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Python.vim

2018-09-07  微丝泪
" Vim syntax file
" Language: Python
" Maintainer: Zvezdan Petkovic <zpetkovic@acm.org>
" Last Change: 2016 Feb 20
" Credits: Neil Schemenauer <nas@python.ca>
" Dmitry Vasiliev
"
" This version is a major rewrite by Zvezdan Petkovic.
"
" - introduced highlighting of doctests
" - updated keywords, built-ins, and exceptions
" - corrected regular expressions for
"
"   * functions
"   * decorators
"   * strings
"   * escapes
"   * numbers
"   * space error
"
" - corrected synchronization
" - more highlighting is ON by default, except
" - space error highlighting is OFF by default
"
" Optional highlighting can be controlled using these variables.
"
"   let python_no_builtin_highlight = 1
"   let python_no_doctest_code_highlight = 1
"   let python_no_doctest_highlight = 1
"   let python_no_exception_highlight = 1
"   let python_no_number_highlight = 1
"   let python_space_error_highlight = 1
"
" All the options above can be switched on together.
"
"   let python_highlight_all = 1
"

" For version 5.x: Clear all syntax items.
" For version 6.x: Quit when a syntax file was already loaded.
if version < 600
  syntax clear
elseif exists("b:current_syntax")
  finish
endif

" We need nocompatible mode in order to continue lines with backslashes.
" Original setting will be restored.
let s:cpo_save = &cpo
set cpo&vim

" Keep Python keywords in alphabetical order inside groups for easy
" comparison with the table in the 'Python Language Reference'
" https://docs.python.org/2/reference/lexical_analysis.html#keywords,
" https://docs.python.org/3/reference/lexical_analysis.html#keywords.
" Groups are in the order presented in NAMING CONVENTIONS in syntax.txt.
" Exceptions come last at the end of each group (class and def below).
"
" Keywords 'with' and 'as' are new in Python 2.6
" (use 'from __future__ import with_statement' in Python 2.5).
"
" Some compromises had to be made to support both Python 3 and 2.
" We include Python 3 features, but when a definition is duplicated,
" the last definition takes precedence.
"
" - 'False', 'None', and 'True' are keywords in Python 3 but they are
"   built-ins in 2 and will be highlighted as built-ins below.
" - 'exec' is a built-in in Python 3 and will be highlighted as
"   built-in below.
" - 'nonlocal' is a keyword in Python 3 and will be highlighted.
" - 'print' is a built-in in Python 3 and will be highlighted as
"   built-in below (use 'from __future__ import print_function' in 2)
" - async and await were added in Python 3.5 and are soft keywords.
"
syn keyword pythonStatement False, None, True
syn keyword pythonStatement as assert break continue del exec global
syn keyword pythonStatement lambda nonlocal pass print return with yield
syn keyword pythonStatement class def nextgroup=pythonFunction skipwhite
syn keyword pythonConditional elif else if
syn keyword pythonRepeat for while
syn keyword pythonOperator and in is not or
syn keyword pythonException except finally raise try
syn keyword pythonInclude from import
syn keyword pythonAsync async await

" Decorators (new in Python 2.4)
syn match   pythonDecorator "@" display nextgroup=pythonFunction skipwhite
" The zero-length non-grouping match before the function name is
" extremely important in pythonFunction.  Without it, everything is
" interpreted as a function inside the contained environment of
" doctests.
" A dot must be allowed because of @MyClass.myfunc decorators.
syn match   pythonFunction
      \ "\%(\%(def\s\|class\s\|@\)\s*\)\@<=\h\%(\w\|\.\)*" contained

syn match   pythonComment "#.*$" contains=pythonTodo,@Spell
syn keyword pythonTodo FIXME NOTE NOTES TODO XXX contained

" Triple-quoted strings can contain doctests.
syn region  pythonString matchgroup=pythonQuotes
      \ start=+[uU]\=\z(['"]\)+ end="\z1" skip="\\\\\|\\\z1"
      \ contains=pythonEscape,@Spell
syn region  pythonString matchgroup=pythonTripleQuotes
      \ start=+[uU]\=\z('''\|"""\)+ end="\z1" keepend
      \ contains=pythonEscape,pythonSpaceError,pythonDoctest,@Spell
syn region  pythonRawString matchgroup=pythonQuotes
      \ start=+[uU]\=[rR]\z(['"]\)+ end="\z1" skip="\\\\\|\\\z1"
      \ contains=@Spell
syn region  pythonRawString matchgroup=pythonTripleQuotes
      \ start=+[uU]\=[rR]\z('''\|"""\)+ end="\z1" keepend
      \ contains=pythonSpaceError,pythonDoctest,@Spell

