淡优雅 / 教育-初中英语 / 新人教版 ▏八年级上册课本重点单词、短语...

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新人教版 ▏八年级上册课本重点单词、短语、句型全汇总(下)

2016-10-13  淡优雅



快要期中考试了,小简老师整理了初中各年级上册的复习资料,包括各单元的重点短语、句型和单词,希望助你一臂之力哦!前几天上的七年级的,这两日该来八年级的了!



Unit6. I’m going to study computer science.


【重点短语】


1、grow up 长大

2、every day 每天

3、be sure about 对某事确信

4、make sure 确信/有把握

5、send…to…把…...发送到...…/把...…寄…...

6、be able to 能/能够

7、 the meaning of …...的意思/含义

8、 different kinds of 不同种类的

9、have …..in common 有…共同点

10、 at the beginning of 在…开始的时候

11、write down 写下/记下

12、 have to do with 与….有关系

13、take up 开始从事/着手处理/接受

14、 hardly ever 几乎不

15、too…to… 太......而不能......


【重点句型】


1. What do you want to be/ become when you grow up?

当你长大的时候想当什么?

2. I want to be a/an computer programmer/ bus driver/ basketball player/ engineer/ cook/ teacher/ pilot/ scientist/ doctor/ violinist/ pianist /actor /actress/ singer/ race car driver/ reporter

我想当……(职业名称)

3. My parents want me to be a doctor, but I’m not sure about that.

我的双亲想要我当医生,但我还不确定。

4. How are you going to do that?

你打算怎样做呢?

5. I’m going to practice basketball every day.

我打算每天练习篮球。

6. Where/ When are you going to study?

你打算在哪儿/什么时候去学习?

7. I know why you’re so good at writing stories.

我知道你为什么如此擅长于写故事。

8. I’ m going to keep on writing stories.

我打算坚持写故事。

9. Not everyone knows what they want to be.

不是每个人都知道他们想当什么?

10. Just make sure you try your best.

只要确信你尽了最大努力。

11. Then you can be anything you want.

那么你就可以当你想当的了。

12. For this reason, some people say the best resolution is to have no resolutions!

由于这个原因,最好的决心就是没有决心。

13. My New Year’s resolution is to get good grades.

我的新年决心是取得好成绩。


【重点单词】


doctor  ['d?kt?(r)]  n.医生                      

engineer  [end??'n?r]  n.工程师

violinist  [?va??'l?n?st]  n.小提琴手                   

pilot  ['pa?l?t]  n.飞行员  

pianist  ['p??n?st]  n.钢琴家                    

scientist  ['sa??nt?st]  n.科学家

college  ['kɑ?l?d?]  n.大学                  

education  [?ed?u'ke??n]  n.教育

medicine  ['medsn]  n.药,医学  

university  [?ju?n?'v??rs?ti]  n.大学,高等学府    

article  ['ɑ?rt?kl]  n.文章,论文                  

send  [send]  n.邮寄,发送  

grow up  长大 成长            

computer programmer  计算机管理员 

be sure about  确信      

make sure  确保

resolution  [?rez?'lu??n]  n.决心,决定            

foreign  ['f??r?n]  adj.外国的

able  [?eb?l]  adj.能够                        

discuss  [d??sk?s]  v.讨论,商量      

promise  [?prɑm?s]   v./n.承诺,诺言      

beginning  [b??ɡ?n??]  n.开头,开端 

improve  [?m?pruv]  v.改进,改善                

physical  ['f?z?kl]  adj.身体的,物理的

selfimprovement  [self?mp'ru?vm?nt]  n.自我改进,自我提高

hobby  ['hɑ?bi]  n.业余爱好           

own  [o?n]  a.自己的,本人的,拥有  

personal  ['p??rs?nl]  adj.个人的,私人的        

relationship  [r?'le??n??p]  n.关系

write down  写下 

have to do with  关于;与……有关系  

take up  学着做;开始做

agree with  同意  

be able to  能够做某事


Unit7. Will people have robots?


