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中考英语名师整理:中考英语80句型及常用动词用法

2018-05-17  xfshok

中考英语80句型及常用动词用法

1

(not so)as … as …

和……(不)一样……

Liu Xiang is as famous as Yao Ming.

This book is not as/so useful as that one.

2

as … as possible

尽可能……地

We should speak English as often as possible.

3

as soon as

一……就……

I'll send you an E-mail as soon as I get there.

4

ask sb how to do sth.

问某人怎样做某事

My mother asked me how to use the computer.

5

ask sb (not) to do sth.

请某人(不要)做某事

I asked my father to give me a camera.

6

ask sb. for sth.

向…..要求,请……给予

My teacher asks me not to talk freely in class.

7

be afraid of (doing) sth.

害怕(做)某事

Children are afraid of staying at home alone.

I was afraid of dogs when I was young.

8

be afraid that…

恐怕 ……

I'm afraid that we'll be late.

9

be busy doing sth.

忙于做某事

We are busy going over our lessons now.

10

be famous for…

因……而著名

Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.

11

be glad that…

很高兴……

I'm glad that we've got so many golden medles.

12

be late for …

……迟到

Were you late for the meeting yesterday?

13

be ready for…

为……做好准备

We are ready for the new term.

14

be sorry for

为……而难过

I'm sorry for hearing the bad news.

15

both… and …

……和……(两者)都……

Both teachers and students should work hard.

16

bring sb. sth. /bring sth to sb

把某物带给某人

I'm thirsty.Please bring me some water.

I'm thirsty.Please bring some water to me.

17

bring sth. with sb.

某人带来某物

Please bring a computer with you next time.

18

buy sb. sth.

给某人买某物

My father bought me a new bike last week.

My father bought a new bike for me last week.

19

either … or …

要么……要么

I'll give you either a book or a dictionary.

20

enjoy doing sth.

喜欢做某事

Many boys enjoy playing computer games.

21

finish doing sth.

做完某事

Have you finished doing your homework?

22

get +比较级

变得更……

The weather is getting warmer in spring.

23

get on (well) with …

与……相处(融洽)

Linda gets on well with her classmates.

24

get ready for …

为……做好准备

Did you get ready for the English exam?

25

get sth. ready

把某物准备好

Please get everything ready for the party.

26

give sb. sth. / give sth to sb

把某物给某人

I gave a book to each of the boys.

David gave me a MP3 last year.

27

go on doing sth.

继续做某事

It was late, but they still went on working.

28

had better (not) do sth.

最好(不要)做某事

You'd better finish the work before supper.

You'd better not be late again for class.

29

hate doing sth.

讨厌做某事

Tom hates going shopping.

30

hear sb. do sth.

听见某人做了某事了

Did you hear someone go out?

31

hear sb. doing sth.

听见某人在做某事

I heard a girl laughing outside just now.

32

help sb. (to) do / with sth.

帮助某人做某事

She often helps her mother do housework.

Lucy often helps me with my English.

33

I don’t think that…

我认为……不/没

I don't think that liu Xiang will give up.

34

I would like to …

我想……

I would like to learn Enghish abroad.

35

It takes sb. some time to do sth.

做某事花费某人 ……时间

It takes me an hour to ride to school every day.

36

It’s bad for …

对……有害

It's bad for children to watch too much TV .

37

It’s good for …

对……有好处

It's good for us to do sports.

38

It’s … (for sb.) to do sth.

做某事(对某人来说)……

It's easy for children to learn English well.

39

It’s time for / to do….

该做某事了

It's time for dinner.

It's time to have dinner.

40

It's… meters long / wide

它……米长/宽

The bridge is 50 meters long.

This mountain is over 500 metres high.

The road is 10 metres wide.

41

keep doing sth.

持续做某事

The boy has kept reading English for an hour.

42

keep sb. doing sth.

让某人(持续)做某事

Don't always keep us waiting for you.

43

keep sth. adj.

保持/使某物……

We should keep the classroom clean and tidy.

44

lend sb. sth. /lend sth to sb

把某物借给某人

Would you lend your bike to me?

45

let sb. (not) do sth.

让某人(不)做某事

Let me help you caryy the heavy box.

Let's not be late for school again.

46

like doing / to do sth.

喜欢做某事

Many boys like watching NBA on TV.

Jim likes to go swimming every summer.

47

make sb. (not) do sth.

使某人(不)做某事

My mother makes me play the piano every day.

The accident made me not arrive there in time.

48

make sth. adj.

使某物……

His son often makes his shirt dirty.

49

mind doing sth.

介意做某事

Would you mind opening the window?

50

neither … nor …

……和……(两者)都不……

He can neither dance nor sing.

51

not … at all

一点也不……

I don't believe the man at all.

52

not … until …

直到……才……

I won't leave until the rain stops.

