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2017中考英语必考知识点(13

2016-12-18  郑公书馆2...

2017中考英语必考知识点(13-20)共20全部结束

前言 我给大家总结的这20个必考考点很重要,认真学习吧。

下面内容,是这20个必考知识点的最后13-20点。

(第1-7、8-12知识点请关注我头条号,可以搜到相关文章)

13.表示两者和多者的all,any, none,both,either

一、分类识记


都 任一(其中任何一个)都不(一个也不)
两者botheitherneither
多者allanynone

二、用法说明1. 表示否定可说not…either / any,但没有either / any…not的说法。2. none可指人或物,一般要接表示范围的of短语,可回答how many / much;no one只能指人(=nobody),不能接of短语,可回答who。3. both / all与not连用表示部分否定,意为“并非都”。4. all单独使用或后接一个定语从句或前面有物主代词时,意为everything或the only thing(s)。

三、真题实例

1. We asked John and Jerry, but ________ of them could offer a satisfactory explanation.

A. either B. none C. both D. neither

答案D

2. I invited Joe and Linda to dinner, but ________ of them came.

A. neither B. either C. none D. both

答案A

3. —Can you come on Monday or Tuesday?—I’m afraid ________ day is possible.

答案B

A. either B. neither C. some D. any

4. —Are the two answers correct? —No, ________ correct.

A. no one is B. both are not C. neither is D. either is not

答案C

5. —There’s coffee and tea; you can have ________. —Thanks.

A. either B. each C. one D. it

答案A

6. —Do you want tea or coffee? — ________. I really don’t mind.

A. Both B. None C. Either D. Neither

答案C

7. I had to buy ________ these books because I didn’t know which one was the best.

A. both B. none C. neither D. all

答案D

8. We had three sets of garden tools and we seemed to have no use for ________.

A. none B. either C. any D. each

答案C

9. —Which of the three ways shall I take to the village?— ________ way as you please.

A. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either

答案C

10. Mr. Ascot, headmaster of the school, refused to accept ________ of the three suggestions made by the Students’ Union. (上海春)

A. either B. neither C. any D. none

答案C

11. —When shall we meet again? —Make it ________ day you like; it’s all the same to me.
A. one B. any C. another D. some

答案B

12. They were all tired, but ________ of them would stop to take a rest.

A. any B. some C. none D. neither

答案C

13. ________ of them knew about the plan because it was kept a secret.

A. Each B. Any C. No one D. None

答案D

14.重点句型。

Lets.... shall we? 本题考查Lets的反义疑问句是shall we ?

Let uswill you?本题考查Let us的反义疑问句是will you?

Its time to do sth.该做某事的时候了

Its time for sth.到。。。时候了

Id like/love sth. 想要。。

Id like/love to do sth.想要做,。

too adj./adv to do sth. 太,,,以至于不能做。。

So+ adj/adv+ that从句 如此,,以至于。。。

notenough adj/adv to do sth. 不足够。。去做。。

What+中心词为名词 感叹句

How +形容词/副词 感叹句

Such....(中心词为名词) that从句 如此,,,以至于。。

So(形容词/副词)that从句 如此,,,以至于。。

So that… 为了,以便;因此,所以

So+助动词+主语(倒装用于上文是肯定句表示“也”)

Neither/nor+助动词+主语 (倒装用于上文是否定句表示“也不”)

So+主语+助动词(不倒装,表示“的确如此”)

It is adj. of sb. To do sth.

It is adj. for sb. To do sth.

申申老师补充:

句型“It is+adj.+(for sb)to do sth."和“It is+adj.+(of sb)to do sth."两个句型中,for sb和of sb怎么区别,在使用时要注意adj是说明sb的品质特点的还是说明to do sth的就可以了.说明sb的品质特点用of sb;说明to do sth用for sb.,

简单一句话说就是:说人的用of sb. 说事的用for sb。

1)for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult,  interesting, importang,impossible等:

It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。

2)of sb的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。

It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。

例:It is difficult for him to finish the task within two hours.(difficult 说明完成任务难)

It is kind of you to help me.(kind说明你善良)

另外be kind to sb=be good /friendly to sb意思是"对人好",

例如:They are kind to each other. 他们彼此间很友好。

be kind to do sth. 好心做某事

She was kind enough to write this letter for me.承蒙她的好意,替我写这封信。

thinkfind + it + adj. + to do sth.

申申老师补充:

当不定式作find, think, feel, consider等动词的宾语,且有名词或形容词作宾语补足语时,必须使用it作其形式宾语,相当于其后所接的宾语从句。例如:

Some students find it difficult to study English = Some students find (that) it is difficult to study English.

一些学生发现英语很难学。

Bill Gates feels it his duty to help the poor = Bill Gates feels (that) it is his duty to help the poor.

比尔·盖茨觉得济贫是他的义务。

I think / consider it wrong to do like that = I think / consider (that) it is wrong to do like that.

