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人教版英语8年级上下册课文重点知识点精编

2016-12-04  鱼儿65oxx...

人教版英语8年级上下册课文重点知识点精编-期末考试复习版

人教版英语8年级上下册课文重点知识点精编-期末考试复习版

人教版英语8年级上下册课文重点知识点精编-期末考试复习版

寒假即将来临,初二的同学们还有一个半月就要期末考试了。

期末考试复习策略:

第一,每个单元的单词必须全部做到听、说、读、写都过关。

我在这里重点想说的是,不要机械的去死记硬背单词,要去使用单词,要去理解单词。

举例:forget 这个单词是什么含义?forget 的考点在哪儿?和forget用法相同的单词还有几个?

再例如,see /hear/watch这样的单词怎么用?除了sound 还有那些系动词,系动词如何应用?等等诸如此类的问题吧。也就是说,一个单词你除了知道它的拼写,含义,更重要的是要会使用这个单词,要知道这个单词的考点在哪里。

第二,要去背一些固定的句型和单词的固定应用。

举例:

(1) It’s +adj.+to do sth 做某事??的 It’s very easy to learn English well.

(2) by doing sth. 通过做某事 (3) the best way to do sth. is做某事的最好方式

第三,书上语法一定要过关。

举例:动词时态,一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,现在进行时等你掌握的如何?

情态动词你会么?比较级最高级你会么?等等吧。好好看看书后面的语法讲解。

第四,一定要刷一些套卷,在卷子中找出自己的薄弱环节,集中突破。

举例:通过做套卷,你会发现你是语法不会单词不会,还是完型不行,还是阅读看不懂,还是翻译句子不会写。通过做套卷找出问题,然后集中突破。

希望我的建议能帮助同学们取得好成绩,过个开心年。

寒假同学们都要提前学习八年级下册重点知识点,所以这里我也合并到一起发给同学们。希望对大家假期学习有帮助。

如果你是初三的学生或是成绩很棒的初一学生,

那么我现在发的内容同样适合你复习和巩固初二的内容。

加油。。。


新目标人教版八年级上下两册全部重点知识点复习

主编人:申申老师 精品高分英语补习

八年级上Unit1

不规则动词过去式:

am, is-was are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said

give-gave get-got, go-went come-came have-had,

eat-ate take-took run-ran, sing-sang, put-put,

make-made read-read, write-wrote draw-drew

drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke,

sweep-swept buy-bought, swim-swam, sit-sat,

bring--brought, can-could, cut-cut become-became,

begin-began, draw-drew feel-felt find-found

forget-forgot hear-heard keep-kept know-knew,

learn-learnt(learned) leave-left, let-let,

lose-lost, meet-met, read-read, sleep-slept,

speak-spoke, take-took teach-taught , tell-told, wake-woke

Unit2

1.hardly ever 几乎从不 hardly ever 相当于 hardly , ever起强调作用。

辨析: hardly 和hard ha rd 作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”;

hard作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。 hardly意为“几乎不”

2.拓展: 一次 once 两次 twice 三次或三次以上 基数词+ times three times four times

3. What's your favorite program? = What program do you like best?

4. How come?怎么回事?怎么会? 表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句。相当于疑问词why。但how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍是陈述语序。

How come you didn't tell me about it? = Why you didn't tell me about it?

5. I go to the movies maybe once a month. 我也许一个月去看一次电影。

maybe 副词,意为“或许,大概,可能”,常位于句首。 Maybe he knows the way to the park.

辨析:maybe 与 may be maybe副词,作状语,意为“或许,大概,可能”,常位于句首。

may be 属于“情态动词+be 动词”结构,意为“可能是”。

6. We all know that many students often go online, but we were surprised that ninety percent of them use the Internet every day. The other ten percent use it at least three or four times a week. 我们都知道许多学生经常上网,但是让我们感到惊讶的是90%的学生每天都上网,而另外10%的学生一周至少上网达三至四次。

(1) other: adj. 其他的+名词 the other: adj. 其他的+名词(在特定的范围内) one?the other? 一个??另一个

One of them is blue,the other ones are purple.

others: 其他的东西 the others: 其他的东西(在特定的范围内) One of the children likes reading,the others like singing.

后句可替换为the other students like singing.

(2) at least 至少 at most 最多,至多 I have ten yuan in my pocket at most.

7. The answers to our questions about watching television were also interesting.关于看电视的调查结果也十分的有趣。

the answers to our questions 问题的答案 dance to the music 和着音乐的节奏跳舞 key to the lock 这把锁的钥匙

8. Although many students like to watch sports, game shows are the most popular.

9. It is good to relax by using the Internet of watching game shows, but we think the best way to relax is through exercise. 通过使用因特网看娱乐节目来放松很不错,但是我们认为最好的放松方式是通过锻炼来放松。

(1) It’s +adj.+to do sth 做某事??的 It’s very easy to learn English well.

(2) by doing sth. 通过做某事 (3) the best way to do sth. is做某事的最好方式

13. It is healthy for the mind and the body. 这有益于身心健康。

stay healthy = keep healthy = keep in good health 保持健康

(二)语法知识: 频度副词

1. 频度副词的含义 表示次数、频率的副词称为频度副词。

常用的频度副词按高低依次为

always > usually > sometimes > seldom > hardly ever > never

100% 80% 60% 30% 10% 0%

(2)频度副词一般在实意动词之前,be 动词、助动词或情态动词之后

We never eat junk food. Lucy is sometimes very busy. I can hardly say a word.

有些频度副词也可位于句首,但表示不同含义

sometimes 常位于句首,和位于句中区别不大。 Sometimes Jack plays computer games.

often 用于句首时,通常表示强调,且其前一般有quite,very 修饰 . Very often he goes online.

Usually 也可位于句首,其前不用修饰语。 Usually my father goes up early.

Always 一般不用于句首,但可以用在祈使句中。 Always remember this.

对频度副词提问时,用how often ---How often do you go to the movies? ---Once a month

Unit3

重点句型

1. Both Sam and Tom can play the drums, but Sam plays them better than Tom.

both表示“两者都”, both用在含有be动词的句中,应放在be动词的后面;用在含有行为动词的句中,应放在行为动词的前面,

all表示“三者或三者以上全都”的意思,every指三个以上的人或物(含三个),each指两个以上的人或物(含两个)。

2.Tara works as hard as Tina. 塔拉学习和蒂娜一样努力。

as...as意为“与……一样……”,as...as中间接形容词或副词的原级。其否定结构not as/so...as意为“不如……”。

He is as tall as his father. 他和他爸爸一样高。 Tom gets up as early as Jim. 汤姆起得和吉姆一样早。

Lucy isn’t as outgoing as Mary. 露西不如玛丽外向。 其否定式为not as/so +adj./adv. +as。

This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think.

