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混凝土相关词语中英文对照

2018-07-25  zhaxx

A

 

Abrams

    Abrams coneAbrams圆筒(坍落度筒)

    Abrams lawAbrams定则

Admixture—外加剂化学外加剂

Aggregate—骨料

    Absorption of water—吸水率

    Alkali-carbonate reaction—碱-碳酸盐反应

    Chloride—氯化物

    Clay—黏土

    combination of—结合

    criteria of acceptance—接受准则

    frost resistance—抗冻性

    grading—级配

    Los Angeles test—洛杉矶实验

    Maximum size and water requirement—最大粒径和需水量

    Mechanical properties—力学性能

    Moisture—含水率

    organic substance—有机杂质

    porosity—孔隙率

    sieve analysis—筛分分析

    S.S.D.—饱和面干

    sulphate—硫酸盐

    water requirement—需水量

Aggressive CO2—侵蚀介质CO2

Alite—阿利特

Ammonium salts—铵盐

Amorphous silica—无定形二氧化硅

ASR Alkali-silica-reaction in aggregate—骨料中的碱-硅反应:

 

B

 

Belite—贝利特

Blast furnace cement—矿渣水泥

Bleeding—泌水

    concrete in floor—地板混凝土

    grout—水泥浆

    influence of steel bond—钢筋粘结的影响

    influence of transition zone—过渡区的影响

    mortar—砂浆

Bolomey

 

C

 

Capillary porosity—毛细管孔隙率

Capillary pressure—毛细管压力

Carbonation—碳化

Characteristic strength—特征强度

Chemical admixtures一化学外加剂

Air entraining agents(AEA)—引气剂

      use in shotcrete—在喷射混凝土中的应用

ASR inhibitor—碱-硅反应抑制剂

Corrosion inhibitors—防腐剂

Classification—分类

Hardening accelerators—促硬剂

Hydrophobic admixtures—防水剂

High-range water reducers superplasticizers—高效减水剂(超塑化剂)

Retarders—缓凝剂

Setting accelerators—促凝剂

      Use in shotcrete—用于喷射混凝土中

Silanes—硅烷

Shrinkage-reducing admixtures—减缩剂

SRAShrinkage-reducing admixtures

Superplasticizers—高效减水剂(超塑化剂)

      Mechanism of action of—作用机理

      Slump loss/retention—坍落度损失/保持

      Multifunctional—多功能的

      Use in shotcrete—用于喷射混凝土中

      Use to increase strength/durability—用于提高强度/耐久性

      Use to reduce cement—用于减少水泥

      Use to increase workability—用于提高工作性

Viscosity modifying agents—黏度调节剂

VMAViscosity modifying agents

Water-reducers—减水剂

Cement—水泥

Norms—标准

Set regulator—调凝剂

Setting—凝结

Strength—强度

Chloride—氯化物

Diffusion—扩散

Compactability—密实性

Compacting factor—密实系数

Composite cement—复合水泥

Composite Portland cement—复合硅酸盐水泥

Concrete—混凝土

Deterioration—劣化

Manufacture—生产

Placing—浇筑

Prestressed—预应力

Reinforced—增强

Corrosion of reinforcement—钢筋的腐蚀

Promoted by carbonation—碳化引起

Promoted by chloride—氯化物引起

Cracking—开裂

Creep—徐变

Basic—基本

Drying—干燥

Influence of creep on drying shrinkage—徐变对干缩的影响

Prediction of creep in concrete structures—混凝土结构的徐变预测

Cored concrete—混凝土芯样

Curing—养护

Influence of curing on durability—养护对耐久性的影响

Influence of curing on concrete strength—养护对混凝土强度的影响

Membrane—薄膜

Wet curing—湿养

C3A—铝酸三钙

C4AF—铁铝酸四钙

C3S—硅酸三钙

C2S—硅酸二钙

C-S-H—水化硅酸钙

 

D

 

Damagedeterioration—损伤劣化

DEF—延迟钙矾石形成

Degree of compaction—密实度

    In shotcrete—喷射混凝土

Degree of consolidation—密实度

Degree of hydration—水化程度

Depassivation—去钝化

Deterioration—劣化

Drying shrinkageshrinkage—干缩收缩

DSP一致密小颗粒混凝土

Durability—耐久性

Capillary porosity—毛细管孔隙率

Concrete cover—混凝土保护层

Exposure classes—暴露等级

Long term durability—长期耐久性

 

