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高中英语完形填空题型练习(含答案解析)

2018-12-14  当以读书...

高中英语完形填空题型练习(含答案解析)

导语:高中英语完形填空是一个巨大的拿分点,它将全方位考验学生的英语水平,有位老师说过,高中英语学习分成三部分,一部分练习听力口语,一部分背诵单词,最后一部分就是进行大量的完形填空练习。

1

Peter’s job was to examine cars when they crossed the frontier to make sure that they were not smuggling anything into the country. Every evening he would see a factory worker coming __1__ the hill towards the frontier, __2__ a bike with a pile of goods of old straw on it. When the bike __3__ the frontier, Peter would stop the man and __4__ him take the straw off and untie it. Then he would examine the straw very __5__ to see __6__ he could find anything, after which he would look in all the man’s pockets __7__ he let him tie the straw again. The man would then put it on his bike and go off down the hill with it. Although Peter was always __8__ to find gold or other valuable things __9__ in the straw, he never found __10__. He was sure the man was __11__ something, but he was not __12__ to think out what it could be.

Then one evening, after he had looked __13__ the straw and emptied the worker’s pockets __14__ usual, he __15__ to him, “Listen, I know you are smuggling things __16__ this frontier. Won’t you tell me what it is? I’m an old man, and today’s my last day on the __17__. Tomorrow I’m going to __18__. I promise I shall not tell __19__ if you tell me what you’ve been smuggling.” The worker did not say anything for __20__. Then he smiled, turned to Peter and said quietly, “Bikes.”

1. A. towards B. down C. to D. up

2. A. filling B. pulling C. pushing D. carrying

3. A. arrived B. appeared C. came D. reached

4. A. ask B. order C. make D. call

5. A. carefully B. quickly C. silently D. horribly

6. A. that B. where C. how D. whether

7. A. before B. after C. first D. so

8. A. lucky B. hoping C. thinking D. wondering

9. A. had been B. hidden C. hiding D. have been

10. A. nothing B. something C. everything D. anything

11. A. taking B. smuggling C. stealing D. pushing

12. A. possible B. strong C. able D. clever

13. A. through B. thoroughly C. upon D. up

14. A. like B. more C. then D. as

15. A. told B. cried C. ordered D. said

16. A. cross B. past C. across D. into

17. A. thing B. work C. job D. duty

18. A. rest B. back C. retire D. retreat

19. A. everyone B. anyone C. no one D. someone

20. A. moment B. long time C. sometime D. some time

2

A strange thing happened to Henry yesterday. He was on a bus and to __1__. So he stood up and rang the bell. __2__ make sure the driver heard him, he rang it twice, but the bus __3__ stop. And the conductor came and shouted __4__ him.

The conductor was __5__ angry and spoke __6__ fast that Henry didn’t understand __7__. The bus stopped at the next bus and Henry got off. As he got off he heard someone said, “ I think he __8__ a foreigner.”

When Henry got __9__, he told his wife about it.

“ __10__ times did you ring the bell?” his wife asked.

“ Twice,” said Henry.

“ Well, that’s the signal (信号) __11__ the driver __12__ on.” His wife explained, “only the conductor __13__ to ring the bell twice. That’s why the conductor __14__ so angry!”

Henry nodded(点头). “ __15__,” he said.

