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掌握这些搭配,扫除单项拦路虎—中考英语非谓语动词

2018-06-03  政二街


非谓语动词通俗点就是初中阶段的一些固定搭配,小伙伴可能不清楚什么是非谓语,因为这是高中之后才会重点学习的内容,但是如果橙子妈妈让你翻译一下“要求某人做某事”,你一定会脱口而出“ask sb to do sth”,这就是非谓语动词所涉及的内容,今天橙子妈妈带着小伙伴们一起来梳理清楚中考需要掌握的固定搭配!

非谓语动词是动词的形式,在句中起名词、形容词或副词的作用。不能作谓语,没有人称和数的变化。分为动词不定式、动名词和分词三种。

考点1 动词不定式

(1) 构成: to +动词原形,否定式:not to +动词原形

(2)用法:常在句中作主语、表语、宾语、宾补、目的状语和定语等。

① 作主语如:To learn English well is very important

= It’s very important to learn English well

② 作表语如:My dream is to be a teacher.

③ 作宾语如:I want to be a teahcer.

I find it interesting to play basketball.

④ 作宾补如:My mom asked me to finish the homework in time.

⑤ 作目的状语如:He got up early to catch the bus.

易错点提示

例如 Paul made a nice cage thelittle sick bird till it could fly.(D)

A. keep

B. kept

C. keeping

D. to keep

这是最容易错的一道题,很多学生直接选择A因为看到make的缘故,其实这里是不定式做目的状语,所以小伙伴千万记得要灵活辨析才行!

同理大家可以分析这道必出现的题目

We should thank the man. He always does what he can us.(B)

A.helps

B. to help

C. help

D. helping

⑥ 作定语如:I have something to tell you.

(3)常考词组和句型(中考必背短语):

① 后面常用动词不定式作宾语的词有:

掌握这些搭配,扫除单项拦路虎—中考英语非谓语动词

② 后面常用动词不定式作宾补的词有:

掌握这些搭配,扫除单项拦路虎—中考英语非谓语动词

③ It代替动词不定式做形式主语和形式宾语。 (it…..to do )

如:It''s useful to learn English. (It代替动词不定式做形式主语)

I find it strange to wear like this. (it代替动词不定式做形式宾语)

注意:It''s important for us to study English well.

(用介词“for”,表示动词不定式与形容词有主谓关系)

It''s kind of you to help me.

(用介词“of”,表示of后面的名词或代词与形容词有主谓关系)

④ 特殊疑问词(what,when, which,where, who,how)+ to do (why 除外)

如:I don''t know when to go /where to go / which to buy.

She didn''t tell me what to do / how to doit.

(4)几个固定不定式的词组,常放在句首,作独立成分。

to one''s surprise 使某人惊奇的是

to begin with 首先

to be honest 老实说

to tell the truth 说实话

考点2 省to的动词不定式

(1) 使役动词和感官动词,带动词不定式做宾补时,主动语态时不定式省“to”, 被动语态时要补“to ”

常考句型和词组:

掌握这些搭配,扫除单项拦路虎—中考英语非谓语动词

易错点提示

例如Though she often makes her little brother______ , she was made ______ by him this morning. (A)

A. cry ; to cry

B. to cry ; cry

C. cry ; cry

D. to cry ; crying

此题也是易错题,小伙伴记得make sb do sth,但是在被动语态的学习中我们也学过sb be made to do sth,此时的make表被动时,需要还原to!

考点3 动名词(动词ing形式)

(1)结构: do+ing

(2)用法:常在句中作主语、宾语、表语、宾补、伴随状语和定语

① 作主语如:Watching TV is bad for your eyes.

② 作宾语如:I like playing football with my friends.

③ 作宾补如:I saw you talking with a boy just now.

后面常跟动名词作宾语的词有:

hear/find/see/watch/notice sb doing sth

听见/发现/看见/观看/注意到某人正在做某事

④ 作伴随状语如:Our teacher came in, smiling.

⑤ 作定语如:There is a boy standing under the tree.

⑥ 作表语如:My dream is waching a film with you next month.

(3)常考词组和句型:

掌握这些搭配,扫除单项拦路虎—中考英语非谓语动词

注意:所有的介词(in, at, for, of, from, up, about, to)后+ doing,下

列几个词组的“to”为介词

be/get used to doing 习惯于做某事 prefer doing to doing 宁愿做……而不愿

look forward to doing 盼望着做某事 pay attention to doing 注意做某事

make a contribution to doing 为……做贡献 help oneself to sth. 请自便

考点4:非谓语动词易混词组辨析

掌握这些搭配,扫除单项拦路虎—中考英语非谓语动词

例如We have worked so long. Shall we stop ______ a rest? (D)

A. have

B. to having

C.having

D. to have

解析 stop to do 和stop doing的区别,前者表示停下来去做另外一件事,后者表示停止正在做的事情,所以综合句子的意思表示停下工作去休息。所以小伙伴一定要谨记固定搭配的陷阱,灵活,灵活,灵活!

考点四 课堂检测

用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1. Now more and more people are busy_____ (learn)about the Internet.

2.—It’s too hot. Would you mind __________ (open) the door?

—Certainly not. Please do it.

3. No matter how hard it is, we’ll keep _________(try) until we make it.

4. —Are you enjoying __________ (live) in Ningbo?

—Yes, we are. Very much.

5. We couldn’t help __________ (laugh) after we heard the funny story.

6. I don’t regret __________(tell) her what Ithought.

7. My sister is interested in _______(read) books in her free time.

8. Let me ________(help) you _________ (water) the flowers

9. My mother often asks me__________(do) some cleaning on Sundays.

10. —Do you often hear John____________(sing)in his room ?

—Listen! Now we can hear him ___________ (sing) in his room.

11. I watched her ___________(dance) in the next room last night .

12.Let’s___________(go) swimming after the exam .

13.You’d better _____________(catch) a bus .

14.Suddenly the house began to shake. He stopped________(listen)to music and rushed out.

15.The WWF is working hard ___________(save) the animals in danger.

16.____________(get) high marks, many middle school students stay up study.

17. More and more young people are trying to do something________(serve) the old.

18. I mean __________(go), but my father would not allow me to.

19. It took the workmen only two hours to finish________ (repair) my car.

20. We should often practise _________ (speak) English with each other.

掌握这些搭配,扫除单项拦路虎—中考英语非谓语动词

中考英语非谓语动词是高考英语非谓语动词的基础,只有先从最本质的开始,才能为后期的学习打下扎实的基础!!

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