若有修饰成分,如twice, three times, half, a quarter等,则须置于第一个as之前。

Your bag is twice as expensive as mine. 你的包比我的贵一倍。

3. You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win , though. 不过,你能看得出来,丽萨确实想赢。

win此处用作不及物动词,意为“赢;获胜”;

win还可用作及物动词,意为“赢得;在……中获胜”,此时其后的宾语为比赛的项目、奖品或战争等。

He won the first prize. Who won the race?

辨析:win与beat

win表示“赢得;获胜”,用作及物动词时,其宾语为比赛的项目、奖品或战争等。

beat表示“打赢;战胜”,用于比赛时,其宾语为所战胜的对手。Li Lei beat all the runners in the 100-metre race.

拓展:though作连词,意为“虽然;尽管”,相当于although。

注意:although/though与but不能同时出现在一个句子中。

Though he has no money, he lives very happily. =He has no money, but he lives very happily.

4....truly cares about me... care about 关心,在意 take care当心 take care of 照顾

拓展:make的用法: ① make加名词make food 做饭 make the bed 铺床 make money 赚钱

② make + sb./sth. + adj. 使某人感到……;使……处于某种状态 The soft music makes Tina sleepy.

③ make sb./sth. + n. 使某人成为…… The party made her a good teacher.

④ make sb./sth. + 过去分词 让某人被…… I made myself understood by all the students.

⑤ make sb./sth. + do sth. 使某人做某事(不能带不定式符号to) Wars make the peace go away.

注意:当make用于被动语态时,必须带不定式符号to. We were made to work all night.

5. But I think friends are like books—you don’t need a lot of them as long as they’re good. 但是我认为朋友就像书一样——你不需要很多。只要它们好就行。 as long as意为“只要;既然”,引导条件状语从句,主句为一般将来时或含有情态动词can时,所引导的条件状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化:

good/well better best bad/badly worse worst

many/much more most little less least

far farther(更远) further(更深远) farthest(最远) furthest(最深远)

as…(原级)as与……一样…… not as/so…as不如

Unit4---Unit6考点归纳:

考点1.有关交通工具的同义句:

1).take the train to … =go to …by train take the bus to …= go to …by bus

2).fly to … = go to … by plane /air walk to …. = go to …on foot ride a bike to … = go to …. by bike

考点2.有关花费时间的句型:

1).It +takes +sb.+时间+to do sth 2).sb. +spend +时间+on sth (in doing sth ).

It took me half an hour to work it out .I_____ half an hour ______ it out .

考点3.表示两地相距有多远:

A +be +距离 +from +B = It’s +距离+from A+ to B.

It is five minutes’ walk from my home to school. = It ______ me five minutes to _____to school .

考点4.leave ,leave for , leave … for …

1).leave +地点 “离开某地”2).leave for +地点 “前往某地”=go to +某地

3).leave +某地+for +某地 “离开某地前往某地”

Mr wang are going to Beijing tomorrow .= Mr wang are _____ ______ Beijing tomorrow.

考点5.all …not = not all “并非都” 部分否定 注:not 与all /both /every ….. 连用构成部分否定。

Not all birds can fly . = _____ birds can fly , some can’t .

考点6.the number of / a number of

1).a number of 许多 = a lot of /many ,number 前可用large /small 来修饰,a large /

small number of ….. 作主语时,谓语用复数。

2).the number of ….的数量, 作主语时,谓语用单数。 A large number of tourists ___(come )to Mountain Tai every year . The number of the students in our class ____(be ) 60.

考点7.sick / ill

1).ill 用在系动词之后作表语。2).sick 既可以放在系动词之后作表语也可放在名词之前作定语。

She was _______ because of hard work . The _____ boy coughed terribly .

考点8.表示客气地请求某人干某事

1). Would you like to do sth ? 2).Could you please do sth ? 3).Will /Would you please do sth ? 4).Can you do sth ?

考点9.be busy

1). be busy with sth .忙于某事 2).be busy doing sth 忙于干某事 3).be busy 的反义词组 be free / have time

I am busy tomorrow .= I _____ _____ = I ______ ______ time .

考点10.whole / all 1).whole 一般置于冠词,物主代词或其他限定词之后, all 位于限定词之前。

2).一般不修饰不可数名词,all 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词。

He stayed at home all the afternoon .= He stayed at home ______ _____ afternoon.

考点11.however / but

however “然而,可是”用于句首或句中,须用逗号隔开。而but 不用逗号隔开。

He is very busy ,_____, he always helps me . A. and B. / C. but D. however

考点12.most of / most 1).most of the +复数名词 “…..中的大多数”2).most +复数名词 “大多数的…….”

_____ the students are clever . ______students are clever.

考点13.beat / win /lose

1).beat:打败 后面接打败的人或对象 beat sb 2).win:赢 后面接比赛的项目(race , game , match , prize …..)

3).lose:输 lose to sb 输给某人lose sth 输了某物

Their team beat ours = Their team ______ the match . = Our team ______ _____ theirs.

考点14.do you think 作为插入语

1).位置:放在疑问词之后2).语序:后面的句子用陈述句语序。

Do you think ? Who is the man over there ?=_____ do you think the man _____ over there ?

考点15.常见的不可数名词: weather work food news advice information fun music paper

______ weather ! we are going to the park .A. What a good B.What good C. How a good D. How good

考点16.afford

1).afford 常与情态动词can , can’t , could , couldn’t 连用2).afford 后面接名词或代词不定时。

3).同义句:can’t afford to do sth = sb don’t /doesn’t have enough money to do sth .

The book is very expensive ,I can’t afford to buy it .= I don’t have _____ _____ to buy it .

考点17.listen to /hear /sound

1).listen to …仔细倾听 强调听的过程2).hear … 听到、听见 强调听的结果

3).sound …. 系动词 “听起来…….” 后面接形容词 而sound like +名词

I _______ her but could ______ nothing . It ______ interesting .

考点18.句型:not as ….as

1).not as… as 之间要用原级2).同义句:A + not as/so…as +B=

A + 形容词的反义词的比较级 + than + B= B + 形容词的比较级 + than +A

Tom is not as tall as I =Tom is _____ ______ I. I am ______ _____ Tom .

