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初中英语必考点整理汇编

2018-09-28  当以读书...

必考

一、名词 代词 冠词 数词 介词 连词 形容词 副词

二、动词(时态 被动语态 情态动词 非谓 )

三、句式(疑问句 祈使句 感叹句 倒装句)

四、从句(宾从 状从 定从)

1.名词的所属

♡两分钟步行路程 two minutes' walk(用how far提问)

♡孩子的时间 children's time

♡父母的希望 parents' hope

♡我爸爸的一个朋友 a friend of my father's

2.名词单复数(单→复)

♡class-classes ♡box-boxes ♡watch-watches ♡wish-wishes

♡tomato-tomatoes ♡potato-potatoes ♡hero-heroes

♡zoo-zoos ♡radio-radios ♡video-videos

♡theif-thieves ♡wife-wives ♡leaf-leaves ♡knife-knives

♡baby-babies ♡city-cities ♡factory-factories

♡day-days ♡boy-boys ♡toy-toys

♡mouth-mouths ♡path-paths

♡foot-feet ♡tooth-teeth ♡man-men ♡woman-women ♡mouse-mice ♡child-children

♡fish-fish ♡sheep-sheep ♡deer-deer ♡Chinese-Chinese ♡Japanese-Japanese

♡woman teacher-women teachers

复数名词

♡police♡people♡glasses♡trousers♡socks

2.代词

♡my-mine ♡your-yours ♡their-theirs

动词后面跟宾格 me him us them

♡myself-ourselves ♡yourself-yourselves ♡himself/herself/itself-themselves

enjoy oneself 玩的开心

by oneself被某人自己做的(被动语态中)

Is anything wrong?(用单数is)

3.冠词

♡a useful book

♡ an important person

♡ an eight-year-old girl

♡ an unhappy dog

前面有提到想同的东西时用the

4.数词

基数词→one two three…

序数词→first second third… (其它加-th → ♡five-fifth ♡nine-ninth ♡twelve-twelfth ♡twenty-twentieth)

八月是一年中第八个月 August is the eighth month in a year.

一年有十二个月 A year has twelve months.

二楼 the second floor

♡两百个学生 two hundred students(具体数字不加s 也没有of)

♡成百上千 hundreds of ♡成千上万 thousands of

♡ a second time 又 再

♡三分之二 two thirds. 三分之一 one third

常考:分数+of+名词(后面动词单复数由名词决定)

Two thirds of the students are boys

5.介词

♡in time 及时

on time 准时

♡on Sunday morning(具体到某天早晨用on)

on July 1st(具体某月某日用on)

♡except 除…以外不再有…(排除关系)

besides除…以外还有…(累加关系)

♡be good at 擅长于

at the beginning of 在…开始

♡put on 穿上

turn on 打开

on foot 步行

♡thanks to 幸亏

♡take part in 参加(活动)

♡join in 参加(组织)

♡take pride in 以…为荣

♡be interested in 对…感兴趣

♡in public 当众

♡in fact 事实上

♡be afraid of 害怕

♡take care of 照顾

♡instead of 而不是

♡think of=come up with 想出

♡think about 考虑

♡care about 关心

♡complain about 抱怨

♡worry about 担心

♡be famous for 因…而出名

♡be known as 以…而闻名

♡for a moment =for a while 一会儿

♡agree with sb 同意某人

♡keep up with 保持 ♡keep doing sth 保持做某事

♡catch up with 赶上

♡deal with =solve 解决

♡be filled with sth填满某物 ♡be full of 充满…

♡get along with sb=get on with sb 与某人相处

♡with the help of 在…帮助下

♡compare with 与…相比较

♡provide with = offer to 提供

♡be different from 与…不同

♡borrow from从…借(借进来)

♡lend to 借出去

♡by the way 顺便说下

♡as a result 结果

6.连词

♡both…and…两个都…

♡neither…nor…既不…也不…(两个都不…)

♡either…or…不是…就是…(两个中任何一个)

♡therefore因此

♡so that 以便于…

♡too…to 太…以致于…

♡though=although虽然(有although不能用but)

♡not…until直到…才…

♡unless除非

7.形容词副词

♡honest诚实的 ♡brave勇敢的 ♡confident自信的 ♡kind友善的 ♡funny有趣的 ♡strict严厉的(be strict with 对…严格) ♡clever=smart聪明的 ♡weak虚弱的

♡strong强壮的 ♡sick生病的 ♡active活跃的(activity活动) ♡shy害羞的 ♡tired疲劳的

♡hungry饿的 ♡thirsty口渴的 ♡sleepy困倦的

♡lonely孤独的(心理上) ♡alone孤独的(身体上)

♡pleased=happy=glad高兴的(please请) ♡worried担心的 ♡relaxed放松的

♡interested感兴趣的 ♡nervous紧张的 ♡sad=unhappy伤心的

♡angry生气的(副词angrily) ♡excited兴奋的 ♡surprised吃惊的 ♡amazing不可思议的

♡frightened=afraid=scared=fearful 害怕的

♡cold冷的 ♡warm暖和的 ♡hot热的 ♡cool凉爽的 ♡light轻的 ♡heavy重的

♡thin瘦的 ♡fat胖的 ♡small小的 ♡large大的 ♡short矮的 ♡tall高的

♡handsome帅的 ♡terrible糟糕的 ♡important重要的(unimportant不重要的)