53

not only … but also …

不但……而且……

Miss Li is not only friendly but also helpful.

54

one … the other …

一个……另一个……

I have two friends. One is Tom, the other is Joy.

55

pass sb. sth. /pass sth to sb

把某物递给某人

Please pass me the dictionary.

I 'm hungry. Pass the piece of bread to me.

56

see sb. do sth.

看见某人做了某事了

I saw the teacher enter the office just now.

57

see sb. doing sth.

看见某人在做某事

He saw many people taking photos there.

58

send sb. sth. /send sth to sb

把某物发送给某人

Please send the letter to your parents.

Please send me a photo after you get there.

59

show sb. sth. /show sth to sb

把某物出示给某人看

He showed me his photos this morning.

Please show your tickets to me .

60

so … that …

如此……以致……

He is so lazy that he never cleans his room.

61

some … others …

一些……其他……

They're here. Some are singsing, others are dancing.

62

spend … (in) doing sth.

(某人)做某事花费……

He spent most of his money in buying books.

63

spend … on sth.

(某人)在某方面花费……

He spent most of his money on books.

64

stop doing sth.

停止做某事

They stopped talking when the bell rang.

65

stop sb. from doing sth.

阻止某人做某事

You should stop the boys from fighting.

66

stop to do sth.

停下来去做某事

When she saw me,she stopped to talk to me.

67

take sth with sb.

某人拿走某物

You'd better take a raincoat with you today.

68

tell sb. how to do sth.

告诉某人怎样做某事

Bill told me how to solve business problems.

69

tell sb. (not) to do sth.

叫某人(不要)做某事

Teachers always tells us to work hard.

My father told me not to play in the street.

70

tell sb. sth. /tell sth to sb

把某事告诉某人

He told me the good news just now.

You should tell the good new to your parents.

71

the +比较级…,the +比较级

越……,越……

The more we get together, the happier we will be.

72

There is sth. wrong with …

……有毛病

There's something wrong with the watch.

73

too … to …

太……以致不能……

The camera is too old to use.

74

used to

(过去)常常做某事

He used to play football when he was young.

75

What / How about …?

……怎么样?

I have no time today.What about tomorrow?

76

What’s the matter (with …)?

(……)出什么事了?

Tom is not here. What's the matter with him?

77

What’s wrong (with …)?

(……)怎么了?

What's wrong with you ? You look tired.

78

Why not …?

为什么不……呢?

Why not play football with us ?

79

Would you like to …?

您想……吗?

Would you like something to drink?

80

Would / Could / Will you please...?

请您……好吗?

Will you please show me your tickets?

Would you please lend me your bike?

Could you please pass the book to the boy?

一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词

afford to do sth. 担负得起做某事

agree to do sth. 赞同做某事

arrange to do sth.布置做某事

ask to do sth. 要求做某事

beg to do sth. 恳求做某事

care to do sth. 想要做某事

choose to do sth. 决议做某事

decide to do sth. 决议做某事

demand to do sth. 要求做某事

determine to do sth. 决计做某事

expect to do sth. 等待做某事

fear to do sth. 惧怕做某事

help to do sth. 协助做某事

hope to do sth. 希望做某事

learn to do sth. 学习做某事

manage to do sth. 设法做某事

offer to do sth. 自动提出做某事

plan to do sth. 方案做某事

prepare to do sth. 预备做某事

pretend to do sth. 伪装做某事

promise to do sth. 容许做某事

refuse to do sth. 回绝做某事

want to do sth. 想要做某事

wish to do sth. 希望做某事

注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:

aim to do sth. 计划做某事

fail to do sth. 未能做某事

long to do sth. 盼望做某事

happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

hesitate to do sth. 犹疑做某事

struggle to do sth. 努力做某事

二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词

advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事

bear sb. to do sth.忍耐某人做某事

beg sb. to do sth. 恳求某人做某事

cause sb. to do sth. 招致某人做某事

command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事

elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓舞某人做某事

expect sb. to do sth. 希冀某人做某事

forbid sb. to do sth. 制止某人做某事

force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事

get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事

hate sb. to do sth. 厌恶某人做某事

help sb. to do sth. 协助某人做某事

intend sb. to do sth. 计划要某人做某事

invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事

leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事

like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事

mean sb. to do sth. 计划要某人做某事

need sb. to do sth. 需求某人做某事

oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事

order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

persuade sb. to do sth. 压服某人做某事

prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事

request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

remind sb. to do sth. 提示某人做某事

teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth. 通知某人做某事

train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事

trouble sb. to do sth. 费事某人做某事

want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

warn sb. to do sth. 正告某人做某事

wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

注:不要受汉语意思的影响:

汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.。

汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成wish sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成advise sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“布置某人做某事”,英语可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成demand of sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“感激某人做某事”,英语可说成thank sb. for doing sth.。

