99心灵花园 2017-11-29


Unit7 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.


1. be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

allow doing sth. 允许做某事

2. sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls 16岁的孩子

3. part-time jobs 兼职工作

4. a driver’s license 驾照

5. on weekends 在周末

6. at that age 在那个年龄段

7. on school nights 在上学期间的晚上

8. stay up 熬夜

9. clean up  清扫

10. fail(in)a test 考试不及格

11. take the test 参加考试

12. the other day 前几天

13. all my classmates 我所有的同学

14. concentrate on 全神贯注于

15. be good for 对…...有益

16. in groups 成群的,按组

17. get noisy 变得吵闹(系表结构)

18. learn from 向......学习

19. at present 目前,现在

20. have an opportunity to do sth. 有做……的机会


1. I don’t think twelve-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced. 我认为不应该允许12岁的孩子穿耳孔。

2. They talk instead of doing homework. 他们聊天而不是做作业。

3. He is allowed to stay up until 11:00 pm. 允许他们熬到晚上11点。

4. We should be allowed to take time to do things like that more often. 我们应该被允许更加经常的花些时间多做这类事情。

5. What school rules do you think should be changed? 你认为学校的哪些制度应该改一改了?

6. The two pairs of jeans both look good on me. 这两条牛仔裤穿在我身上都适合。

7. The classroom is a real mess. 教室太脏了。

8. Should I be allowed to make my own decisions? 我应该被允许自己做决定吗?

9. Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream. 只有这样我才能实现我的梦想。

10. They should be allowed to practice their hobbies as much a s they want.  应该允许他们对业余爱好想练多长时间就练多长时间。

11. We have nothing against running. 我们没有理由反对他跑步。


1. enough  adv. 足够地  adj. 足够的

形容词 enough 如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

enough 名词 如:enough food 足够食物

2. stop doing sth. 停止正在做的事       

Please stop speaking. 请停止说话。

stop to do sth. 停止一件事去做另一件事      

Please stop to speak. 请停下来说话。

3. it seems that从句 看起来好像……

It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。

4. yet 仍然,还 (常用在否定句或疑问句当中

5. stay up 熬夜     

如:I often stay up until 12:00pm. 我经常熬夜到12点。

6. 程度副词:always总是  usually经常  sometimes有时 never 从不

7. go shopping(去购物), go fishing(去钓鱼), go swimming(去游泳), go boating(去划船), go hiking(去远足)

8. be strict with sb. 对某人严厉     

如:Mother is strict with her son. 妈妈对她的儿子很严厉。

9. the other day  前几天

10. agree 同意   反义词:disagree不同意  动词

agreement 同意   反义词:disagreement 不同意  名词

11. keep sb/ sth 形容词 使某人/某物保持……    

如:We should keep our city clean. 我们应该保持我们的城市干净。

12. both…and… 动词复数形式(both and本身也是一个非常重要的考点)

如:Both Jim and Li Ming play  bastketball.

13. learn(sth.)from sb  向谁学习(什么)     

如:Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语。

14. at least 最少  at most 最多

15. 花费: take ,cost, spend , pay

sth. take(sb.) time to do sth.  如:It took (me) 10 days to read the book.

sth. cost(sb.)…  如:The book cost(me)100 yuan.

sb. spend … on sth.  如:She spent 10 days on this book.

sb. spend …(in)doing sth.  如:She spent 10 days(in)reading this book.

sb. pay … for sth.  如:She paid 10 yuan for this book.


16. have 时间段 off  放假,休息   如:have 2 days off

17. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍

18. think about与think of的区别

① 当两者译为:认为、想起、记着时,两者可互用

I often think about/of that day. 我经常想起那天。

② think about 还有“考虑”之意,think of做为想到、想出时两者不能互用

At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。

We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 我们正在考虑去钦州。

19. care about sb. 关心某人      

如:Mother often care about her son.