syn match   pythonEscape +\\[abfnrtv'"\\]+ contained
syn match   pythonEscape "\\\o\{1,3}" contained
syn match   pythonEscape "\\x\x\{2}" contained
syn match   pythonEscape "\%(\\u\x\{4}\|\\U\x\{8}\)" contained
" Python allows case-insensitive Unicode IDs: http://www.unicode.org/charts/
syn match   pythonEscape "\\N{\a\+\%(\s\a\+\)*}" contained
syn match   pythonEscape "\\$"

if exists("python_highlight_all")
  if exists("python_no_builtin_highlight")
    unlet python_no_builtin_highlight
  endif
  if exists("python_no_doctest_code_highlight")
    unlet python_no_doctest_code_highlight
  endif
  if exists("python_no_doctest_highlight")
    unlet python_no_doctest_highlight
  endif
  if exists("python_no_exception_highlight")
    unlet python_no_exception_highlight
  endif
  if exists("python_no_number_highlight")
    unlet python_no_number_highlight
  endif
  let python_space_error_highlight = 1
endif

" It is very important to understand all details before changing the
" regular expressions below or their order.
" The word boundaries are *not* the floating-point number boundaries
" because of a possible leading or trailing decimal point.
" The expressions below ensure that all valid number literals are
" highlighted, and invalid number literals are not.  For example,
"
" - a decimal point in '4.' at the end of a line is highlighted,
" - a second dot in 1.0.0 is not highlighted,
" - 08 is not highlighted,
" - 08e0 or 08j are highlighted,
"
" and so on, as specified in the 'Python Language Reference'.
" https://docs.python.org/2/reference/lexical_analysis.html#numeric-literals
" https://docs.python.org/3/reference/lexical_analysis.html#numeric-literals
if !exists("python_no_number_highlight")
  " numbers (including longs and complex)
  syn match   pythonNumber "\<0[oO]\=\o\+[Ll]\=\>"
  syn match   pythonNumber "\<0[xX]\x\+[Ll]\=\>"
  syn match   pythonNumber "\<0[bB][01]\+[Ll]\=\>"
  syn match   pythonNumber "\<\%([1-9]\d*\|0\)[Ll]\=\>"
  syn match   pythonNumber "\<\d\+[jJ]\>"
  syn match   pythonNumber "\<\d\+[eE][+-]\=\d\+[jJ]\=\>"
  syn match   pythonNumber
\ "\<\d\+\.\%([eE][+-]\=\d\+\)\=[jJ]\=\%(\W\|$\)\@="
  syn match   pythonNumber
\ "\%(^\|\W\)\zs\d*\.\d\+\%([eE][+-]\=\d\+\)\=[jJ]\=\>"
endif

" Group the built-ins in the order in the 'Python Library Reference' for
" easier comparison.
" https://docs.python.org/2/library/constants.html
" https://docs.python.org/3/library/constants.html
" http://docs.python.org/2/library/functions.html
" http://docs.python.org/3/library/functions.html
" http://docs.python.org/2/library/functions.html#non-essential-built-in-functions
" http://docs.python.org/3/library/functions.html#non-essential-built-in-functions
" Python built-in functions are in alphabetical order.
if !exists("python_no_builtin_highlight")
  " built-in constants
  " 'False', 'True', and 'None' are also reserved words in Python 3
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin False True None
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin NotImplemented Ellipsis __debug__
  " built-in functions
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin abs all any bin bool bytearray callable chr
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin classmethod compile complex delattr dict dir
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin divmod enumerate eval filter float format
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin frozenset getattr globals hasattr hash
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin help hex id input int isinstance
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin issubclass iter len list locals map max
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin memoryview min next object oct open ord pow
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin print property range repr reversed round set
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin setattr slice sorted staticmethod str
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin sum super tuple type vars zip __import__
  " Python 2 only
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin basestring cmp execfile file
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin long raw_input reduce reload unichr
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin unicode xrange
  " Python 3 only
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin ascii bytes exec
  " non-essential built-in functions; Python 2 only
  syn keyword pythonBuiltin apply buffer coerce intern
  " avoid highlighting attributes as builtins
  syn match   pythonAttribute /\.\h\w*/hs=s+1 contains=ALLBUT,pythonBuiltin transparent
endif

