [几个电话用语'等一下']

Wait(just) a minute.

Hold on; Hold the line.

87.hurry off [几个'匆忙离开']

leave quickly

go away in a hurry(hurriedly)

88.take part in(join in; go in for) 积极参加(活动) [几个'参加']

join 加入(组织)

attend 出席(会议,球赛,夜校,演讲)

enter for (报名)参加

take 进行(考测)

89.He is a doctor, too(as well). (肯定) [几个'也']

He is also a doctor. (肯定)

He is not a doctor, either. (否定)

So is(has; does) he. 也是那样 (上文是肯定) so he is/was/does/did/has/had 的确如此

Neither(Nor) is(has; does) he. 也不。。。(上文是否定)

90.Not yet. 还没有。 [几个'not']

not...any more(any longer) 再也不……

not...at all 根本不……

not...but 不是……而是

not...until 直到……才

91.again; once more 再次 [几种 '再']

again and again 再三

over and over

92.spend ... (in) doing [几个'花费']

on [跟名词]

pay (the money) for sth.

sth. cost sb. ...

it takes sb. some time to do sth.

93.Shall I...? No, you needn't. 你不必要…… [几对情态动词问答]

Would you like me to do...? No, you needn’t. 你不必要……

Must I...? No, you needn't. 你不必要……

I’m afraid you must. 恐怕你有必要……

May I...? No, you mustn't(can’t). 你不应该(你不能)……

No, you may not. 你不可以……

I'm sorry you can't. 很遗憾你不能……

I'm afraid you can't. 恐怕你不能……

94. many much [几个'许多']

(可数) (不可数)

quite a few huge amounts of

a large number of a great deal of lots of(a lot of)

95.He must have had supper. 必定;肯定 [表示猜测]

Probably he’s had supper.

He may be at home. 可能(注意英语中肯定句很少用can)

He’s possibly at home.

Perhaps(Maybe) he’s in.

He can't be in the room. 不可能

He’s impossibly in the room.

96.He has lived here since 1988. [点用'since';段用'for']

He has lived here for seven years.

97.He will be back after ten o'clock. [点用'after';段用'in']

He will be back in ten hours.

98.He has waited for you since I came here. ['现完';'一过']

('since'译为'既然'时,例外。如:Since all of us are present, let’s begin our meeting.)

He has gone to the park. [过去的动作,没有信号,用现在完成时]

99.He will come if it doesn't rain tomorrow. [主'将';从'现']

Please teach me English after he leaves. ['命令';从'现']

You can go as soon as the class is over. ['情态';从'现']

Water is turned into ice when it is made cold enough. ['一现';从'现']

100. He is in charge of the restaurant. [几个“负责”]

His job is to be in charge of the restaurant.

The restaurant is in the charge of him.

He is responsible for the restaurant.

He has the duty of the restaurant.

He takes charge of the restaurant.








3定语从句(注意:that/which/who 用法)


5.thanks for和thanks to




9.would like / want / feel like



12.take, cost, pay, spend区别


14.部分词作连词与介词 如before after

15.动词ed / ing作形容词用法之一

16.动词ed / ing作形容词用法之二


18.later / after / ago / before






24.(a) little / (a) few




28. some-, any-, every-用法


30.if / whether区别





35.neither / nor用法之一

36.keep, make, get, have用法37.used短语

38. through / past / across 区别

39.the number of / a number of


41.all / each / both / none / either / neither


43. Must I / May I / Need I …? 用法

44.hundred / thousand / million / billion


46.put on, wear, dress, in


48. other(s) / the other(s) / another

49.how long / often / soon / far




53.because/ instead / out (of) 用法

54.too much, too many与much too

55. alone / lonely

56.belong to与be




60.talk, tell, say, speak

61.sometime(s) / some time(s)62.need 的用法

63.do with 与deal with



66.quite / such / really用法之一

67.部分用what 提问的句型

68.there be部分用法







76. 代词it / that / this / one部分用法

77.at / by the end of, in the end区别

78.have gone to/have been to / in

79.all / whole用法

80.a bit / a little区别

81.“擅长/ 不擅长”“对…有利/有害”