This book is not as expensive as that one .=This book is ______ ______ than that one .

That book is ______ ______ than this book .

Unit 7

on computer 在电脑上 on paper 在纸上 live to do 200 years old 活动200岁 free time空闲时间

in danger 处于危险之中 on the earth 在地球上 play a part in sth. 参与某事

look for寻找 in the future 在未来 hundreds of 许多;成百上千 the same…as… 与……一样

over and over again 多次;反复地 get bored 感到厌烦的 wake up 醒来 fall down 倒塌

will+动词原形 将要做…… fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多…… less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多……

have to do sth.不得不做某事 agree with sb. 同意某人的意见 such+名词(词组) 如此……

play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事

There will be + 主语+其他 将会有…… There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有……正在做某事

make sb. do sth. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 try to do sth. 尽力做某事

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。

Unit 8

1.milk shake奶昔 2.turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开 3.pour…into…把……倒入……

4.a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶 5.a good idea好主意 6。on Saturday在星期六

7.cut up切碎 put…into…把……放入…… 8.one more thing还有一件事 9.a piece of一片/张/段/首……

10.a few一些;几个 11.fill… with…用……把……装满 12.cover…with…用……覆盖……

13.one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次 14.a long time很长时间

15.how many+可数名词复数 多少…… 16.how much+不可数名词 多少……

17.It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了

18.First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后……

19.want + to do sth.想要做某事 20.forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事 21.how + to do sth.如何做某事

22.need+to do sth.需要做某事 23.make+宾语+形容词 使……怎样 24. let sb. +do sth.让某人做某事

Unit 9

have the flu患感冒 help my parents帮助我的父母 come to the party来参加聚会

another time其他时间 last fall去年秋天 hang out常去某处;泡在某处

the day after tomorrow后天 the day before yesterday前天

have a piano lesson上钢琴课 look after照看;照顾

accept an invitation接受邀请 turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 take a trip去旅行

at the end of this month这个月末 look forward to盼望;期待 the opening of… ……的开幕式/落成典礼

reply in writing书面回复 go to the concert去听音乐会 not…until直到……才 study for a test为考试学习

have to不得不 too much homework太多作业 do homework做家庭作业 go to the movies去看电影

after school放学后 on the weekend在周末 invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what的感叹句:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)! What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事 be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

see sb. do sth. see sb.doing sth. the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对 look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

Unit10

stay at home 待在家里 take the bus 乘公共汽车 tomorrow night 明天晚上 have a class party 进行班级聚会

half the class 一半的同学 make some food 做些食物 order food 订购食物 have a class meeting 开班会

at the party 在聚会上 potato chips 炸土豆片,炸薯条 in the end 最后 make mistakes 犯错误

go to the party 去参加聚会 have a great/good 玩得开心 give sb. some advice 给某人提一些建议

go to college 上大学 make(a lot of)money 赚(许多)钱 travel around the world 环游世界

get an education 得到教育 work hard 努力工作 a soccer player 一名足球运动员 keep…to oneself 保守秘密

talk with sb. 与某人交谈 in life 在生活中 be angry at/about sth. 因某事生气 be angry with sb. 生某人的气

in the future 在将来 run away 逃避;逃跑 the first step 第一步 in half 分成两半

solve a problem 解决问题 school clean-up 学校大扫除 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

give sb. sth. 给某人某物 tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 too…to do sth. 太……而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事 advise sb. to do sth. 劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth. 最好(不)做某事 need to do sth. 需要做某事

一、If引导的条件状语从句 二、should的用法

八年级上复习全部结束

新目标人教版八年级上下两册全部重点知识点复习

八年级英语下册知识点

Unit 1.

固定结构

It’s +形容词 + for sb. + to do sth.做某事对某人来说是…的。

It’s important to do sth .做某事很重要。

It’s important for me to eat a balanced diet. 平衡饮食对我来说是很重要的.

It’s easy to do sth做某事是容易的。

It’s easy for us to find out the answer. 找出答案对我们来说是容易的

三.知识结构

情态动词should的用法should是情态动词,它的基本用法是必须和其他动词一起构成谓语。

情态动词没有人称和数的变化,意为'应该......'。

should(应当,应该)用于所有人称,表示劝告或建议。You should wait a little more.你应该再多等一会儿。

maybe与may be

1.maybe是副词,译为“也许、可能”,相当于“perhaps”。如:

Maybe he can answer the question.也许他能回答那个问题。He maybe is from the USA, too. 他可能也来自美国。

2.may be中的may为情态动词,译为“可能是......”。如:

He may be from the USA, too. 他可能也来自美国。 She may be our English teacher.她可能是我们的英语老师

3 not…until 直到 …(否定句) 才,动词为短暂性或瞬间性动词

She didn’t leave until we came.He went shopping after he got up. =He didn’t go shopping until /before he got up.

……until/till 直到··· (肯定句)动词为延续性动词 We stayed here till/until 12 o’clock.

Unit 2

短语动词小结 常见短语动词结构有下面几种:

1.动词+副词 如:give up 放弃 turn off 关掉 stay up 熬夜

这种结构有时相当于及物动词,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动词和副词之间。

2. 动词+介词 如:listen of 听 look at 看 belong to 属于

3. 动词+副词+介词 如:come up with 提出,想出 run out of 用完,耗尽

4. 动词+名词(介词) 如:take part in参加 catch hold of 抓住

1.cheer (sb.) up 使(某人)高兴、振作 如:cheer me up 使我高兴 clean up 打扫 clean-up n. 打扫

2. homeless adj. 无家可归的 a homeless boy 一个无家可归的男孩home n. 家

4. sick adj. 生病的 作表语、定语 ill adj. 生病的 作表语 ,不能作定语

5. volunteer to do v. 志愿效劳、主动贡献 volunteer n. 志愿者

6. come up with 提出 想出 === think up 想出 catch up with 赶上 追上

7. put off doing 推迟做某事 put on 穿上 (指过程) put up 张贴

8. write down 写下 记下 9. call up 打电话 make a telephone call 打电话

10. set up 成立 建立 The new hospital was set up in 2000. 这座医院是在2000年成立的。

11. each 每个 各自的 强调第一个人或事物的个别情况 常与of 连用

every 每个 每一个的 一切的 则有“全体”的意思不能与of 连用

12. put …to use 把… 投入使用,利用 They put the new machine to use. 他们把新机器投入使用

13. help sb. (to) do 帮助某人做某事 help him (to) study help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 help him with English

help do 帮助做某事 help study

14. plan to do 计划做某事 plan + 从句 I plan to go to Beijing. === I plan (that) I will go to Beijing.