汉语的“恭喜某人做某事”,英语可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.。

汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.。

三、接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的34个常用动词

admit doing sth. 供认做某事

advise doing sth. 建议做某事

allow doing sth. 允许做某事

appreciate doing sth. 感谢做某事

avoid doing sth. 防止做某事

consider doing sth. 思索做某事

delay doing sth. 推延做某事

deny doing sth. 否认做某事

discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事

dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事

excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事

fancy doing sth. 想象做某事

finish doing sth. 完成做某事

forbid doing sth. 制止做某事

forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事

give up doing sth. 保持做某事

imagine doing sth. 想象做某事

keep doing sth. 坚持做某事

mention doing sth. 提及做某事

mind doing sth. 介意做某事

miss doing sth. 错过做某事

pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事

permit doing sth. 允许做某事

practice doing sth. 练习做某事

prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事

prohibit doing sth. 制止做某事

put off doing sth. 推延做某事

report doing sth. 报告做某事

risk doing sth. 冒险做某事

stop doing sth. 中止做某事

suggest doing sth. 建议做某事

understand doing sth. 了解做某事

四、接如今分词作宾补的20个常用动词

bring sb. doing sth.惹起某人做某事

catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事

discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事

feel sb. doing sth. 觉得某人做某事

find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事

get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事

have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事

hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事

keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事

listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事

look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事

notice sb. doing sth. 留意到某人做某事

observe sb. doing sth. 察看某人做某事

prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事

send sb. doing sth.使某人(忽然)做某事

set sb. doing sth. 使(惹起)某人做某事

start sb. doing sth. 使某人开端做某事

stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

watch sb. doing sth. 察看某人做某事

五、接动词原形作宾补的11个常用动词

feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事

have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事

let sb. do sth.让某人做某事

listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事

look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事

make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

notice sb. do sth. 留意某人做某事

observe sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事

see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事

watch sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事

六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相反的12个动词

like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事

hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恶做某事

prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事

begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开端做某事

start to do sth / start doing sth. 开端做某事

continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 持续做某事

can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍耐做某事

bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 费事做某事

intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事

attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事

cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 中止做某事

七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词

(1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事

remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事

(2) forget to do sth. 遗忘要做某事

forget doing sth. 遗忘曾做过某事

(3) regret to do sth. 懊悔(遗憾)要做某事

regret doing sth. 懊悔(遗憾)曾做过某事

(4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事

try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果

(5) mean to do sth. 计划做某事

mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

(6) can’t help to do sth. 不能协助做某事

can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事

(7) go on to do sth. 做完某预先接着做另一事

go on doing sth. 持续做不断在做的事

注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指中止正在做的事。

want sb to do sth 想做

make sb do sth 让某人做

mind doing sth 考虑做

finish to do sth 完成某事(强调过去已完成)

finish doing sth 完成某事

like to do sth 喜欢某事(强调某时刻想做什么)

like doing sth 喜欢某事(强调经常做)

listen to sth 听什么

hear sb to do sth 听到某人

forget to do sth 忘记过去做过什么事

forget doing sth 忘记去做什么

how to do sth 怎么做

used to do sth 过去常常做某事

wait sb to do sth 等某人去做

hope to do sth 希望做什么

sb want to do sth 某人想做什么

be busy doing sth 忙于做什么

do one‘s best to do sth 某人最好做什么

sb need to do sth 需要某人做某事

try to do sth 尝试去做

tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事

tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做某事

stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事

have trouble doing sth 做某事有困难

go on doing sth 继续做某事(强调正在做)

be interested in doing sth 对做某事有兴趣

be afraid to do sth害怕做某事

too...to do sth 太,,,而不能做

end up doing sth 结束某事

get used to do sth 过去常常做某事

What about doing sth 做某事怎么样

mind one‘s doing sth 介意某人做某事

ask sb about doing sth 询问某人做某事怎么样

love to do sth 喜欢做某事(表示过去常常做)

love doing sth (表示现在想做什么)

it is time to do sth 是做某事的时间了

enjoy doing sth 专注于,喜欢做某事

do well in doing sth 某事做得好

the best way to do sth 做某事最好的方法

you‘d better to do sth 你最好做某事

watch sb to do sth 看某人做某事

decide to do sth 决定做某事

give up doing sth 停止做

agree to do sth 同意做某事

see sb doing sth 看到某人做某事

allowed sb to do sth同意某人做某事

remember to do sth 记得以前做过某事

remember not to do sth 记住不要去做某事

remember doing sth 记住要做某事

consider doing sth 考虑去做某事

pretend to do sth 假装做某事

prefer to do sth 宁愿做某事

can‘t stand doing sth 不能忍受做某事

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