【重点短语】


1、on computers 在电脑上

2、on paper 在纸上

3、live to be 200 years old 活到200岁

4、free time 空闲时间

5、in danger 在危险中

6、on the earth 在世界上

7、play a part in sth 在某方面出力/做贡献

8、space station 太空站

8、look for 寻找

9、computer programmer 电脑程序师

10、in the future 在将来

11、hundreds of 成百上千的

12、the same…as 与…...一样

13、 over and over again 反复

14、get bored 无聊

15、wake up 醒来/唤醒

16、look like 看起来像

17、fall down 倒下/落下


【重点句型】


1. Are you kidding?

你开玩笑吧?

2. Will people have robots?

人们会拥有机器人吗?

3. Everything will be free.

一切都将是免费的。

4. Books will only be on computers, not on paper.

书将会只存在于电脑上,而不是在纸上。

5. They’ll study at home on computers.

他们将在家里的电脑上学习。

6. There will be only one country in the world.

世界上将只有一个国家。

7. There will be less pollution.

污染将更少。

8. What will the future be like?

未来会象什么样子?

9. We never know what will happen in the future.

我们永远不知道未来将会发生什么。

10. And my apartment will be no good for pets.

我的公寓将不适合于宠物。

11. I think so.我认为是这样

I don’t think so.这认为不是这样。

12. I hope so.我希望如此。

I hope not我希望不这样。

13. In 50 years, people will have more free time because there will be less things to do.

50年后,人们将有更多的空闲时间,因为他们会有更少的事情做。

14. In 20 years, I think I’ll be a newspaper reporter.

20 年以后,我想我会成为一个报社记者。

15. However, some scientists believe that although we can make robots move like people, it will be difficult to make them really think like a human.

然而,一些科学家相信,尽管我们能够让机器人象人类一样运动,但让他们象人类一样真正地思考却很困难。

16. For example, scientist James White thinks that robots will never be able to wake up and know where they are.

例如,科学家James White 认为,机器人将不能够清醒得知道他们身处何处。

17. This was not possible 20 years ago, but computers and rockets also seemed impossible 100 years ago.

这在20年前是不可能的,但是计算机和火箭在100年前也是看起来不可能的。

18. You should also remember that there will be both good and bad things in life.

你也应该记住,生活中有好事也有坏事。

19. As a reporter, I think I will meet lots of people.

作为一个记者,我想我会遇到许多人。

20. During the week, I’ll wear smart clothes.

在周日期间,我将穿漂亮的衣服。

21. I’ll have fewer pets, though, because I’ll have less free time.

我将养更少的宠物,因为我将有更少的空闲时间。

22. Some robots are very human-like/ bird-like /ball-like / dog-like.

有些机器人像真人/鸟儿/ 球/狗一样。

23. I’m not scared(afraid).

我不怕


【重点单词】


paper  ['pe?p?r]  n.纸                   

pollution  [p?'lu??n]  n.污染;污染物

prediction  [pr?'d?k?n]  n.预测                      

future  ['fju?t??r]  n.未来 

pollute  [p?'lu?t]  v.污染                

environment  [?n'va?r?nm?nt]  n.环境 

planet  ['pl?n?t]  n.行星                 

earth  [??rθ]  n.地球;泥土

plant [pl?nt]  v.种植  n.植物                   

part  [pɑ?rt]  v.参加  n.部分 

peace  [pi?s]  n.和平                                    

sky  [ska?]  n.天空

play a part  参与

astronaut  ['?str?n??t]  n.宇航员      

apartment  [?'pɑ?rtm?nt]  n.公寓房间

rocket  ['rɑ?k?t]  n.火箭                   

space  [spe?s]  n.空间;太空

even  ['i?vn]  adv.甚至;愈加            

human ['hju?m?n]  adj.人的  n.人;人类

servant  ['s??rv?nt]  n.仆人                 

dangerous  ['de?nd??r?s]  adj.危险的

already  [??l'redi]  adv.已经                             

factory  ['f?ktri]  n.工厂 

believe  [b?'li?v]  v.相信                   

disagree  [?d?s?'ɡri?]  v.不同意 

shape  [?e?p]  n.形状                             

fall  [f??l]   v./n.倒塌;跌倒

possible  ['pɑ?s?bl]  adj.可能的      

probably  ['prɑ?b?bli]  adv.大概;或许;很可能

holiday  ['hɑ?l?de?]  n.假日                     

word  [w??rd]  n.单词

space station  太空站     

over and over again  多次;反复地

hundreds of 许多 ;大量; 成百上千

fall down 突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌    

look for 寻找;寻求


Unit8. How do you make a banana milk shake?