♡possible可能的(impossible不可能的)

♡little一点都没有 ♡a little有一点儿(不可数)

♡few一点都没有 ♡a few有一点儿(可数)

♡too many太多(可数) ♡too much太多(不可数) ♡much too太…

♡alive活着的 ♡lively活泼的(是形容词而不是副词) ♡safe安全的 ♡patient耐心的

♡fresh新鲜的 ♡natural自然的

♡be fond of=like=love喜欢 ♡be thirsty for=be eager for对某事渴望

♡be ready for准备 ♡be serious about对…认真 ♡be responsible for对…负责

♡be mad at=be annoyed at对…生气

♡sad-sadly ♡happy-happily ♡angry-angrily ♡busy-busily

♡polite-politely ♡simple-simply ♡gentle-gently ♡true-truly ♡terrible-terriblly

♡not…any more=not…any longer不再

♡at times=now and then偶尔 ♡just now刚才 ♡at once=immediately立刻(once曾经) ♡suddenly突然地 ♡specially特殊地 ♡especially尤其

♡hard努力的→hardly几乎不

♡good(well)→better→best ♡bad→worse→worst ♡many(much)→more→most

♡little→less→least ♡far→farther→farthest(实际距离)

♡far→further→furthest(抽象上的更进一步)

比较级:

♡He is as tall as Tom(as+形或副+as)

♡This road is three times as long as that one(倍数+as+形或副+as)(两倍用twice)

♡China is larger than Italy.(形或副比较级+than)

♡This box is twice bigger than that one(倍数+形或副比较级+than)

♡It's getting hotter and hotter.(比较级+and+比较级)

♡The more,the better.(the+比较级,the+比较级)

动词短语见p180

9.情态动词

♡Must I go with them?→Yes,you must(Yes,you have to)

→No,you needn't(No,you don't have to)(must 提问的否定形式不能用mustn't 记住mustn't禁止)

♡No,you can't.不能做(语气强)

♡No,you needn't.=No,you don't have to.没有必要做(语气弱)

10时态

♡一般现在时:主语+动词原形(always,usually,often,every day)

♡一般过去时:主语+动词过去式(yesterday,last week,just now,a week ago)

♡一般将来时:主语+will(shall/be going to)+动词原形(tomorrow,next week)

♡现在进行时:主语+be+动词ing)(at present,now)(位置移动词come,go,leave,其现在进行时表将来.如they are leaving for Huaxi tomorrow.他们明天将要去花溪)

♡过去进行时:主语+was/were+动词ing(at 9 o'clock last night)(位置移动词come,go,leave,其过去进行时表过去将要发生的事)

♡现在完成时:主语+have/has+动词过去分词(注意过去分词除了特殊动词都是动词ed形式,而现在分词是动词ing形式)(already,yet,so far,since,for, 其中,since后跟时间点,for后跟时间段)(have been to已经去了某地回来了 have gone to已经去了某地没有回来)

11. 被动语态 be+动词过去分词

♡感官动词look,feel,smell,sound等主动形式表被动含义 如,The flower smells sweet.花闻起来很香

13.非谓语动词 (动词不定式和动词ing)

♡It's important for us to learn English well.(It be +形容词(for sb)+to do sth)

♡ask, tell,would like 后加to do

♡let,make后加动词原形(make在被动语态中要还原to ,即be made to do)

♡enjoy,avoid,keep,mind,can't help,feel like,be used to,look forward to,give up后加动词ing(注意used to do sth是过去常常,be used to doing sth习惯于做某事)

♡stop doing sth停止做某事

stop to do sth停止去做某事

♡forget doing sth忘记做过某事(已做)

forget to do sth忘记去做某事(没做)

♡remember doing sth记得做过某事(已做)

remember to do sth记得去做某事(没做)

♡regret doing sth后悔做了某事(已做)

regret to do sth遗憾要去做某事(没做)

12.句型

♡反意疑问句 规则是:前否后肯,前肯后否

最爱考:否定词little,few,no,never,nothing,nobody,hardly

He does nothing,doesn't he?(最爱考hardly和nothing)

♡how many问数量

how much问价钱

how long问时间或物体长度 回答用for+时间段或者since+时间点

how soon问将来时间多久之后 回答用in+时间段

how often 问频率

how far 多远

how about…怎么样

♡ 就近原则 either…or. neither…nor. not only…but also.

Either you or I am right.

♡So do/have/am I.=me too.我也是

So I do/have/am.我确实是 (表强调)

♡♡♡

新增加必考点

♡an honest boy

♡depend on 依赖 ♡dependent依赖的 ♡independent独立的

♡be made of由…制成(能看出原材料) ♡be made from由…制成(看不出原材料)

♡be made by sb由某人制成 ♡be made in somewhere在哪里制成

♡I want to try something exciting.(注意形容词修饰复合不定代词时放在不定代词后面)

♡I am strong enough.(enough修饰形容词时放在形容词后面 此时enough是副词)

♡You're welcome.没关系 ♡I'd love to.=l would love to.我很乐意(帮助你)

♡take it easy.放轻松点 ♡It doesn't matter.没关系

♡walk through穿过(森林)♡walk across穿过(马路)

♡be allowed to do sth被允许去做某事 ♡ be not allowed to do sth.不被允许做某事

♡There be=have 有(有there be不能有have)

♡there are some books.♡There is a dog.(be动词单复数由后面的名词决定)

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