82. 表数量的词与短语的部分用法




86.everyday与every day87.everyone与every one

88.none与no one


90.kind of 与kinds of

91.rain / snow / wind的常见修饰词




95. ill与sick的区别


97.favourite 与own的类似结构

98.stop / start (begin) / like / forget (remember) / go on等词或短语用法



101.room / space / place



104. job与work



107.be + 形 + of sb 与 for sb的区别

108. take, bring, fetch与carry

109. 条件与祈使

110. in / on / at + 时间

111. one day,someday / some day

112. missing与lost




116.except / except for / besides




120. That’s all right / All right / That’s right. 的区别

121. on表方式的用法





bet(打赌) cut(剪切) cost(花费) fit(健全) hit(撞击) hurt(伤害) let(让) put(放置) quit(退下) set(设置) upset(不安)shut(关) spit (吐痰) spread(传播)read(读) read II. ABB型(76个)

lay(放下) laid laid

pay(付费)paid paid

say(说) said said

make(制作) made made

feed(喂养) fed fed

flee(逃离) fled fled

have(有) had had

hear(听见) heard heard

hold(握住) held held

find(发现) found found

lead(领导) led led

mislead(误导) misled misled

sell(卖) sold sold

tell(告诉) told told

retell(重述) retold retold

stand(站立) stood stood

understand(懂得)understood understood

misunderstand(误解)misunderstood misunderstood

(也可-ed结尾的动词 dream(梦见) burn(燃烧) hang (绞死) learn (学习) light (点燃) prove (证明)shine (闪耀)show (出示) wake (醒来 )spell (拼写)speed (加速)smell(闻起来) bet(打赌) betted betted fit(强健) fitted fitted )

burn(燃烧) burnt burnt

deal(处理) dealt dealt

dream(梦见)dreamt dreamt

lean(倾斜) leant leant

learn(学会)learnt learnt

mean(意思是) meant meant

lose(失去) lost lost

meet(遇见) met met

bend(弯曲) bent bent

build(建立) built built

lend(借出) lent lent

rebuild(重建) rebuilt rebuilt

send(派送) sent sent

spend(度过) spent spent l

eave(离开) left left

get(得到) got got

feel(感觉) felt felt

smell(闻嗅) smelt smelt

keep(保持) kept kept

sleep(睡觉) slept slept

sweep(打扫) swept swept

weep(哭泣) wept wept

spell(拼写) spelt spelt

shoot(射击) shot shot

light(电亮) lit lit

speed(加速) sped sped

spill(溅出) spilt spilt

spoil(惯坏) spoilt spoilt

sit(坐) sat sat

spit(吐痰) spat spat

bring(带来) brought brought

buy(买) bought bought

seek(追求) sought sought

think(思想) thought thought

fight(战斗) fought fought

catch(抓捕) caught caught

teach(教) taught taught

dig(挖) dug dug

hang(悬挂) hung hung

stick(粘住) stuck stuck

strike(打击) struck struck

win(战胜) won won

shine(照耀) shone shone

wake(醒来) woke woke/woken


see(看见) saw seen

lie(躺) lay lain

go(去、走) went gone

do(做) did done

be(是) was/were been

eat(吃) ate eaten

overeat(吃) overate overeaten

wake(醒来) woke waken

awake(使醒来) awoke awaken

shake(摇晃) shook shaken

rise (升起) rose risen

hide(躲藏) hid hidden

bite(叮、咬) bit bitten

forbid(禁止) forbade forbidden

ride(骑) rode ridden

write(写) wrote written

strike(打击) struck stricken

rise (升起) rose risen

drive(开车、驱赶) drove driven

take(拿去) took taken

mistake(弄错) mistook mistaken

undertake(从事) undertook undertaken

give(给予) gave given

forgive(宽谅) forgave forgiven

arise(起来) arose arisen

fall(倒下) fell fallen

begin(开始) began begun

drink(喝) drank drunk/drunken

ring(响铃) rang rung

swim(游泳) swam swum

sing(唱歌) sang sung

sink(下沉) sank sunk/sunken

break(打破) broke broken

choose(选择) chose chosen

speak(说话) spoke spoken

steal(偷) stole stolen

bear(生育、忍受)bore born/borne

freeze(结冰) froze frozen

swear(起誓) swore sworn

weave(编织) wove woven

tear(撕扯) tore torn

wear(穿、戴) wore worn

get(得到) got gotten

forget(忘记) forgot forgotten

prove(证明) proved proven

fly(飞) flew flown

blow(吹) blew blown

grow(成长) grew grown

know(知道) knew known

draw(绘画、拉) drew drawn

show(显示)showed shown

throw(扔、抛弃)threw thrown


overcome 克服 overcame overcome

become(成为) became become

come(来) came come run(跑) ran run

V.AAB型(1个)beat(打击) beat beaten

VI.多种变化型(17个)bear bet burn fit get forget hang learn light prove shine show smell speed spell spit wake






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