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2018年中考英语主谓一致语法专题突破(考点解析 中考真题)

 政二街 2017-12-29

主谓一致

一、命题规律和常考考点

主谓一致为中考必考考点,常在单项填空中设置1分,中考常考考点常为there be句型的用法。

考点复习

考点1:主谓一致的三原则

考点2:谓语动词用单数的情况

2018年中考英语主谓一致语法专题突破(考点解析+中考真题)

2018年中考英语主谓一致语法专题突破(考点解析+中考真题)

2018年中考英语主谓一致语法专题突破(考点解析+中考真题)

原则含义例句
语法一致主语为单数形式时,谓语动词用单数形式,主语如果为复数形式,那么谓语动词也用复数形式Tom is a good student.They often play football on the playground.
意义一致谓语动词的单复数取决于主语所表达的意义,而不取决于表面上的语法关系Myfamily are having lunch now.
就近一致又称就近原则,主语由两个或两个以上的名词或代词构成,谓语动词的单复数形式应与紧邻的名词或代词保持一致There is a pen and some books on the desk.
情况例句
单数名词(代词) 、不可数名词作主语时Some water is in the bottle.A ball is on the floor.
表示时间、价格、重量、数目、长度、数学运算等的词或短语作主语时Two months is a long holiday.Three dollars is OK.
不定代词somebody,anything,everyone,nobody,no one等作主语时Is everyone here today?Something is wrong with him.
以­s结尾的名词本身不表示复数意义,如news,physics等No news is good news.Physics is one of my favorite subjects.
动词不定式、动名词作主语时Doing eye exercises is good for your eyes.
主语是each/every+单数名词+and ( each/every ) +单数名词时Each boy and each girl has got a seat.
one and a half+复数名词作主语时One and a half hours is enough.
each,either,neither,one,another,the other作主语或后跟名词单数作主语时Each of them has an English dictionary.Every pupil is supposed to be in his classroom at 8 a.m.
one of+复数名词作主语时,“……中之一”One of my friends has been abroad for eight years.

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