轻风清秋墨菊香 / 教育学习 / 八年级下丨英语课本重点短语&句型,整...

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八年级下丨英语课本重点短语&句型,整个学期都有用!!

2017-03-02  轻风清秋...

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我们整理了人教版八年级下册的重点短语和重点句型,都是书本上的内容,整个学期都有用!!赶紧收藏起来,平时学习用得上!

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

重点短语

1.have a fever 发烧

2.have a cough 咳嗽

3.have a toothache 牙疼

4.talk too much 说得太多

5.drink enough water 喝足够的水

6.have a cold 受凉;感冒

7.have a stomachache 胃疼

8.have a sore back 背疼

9.have a sore throat 喉咙痛

10. take risks 冒险

11.take one’ s temperature 量体温

12.see a dentist 看牙医

13.put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药

14.give up 放弃

15.in the same way 以同样的方式

16. go to a doctor 看医生

17.on the side of the road 在马路边

18. shout for help 大声呼救

19. without thinking twice 没有多想

20. get off 下车

21.to one’ s surprise 另某人惊讶的是

22. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于

23. in time 及时

24. make a decision 做出决定

25. get into trouble 造成麻烦

26. right away 立刻;马上

27. because of 由于

28. get out of 离开;从……出来

29. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事

30.. fall down 摔倒

31. have problems breathing 呼吸困难

32. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事

33. so...that... 如此……以至于...…

34. be in control of 掌管;管理

35. in a difficult situation 在困境中

重点句型

1.What's the matter with you?

= What'the trouble with you?

= What's wrong with you? 你怎么了?

2. What should she do? 她该怎么办呢?

3.Should I take my temperature? 我应该量一下体温吗?

4.You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。

5. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?

6. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital. 她说这个人有心脏病应该去医院。


Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.

重点短语

1.make a plan 制订计划

2. an old people’s home 养老院

3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难

4. used to 过去常常......

5. care for 关心;照顾

6. the look of joy 快乐的表情

7. at the age of 在......岁时

8.clean up 打扫(或清除)干净

9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋

10. come up with 想出;提出

11. make some notices 做些公告牌

12. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力

13. hand out 分发;散发;发给

14. call up 打电话;召集

15. put off 推迟;延迟

16. raise money 筹钱;募捐

17. take after 与......相像;像

18. be similar to 与……相似

19. set up 建立;设立

20. make a difference 影响;有作用

21. be able to 能够


重点句型

1. The boy could give out food at the food bank. 这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。


2.He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 每周六上午,他都在一'家动物医院当志愿者。


3.You can see in their eyes that they're going on a different journey with each new book. 从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。


4. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。


5. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?

重点短语

1.go out for dinner 出去吃饭

2.stay out late 在外面待到很晚

3.go to the movies 去看电影

4.get a ride 搭车

5.work on 从事

6.finish doing sth. 完成做某事

7.clean and tidy 干净整洁的

8.come home from school/work放学/下班回家

9.throw down 扔下

10.sit down 坐下

11.come over 过来

12.take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步

13.all the time 一直;总是

14.all day/evening 整曰/夜

15.share the housework 分担家务

16.in surprise 惊讶地

17.watch one show 观看一个节目

18.pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人

19.lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人

20.get sth. wet 使某物弄湿

21. hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事

22.help sb. (to ) d o /with sth·帮助某人干某事

23.invite sb. to a party邀请某人参加聚会

24.make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

25.a waste of time浪费时间

26.in order to为了

27.mind doing sth. 介意做某事

28.depend on依赖;依靠

29.look after/take care of 照顾;照看

30.do one’ s part in (doing ) sth. 做某人分内的事

重点句型

1.Could you please clean your room? 你能打扫一下你的房间吗?


2. I have to do some work. 我必须干些活。


3. She won't be happy if she sees this mess. 如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。


4. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV .我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。

Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?

重点短语

1.have free time有空闲时间

2.allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

3. after-school classes课外活动课

4. get into a fight with sb.与某人吵架/打架

5. study too much学得过多

6. get enough sleep有足够的睡眠

7. write sb. a letter给某人写信

8. call sb. up打电话给某人

9. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶

10. look through翻看

11. be angry with sb. 生某人的气

12. a big deal重要的事

13. work out成功地发展;解决

14. get on with与...相处

15. fight a lot经常吵架/打架

16. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

17. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

18. all the time一直

19. in future今后

20. make sb. angry使某人生气

21. be oneself做自己

22. compete with sb. 与某人竞争

23. give one’ s opinion提出某人的观点

24. learn exam skills学习应试技巧

25. cut out删除

重点句型

1. I studied until midnight last night so I didn't get enough sleep. 我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。


2. Why don't you forget about it? 你为什么不忘掉它呢?


3. Although she's wrong , it,s not a big deal. 虽然她错了,但这并不是什么大事儿。


4. He should talk to his friend so that he can say he's sorry.他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。


5. Maybe you could go to his house. 也许你可以去他家。

Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?

重点短语

1.make sure 确信;确认

2.beat against... 拍打……

3. fall asleep 进人梦乡;睡着

4. die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失

5. wake up 醒来

6. in a mess 一团糟

7. break...apart 使……分离

8. in times of difficulty 在困难的时候

9. at the time of 当.......时候

10. take a hot shower 洗热水澡

11. miss the bus 错过公交车

12. pick up 接电话

13. bring... together 使……靠拢

14. in the area 在这个地区

15. miss the event 错过这个事件

16.make one’s way to.... 在某人去……的路上

17. on the radio 通过广播

18.in silence 沉默;无声

19.more recently 最近地;新近

20.take down 拆除;摧毁

21.have meaning to 对……有意义

22.at first 首先;最初

重点句型

1. — What were you doing at eight last night? 昨晚8点你在干什么?