20. also:也,用于句中  I am also a student. 我也是一个学生

either:也,用于否定句且用于句末  I am not a student, either. 我也不是一个学生。

too:也,用于肯定句且用于句末  I am a student, too. 我也是一个学生。




1. 两种语态:主动语态和被动语态


Cats eat fish.(主动语态)猫吃鱼。

Fish is eaten by cats.(被动语态)鱼被猫吃。

2. 被动语态的构成

由“助动词be 及物动词的过去分词”构成

助动词be 有人称、数和时态的变化。


由so 助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词 主语,意为:…也是一样。

She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。

She will go to school. So will he.  她将去学校,他也是。

Unit8 It must belong to Carla.


1. be long to 属于

2. listen to classical music 听古典音乐

3. at school 上学;求学

4. go to the concert 去听音乐会

5. have any/some idea 知道

6. a math test on algebra  有关代数的数学考试

7. the final exam 期末考试

8. because of  因为

9. a present for his mother 送给她妈妈的礼物

10. run for exercise  跑步锻炼



1. If you have any idea where might be please call me. 如果你知道它可能在哪,请打电话给我。

2. It’s crucial that I study for it because it counts 30% to the final exam. 关键是我必须学,因为它占期末考试的30%。

3. What do you think “anxious“ means? 你认为“anxious”是什么意思?

4. He could be running for exercise. 他可能是正在跑步锻炼身体。

5. He might be running to catch a bus. 他可能是正在跑着赶公共汽车。

6. Why do you think the man is running? 你觉得那个男的为什么跑?


1. 情态动词must, may , might, could, may , can't表示推测含义,后面都接动词原形,都可以表示对现在情况的揣测和推断,但他们含义有所不同。

must 一定,肯定 (100%的可能性)

may, might, could 有可能,也许 (20%-80%的可能性)

can't 不可能,不会 (可能性几乎为零)

2. whose:谁的,是个疑问词,作定语,后面接名词

如:---Whose book is this? ---This is Lily's.

4.  当play 指弹奏西洋乐器时,常在乐器前用定冠词the

play the guitar;play the piano;play the violin

当play 指进行球类运动时,则不用定冠词

play football;play basketball;play baseball

5. if引导的条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时代替将来时。

If you don't hurry up, you'll be late. 如果你不快点,你将会迟到。

6. if you have any idea= if you know  如果你知道

7. on 关于(学术,科目)

9. because of:由于   


because of 名词/代词/名词性短语(这是一个重要的短语)

because 从句

I do it because I like it. 我做这件事是因为我喜欢。

I had to move because of my job. 因为工作的原因我得搬家。

10. own v. - owner n.  

listen v. - listener n.  

learn v. - learner n.

11. catch a bus 赶公车

12.  neighbor 邻居,指人

neighborhood 邻居,指地区也可指附近地区的人

13. local 当地的 如:local teacher 当地的教师

16. anything strange  一些奇怪的东西

当形容词修饰something, anything, nothing, everything等不定代词时,放在这些词的后面(重要,切记)

17. there be sb./sth. doing 有…...正在......

There is a cat eating fish.

18. escape from…  从哪里逃跑出来(常考短语)

He escaped from the burning building. 他从燃烧的建筑中逃出来。

19. an ocean of 名词 极多的,用不尽的 如:an ocean of energy.

20. unhappy 不高兴的  反义词:happy 高兴的

22. dishonest 不诚实的  反义词:honest 诚实的

23. get on 上车   get off 下车(掌握住这两个短语的意思)

24. use up 用光,用完

They have used up all the money. 他们已经用完了所有的钱。

25. attempt to do 试图做某事(重要考点,大家记着attempt后面用的是不定式to do)

The boys attempted to leave for Beijing. 男孩子们试图想去北京。

26. wake 是个动词,意思是唤醒,常用的词组:wake up 意为醒来

Please wake me up at 8 o'clock. 请在8点钟叫醒我。

27.  look for 寻找,强调找的动作(重要)

find 找到,强调找的结果

I am looking for a pen. 我正在找一支笔。(指找的动作)

I found my pen just now. 我刚刚找到了我的笔。(指找的结果)

28.  hear 听,强调听的结果

listen 听,强调听的动作

Did you hear? 你听到了吗?(指听的结果)

I often listen to the music. 我经常听音乐。(指听的动作)

29. try one's best to do sth. 尽某人的最大努力去做某事(注意best后面跟的不定式to do是考试的重点)

He tried his best to run. 他尽他的最大努力去跑。


Unit9 I like music that I can dance to.