【重点短语】


1、milk shake 奶昔

2、turn on打开, turn off 关上

3、 pour ….into…. 将…...倒入…...

4、a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶

5、 a good idea 一个好主意

6、on Saturday morning 在星期六早上

7、 cut up 切碎

8、put… into… 将…... 放入...…

9、one more thing 还有一件事

10、a piece of 一片/一张/一块

11、at this time 在此时

12、a few 几个

13、fill…with… 用… 装满

14、cover…with… 用...…盖住

15、one by one 一个接一个

16、a long time 长时间

17、cut… into pieces 将...…切成碎片

18、add…to(into)… 将...…加到......上(里)

19、mix...together… 将...…混合一在起

20、mix up… 将……混合

21、serve …to… 用...…招待…...

22、half a cup 半杯

23、another ten minutes 另外十分钟

24、peel the banana 剥一个香蕉


【重点句型】


1. Turn on the blender.

启动搅拌器。

2. How do you make a banana milk shake?

你怎样做香蕉奶昔?

3. How many bananas do we need?

我们需要几个香蕉?

4. How much yogurt do we need?

我们需要多少酸奶?

5. Now, it’s time to enjoy the rice noodles!

啊,该品尝米线了。

6. First,… Then,… Next,… Finally,…

首先……,然后……,接下来……,最后……

7. You can put more if you like.

要是你喜欢,你可以放更多。

8. This is going to taste great.

尝起来会很棒。

9. To make this special food, you need to have rice noodles.

为了制作这种特殊的食物,你需要有米线.

10. When it is ready, place the turkey on a large plate and cover it with gravy.

当准备好的时候,把火鸡放在一个大盘子上,然后淋上用调味肉汁。

11. These days, most Americans still celebrate this idea of giving thanks by having a big meal at home with their family. 

现在,大多数的美国人依然通过一家人吃大餐的方式来庆祝感恩的这个主意。


【重点单词】


blender  ['blend?r]  n.搅拌器;果汁机            

peel  [pi?l]  vt.剥落;削皮

pour  [p??r]  v.倒;倾倒              

yogurt  ['jo?ɡ?rt]   n.酸奶

honey  ['h?ni]  n.蜂蜜                      

watermelon  ['w??t?rmel?n]  n.西瓜 

spoon  [spu?n]  n.勺,调羹                                

add  [?d] 增加

finally  ['fa?n?li]  adv.最后,最终                           

salt  [s??lt]   n.盐 

sugar  ['??ɡ?r]   n.糖                           

cheese  [t?i?z]  n.干酪,奶酪 

popcorn  ['pɑ?pk??rn]  n.爆米花              

corn  [k??rn]  n.玉米,谷物 

machine  [m?'?i?n]  n.机器                    

sandwich  ['s?nw?t?]  n.三明治 

butter  ['b?t?r]  n.黄油,奶油                     

turkey  ['t??rki]  n.火鸡 

lettuce  ['let?s]  n.莴苣,生菜               

piece  [pi?s]  n.件;篇;片;块;  

traditional  [tr?'d???nl]  adj.传统的                 

traveler  ['tr?vl?]  n.旅行者 

England  ['??ɡl?nd]  n.英格兰;英国           

celebrate  ['sel?bre?t]  v.庆祝;庆贺 

pepper  ['pep?r]  n.胡椒粉;辣椒                 

oven  ['?vn]  n.烤箱;烤炉 

cover  ['k?v?r]  n.遮盖,盖子                    

gravy  ['ɡre?vi]  n.肉汁;肉汤 

serve  [s??rv]  n.接待,服务          

temperature  ['tempr?t??r]   n.温度,气候


Unit9. Can you come to my party?