— I was taking a shower. 我在洗淋浴。

2. When it began to rain, Ben was helping his mom make dinner. 当开始下雨的时候,本正在帮他妈妈做晚饭。

3. — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping? 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在干什么?

— While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary with her homework. 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在帮玛丽做作业。

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains.

重点短语

1. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事

2. as soon as ... 一……就…....

3. once upon a time 从前

4. continue to do sth. 继续做某事

5. make sth. happen 使某事发生

6. the journey to sp. ......之旅

7. a little bit 有点儿

8. give up 放弃

9. instead of 代替;反而

10. at other times 在另外一些时候

11. come out (书、电影等)出版

12. become interested in... 对……感兴趣

13. walk to the other side 走到另一边去

14. make a plan to do sth. 筹划/计划做某事

15. lead sb. to sp. 把某人领到某地

16. get lost 迷路

17. change one’s plan 改变计划

18. find one’ s way home 找到某人回家的路

19. send sb. to sp. 派某人去某地

20. so...that... 如此.......以致于.......

重点句型

1.So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong? 你觉得愚公的故事怎么样?


2. It doesn't seem very possible to move a mountain. 把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。


3.Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear. 有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。


4.Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side. 这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。


5.Don't eat it until you get to the forest. 你们到达森林之后才能吃。

Unit 7 W hat's the highest mountain in the world?

重点短语

1. as big as 与……一样大

2. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国家之一

3. feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事

4. as far as I know 据我所知

5.in the world 在世界上

6. part of... ...... 的组成部分

7. any other mountain 其它任何一座山

8. of all the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中

9. take in air 呼吸空气

10. in the face of difficulties 面临危险

11. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

12. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想

13. even though 虽然;尽管

14. at birth 在出生的时候

15. be awake 醒着

16. walk into sb. 撞到某人

17. take care of 照顾;照料

18. be in danger 处于危险之中

19. the importance of doing sth 做某事的重要性

重点句型

1.It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。


2.One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。


3.The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。


4.Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo. 成年大熊猫一天要花1 2 个多小时的时间吃大约十千克竹子。

Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?

重点短语

1.on page 25 在第25页

2. the back of the book 书的背面

3. hurry up 赶快;匆忙

4. go out to sea 出海

5. w rite about 写作关于……的内容

6. finish doing sth. 做完某事

7. learn to do sth. 学会做某事

8. not long after that 不久之后

9. use...to do sth. 用……来做某事

10. can’ t w ait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事

11. a good way to wake up 醒来的一个好办法

12. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事

13. study abroad 在国外学习

14. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

15. come to realize 开始意识到

16. ever since then 自从那时起

17. belong to 属于

18. be kind to each other 善待彼此

19. have been to sp. 去过某地

20. do some research on sth. 对……做研究

21. enjoy success in享受……的成功

22. at the end of the day傍晚的时候

重点句型

1.— Have you read little Women yet? 你读过《小妇人》吗?

— Yes,I have. /No,I haven't. 是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。


2. Would you like something to drink? 你要来点喝的吗?


3. I heard you lost your key. 我听说你丢钥匙了。


4.She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them. 她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。

Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum?

重点短语

1. all year round 一年到头,终年

2.be far from 离......远

3.in the dark 在黑暗中

4. in the past 在过去

5.have been to sp 去过某地

6.go somewhere different 去不同的地方

7. learn about sth 了解有关.....的情况

8. on the weekend 在周末

9.camp in the mountains 在大山里露营

10.put up a tent 搭帐篷

11.in such a rapid way 以如此速猛的方式

12.different kinas of 各种各样的

13.Thousands of 数以千计的

14.the Terracotta Army 兵马俑

15.southeast Asia 东南亚

16.three quarters 四分之三

17. an English-speaking country 一个讲英语的国家

18.have a problem doing sth 做某事很困难

19.during the daytime 在白天

20. a couple of times 好几次

21.right now 现在,目前

22. hear of 听说

23.encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事

24.on the one hand....on the other hand 一方面,另一方面

重点句型

1. Have you ever been to a science museum? 你曾经去过科学博物馆吗?


2. It's unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way. 科技以如此速猛的方式发展真是令人难以置信啊!


3.Whether you like Indian food, Western food or Japanese food, you,ll find it all in Singapore! 不管你喜欢印度食品,西方食品还是日本食品,在新加坡你都能找到!


4.One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all year round. 新加坡一个很大的特征是它的气温几乎一年到头都是一样的。

Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.

重点短语

1. these days 目前,现在

2.regard with great interest 以极大的兴趣关注着

3. in order to 为了

4.so far 迄今,到目前为止

5. in need 需要

6. not...any more\ 不再.....

7.no longer 不再

8.check out 察看,观察

9. board games 棋类游戏

10.clear out 清理

11. part with 与.....分开

12. to be honest 说实在的

13. bring back sweet memories 勾起甜美的回忆

14. do with 处理,处置

15. search for work 找工作

16. the mid-20th century 20世纪中期

17. stay the same 保持原状

18. according to 依照,按照

19. in one’s opinion 依......看

重点句型

1. Have long have you had that bike over there? 那边的那辆自行车你买了多久了?


2. He has owned it since his fourth birthday. 自他四岁生日起,他拥有这个东西了。


3. Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year. 有些人依然住在家乡,然而,另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。


4. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things? 你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西?


5. What would you do with the memory you raise?

你会怎样处理你所筹集到得钱?

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