1. expect to do sth.  期望做某事

expect sb. to do sth  期望某人做某事

2. catch up with  追上,赶上

3. different kinds of music  各种不同的音乐

4. quiet and gentle songs  轻柔的歌曲

5. take…to…  带……到……

6. remind…of… 使某人想起或意识到……

7. her own songs 她自己的歌曲

8. be important to 对……重要

9. Yellow River 黄河

10. Hong Tao’s latest movie  洪涛最近的电影

11.  over the years  多年来

12. be sure to do sth.  务必/一定做某事

13. one of the best known Chinese photographers 世界上最有名的中国摄影家之一

14. on display  展览,展出

15. come and go 来来往往

16. can’t stand 不能忍受


1. I love singers who write their own music. 我喜欢自己创作曲子的歌手。

2. We prefer music that has great lyrics. 我们更喜欢歌词很棒的音乐。

3. What do you dislike about this CD. 你不喜欢这张CD的什么?

4. What does it remind you of? 它使你想起了什么?

5. The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music. 这首曲子使我想起了巴西舞曲。

6. It does have a few good features, though.  然而,它的确也有一些好的方面。

7. She really has something for everyone. 每个人的确都能从她的作品中领悟到一些东西。

8. Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition. 无论怎样,你都不能错过这个展览会。

9. As the name suggests, the band has a lot of energy.  正如乐队名字所暗示的那样, 这支乐队很有活力。

10. Some people say they are boring, but others say they are great. 有些人说他们很无聊,但也有人说,他们是伟大的。

11. I f I were you, I’d eat nuts instead. 如果我是你,我会改吃坚果。


1. prefer v. 更喜欢,宁愿

prefer sth. 更喜欢某事  I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

prefer to do. 宁愿做某事  I prefer to sit. 我宁愿坐着。

prefer sth to sth. 同…...相比更喜欢…... I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

prefer doing to doing. 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事  I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。

2. along with 伴随… , 同… 一道

I will go along with you. 我同你一道去。

3. dance to sth. 随着…...跳舞(用的介词是to,这一点要注意)

She likes dancing to the music. 她喜欢随着音乐而跳舞。

4. music n. 音乐

musician n. 音乐家

5. unfortunately adv.不幸运地       

fortunately adv.幸运地(如果你把这个词记住了,那考试的时候你就是幸运的~)

6. fun n. 有趣   funny adj. 有趣的,滑稽的

7. be sure to do 一定做某事,肯定做某事

It is sure to snow. 肯定要下雪

8. known adj. 有名的,著名的(记住意思)

9. on display 展览(常见短语)

10. energy n.活力  energetic adj.有活力的

11. most of…   ……的大多数

12. keep healthy 保持健康

13. get together 聚在一起

14. discuss v.讨论  discussion n.讨论

15. be bad for sth. 对…有坏处

16. take care of = look after 照顾

She often takes care of/looks after her son.

17. stay away from 远离……

Stay away from me. I have a cold. 请远离我,我得了感冒

18. to be honest 老实说

To be honest I really like flowers. 老实说我真的很喜欢花。

19. dislike 不喜欢   反义词:like 喜欢

20. fisherman 渔夫  它的复数形式是fishermen

21. photography n. 摄影;photograph n. 照片 相片;photographer n. 摄影师

22. be in agreement 意见一致,常与介词on/about连

They are in agreement on that question. 他们对那个问题意见一致。

23. even if  甚至

24. mainly adv. 主要地 首要地

Unit10 You're supposed to shake hands.


1. be supposed to do 被期望/应该做......

