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小学英语4种时态(知识要点总结)

2018-03-14  当以读书...

时态是英语中一个重要的语法范畴,小学英语主要是如下的四大时态:一般现在时、现在进行时、一般过去时、一般将来时。

小编在这里帮大家整理总结了小学英语最常用的四种时态的知识要点,期末考试前看一看,做题思路更清晰!

小学英语4种时态(知识要点总结)

一般现在时

主要描述经常会发生的动作、状态或不变的真理。

句末常出现every day/week/year/Monday , in the morning;句中常有always, usually, often, sometimes

组成1.主语+be+名词(形容词)

I am a student.

He is tall.

否定句:在be 后加not

I am not a student.

He is not tall.

疑问句:be 动词提前到第一位。

Are you a student?

Yes,I am./No,I am not.

Is he tall?

Yes,he is./No,he isn’t.

小学英语4种时态(知识要点总结)

组成2.主语+动词+地点+时间

We go to school on Monday.

He goes to the park on Sunday.

否定句:主语+don’t/doesn’t’t+动词原形+地点+时间

We don’t go to school on Monday.

He doesn’t go to the park on Sunday.

疑问句:在句首加do或does

Do you go to school on Monday?

Yes, we do./ No, we don’t.

Does he go to the park on Sunday?

Yes, he does./ No, he doesn’t.

动词第三人称单数变化

1. 在原单词末尾加s , 如:like – likes

2. 单词以o, sh, ch, s, x 结尾加es, 如:go – goes

3. 单词末尾为辅音+y结尾去y加ies 如:study- studies

小学英语4种时态(知识要点总结)

现在进行时

主要叙述正在发生的事情。

句末常出现now;句首常出现look, listen。

组成主语+be +动词ing形式

I am reading English.

They are swimming.

He is playing football.

否定句:在be后加not

I am not reading English.

They are not swimming.

He is not playing football.

疑问句:将be 放到第一位。

Are you reading English?

Yes, I am./ No, I am not.

Are they swimming?

Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

Is he playing football?

Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.

动词变ing形式

1.在动词末尾加ing. 如:play- playing

2. 末尾有e,要去e加ing. 如:ride – riding

3. 末尾以辅音元音辅音结尾,双写末尾的辅音字母.如:swim-swimming

小学英语4种时态(知识要点总结)

一般将来时

主要描述将来要发生的事情。

句末常出现next Monday/week/ year, tomorrow

组成1.主语+be going to +动词原形

I am going to visit Ann.

They are going to draw a dog.

She is going to ride a horse.

否定句:在be后加not

I am not going to visit Ann.

They are not going to draw a dog.

She is going to ride a horse.

疑问句:将be提前

Are you going to visit Ann?

Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

Are they going to draw a dog?

Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.

Is she going to ride a horse?

Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.

组成2.主语+will+动词原形

I will go to the library.

They will clean the house.

She will eat breakfast at home.

否定句:在will 后加not 或将will not 写为won’t

I will not go to the library.

They will not clean the house.

She will mot eat breakfast at home.

疑问句:将will 提前

Will you go to the library?

Yes, I will./ No, I won’t.

Will they clean the house?

Yes, they will. / No, they won’t.

Will she eat breakfast at home?

Yes, she will. /No, she won’t.

小学英语4种时态(知识要点总结)

一般过去时

主要描述过去发生的事情。

句末常出现last night/week/Monday/year, yesterday, ago

组成主语+动词过去式

I was a pilot.

They were busy.

He went to the market.

否定句:在be后加not,在普通动词前加didn’t 动词恢复原形。

I was not a pilot.

They were not busy.

He didn’t go to the market.

疑问句:提前be 动词或在句前加did

Were you a pilot?

Yes, I was./ No, I wasn’t.

Were they busy?

Yes, they were./ No, they weren’t.

Did they go to the market?

Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

动词变过去式

1. 在末尾加ed或d 如:play-played、like-liked

2. 辅音加y,结尾去y加ied.如:study-studied

3. 辅音元音辅音结尾双写最后一个字母加ed.如:stop-stopped

特殊变化请看:

英语不规则动词变化表,帮你理清规律,记忆更简单!

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