15. spend … doing 花费…做… I spent a day visiting Beijing.

spend… on sth. 花费…在… I spent 3 years on English.

16. join 参加 (指参加团体、组织) 如:join the Party 入党

take part in 参加 (指参加活动) 如: take part in sports meeting 参加运动会

17. run out 与 run out of

①run out (become used up). 其主语往往为物。如时间,食物,金钱,油等,本身就含有被动意义。

His money soon ran out. 他的钱很快就花光了。 Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。

②run out of 主语为人,表示主动含义。

He is always running out of money before pay day. 他总是在发工资的日子还没有到就把钱花完了。

两者在一定条件下可以互换

如:The petrol is running out. 汽油快用完了= We are running out of petrol. 我们快把汽油用完了。

Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。= We are running out of time

18. take after (在外貌、性格等方面)与(父母等)相像

be similar to 与..相像 take after 相像 look after 照顾 take care of 照顾

19. work out + adj.

①结局,结果为 The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 他提出的这个策略效果很好。

②算出,制订出,消耗完(精力等) He never seems to be worked out. 他好像永远不会疲乏似的。

He worked out a plan. 他制订了一个计划。 I have worked out our total expenses. 我已经算出了我们总的费用。

21. hang out 闲荡 闲逛 I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜欢和我的朋友一起去购物中心闲荡。

22. be able to do 能 会 be unable to do 不能 不会

23. thank you for doing 谢谢做某事 如: thank you for helping me 谢谢做帮助我

24. for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问 You don’t have money. That’s for sure. 你没有钱,这是毫无疑问的。

25. fill… with… 使…充满… 用…填充… She filled the bowl with water. 她用水填满碗。

26. hand out 分发 hand out bananas

give out 分发 give out sth to sb. 分….给某人 give up doing 放弃… give up smoking 放弃吸烟

give away 赠送 捐赠 give away sth. to …. give away money to kids

give sb. sth. 给某人某东西 give me money 给我钱 give sth. to sb. 给某人某东西 give money to me 给我线

27. help sb. out 帮助…做事,解决难题(摆脱困境)

I can’t work out this math problem. Please help me out. 我不能算出这道数学问题,请你帮我解决。

28. train n. 火车 train v. 训练

train sb. to do. 训练某人做某事 She trains her dog to fetch things. 她训练她的狗去取东西。

29. at once == right away 立刻 马上 如: Do it at once. 马上去做。 I’ll go there at once/ right away. 我马上去那里。

30. one day 有一天 (指将来/过去) some day 有一天(指将来) 如: One day I went to Beijing. 有一天我去了北京。

Some day I’ll go to Beijing. 有一天我将去北京。

34. disabled adj. 肢体有残疾的 disable v. 不能

36. volunteer ①可数名词 “志愿者” ②adj. 自愿的 vi. volunteer to do sth

They are the Chinese People’s Volunteers. 他们是中国人民志愿军。I volunteer to help you. 我自愿帮助你。

Unit 3

一.重要词组及短语

1. agree sb. to do sth. 同意某人做某事 agree with sb. 同意某人的意见

disagree sb. to do sth. 不同意某人做某事 disagree with sb. 不同意某人的意见

2.take care of = look after 照顾、照看、照料 take good care of = look after … well 把……照管得好

3. take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步27. play with sb. 和某人玩

4. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事(未做) forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事(做过)

5.关于 to 的短语总结: have to do sth. 不得不,必须做某事 need to do sth. 需要做某事

hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事 like to do sth. 喜欢做某事 want to do sth. 想做某事 love to do sth. 热爱做某事

forget to do sth. 忘记做某事 start to do sth. 开始做某事 begin to do sth. 开始做某事 ask sb to do sth. 请某人做某事

二.重点句型

1. Could you please clean your room? Yes, sure. / Sorry, I can't. I have to do my homework first.

2. Could I please use the car? Sure. / Certainly. / Of course. / No, you can't. I have to go out.

在表示请求帮助或请求允许的疑问句中,常用 could 代替 can,以表示礼貌,委婉或不确定的语气,而 can 则不具备这些语气。这种情况下不能把 could 看作 can 的过去式。以上两句中用 could 是为了表示礼貌的请求。表示请求帮助或请求允许时,除了 can, could 之外,还可以用 may,句子的表达方式也各有不同,可以用不同的方式来表示同一个概念。例: Could / Can / May I use your car for a day?

作允答可以各种各样: 如同意可以说 Yes,或 Sure 或 Certainly,还可说 Yes, (do) please. 或 Of course. (you may / can). 或 That's OK / all right. 如果不同意,可以说 I'm sorry you can't. 或 I'm really sorry, but I have to use it today. 要避免说 No, you can't. 这样显得很不礼貌。否定回答通常用委婉语气。

Unit4.

一. 重要词汇和句型

1. get ( 1 ) 买 get sth. for sb. == get sb. sth. 为某人买某物

Can you get some fruit for me when you go shopping ? == Can you get me some fruit when you go shopping ?

( 2 ) 得到, 到达 Where did you get the book ? When did you get the letter ?

(3) 使, 让 get + 宾语 + 宾补 使某人\ 某物 怎么样Please get you coat clean . Get your mouth closed .

get sb. to do sth. 使某人\ 某物做某事 I got him to call Jim yesterday .

(4) ( 逐渐) 变得…The weather gets warmer and days get longer .Why did the teacher get angry ?

2. how about \ what about 后跟名词\ 代词\ 动词ing形式。

(1) 向对方提出建议或请求 How about going out for a walk ?How about something to eat ?

(2) 向对方征求意见或看法 How about the TV play ? How about buying the house now ?

(3 ) 询问天气或身体情况 How about the weather in Hainan Island ? How about your parents ?

(4 ) 谈话中承接上下文 I’m forty years old . How about you ? I’m from Beijing . How about you ?

3. receive 收到 The girl was happy to receive many gifts on her birthday .

receive a letter from == get a letter from == heard from收到某人的信

accept 接受 He couldn’t accept our suggestions but our gifts . She was very glad to receive the invitation .