2. shake hands 握手

3. for the first time  第一次

4. table manners  餐桌礼仪

5. drop by 偶然拜访,顺便拜访

6. after all 毕竟,终究

7. be on time 准时

8.(in) the wrong way 以错误的方式

9. be relaxed about 对……比较随意/放松

10. a bit 一点



1. He should have told me about it. 他本应该把这件事告诉我。

2. Where I’m from, we’re pretty relaxed about time. 我所在的地方,对时间是相当宽松的。

3. We often just drop by our friends’homes. 我们时常去朋友家拜访。

 4. Often we just walk around the town center, seeing as many of our friends as we can. 我们经常走遍市中心,看尽可能多的朋友。

5. We usually make plans to see friends. 通常我们都是做好去看朋友的计划。

6. We’re the land of watches, after all.  毕竟,我们是表之乡。

7. It’s even better than I thought it would be. 事情比我想象的要好得多。

8. They go out of their way to make me feel at home. 他们花尽心血让我感觉不到拘束。

9.  Although I still make lots of mistakes, it doesn’t bother me like it used to. 尽管我经常出一些错,但它不像过去那样打扰我。

10. I thought that was pretty strange at first, but now I’m used to it. 开始,我想那是太奇怪了,但是现在我已经习惯了。

11. I have to say I find it difficult to remember everything, but I’m gradually getting used to things, and don’t find them so strange any more. 不得不承认,我发现记住一切东西是很困难的,但我渐渐习惯了,并且发现他们也不再那么奇怪了。


1. be supposed to do  应该(注意它的翻译,另外supposed后面用的是不定式to do)

We are supposed to stop smoking. 我们应该停止吸烟。

3. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear. 你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。

上句中的“should have asked”是“情态动词 现在完成时”表示过去本应该做某事,事实上没有做(这点要清楚)

She should have gone to Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去)

4. be relaxed about sth. 对某事随意、不严格

They are relaxed about the time. 他们对时间很随意。

5. pretty  adv. 相当,很    adj. 美丽的     

She is pretty friendly. 她相当友好。

She is a pretty girl. 她是一个美丽的女孩。

6. plan to do. 打算做某事(常见用法)

She has planed to go to Beijing.

7. drop by 访问,看望,拜访,串门

We just dropped by our friends' homes.我们刚刚去朋友家串门。

8. on time 按时(in time的意思是及时,这两个短语经常出现在辨析题中)

9. after all 毕竟 终究(五星级重点词汇,记住它的意思)

You see I was right after all. 你看,毕竟还是我对了。

10. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事(重要内容,注意后面用的是不定式to do)

Lily invited me to have dinner. 莉莉请我吃晚饭。

11. without 没有(这个词经常考,题目会单纯考它的意思,所以大家应该记住它的意思)

12. around the world = all over the world 全世界

13. pick up 捡起,挑选(捡起的意思考的较多)

He picked up his hat. 他捡起他的帽子。

14. start doing = start to do 开始做某事(start的用法属于常考内容,记住它的这两个用法)

He started reading= He started to read. 他开始阅读。

15. point at 指向(指近处的事物)

point to 指向(指远处的事物)

16. stick v. 剌,截   n. 棒,棍

17. go out of one's way to do 特意/专门做某事

He went out of his way to make me happy. 他特意使我高兴。

18. make mistakes 犯错误(复数)      

make a mistake 犯错误(一个)

19. be different from 与……不同

Chinese food is different from theirs. 中国菜与他们的不同。

20.  get/be used to sth. 习惯于……(这些用法大家务必记住,虽然这些用法很多,而且比较容易搞混淆,但是它们确实经常考,大家可以结合例子记忆)

get/be used to doing 习惯于……

be used to do  被用来做……

be used for doing 被用来做...…

used to do 过去常常做…...

I wash clothes everyday. I'm used to it. 我每天都洗衣服。我习惯了。

I am used to washing clothes. 我习惯于洗衣服了。

The knives are used to cut things. 小刀被用来切东西。

The knives are used for cutting things. 小刀被用来切东西。

She used to watch TV after school. 她过去放学后常常看电视。

21. I find it difficult to remember everything. 我发现要记住每一样事是困难的。

find/think it 形容词 to do sth.