E

 

Entrained air一引气

Influence on freezing—对抗冻性的影响

Influence on strength—对强度的影响

Entrapped air—夹杂气体

Ettringite—钙矾石

Primary—一次

Secondary—二次

Expansive agentsShrinkage compensating concrete—膨胀剂收缩补偿混凝土

 

F

 

Fibre-inforced concrete ( FRC )—纤维增强混凝土

Application of FRC一纤维增强混凝土的应用

Crack-free concrete一无裂缝混凝土

Toughness of concrete—混凝土的韧性

Impact strength—冲击强度

In shotcrete—喷射混凝土

Metallic fibre—金属纤维

Polymer mini-fibre—聚合物微纤维

Polymer macro-fibre—聚合物大纤维

Polymer structure PVA fibres—聚合物结构聚乙烯醇纤维

Fictitious thickness一虚拟厚度

Fire endurance of concrete一混凝土的耐火性

Behavior of concrete during fire一混凝土在火中的行为

Behavior of high-strength concrete during fire—高强混凝土在火中的行为

Influence of the aggregate—骨料的影响

Influence of the concrete cover—混凝土保护层的影响

Influence of the metallic fibres一金属纤维的影响

Influence of the loading in service一服役荷载的影响

Influence of the polymeric fibres—聚合物纤维的影响

Fly ash—粉煤灰

Beneficiation—选矿

Freezing and thawing一冻融

Füller

Füller&ThompsonFüller

 

G

GGBFSslag—磨细粒化高炉矿渣矿渣

Gluconate—葡萄糖酸盐

Glucose—葡萄糖

Grout—浆体

Gypsum—石膏

 

H

 

Heat—热

Cracking due to thermal gradients—温度梯度诱发开裂

Of hydration—水化热

Hydration—水化

Of aluminates—铝酸盐的水化

Of silicates—硅酸盐的水化

High-Performance Concrete—高性能混凝土

High Strength Concrete—高强混凝土

Hooke lawHooke定律

 

K

 

Kiln一烧窑

 

L

 

Leaching—析浆

Lightweight concrete—轻混凝土

Glassification—分类

Expanded clay—陶粒

Lightweight aggregate—轻骨料

In the Rome Pantheon—罗马万神殿

Natural lightweight aggregate(pumice)—天然轻骨料(浮石)

Shrinkage—收缩

Structural—结构的

      Precast L. C—预制轻混凝土

      SCC L. C—自密实轻混凝土

      Structural L. C for ready-mixed concrete—预拌结构轻混凝土

Lignosulphonate—木素磺酸盐

Lime—石灰

Limestone—石灰石

      Blended cement一混合水泥

Lyse ruleLyse准则

 

M

 

Magnesium salts—镁盐

Mass concrete—大体积混凝土

Mix design—配合比设计

Modulus—模数

Of elasticity—弹性模量

Of fineness一细度模数

Mill一磨机

Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator一市政固体废物焚烧炉

 

P

 

Passivation—钝化

Permeability—渗透性

Pop-out一凸起

Porosity—孔隙率

    Capillary—毛细管孔隙

Capillary porosity and strength—毛细管孔隙率与强度

Capillary porosity and elastic modulus—毛细管孔隙率与弹性模量

Capillary porosity and permeability—毛细管孔隙率与渗透性

Capillary porosity and durability—毛细管孔隙率与耐久性

Gel—凝胶

Macroporosity—大孔孔隙率

Portland cement—硅酸盐水泥

Blended cements一混合水泥

European norm—欧洲标准

Ferric一铁相

Manufacture—生产

White—白色

Powers—能源

Pozzolan一火山灰

Activity—活性

Industrial—工业的

Pozzolanic cement一火山灰水泥

Precast concrete—预制混凝土

Steam curing—蒸养

Prescriptions on concrete structures—混凝土结构的质量要求

Concrete composition prescriptions—混凝土组成的质量要求

Concrete performance prescriptions—混凝土性能的质量要求

Contractor prescriptions一对承包商的要求

 

R

 