4. a 6--year – old child 一个六岁的孩子6--year – old 是由 “数词 +名词 + 形容词 ” 构成的复合形容词, 作前置定语,修饰后面的名词child . 数词+名词+形容词 构成的复合形容词,中间的名词要用单数形式:

a five-year-old girl 一个五岁的女孩 a two-meter-long ruler 一把两米长的尺子

5. too … to… 太…… 而不能 ……too 后跟形容词或副词原形, to 后跟动词原形, 构成不定式. 句子的主语与动词不定的主语不一时, 可以在动词不定式前加逻辑主语for sb.

The math problem is too difficult for me to work out . 这道数学题对我来说太难了,做不出。

too … to… 可以与 enough to 和 so… that … 转换.

与enough to转换 时, enough 前的形容词, 副词必须是too 后面形容词, 副词的反义词,

并使用其否定句式.She is too young to do the work .== she isn’t old enough to do the work .

与 so… that … 转换时, that 后面的从句要用否定形式.

Tom is too tired to walk any farther . == Tom is so tired that he can’t walk any farther .

6. cost 1) 动词 , 花费 \ 价值 (多少钱 )How much did it cost ? 这花了多少钱?

I didn’t buy it because it cost too much . 我没有买,因为它太贵了。

8. sleep , sleeping, sleepy , asleep , fall asleep , be asleep

sleep 动词, 睡觉, 强调动作. I am very tired . I want to sleep . 我很累,想睡觉。

sleeping , Sleep 的现在分词, 表示 “ 正在睡觉”

Don’t make so much noise . The baby is sleeping . 不要这么吵,宝宝在睡觉。、

sleepy 想睡觉的, 困倦的 I am a little sleepy. I’d like to go to bed . 我有点困了,我想去床上睡觉了。

asleep 睡着了的. The teacher found Tom asleep in class and kept him behind after school .

fall asleep 强调从没有睡着到睡着的过程, 不能接一段时间

I couldn’t fall asleep until it was very late last night . 我昨天晚上到很晚才睡着。

be asleep 表示睡着后的状态 , “ 睡着了”, 可以接一段时间 . He was asleep for three hours . 他睡了3个小时。

9.choose 动词, “ 选择,挑选 ” , 过去式chose, 过去分词chosen choose to do sth. 选择做某事

10.open ( 1 ) 动词, 打开 , 开业, 开张, 展现Would you mind opening the window ? 你介意我把窗户打开吗?

( 2 ) 形容词, be open 开着的, 开放的On weekends the swimming pool is open to the public .

close 动词, 关闭, 关上 , 合上closed 形容词, be closed 关着的, 关闭的

11. rather than 而不是 …… 后面跟名词, 代词, 从句We depend on you rather than on him .

prefer to do sth rather than do sth . 宁愿…… , 也不 …… She preferred to stay at home rather than go with us .

12. instead (1) 位于句首, 表示 “ 反而, 相反”

I didn’t go to the cinema last night,instead, I watched a football match on TV.

( 2 ) 位于句尾, 表示 “ 作为代替, 而是”

I don’t like this one , please give me that instead . 我不喜欢这件,给我那件吧。instead of 后跟名词, 代词, 动名词, 介词短语.表示 “ 代替, 而不是”We walked down the stairs instead of taking the elevator ( 电梯 ) .

13. encourage 动词, 鼓励, 激励 encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

Parents should encourage children to do things by themselves .

14. progress 名词, “ 进步, 进展” make progress “取得进步, 取得进展”\

Tom is now making great progress at school .

15. take an interest in ( doing ) sth. 对 ( 做 )某事感兴趣 否定表达是

take no interest in ( doing ) sth. 对 ( 做 )某事不感兴趣Do you take an interest in English ? 你对英语感兴趣吗?

21. make friends with sb. 和某人交朋友Would you like to make friends with us ?

Unit5 .

一.重要短语和句型

2. in front of… 在 …… 的前面 (某一范围外的前面) in the front of … 在 …… 的前面(某一范围内的前面)

There are some big trees in front of the classroom building . 在教室的前面有一些大树。

I like sitting in the front of the taxi . 我喜欢坐在出租车的前排位置。

3. take off (1)起飞 When did the plane take off yesterday ? 飞机什么时候起飞?

(2) 脱下(衣帽等) He took off his coat as soon as he went into the room . 他一进房间就脱掉了外套。

(3) 取消 They will take off the 5 am train . 他们取消了早上5点的火车。

4. get out (of ) … 从……离开\出去\下来A car stopped and a girl got out of it .

但从汽车\火车\船\飞机\马匹上下来, 用get off … .

5.follow (1) 跟随 I followed him up he hill . 我跟着他上了山.

(2) 沿着……前进 Follow this road until you get to the post office .顺着这条路一直到邮局.

(3) 听懂,理解 Could you speak more slowly ? I can’t follow you . 你能说慢点吗?我听不懂。

(4 )follow sb. to do sth. 跟着某人做某事Please follow me to read the story . 请跟我读这个故事。

6. amazing 形容词,修饰名词令人惊奇的, 令人惊讶的 What an amazing book ! 真是令人惊讶的书本。

amaze动词使某人惊讶 Your letter amazed me .你吓到我了。

be amazed at … 对…… 感到惊讶 Everyone was amazed at the bad news . 每个人对这个坏消息都感到惊讶。

7. shout at 大声喊叫多指因生气而非善意的大声叫喊Don’t shout at the little boy . He is too young .

shout to 大声喊叫 多指因距离远而不得不大声叫喊We should shout to him , or he can’t hear us .

8. happen 发生 具体事件偶然的没有预见的发生

(1 ) happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事I happened to meet one of my old friends in the park yesterday .。

(2 ) sth happens to sb. 某人发生了某事An car accident happened to him last month .上个月他发生了交通事故.

take place发生 (1) 按计划进行或按计划发生Great changes have taken place in China in recent years .

(2 ) (运动\ 活动\会议等) 举行The meeting will take place next Friday . 运动会将于下星期五举行。

take the place of 代替, 取代 Plastics can sometimes take the place of wood and metal . 塑料有时能代替木材和金属.

take one’s place 坐某人的位置, 代替某人的职务. Come to take my place . my seat is near the window .

9. anywhere 任何地方 常用于否定句或疑问句中.Did you go anywhere last night ? 你昨天还去了别的地方了吗?

somewhere 某个地方 用于肯定句 Come and see me . Then we’ll go out somewhere .

everywhere 处处, 到处 === here and there I can’t find my pen though I looked for it everywhere.

10. silence 名词, 寂静 \ 无声 There’s nothing but silence in the room . 屋内寂静无声 .