22. cut up 切开,切碎

Let's cut up the watermelon.  让我们切开这个西瓜吧。

23. make a toast 敬酒

24. crowd  v.挤满  其形容词和过去式及过去分词都是:crowded(crowded考的相对多些)

25. set  n. 一套  v. 设置

26. can't stop doing 忍不住做某 I can't stop laughing. 我忍不住笑

27. make faces 做鬼脸

28. face to face 面对面地

29. learn…by oneself 自学......(重要用法)

I learn English by my self. 我自学英语。

Unit11 Sad movies make me cry.


1. make me sleepy 使我困倦

2. drive sb. crazy 使……发疯

3. the more…, the more  越……越……

4. yes and no 好坏参半

5. be friends with sb. 是某人的朋友

6. feel left out 感觉被忽视

7. sleep badly 睡眠很差

8. don’t feel like eating 不想吃东西

9. for no reason 毫无理由

10. neither…nor…  既不……也不……

11. let…down 使…失望

12. take one’s position 替代我的职位

13. to start with  起初

14. get the exam result back  取考试成绩单

15. find out 发现

16. a shirt of a happy person  一件快乐人的衬衫


1.  —I’d rather go to Blue Ocean because I like to listen to quiet music while I’m eating. 更愿意到蓝海洋餐厅,因为我喜欢在吃饭时听轻音乐。

—But that music make me sleepy. 但那种音乐使我困倦。

2. Waiting for Amy drove Tina crazy. 等候艾米使蒂娜发狂。

3. The movie was so sad that it made Tina and Amy cry.  这部电影是如此悲伤以致使蒂娜和艾米都哭了。

4. Sad movies don’t make John cry. They just make him want to leave quickly. 悲伤的电影没有让约翰哭他们只能使他想尽快离开。

5. Loud music makes me nervous. 吵闹的音乐使我紧张。

6. Soft and quiet music makes me relax. 轻柔的音乐使我放松。

7. Money and fame don’t always make people happy. 金钱和名誉并不总能使人幸福。

8. She said that the sad movie made her cry. 她说悲伤的电影使她哭泣。


1. But that music makes me sleepy. 但是那种音乐使我困倦。

动词make的使役用法,make sb后分别接了形容词和不定式短语。make的这种用法常见于以下结构:

make 名词(代词) 省略to的动词不定式

My parents often make me do some other homework. 我父母常让我做些其他的作业。


如:She was made to work for the night shift. 她不得不上夜班。

② make 名词/代词 -ed分词短语。

如:What made them so frightened? 什么使他们这样害怕?

③ make 名词/代词 介词短语或名词短语。

如:She made him her assistant. 她委派他做自己的助手。

④ make 名词(代词) 形容词或形容词短语。

如:—The good news made us happy. 这条好消息使我们很高兴。

—Yes,I suppose so. 我想他会回来。

⑤ make 形式宾语it 形容词或名词(作宾语补足语) 从句(作真正的宾语)

如:They want to make it clear to the public that they do an important and necessary job.

他们要向公众表明, 他们所做的工作不但重要, 而且是必不可少的。

2. wealth n. 财富

 ① 表示“财富”“金钱”,是不可数名词。如:

They had little desire for wealth. 他们对财富无大欲望。

② 表示“大量”“众多”“丰富”等,可连用不定冠词,尤其用于a wealth of结构(其后可接可数名词或不可数名词)。如:

He sent me a book with a wealth of illustrations. 他送给我一本有大量插图的书。

Hidden underground is a wealth of gold, silver, copper, lead and zinc.


3. He slept badly and didn’t feel like eating.他睡眠很差并且不想吃东西。

feel like的用法:

① 表示“感觉像(是)……”

My legs feel like cotton wool. 我感觉两条腿像棉花一样。

② 表示“想要做……”,后接动名词doing形式。

I don’t feel like cooking. Let’s eat out.  我不想做饭,我们出去吃吧。

Unit12 Life is full of the unexpected.