【重点短语】


1、on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午

2、have to 必须

3、 prepare for 准备

4、go to the doctor 去看病

5、have the flu 患流感

6、help my parents 给父母帮忙

7、come to the party 参加晚会

8、meet my friend 见朋友

9、go to the party 参加晚会

10、too much homework 太多的家庭作业

11、go to the movies 去看电影

12、another time 下次,另外的时间,别的时间

13、last fall 去年秋天

14、hang out 闲逛

15、after school 放学后

16、on the weekend=on weekends 在周末

17、study for a test 备考

18、visit grandparents 拜访爷爷奶奶

19、the day before yesterday 前天

20、the day after tomorrow 后天

21、have a piano lesson 上钢琴课

22、look after 照看

23 make an invitation 制定邀请

24、accept an invitation 接受邀请

turn down (refuse) an invitation 拒绝邀请

25、take a trip to Wuhan 去武汉旅游

26、at the end of this month 在本月底

27、look forward to + doing 期望/渴望

28、 the opening of… 开幕/开业

29、reply in writing 写回信

30、go shopping 购物

31、do homework 做作业

32、go to the concert 参加音乐会

33、not…until… 直到......才......


【重点句型】


1. ——Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?星期六下午你能参加我的晚会吗?

——Sure, I’d love to. / Sorry, I can’t. I have to prepare for an exam.当然,我愿意去。/抱歉,我去不了。我必须要为考试做准备。

2. I’m not available. = I’m not free.

我没空。

3. I’m sad to see her go, and this party is the best way to say “Thank you and goodbye.”

看到她离开我很悲伤,这个聚会是表达谢意和离别的最好方式。

4. I already have a great idea about how to do that.我已经有了一个怎样做的好主意。

5. Let me know if you need my help.

让我知道你是否需要我的帮助。

6. Drink lots of hot water and get lots of sleep.

多喝水,多睡觉。

7. What are you doing the day after tomorrow?

后天你要做什么?

8. I’m really busy this week.

本周我的确很忙。

9. I’m afraid I can’t.= I’m afraid not.

恐怕不能。

10. Sam isn’t leaving until next Wednesday.

Sam 要直到下周四才离开。

11. Who are you going to the movies with?

你要和谁一起去看电影?

12. Are you free to come to my place on Saturday?

周六你有空来我那儿吗?

13. Would you like to come to my birthday party?

来参加我的生日派对好吗?

14. As I’m sure you know by now…

正如我确信到现在为止,你知道……

15. Bring Ms. Steen to the party without telling her so that she can be surprised.

把Ms. Steen 来参加聚会而不要告诉她,以至于让她感到惊喜。

16. I look forward to hearing from you all.

我盼望着收到你的信。

17. Our favorite teacher, Ms. Steen, is leaving soon to go back to the US.

我们最喜爱的老师,Ms. Steen, 就要离开我们回到美国去了。

18. We’re very sad that she’s leaving.

她要离开了,我们非常悲伤。

19. To show how much we’re going to miss her, let’s have a surprise party for her next Friday 28th.

为了表示我们有多么想念她,让我们在下周五28号为她举行一个聚会,给她一个意外惊喜。

20. If so, can you help with any of these things?

如果是这样, 你能帮助做任何事吗?


【重点单词】


prepare  [pr?'per]  v.预备;准备                   

exam  [?ɡ'z?m]  n.考试  

available  [?'ve?l?bl]  a.可得到的;有空的        

hang  [h??]  v.悬挂;(使)低垂

until  [?n't?l]  conj./prep.直到 ... 的时候;直到…为止   

catch  [k?t?]  v./n.赶上;抓住;捕捉

invite  [?n'va?t]  v.邀请                            

accept  [?k'sept]  v.接受

refuse  [r?'fju?z]  v.拒绝            

invitation  [??nv?'te??n]  n.邀请;邀请函

reply  [r?'pla?]  v./n.回答,回复        

forward  ['f??rw?rd]  v.转交;发送  adj.向前的  adv.向前地

delete  [d?'li?t]  v.删除            

preparation  [?prep?'re??n]  n.准备,准备工作  

opening  ['o?pn??]  n.开幕式,落成典礼                  

guest  [ɡest]  n.客人

concert  ['kɑ?ns?rt]  n.音乐会               

headmaster  [?hed'm?st?r]  n.校长

event  [?'vent]  n.大事,公开活动        

calendar  ['k?l?nd?r]  n.日历,日程表


Unit10. If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!