" From the 'Python Library Reference' class hierarchy at the bottom.
" http://docs.python.org/2/library/exceptions.html
" http://docs.python.org/3/library/exceptions.html
if !exists("python_no_exception_highlight")
  " builtin base exceptions (used mostly as base classes for other exceptions)
  syn keyword pythonExceptions BaseException Exception
  syn keyword pythonExceptions ArithmeticError BufferError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions LookupError
  " builtin base exceptions removed in Python 3
  syn keyword pythonExceptions EnvironmentError StandardError
  " builtin exceptions (actually raised)
  syn keyword pythonExceptions AssertionError AttributeError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions EOFError FloatingPointError GeneratorExit
  syn keyword pythonExceptions ImportError IndentationError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions IndexError KeyError KeyboardInterrupt
  syn keyword pythonExceptions MemoryError NameError NotImplementedError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions OSError OverflowError ReferenceError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions RuntimeError StopIteration SyntaxError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions SystemError SystemExit TabError TypeError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions UnboundLocalError UnicodeError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions UnicodeDecodeError UnicodeEncodeError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions UnicodeTranslateError ValueError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions ZeroDivisionError
  " builtin OS exceptions in Python 3
  syn keyword pythonExceptions BlockingIOError BrokenPipeError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions ChildProcessError ConnectionAbortedError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions ConnectionError ConnectionRefusedError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions ConnectionResetError FileExistsError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions FileNotFoundError InterruptedError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions IsADirectoryError NotADirectoryError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions PermissionError ProcessLookupError
  syn keyword pythonExceptions RecursionError StopAsyncIteration
  syn keyword pythonExceptions TimeoutError
  " builtin exceptions deprecated/removed in Python 3
  syn keyword pythonExceptions IOError VMSError WindowsError
  " builtin warnings
  syn keyword pythonExceptions BytesWarning DeprecationWarning FutureWarning
  syn keyword pythonExceptions ImportWarning PendingDeprecationWarning
  syn keyword pythonExceptions RuntimeWarning SyntaxWarning UnicodeWarning
  syn keyword pythonExceptions UserWarning Warning
  " builtin warnings in Python 3
  syn keyword pythonExceptions ResourceWarning
endif

if exists("python_space_error_highlight")
  " trailing whitespace
  syn match   pythonSpaceError display excludenl "\s\+$"
  " mixed tabs and spaces
  syn match   pythonSpaceError display " \+\t"
  syn match   pythonSpaceError display "\t\+ "
endif

" Do not spell doctests inside strings.
" Notice that the end of a string, either ''', or """, will end the contained
" doctest too.  Thus, we do *not* need to have it as an end pattern.
if !exists("python_no_doctest_highlight")
  if !exists("python_no_doctest_code_highlight")
    syn region pythonDoctest
  \ start="^\s*>>>\s" end="^\s*$"
  \ contained contains=ALLBUT,pythonDoctest,@Spell
    syn region pythonDoctestValue
  \ start=+^\s*\%(>>>\s\|\.\.\.\s\|"""\|'''\)\@!\S\++ end="$"
  \ contained
  else
    syn region pythonDoctest
  \ start="^\s*>>>" end="^\s*$"
  \ contained contains=@NoSpell
  endif
endif

" Sync at the beginning of class, function, or method definition.
syn sync match pythonSync grouphere NONE "^\s*\%(def\|class\)\s\+\h\w*\s*("

if version >= 508 || !exists("did_python_syn_inits")
  if version <= 508
    let did_python_syn_inits = 1
    command -nargs=+ HiLink hi link <args>
  else
    command -nargs=+ HiLink hi def link <args>
  endif

  " The default highlight links.  Can be overridden later.
  HiLink pythonStatement Statement
  HiLink pythonConditional Conditional
  HiLink pythonRepeat Repeat
  HiLink pythonOperator Operator
  HiLink pythonException Exception
  HiLink pythonInclude Include
  HiLink pythonAsync Statement
  HiLink pythonDecorator Define
  HiLink pythonFunction Function
  HiLink pythonComment Comment
  HiLink pythonTodo Todo
  HiLink pythonString String
  HiLink pythonRawString String
  HiLink pythonQuotes String
  HiLink pythonTripleQuotes pythonQuotes
  HiLink pythonEscape Special
  if !exists("python_no_number_highlight")
    HiLink pythonNumber Number
  endif
  if !exists("python_no_builtin_highlight")
    HiLink pythonBuiltin Function
  endif
  if !exists("python_no_exception_highlight")
    HiLink pythonExceptions Structure
  endif
  if exists("python_space_error_highlight")
    HiLink pythonSpaceError Error
  endif
  if !exists("python_no_doctest_highlight")
    HiLink pythonDoctest Special
    HiLink pythonDoctestValue Define
  endif

  delcommand HiLink
endif

let b:current_syntax = "python"

let &cpo = s:cpo_save
unlet s:cpo_save

" vim:set sw=2 sts=2 ts=8 noet:

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