1. take a shower 淋浴

2. leave my backpack at home 把背包忘在家里

3. get back to school  返回学校

4. start teaching  开始教学

5. go off  响铃

6. rush out the door 冲出房门

7. give sb a lift  捎某人一程

8. miss both events  错过两个事件

9. be about to do sth  正要做某事

10. stare in disbelief at  难以置信地盯着

11. raise above the burning building 从正在燃烧的楼上升起

12. jump out of bed 跳下床

13. collect the math homework 收数学作业

14. show up 赶到,出现



1. By the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower. 当我起床时,我哥哥已经进了浴室了。

2. By the time I got outside, the bus had already gone. 当我出来时,公汽已经走了。

3. When I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home. 当我到达学校时,我才意识到我把背包忘在家里了。

4. By the time I walked into class, the teacher had started teaching already. 当我走进教室时,老师已经开始讲课了。

 5. By the time I arrived at the party, everyone else had already showed up. 当我到达晚会时, 其他的每个人都已经到了。

6. When he put the noodles into the bowl, he realized he had forgotten to add the green beans. 当他把面条放进碗里时,他意识到他忘了添加绿豆荚了。

7. Before she got a chance to say goodbye, he had gone into the building. 在她得到一个向他告别的机会之前,他已经进入楼房了。


1. By the time I got outside, the bus had already left. 当我出来的时候,公共汽车已经走了。

by the time作连词引导时间状语从句,当从句用一般过去时,主句用过去完成时;当从句用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时或将来完成时。

如:By the time he was ten, Tom had built a chemistry lab himself. 等到了十岁的时候,汤姆自己建了一个化学实验室。

I’ll be in bed by the time you get home. 你到家时,我已经上床睡觉了。

2. When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home. 当她到学校时,她意识到她把背包忘在家里了。

表示“把某物忘在某处”要用词组leave sth in/on/at...

如: I've left my umbrella at home. 我把伞忘在家里了。

I left my book on the desk. 我把书忘在桌子上。


如:I forgot my umbrella yesterday. 我昨天忘了带伞。

Don't forget the cases.  别忘了带箱子。

3. Last Friday night, my friend invited me to his birthday party.


invite sb. to a place(或一活动、聚会) 意为“邀请某人到某一地方或参加某一活动”;而invite sb to do sth. 意为“邀请某人做某事”。

如: I think we have many friends now, and we must invite them to our place. 我想我们现在有很多朋友了, 我们也应该邀请他们到我们家做客。

Kitty’s teacher Mr Wu invited me to join their school trip to the World Park. 基蒂的老师吴老师邀请我参加了去世界公园的学校郊游活动。

4. Wells made it sound so real that hundreds of people believed the story and fear spread across the whole country.



如:This book is so interesting that everyone in our class wants to read it. 这本书是如此的有趣以至于全班同学都想看看。(so+形容词)

He ran so fast that I couldn't catch up with him. 他跑得那么快,以至于我跟不上他。(so+副词)



1. 共同点:动作都是在过去完成。

I saw the film yesterday evening.

I have seen the film before.


2. 区别:


②一般过去时通常与具体明确的过去时间状语连用。如yesterday, last week , two years ago,just now,in 2002 等;而现在完成时则常与 just ,already ,ever ,never 等模糊的过去时间状语和 these days ,this week ,since..., for... 等表示一段时间的状语连用。

Unit13 We're trying to save the earth!