【重点短语】


1、go to the party 参加晚会

2、have a great /good time 玩的开心

3、stay at home 呆在家

4、take the bus 乘公交车

5、tomorrow night 明天晚上

6、have a class party 开班级晚会

7、have a class meeting 开班会

8、half the class 全班一半人

9、make some food 做食物

10、at the party 在晚会上

11、order food 预定食物

12、potato chips 薯条

13、be angry with sb. 对某人生气

14、give sb some advice 给某人建议/劝告

15、travel around the world 周游世界

16、go to college 上大学

17、make(a lot of)money 挣钱/赚钱

18、get an education 上学/受教育

19、work hard 努力工作/努力学习

20、a soccer player 一个足球运动员

21、keep…to oneself 保守秘密

22、talk to sb. 与某人谈话

23、in life 在一生中

24、 in the end 在最后

25、be angry at/about sth 因某事而生气

26、 make mistakes 弄错/出差错

27、in the future 在将来

28、run away 逃跑

29、the first step 第一步

30、in half 成半

31、solve a problem 解决难题

32、school clean-up 学校大扫除


【重点句型】


1. If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time.

假如你去参加派对,你会过得很快乐。

2. If you do, the teachers won’t let you in.

要是你这样做,老师将不会让你进。

3. If you do , you’ll be sorry.

要是你这样做,你会遗憾。

4. If you don’t do this now, I’ll never do it.

要是你现在不做这件事情,我将永远不会做。

5. If we do that, more people will want to play the game.

要是我们做那件事,更多的人都会想玩这个游戏。

6. You can come with us if you want.

只要你想,你就可以和我们一起来。

7. What will happen if they watch a video at the party?

假如他们在开派对时看视频,会发生什么呢?

8. When is the good time to have the party?

何时才是开派对的好时间呢?

9. For the party next week, should we ask people to bring food?

对于下个周的派对,我产应该叫人们带食物吗?

10. Give me some advice, please!

请给我一些建议。

11. I will not make any friends if I always keep my ideas go myself.

要是我总是把我的想法埋在心底, 我将交不到任何朋友。

12. Problems and worries are normal in life.

生活中,麻烦与担忧是寻常的。

13. Unless we talk to someone, we’ll certainly feel worse.

除非我们与他人交流,我们当然会感到更糟糕。

14. Sharing a problem is like cutting it in half.

分享问题(困难)就象把它一分为二。

15. Talking to someone helps a lot.

与他们交流有很大的帮助。

16. She was afraid to tell her parents about it.

总害怕告诉父母这件事。

17. Laura once lost her wallet. Laura

曾经丢了钱包。

18. They got her a new wallet and asked her to be more careful.

他们给她买了新钱包,并且叫她更小心。

19. It’s best not to run away from our problems.

最好不要逃避我们所面对的问题(困难)。

20. This person doesn’t need to be an expert.

这个人不必是专家。

21. We should try to solve problems.

我们应该努力解决问题。

22. So you’re halfway to solving a problem just by talking to someone about it.

只要和他们聊聊你的问题,就等于解决了问题的一半

23. Why not have it on the weekend?

为什么不在周末进行呢?

24. There’s a test the day after tomorrow.

后天要进行考试。

25. The worst thing is to do nothing.

最糟糕的事是不作为。

26. He feels the same way as Laura.

他和Laura有同样的感觉。


【重点单词】


video  ['v?dio?]  n.录像,录像带            

organize  ['??rɡ?na?z]  v.组织,筹备

chocolate  ['t?ɑ?kl?t]  n.巧克力                 

upset  [?p'set]   v.使难过/失望  n.难过的,失望的

advice  [?d'va?s?]  n.劝告,建议                         

travel  ['tr?vl]   v./n.旅行 


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