Keep in silence . 保持沉默.silent 形容词, 沉默的, 寂静的The old house was quite silent . 这所老房子寂静无声.

11.hear 听到 Can you hear someone knocking at the door ? 你听到有人敲门了吗?

(1) hear of 听说 , 后接表示人或物的词I have never heard of him before . 我以前从来没有听说过他.

( 2 ) hear about 听说, 后接表示事件的名词I’ve just heard about his illness .我刚刚听说他生病的事.

(3 ) hear from 收到某人的来信I heard from my daughter in New York yesterday .我昨天收到在纽约的女儿的来信.

12. 主语 + be + one of the + 形容词最高级 + 复数名词 + in \ of 短语 . …… 是……中最……的……之一.

This was one of the most important events in modern American history .

13. experience (1)名词经验, 不可数名词 ; 经历, 体验, 可数名词

Have you had any experience of fishing ? 你有钓鱼的经验吗?

Could you tell us about your experiences in Africa ?你能给我们谈谈你在非洲的经历吗?

(2) 动词 经历, 感觉The children experienced many difficulties this time .这次孩子们经历了许多 困难.

experienced 形容词 有经验的be experienced in \at doing sth. =have much experience in \ at doing sth. 做某事很有经验.

She is an experienced teacher . He is very experienced in \at repairing cars . 他修车很有经验.

14. as … as … 和…… 一样… . 两个as之间用形容词或副词的原形.

He works as carefully as she . 他和她一样工作认真.She is as tall as her mother . 她和母亲一样高.

not as … as…. 不如某人…He isn’t as \ so old as he looks . She doesn’t run as \ so fast as her brother .

15. accident 事故, 意外遭遇 He was killed in an accident .他死于一起意外事故.

traffic accident 交通事故 by accident 偶然, 意外地 We met at the airport by accident .

16. scared 恐惧的, 害怕的

afraid恐惧的, 害怕的 I’m very scared \ afraid . 我很害怕.

be scared \ afraid of sth 害怕某物 Are you scared \ afraid of snakes ? 你害怕蛇吗?

be scared \ afraid to do sth害怕做某事 He is scared \ afraid to go out at night . 他害怕晚上出去。

be scared \ afraid of doing sth害怕做某事He is scared \ afraid of going out at night .

17. think about 考虑 (某个计划 )

They are thinking about moving to Beijing . 他们考虑搬去北京。

think of 认为 What do you think of the movie ? === how do you like the movie ?

think over 仔细思考 We need a few days to think over this matter . 我们需要几天时间来考虑这个事情。

二. 过去进行时:

(1)过去某一时刻正在进行的动作。

What were you doing at 8:30 this morning ? When I called him , he was having dinner .

(2) 过去某段时间正在进行的动作。

What were you doing from seven to nine yesterday ? 你昨天7点到9点在做什么?

I was reading the whole morning yesterday . 我昨天一整个早上都在看书。

(3) when \ while 引导的时间状语从句中,过去进行时的使用: ----- when \ while 当……的时候

While引导的从句中, 动词用过去进行时或表示状态的延续性动词,主句用动词过去式

when引导的从句中, 动词用过去式,主句用过去进行时

Mary was having dinner when I saw her .While we were swimming , someone stole our clothes .

----while 然而, 可是 He likes reading while I like dancing . 他喜欢看书而我喜欢跳舞.

Tom is very confident while Mary is shy and quiet . Tom很自信可是Mary既腼腆又文静.

Unit 6

1. W hat do you think about/of.. . ?

So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong?=How do you like the story of Yu Gong?你觉得愚公的故事如何?

2. It doesn’t seem adj. to do sth ..

It doesn’t seem very possible to move a mountain.把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。

语法详解

1. shoot v.射,射击,过去式shot, Hou Yi shoots the sun后羿射日 shoot at sth. 瞄准/朝?射击

2. weak adj. 虚弱的,无力的,I still feel a bit week after my illness. 病后我仍觉得有点虚弱。

the week 意为“弱者” 在英语中,有些形容词前加定冠词表一类人或事物。其意义为复数。

做主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。the old / the young / the rich / the poor / the deaf / the blind / the disabled

3. as soon as…“一…就…,刚…就…”,

I will tell him the news as soon as he comes back. He took out his English book as soon as he sat down.

4. A god was so moved by Yu Gong that he send two gods to take the mountains away.

(1) move v.打动;使感动 be moved (by sth./ sb.) (被某人/事)感动

I was moves by your kindness. 我被你的善良大动了。

(2)take (…) away(把?)带走,拿走 take out 带出去,拿出去 / take turns (to do…) 轮流做某事

5. remind v.“提醒,使想起”,及物动词

(1) remind sb. of sth .让我们想起某事:The old photo reminds me of my childhood. 这张老照片让我想起了我的童年。

(2) remind sb. to do sth.提醒某人做某事:My parents often remind me to study hard. 我的父母总是提醒我要努力学习。

6. I think it’s a little bit silly. 我认为那有点儿傻。

a little bit 意为“有点儿”,后加形容词,相当于a little,a bit:This is a little bit difficult for me. 这对我来说有点难。

bit n.一点,一块; a bit +形容词,a bit silly;a bit of 后加名词:a bit of time 一点时间

7.. turn...into... “使变成......” Please turn this into English. 请把这个译成英语。

8. at other times “平时,有事,在其他时候” At other times he doesn’t have to get up at all. 平时他根本不必起来。

9. come out

a. 出版: That magazine comes out every Monday. 那本杂志每周一出版。

b. 出来,出现,开花 The stars come out as soon as it was dark. 天一黑星星就出来了。

c. 传出,真相大白: The truth has come out at last. 最后真相大白了。

10. become interested in 对…...感兴趣 = be interested in 后接名词,代词,动名词

11.. whole【adj.】全部的,整体的…whole后通常跟可数名词,前加the/ this/ my等形容词性物主代词修饰

The old man told us the whole story. 老人给我们讲了整个故事。

【辨析】all也指”所有的”,修饰可数或不可数名词,放在the/ this/ my等词前。

12. made of …,由??制成,如made of sugar made of wood

be made of…由?制成,看得出原材料;be made from…由?制成,看不出原材料

23. voice n.声音 Could you please raise your voice? 你能大点声吗?