Reactive Powder Concrete一活性粉末混凝土

Recycled concrete一再生混凝土

Process of manufacturing recycled aggregate (RA)一再生骨料的加工工艺

Properties of RA一再生骨料的性能

      Contaminant products—污染物

      Density of RA一再生骨料的密度

      Water absorption—吸水率

Properties of concrete with RA—含有再生骨料混凝土的性能

Relaxation—松弛

Retempering—重拌合

 

S

 

Segregation—离析

SCCSelf-Compacting Concrete—自密实混凝土

Self-Compacting Concrete—自密实混凝土

Architectural一装饰

High strength—高强

Mass concrete—大体积混凝土

Lightweight concrete—轻混凝土

Shrinkage-compensating—收缩补偿

Setting—凝结

Shrinkage—收缩

Drying shrinkage—干缩

      Influence of aggregate on drying shrinkage一骨料对干缩的影响

      Influence of high range water reducers on drying shrinkage—高效减水剂对干缩的影响

      Influence of workability on drying shrinkage一工作性对干缩的影响

      Prediction of drying shrinkage in concrete structures—混凝土结构干缩的预测

Plastic shrinkage—塑性收缩

Standard shrinkage—标准收缩

Shrinkage-compensating concrete—收缩补偿混凝土

Expansive agents—膨胀剂

      Combined use of SRA and expansive agents—减缩剂和膨胀剂的结合应用

      Lime-based expansive agents—石灰基膨胀剂

      Sulphoaluminate-based expansive agents—硫铝酸盐基膨胀剂

Application of shrinkage compensating concrete—补偿收缩混凝土的应用

      Joint-free architectural buildings—无缝装饰建筑

      Joint-free industrial floor一无缝工业地板

      Repair of damaged concrete structures—损坏混凝土结构的修补

Expansion of specimen vs. that of structure—试件的膨胀与结构的膨胀

Restrained expansion—约束膨胀

SCC shrinkage-compensating concrete—自密实收缩补偿混凝土

Shotcrete—喷射混凝土

ACI recommendationsACI建议

Bond of shotcrete. to substrate—喷射混凝土与基层的粘结

Chemical admixtures in—喷射混凝土的化学外加剂

      Alkali-free accelerators—无碱促进剂

      Sodium silicate accelerators—硅酸钠促进剂

Composition of一喷射混凝土组成

Fibres in—喷射混凝土的纤维

High performance—高性能喷射混凝土

Influence of steel bars on—配筋的影响

Mineral additions in—矿物掺合料

Nozzelman喷枪操作工

Rebound—回弹

Sieve analysis—筛分

Silica fume—硅灰

Silica fume in high strength concrete—高强混凝土中的硅灰

Slag—矿渣

Cement—矿渣水泥

Slump—坍落度

Slump loss—坍落度损失

SRAShrinkage Reducing Admixture in Chemical Admixtures-一化学外加剂中的减缩剂

Standard deviation一标准差

Steam curing—蒸养

Steel-concrete bond—钢筋-混凝土的粘结

Strength—强度

Characteristic一特征强度

Class of cement—水泥的强度等级

Class of concrete一混凝土的强度等级

Compressive—抗压强度

DSP concrete—细颗粒密实混凝土

Flexural—抗折强度

High-strength concrete—高强混凝土

Influence of compaction on一密实性对强度的影响

Influence of cement on concrete一水泥对混凝土强度的影响

Influence of temperature on concrete—温度对混凝土强度的影响

Influence of transition zone on—过渡区对强度的影响

Of cement paste—水泥浆的强度

Of cored samples一芯样的强度

Of specimens—试件的强度

Standard deviation—标准差

Tensile—抗拉强度

Stress—应力

Compressive—压应力

Flexural—弯曲应力

Tensile一拉应力

Sulphate attack—硫酸盐侵蚀

SuperplsticizerChemical. admixtures—超塑化剂(高效减水剂)化学外加剂

 

T

 

Temperature—温度

Influence of temperature on concrete strength—温度对强度的影响

Influence of temperature on site organization—温度对现场浇筑的影响

Placing in summer time一夏季浇筑

Placing in winter time一冬季浇筑

Thaumasite—硅灰石膏

Thermal gradients—温度梯度

Transition zone—过渡区

 

V

 

Vebe—维勃

Vibration—振动

 

W

 

Water—水

And workability—水与工作性

And strength.一水与强度

Addition on job site一水的现场添加

Water-cement ratio—水灰比

Workability—工作性

And consolidation—工作性与密实性


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