我认为那样做是错误的。

Whats wrong with

Whats the matter with

“What’s wrong (with)…?”Whats the matter with是英语口语中常州的一个疑问句型,意为“……怎么啦?”“……出了毛病(故障、事故)了吗?”

be busy with sth.忙于某事

be busy (in ) doing sth.忙于做某事

Preferto

prefer A to B 在A和B中更喜欢A

例:I prefer green tea to coffee. 绿茶和咖啡比较起来我更喜欢绿茶。

Prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做…而不愿做…

Be famous for…因,,,而著名

Be famous as…作为,,,而著名

Help sb. (to) do sth.

Help sb. With sth.

Used to do 过去常常做,但是现在不做了

Be/get used to doing sth.习惯于做。。

Be used to do被用于做。。。

Be used for doing 被用于做,被用来做,被用来做某事

Much too+ adj. /adv 太,十分,非常。

Too much +不可数名词 十分多的,非常多的,

It is no use(good)doing sth.……没有用

take / bring sth with sb. 把……带上 / 带……来

What do you think of …? / How do you like…?你认为......怎么样

nodoing “禁止……”“不准……”

notuntill 直到,,,才,,,

not onlybut also…不但,,,而且,,,

bothand

neithernor 既不,,,也不,,,

eitheror 或者,,,或者,,,

15.常考其他搭配

keep doing

Keep +宾语+adj(open/closed/clean)

make+宾语+ adj

make sbdo

16.since/for的用法

Since +时间点

For +时间段

现在完成时+ since +过去

It is +一段时间+ since +过去

17.主将从现。(主要是针对表将来的条件状语从句/时间状语从句)

在if , as soon as , when,once等引导的从句中,通常用一般现在时态,而主句用一般将来时,这就是通常所说的“主将从现”现象。例如:

If you don't catch the bus, you'll go there on foot.

如果你赶不上那趟车,你就要走着去那了。

Once you show any fear,he will attack you.

只要你显出害怕的样子,他就会向你进攻。

练习 单项选择(中考题):

1 If he ___ harder , he will catch up with us soon.

A study B studies C will study D studied

答案B

2 I will go swimming with you if I ___ free tomorrow.

A will be B shall be C am D was

答案C

3 If you ___ a chance to study in a foreign country ,just take it .

A getting B had got C will get D get

答案D

4 Don’t leave until he ___ back.

A have come B comes C will come D came

答案B

5 “ Shall we have the volleyball match tomorrow?” “ Oh, it will be put off if it ____.

A snows B is snowing C snowed D will snow

答案A

宾语从句和状语从句的区分

eg. 1) I will go out tomorrow if it is fine.

2) I don't know if the train has arrived.

1.—Mike wants to know if ____ a picnic tomorrow.

—Yes. But if it _______, we'll visit the museum instead.

A. you have/ will rain B. you will have/ will rain

C. you will have/ rains D. will you have/ rains

答案C

2.. I don't know if he ______tomorrow. If he ________, I'll meet him.

A. will come/ comes B. comes/ comes C. will come/ will come D. comes/ will come

答案A

18.特殊疑问词+动词不定式

“疑问词+动词不定式”的基本结构有以下三种主要形式:

1、 疑问代词(如what, who, whose, whom等)+动词不定式(及物动词),如:

I really don’t know what to do

I haven’t decided which one to choose

及物动词do 与choose与前面的代词what与which有反射的动宾关系,

2、 疑问副词(如when, where, how, why等)+动词不定式(及物动词)+不定式本身的宾语

Would you please tell me how to do it ?

Do you know where to have our meeting ?

及物动词do与have分别有自己的宾语it与our meeting,而前面的副词how与where作状语。

3、 疑问副词(如when, where, how, why等)+动词不定式(不及物动词)

He wants to know when to set out.

Please tell me how to go there.

set out 与go 均为不及物动词,不带宾语,而前面的副词when与 how作状语。

19.祈使句and +句子(一般将来时)

祈使句or +句子(一般将来时)

Take this medicine and you will feel better.

Close the window or you will catch cold.

20反意疑问句中

1.表否定意义的词。

反意疑问句的否定词主要有:no,not,never,nothing,nobody,none,little,few,hardly,seldom等,但有些含有否定前缀的词却不在内,如impossible,impolite,unimportant,unhappy,invisible等

2宾语从句否定的转移。

动词think,suppose,imagine,expect 等之后的宾语从句的否定意义在前面表达

I don’t believe they will come back on time, __will they________?

I don’t suppose you need to worry, _________need you___________?

You don’t think they will come back on time, _______do you_______?

3.注意反意疑问句中的’s/have/has/had.

It’s a fine day, ____isn't it_____?

He’s got much work to do,____hasn't he____?

We have lunch at twelve o’clock,_____don't we ___?

全文结束,希望能够帮助到同学们提高成绩

2017中考英语必考知识点(13-20)共20全部结束

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