Unit 7

表达事物的长,宽,高,深……? sth. /sb. +be+数量+单位+形容词long, wide, tall, deep。

如,The river is 2 meters deep. Qomolangma is 8,844.43 meters high. long---length (n. 长度) wide---width (n.宽度) deep---depth(n.深度) high----height(n.高度) the length/depth/ width/height/size of sth. …的长度,深度,宽度,高度,面积 .问事物的高,深,宽,长…? How high/ deep/tall/ wide/ long/ is ... ? 问重量用 How heavy be+sth,/sb.? How high is Qomolangma? 珠穆朗玛峰有多高?

语法讲解

1.,The first Chinese team did so in1960, while the first woman to succeed was Junko Tabei.

1) while, 此处是“而,然而,”轻微对比。不是“当…时候”, 用在句中,前面有逗号。

2) succeed. V. 成功 succeed in doing sth. He succeeded in finishing the work.

success n. “成功”不可数,Confidence is the key to success. 自信是成功的关键。

success n. “成功的人,物” He is a great success.他是一个很成功的人。

successful, adj. 成功的, successfully, 成功地

2, Canada is a lot less crowded than China. 加拿大不及中国拥挤很多。

less+adj+than 不及比较: Joseph is less honest than his brother. 约瑟夫不像他兄弟那样诚实。

less than (中间不加任何词)“少于” There are less than 30 girls in my class. 我们班不足30个女生。

more than (中间不加任何词)“超过,多于,相当于over” There are more than 30 girls in my class.

形容词比较级的用法:

1.表示两者进行比较时,用形容词比较级:A + 动词+ 形容词比较级 + than + B

Lily’s room is bigger than mine . 莉莉的房间比我的大。

2.有表示程度的副词a little , a bit , a few , a lot , much , even , still ,Far , rather , any 等修饰时,用形容词比较级。I feel even worse now . 我现在感觉更糟糕了。

3. 表示两者之间“哪一个更、、、”:which \ who is +形容词比较级, A or B ?

Who is taller , Li Ming or Wang Tao ? 谁更高, 李明还是王涛。

4.表示“两者之间较、、、的一个”,常用 “the +比较级”结构 。

Mary is the taller of the twins . 玛丽是双胞胎中较高的那个。

6. 表示“越来越、、、”时,用比较级重叠结构,即“比较级 +and + 比较级 ”,多音节词和部分双音节词用“more and more +形容词原形 ” It’s getting warmer and warmer in spring . 在春天,天气变得越来越暖和。

7. 表示“越、、、、就越、、、、”时,用“the +比较级 , the +比较级 ”

The harder he works , the richer he is . 他工作的月努力,就会变得越富有。

形容词最高级的用法:

1.三者或三者以上的人或物进行比较时,用形容词最高级。形容词最高级前必须加定冠词

the , 句末常跟一个in \ of 短语来表示范围。

He is the strongest of the three boys . 他是三个男孩中最强壮的一个。

2. 表示“三者或三者以上的人或物,哪一个最、、、?”用句型:

Which \ who is + the + 最高级 , A , B , or C ?Which city is the most beautiful , Beijing , Shanghai or Fuzhou ?

哪个城市最漂亮,北京,上海还是福州?

3. 表示“最、、、的、、、之一” 时,用句型:主语 + is + one of the +形容词最高级 +名词复数 。

Zhou Jielun is one of the most popular singers . 周杰伦是最受欢迎的歌手之一。

4. 形容词最高级前面可加序数词,表示“第几大/长/高 等”Huanghe is the second longest river in China .

5. 形容词比较级结构可以表示最高级含义。

Li Lei is the tallest student in his class . 李雷班上最高额学生。 == Li Lei is taller than any other student in his class .== Li Lei is taller than the other students in his class .== Li Lei is taller than anyone else in his class .

--ing 形容词与--ed 形容词:--ing 形容词表示“令人、、、、、、的”, 表示主动意义,多指事物对人的影响,一般修饰或说明事物。如:surprising(令人惊讶的) , exciting (令人兴奋的), interesting(有趣的) 等。--ed 形容词表示“感到、、、、、、的”,表示被动意义,多指人对事物的感受,主语一般是人:sb. + be +--ed 形容词 + 介词短语 。 如:surprised(感到惊讶的) , excited(感到兴奋的), Interested(感到有趣的)等 We are all excited about the exciting news .

Unit 8

1. Have you read Little Woman yet? 你读过《小妇人》这本书吗?

【解析】现在完成时 现在完成时的基本句型: 肯定式:主语 + 助动词have/has + 动词的过去分词.

疑问式:助动词Have/Has + 主语 + 动词的过去分词? 否定式: 主语 + 助动词have/has + not + 动词的过去分词

现在完成时的主要用法

1).表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。常和副词already, yet, never, ever ,before ,just等连用。.

I have finished my homework. I am free (我已经完成了家庭作业,对现在造成的结果是很有空)

2).表示过去已经开始, 持续到现在的动作或状态.常与since + 过去的时间点,

for + 一段时间,so far 等时间状语连用。

I have learnt English for more than ten years. 我已经学了10多年的英语。(从10年前开始,持续到现在还在学)

She has swum since half an hour before.我已经游泳了半个小时 (半个小时前已经开始游泳,到现在还在游)

already/ yet的区别:

a)already 往往用于肯定句,用在疑问句时表示强调或加强语气;yet 用于否定句和疑问句。

He has already left here. 他已经离开这里了。 My parents haven’t had breakfast yet. 我的父母还没吃早餐。

2.What’s it like? 它怎么样? 【解析】某物怎么样? What’s +物+like? How+be + 物? 某人怎么样?

What’s +人+like? 用来提问人的性格 What do / does +人 + look like?用来提问人的外表3. Oliver Twist is about a boy who went out to sea and found an Island full of treasures.

《雾都孤儿》讲的是一个小男孩出海并发现了一个满是珠宝的小岛的故事。

【解析】full of 充满 be full of = be filled with 充满

The cup is full of water =The cup is filled with water. be full for 对…很忙 This week is full for me .

4. It’s about four sisters growing up.它讲述的是四个姐妹的成长故事。

【解析】grow up 长大;成长 I grew up in Beijing. grow into 长大成为 Mary grew into a beautiful girl.

5. You should hurry up . 你得快点。 【解析】hurry up 赶快;急忙(做某事) (用在口语中,用来催促别人快走)

in a hurry=in one’s hurry匆忙地 hurry to do sth 匆忙去做 hurry sb. 催促某人

6. think of / think about / think over辨析:

(1)think of, 固定短语,表示“提到(某人、某物、某事或某主意等),考虑,思考,对?.有某种看法”,后接名词,代词、动词-ing形式。 --- What do you think of your Chinese teacher? --- I like her very much.