1. at the bottom of the river 在河床底部     

2. be full of the rubbish 充满了垃圾

3. throw litter into the river 把垃圾扔入河中

4. play a part in cleaning it up 尽一份力把它清理干净

5. land pollution  土地污染

6. fill the air with black smoke  使空气中充满了黑烟

7. cut down air pollution  减少空气污染

8. make a difference  产生影响

17. take action  采取行动

18. turn off  关掉

19. pay for 付费

20. add up 累加

21. use public transportation 使用公共交通

22. recycle books and paper  回收书和废纸

23. use paper napkins  使用纸巾

24. turn off the shower 关掉喷头

25. ride in cars 开车出行



1. Even the bottom of the river was full of rubbish.  甚至河底都充满垃圾。

2. Everyone in town should play a part in cleaning it up. 城里的每个人都应当尽一份力把它清理干净。

3. The air is badly polluted because there are too many cars on the road these days. 空气被严重污染因为如今路上的汽车太多了。

4. To cut down air pollution, we should take the bus or subway instead of driving. 为了减少空气污染,我们应当乘坐公汽或地铁而不是开车。

5. I used to be able to see stars in the sky. 我过去能在天空中看到星星。

6. The air has become really polluted around here. I’m getting very worried. 这儿的空气真的已经被污染了,我非常担心。

7. No scientific studies have shown that shark fins are good for health. 没有科学研究说明鱼鳍对人们的健康有好处。


1. pay的基本用法

(1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买……

例:I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付20英磅的房租。

(2)pay for sth. 付……的钱。

例:I have to pay for the book lost. 我不得不赔丢失的书款。

(3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱。

例:Don't worry! I'll pay for you. 别担心,我会给你付钱的。

(4)pay sb. 付钱给某人。

例: They pay us every month. 他们每月给我们报酬。

(5)pay money back 还钱。

例:May I borrow 12 yuan from you? I'll pay it back next week. 你能借给我12块钱吗?下周还你。

(6)pay off one's money 还清钱。

2. This method is not only cruel, but also harmful to the environment. 这种方法不仅残酷,而且对环境有害。

(1)not only…but also…意为“不仅……而且……”用于连接两个表示并列关系的成分,着重强调后者,其中的also有时可以省略。

如:She not only plays well, but also writes music. 她不仅很会演奏,而且还会作曲。

He not only writes his own plays, he also acts in them. 他不仅是自编剧本, 还饰演其中的角色。

He works not only on weekdays but on Sundays as well. 他不仅平时工作,星期日也工作。


如:Not only you but also he has to leave. 不只是你,他也得离开。

 (3)若连接两个句子,not only后面的句子要用倒装。

如:Not only did he speak more correctly, but he spoke more easily. 他不仅说得更正确,而且讲得更不费劲了。



To cut down air pollution, we should take the bus or subway instead of driving. 为了减少空气污染,我们应当乘坐公汽或地铁而不是开车。

本句中To cut down air pollution是动词不定式作目的状语。

1. 不定式和不定式短语作目的状语

不定式和不定式短语作目的状语,主要用来修饰动词,表示某一动作或状态的目的。为了使目的意义更加清楚或表示强调意义时,还可以在前面加 in order to 或 so as to。

例如:I've written it down in order not to forget.

He shouted and waved so as to be noticed.


To draw maps properly, you need a special pen.(正)

To draw maps properly, a special pen is needed.(误)

由 in order to 引导的目的状语,既可以置于句尾,也可以置于句首,而由 so as to 引导的目的状语,只能置于句尾,而不能置于句首。比较:

They started early in order to get there in time.(正)

In order to get there in time, they started early.(正)

They started early so as to get there in time.(正)

So as to get there in time, they started early.(误)

2. 不定式的复合结构作目的状语

当不定式或不定式短语有自己的执行者时,要用不定式的复合结构(即在不定式或不定式短语之前加 for 名词或宾格代词)作状语。例如:

He opened the door for the children to come in.

She fetched several bottles which she placed on the counter for Harry to inspect.

3. 目的状语从句与不定式的转换



We'll start early in order that/so that we may arrive in time.

We'll start early in order to/so as to arrive in time.


I came early in order that you might read my report before the meeting.

I came early (in order) for you to read my report before the meeting.

Unit14 I remember meeting all of you in Grade 7.


1. win a prize 获奖

2. do a school survey 做一个学校调查

3. meet the standard of a strict teacher 满足一位要求严格的老师的要求

4. meet this group of friends 遇到这群朋友

5. score two goals in a row 连续踢进两个球

6. learn to play the keyboard 学会弹钢琴

7. be patient with sb 对……有耐心

8. work out the answer yourself 自己找出答案

9. guide sb to do sth 指导某人做某事

10. put in more effort 更加努力

11. look back at  回首

12. pride of overcoming fear 克服恐惧感的自豪

13. make a great big mess 弄得一团糟

14. keep my cool 保持我的清高

15. try to be on time for morning reading 尽力赶上早读

16. look forward to doing sth 期望做某事

17. join the school swim team 加入学校游泳队

18. get a business degree  取得一个商业学位



1. ---What happened in Grade7 that was special? 在七年级时发什么了什么特别的事?

