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新题型——语法填空完全解读

2016-06-25  盛夏爽秋

命题特点

语法填空命题特点如下:

1.长度: 200词左右。


2.命题形式及考点:

(1)有提示词填空:提示词主要是名词、动词、形容词、副词等。考生需根据上下文填写所提供单词的正确形式。这类试题主要考查的语法内容涉及到动词的时态、语态、非谓语动词的形式、形容词或副词的比较级或最高级、名词的单复数等。

 (2)无提示词填空:考生需根据上下文在空格处填入一个合适的词,这类题主要考查冠词、连词、介词等。需要注意的是,连词的考查会涉及到定语从句、名词性从句、状语从句以及并列连词等。

同类题型真题回顾 SEE MORE ↓

2015全国课标I卷

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。将答案填写在答题卡的相应位置。

Yangshuo,China


It was raining lightly when I   61 (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours   62, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with   63 (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.

I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River   64 are pictured by artists in so many Chinese   65 (painting). Instead, I’d headed straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away   66 car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

Yangshuo   67 (be) really beautiful. A study of travelers   68 (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it   69 (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people   70 (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

参考答案:61. arrived  62. before / earlier  63. its  64. that / which  65. paintings  66. by  67. is  68. conducted  69. regularly  70. living

经过分析可知,这部分的知识点的考查集中,依旧是侧重语境和语言知识的结合。考查点以实词为主,兼顾虚词。词法、句法并重,突出词汇基本运用,尤其是动词的时态和非谓语动词。

具体考点:时态(第61、67题),名词单复数(第65题),副词(第62、69题;62题需要根据上下文推出所填入的副词),非谓语动词(第68 conducted作后置定语,第70 living作后置定语),代词(第63、64题),介词(第66题)。 


2015全国课标II卷

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The adobe dwellings (土坯房) __61__ (build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even __62__ most modern of architects and engineers. In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __63__ (able) to “air condition” a house without __64__ (use) electric equipment. Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat __65__ (slow) during cool nights, thus warming the house. When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __66__ (cool) the house during the hot day; __67__ the same time, they warm up again for the night. This cycle __68__ (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset (抵消) for the outside temperatures. As __69__ (nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly __70__ thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

参考答案:61. built  62. the  63. ability  64. using  65. slowly  66. to cool  67. at  68. goes  69. natural  70. how

课标II卷的语法填空题是一篇关于土坯房制作的说明文,考点多为学生平时训练较多、较熟悉的考点。其中第63(形变名)、65(形变副)、69(名变形)题考查了三组基础的词形转化。第61(built作后置定语)、64(现在分词)和66(不定式)题考查了三处非谓语动词。第67题考查介词,第70题考查连词,第62题考查冠词的基本用法。
2014年全国课标I卷

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix?

In 1969, the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland, Ohio. It   61   (be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it   62   (actual) caught fire and burned. Now, years later, this river is one of   63   most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup.

But the river wasn’t changed in a few days   64   even a few months. It took years of work   65   (reduce) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is   66   (clean) than ever.

Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you have a habit   67   is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don’t know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation, don’t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately?

While there are  68  (amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the   69   (change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be   70   (patience).

参考答案:61. was  62. actually  63. the  64. or  65. to reduce  66. cleaner  67. that/which 68. amazing  69. changes  70. Patient

本文是一篇关于克服困难的哲理性的说明文,综合考查了高中阶段的语法项目,具体的考点为:61 动词时态  62 形变副  63 冠词  64 连词  65 非谓语动词  66 形容词比较级 67 定语从句  68 非谓语动词  69 名词复数   70 名词变形容词


2014全国课标II卷

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about ___61___ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ___62___ some of them looked very anxious and ___63___ (disappoint). When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next ___64___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike ___65___ (catch) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused ___66___ (stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept ___67___ (ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up to the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked, “___68___ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh dear! It’s ___69___ (I).” She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully. Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done, and the crowd of strangers ___70___ (sudden) became friendly to one another.

参考答案:61. being  62. and  63. disappointed  64. to  65. caught  66. to stop  67. riding  68. Did  69. me/mine  70. suddenly

本文是一篇有关丢手提箱的故事,语言比较简单。具体考点为:61 63 66 67四处考查非谓语动词;62 连词  64 介词 65 动词时态 68助动词  69 代词  70形变副;动词的考查是重点。


备考建议:

语法填空考查的重点依然是:动词时态、非谓语动词、名词、形容词、副词、连词、冠词、介词等。同学们在动词和名词、形容词和副词的词性变化方面要多下功夫

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