(2) think of 表示“思考,考虑,对?.有某种看法”时,可以与think about 互换。

What do you think of the movie? = What do you think about the movie?

(3) think of 表示“相出,想着,想起”时,不可用think about 代替。

I always think of my childhood. (4) think over意为“仔细考虑,认真考虑”,强调思考的程度比think of/ about深。相当于think about?.. carefully. 其中over是副词,宾语若是名词,则可位于over之前或之后;当宾语是代词时,则必须放在over之前。 hink it over before you do it. 三思而后行

Unit 9

精讲

1. — Have you ever been to an amusement park? — Yes,I have. / No,I haven’t. ---你曾经去过游乐园吗?

---是的,去过。/不,没去过。 点拨1 have been to+地点,去过某地 I have been to Beijing. 我去过北京。

①have been to +sp., 表示去过某处,现在已经回来了,不在那里了。

We have been to Qingdao. 我们去过青岛。(现在不在青岛)

②have gone to +sp., 表示到某处去了,现在还没有回来,可能在那里或在去的途中。

They have gone to Sydney. 他们去悉尼了。(现在在悉尼或在途中)

③have been in +sp., 表示在某处呆过多长时间。

How long have you been in China? 你在中国住了多长时间?

2. neither, nor用法相同,都用于否定的倒装,意为“也不”。so用于肯定的倒装。意为“也”。

①否定句+neither/nor+be(have, 助动词或情态动词)+另一主语,表示“也不”。

If you won’t go, neither will I. 如果你不去,我也不去。 He isn’t a teacher, neither am I. 他不是老师,我也不是。

②肯定句+so+be(have, 助动词或情态动词)+另一主语,表示“也”。 She likes apples, so does her brother. 她喜欢苹果,她弟弟也喜欢He is from the USA, so is his wife. 他是美国人,他妻子也是。

3. 辨析:hear,hear of与hear from

(1)hear为及物动词,意为“听见,听到”,后可跟复合宾语,hear sb do sth表示“听见某人做了某事”或hear sb doing sth表示“听见某人正做某事”。 We listened but could hear nothing. 我们留心听,却什么也没有听见。

I heard her singing in her room. 我听见她正在房间里唱歌。

(2)hear还可作“听说”讲,后常跟that引导的宾语从句。

I heard that he was ill. 我听说他病了。 I heard that it’s a good film. 我听说那是部好影片。

(3)hear of意为“听说”,后跟人或物作宾语。

I’ve never heard of that place. 我从未听说过那个地方。 Have you ever heard of that story? 你听说过那个故事吗?

(4)hear from意为“收到某人的来信”,后跟人作宾语。

How often do you hear from your sister? 你多长时间收到你姐姐的一次信? I heard from him last week.

4.辨析. find,find out与look for都含有“寻找,找到”的意思,但其含义和用法却不同。

(1)find意为“找到,发现”,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,也可指偶然发现某物或某种情况,强调的是找的结果。

Will you find me a pen? 你替我找支钢笔好吗? He didn’t find his bike. 他没找到他的自行车。

(2)look for意为“寻找”,是有目的地找,强调“寻找”这一动作。

I don’t find my pen;I’m looking for it everywhere. 我没有找到我的钢笔,我正到处找。

(3)find out意为“找出,发现,查明”,多指通过调查、询问、打听、研究之后“搞清楚,弄明白”,通常含有“经过困难曲折”的含义,指找出较难找到的、无形的、抽象的东西。

Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。

Read this passage,and find out the answer to this question. 读这篇短文,找出这个问题的答案。

5. other,others,the other,the others,another,any other,any others

(1)other作形容词,通常用在单数或复数名词的前面,意为“别的;其他的;另外的”。

I'll come again some other day. 我改日再来。

(2)others(=other+复数名词) 泛指“部分”,用于已知的一些人或物中,除去某些后余下的人或物中的一部分。

The students of Class Four are cleaning the classroom. Some are carrying water,others are sweeping the floor.

四班的学生们在打扫教室。一些人在打水,另一些人在扫地。 (3)the other

the other表示已知的两个(或两部分)人或事物中,特指的“另一个”或“另一些”,其后可跟单数或复数名词。

I have two brothers. One is a doctor,and the other is a teacher. 我有两个兄弟。一位是医生,另一位是教师。

(4)the others(=the other+复数名词)指一定范围内除去一个或一部分后,“余下的人或物的全部”。

This composition is better than the others. 这篇作文比其他那些都好。

(5)another泛指不定数中(三者或三者以上)的“另一个”。another前面不能用定冠词the,它作为限定词(定语)通常与单数名词连用,但是它后面可以跟few或基数词的复数名词。

This glass is broken,get me another please. 这只玻璃杯坏了,请给我再拿一个。

I'll stay here in another few days. 我要在这儿再呆几天。

注意:other和another都可以用来修饰数词,表示“另外的;附加的”,但是结构不同。other的位置是“数词+other+复数名词”,相当于more的用法;而another则是“another+数词+复数名词”。

今天下午我又写了两封信。

I wrote another two letters this afternoon. =I wrote two other letters this afternoon. =I wrote two more letters this afternoon.

(6)any other 表示一个之外的其它任何一个,而不是两个之中的另一个。 (7)any others 表示一些之外的其他一些。

Unit 10

与现在完成时连用的时间状语:

already (肯定句);yet (否定或疑问);just;before;never;ever;recently最近;so far 到目前为止;

表示次数的词,如:once, twice, three times;

for+时间段= since+时间段+ago;since+过去时间点;since+过去时的句子; how long;these days等

附:常见的非延续动词转换为延续性动词表。

1. 转换为相应的延续性动词。

borrow — keep buy — have put on — wear catch/get a cold — have a cold

get to know — know get to sleep — sleep

2. 转化为“be + 形容词/副词/介词/名词”

close — be closed open — be open die — be dead become — be

fall sleep — be asleep wake up — be awake make friends — be friends

fall/get ill — be ill lose — be lost/missing marry — be married

leave (+地点) — be away (from +地点) come back/go back/return — be back

begin / start — be on go out — be out finish — be over get up — be up

go to bed — be in bed join — be in/be a member of get to/arrive in(at)/reach — be (in/at)

come to/go to/move to — be (in/at)

人教版八年级上下全部结束

人教版英语8年级上下册课文重点知识点精编-期末考试复习版

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