---Our team won the school basketball competition. 我们队赢了学校的蓝球比赛。

3. ---How have you changed since you started junior high school? 你上中学后有什么变化?

---I've become much better at speaking English.  我在说英语上比以前更好。

3. How do you think things will be different in senior high school? 你认为在高中会有什么不同?

---I think that I'll have to study much harder for exams. 我想我将更加为考试努力学习。

4. ---What are your plans for next year? 你明年的计划是什么?

---I'm going to join the school volleyball team. 我将加入学校排球队。

5. ---What do you remember about Grade 8. 关于八年级你记得什么?

---I remember being a volunteer. 我记得当一名志愿者。

6. ---What do you use to do that you don't do now? 你以前做而现在不做的事是什么?

---I used to take dance lessons, but I don't anymore. 我以前上舞蹈课,但现在不上了。

7. ---What are you looking forward to? 你期望做什么?

---I'm looking forward to going to senior high school. 我期望上高中。


1. She helped you to work out the answers yourself no matter how difficult they were. 她帮助你自己算出答案,无论它们有多难。

no matter常与疑问代词或疑问副词一起构成连词词组引导让步状语从句,意为“不管……,无论……”,在运用时应注意以下几点:


由no matter what/who/where/when引导的从句往往用一般现在时或一般过去时。如:No matter who you are, you must obey the rules. 无论你是谁,都应该遵守规则。


no matter what/whose/which修饰名词时,该名词必须紧跟其后;no matter how修饰形容词或副词时,该形容词或副词也必须紧跟其后。

如:No matter how hard he works, he find it difficult to make ends meet. 无论他多么努力工作,却总是入不敷出。

(3)注意“no matter 疑问词”结构与“疑问词 ever”在用法上的区别:

①“no matter 疑问词”结构只能引导让步状语从句,这时可以和“疑问词 ever”互换。

如:No matter where he may be (=Wherever he may be), he will be happy. 他无论在什么地方都快乐。

② 而“疑问词 ever”还可以引导名词性从句。    

如:Give this book to whoever likes it. 谁喜欢这本书就给谁吧。(这里不能用no matter who)

③ whoever既可引导名词性从句,又有在从句中作主语、宾语、表语等;whomever也可引导名词性从句,但只能在从句中作宾语。

如:You may invite whomever you like.

2.  caring adj. 体贴人的

如:I will miss the school trees and flowers and our kind and caring teachers. 我会怀念学校的树木花草以及我们善良,体贴的老师。

3. 用于 go ahead, 注意以下用法:


A:May I start? 我可以开始了吗?

B:Yes, go ahead. 好,开始吧。


Go ahead. We are all listening. 继续讲吧,我们都在听呢!

4. As you set out on your new journey, you shouldn't forget where you came from. 当你出发踏上你的新的旅程时,不要望了你来自哪里。

set out 意为“出发;开始;陈述”。

例句:The professor sets out his ideas clearly in his article. 在这篇文章中教授清楚地表明了自己的想法。


(1)set about sth./doing sth. 着手做某事

如: We set about our task at once with great enthusiasm. 我们以极大的热情立即着手这项任务。

(2)set aside 放在一边,搁置;存蓄,留下

如: My parents set aside a bit of money every month. 我的父母每个月都存点钱。

(3)set off 动身,出发; 燃放(鞭炮等),使……爆炸或发出响声

如: After we had finished eating, he proposed to set off immediately. 我们吃完饭后,他建议立即动身。

(4)set out 动身,出发; set out to do sth. 打算或着手做某事。

如: They set out as the sun was rising. 太阳升起时,他们就出发了。

(5)set up 竖起来,支起来;建立,成立。

如: The school has set up a special class to help slow students.




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