1. A. got off B. gets off C. get off D. get on

2. A.To B. At C. In D. with

3. A. doesn’t B. don’t C. didn’t D. wasn’t

4. A. in B. on C. of D. at

5. A. so B. as C. at D. because

6. A. so that B. that C. so D. why

7. A. words B. a word C. speech D. song

8. A. was B. isn’t C. is D. am

9. A. to home B. at home C. in home D. home

10. A. How many B. How much C. How long D. How

11. A. to B. at C. on D. for

12. A. to go B. go C. went on D. goes

13. A. allowed B. is allowed C. was allowed D. allow

14. A. got B. gets C. is getting D. gotten

15. A. I seen B. I saw C. I see D. I did

1

这篇完型填空讲述了身为边防检查员的彼得明知一个工厂工人在走私货物却无法抓住对方的把柄。在退休的前一天,彼得恳请其说出真相,结果令彼得恍然大悟。

答案简析

1.D。根据下文这个工人越过边界后,走下山坡,所以到达边界之前应在朝山上走。故选up。

2.C。这名工人是在推着一辆装有稻草的自行车,故选动词pushing。

3.D。这里表达的是到达边界之意arrive, come为不及物动词不可直接接 the frontier,故选reached。

4.C。ask与order后接不定式的复合结构时,动词前应有to, make后接不定式的复合结构时,动词前to要省去。根据下文应选make。

5.A。彼得想发现这个工人在走私什么,所以应仔细地检查。故选carefully。

6.D。这里根据文意,应选择表示“是否”之意的whether作宾语从句的引导词。

7.A。根据常理,彼得应先检查这个工人的口袋才能让他捆起稻草走人,故选before。

8.B.根据文意,彼得心中一直怀着查获走私物品的希望,故选hoping。

9.B。这里things和hide之间是被动关系,现在分词hiding作定语时表示主动,所以应用过去分词hidden作后置定语表被动。

10.D。本句中否定词never及文意决定了这里应选 anything。

11.B。四个选项从语法上讲都可以,只能从文意上进行区分,smuggling意为“走私”,是正确选项。

12.C。固定结构be able to do sth. 意为“能够干某事”。

13.A。习惯用语look through 意为“彻底检查”。14.D。“as usual”为固定短语,意为“象平常一样”。

15.D。tell, order后面应直接接人作宾语表示告诉某人和命令某人,而用say应为say to sb. 故said为正确选项。16.C.这里应选择一个介词构成介词短语在句中做状语。介词past 表“经过”; across 强调“从一边到另一边”;而into 表示“进入到……里面”。 根据文意across应为正确选项。

17.C。“on the job”为一常用短语。意为“执行公务”。18.C。因为今天是彼得最后一天上班说明明天他就要退休retire。19.B。根据句中否定词not 及文意应选anyone。

20.D。本句说明这个工人回答彼得的问题之前沉默了一会儿。A选项应用a moment; C选项表示某一点时间; D选项表示一段时间或一会儿,为正确选项。

名师点评

本文讲述了一位外国人在乘车时遇到的麻烦。当他准备下车时,因为着急按了两次车铃,结果引出一场误会,导致不能及时下车。

2

1. C。从上下文意思可知他准备下车,故选get off。

2. A。他按两次电铃的目的是希望列车员能听见。这里应用动词不定式表示目的,故选to。

3. C。文章主要讲述过去发生的事情。应用一般过去时,故选didn’t.

4. D。shout at sb 意为“对某人大吵,大嚷”,故选at。

5. A。由文章可知,列车员很生气,用副词so来修饰“angry”与下文that 构成固定搭配,即so…that…, 意思是“如此……以至……”。

6. C。与上题同解。

7. B。根据文意可知列车员的话乘客一句也没有听懂。故选a word。

8. C。因为是直接引语,所以这里用一般现在时。故选is。

9. D。got为不接物动词,可以直接接副词home,意为“到家”。

10. A。分析四个选项,只有how many后可接可数名词复数

11. D。这里for表示一种限定,指专门给驾驶员的信号。

12. A。根据文意可知按两次车铃是提醒司机继续前进的信号,动词不定式在此作后置定语,故选to go。

13. B。列车员与allow之间构成被动关系,这里应用被动语态,故选is allowed。

14. A。列车员生气的情况已发生,所以用一般过去时,故选got。

15. C。根据文意,这位乘客知道列车员生气的原因之后, 应说“I see.”。

22

Allan was worried. This was his first time to go traveling 1 . He didn’t know how to find his seat, 2 he went to the air hostess(空姐) and asked, “Could you help me? I can’t find my seat.” The air hostess showed 3 the seat and told him 4 and fasten the seat belt(系好安全带). She told Allan not to move about when the plane was going up. And she also said that Allan’s ears might feel 5 strange, but he didn’t need to 6 it because many people felt 7 that. When the plane was flying very high, Allan could stand up and walk around. He could 8 read books, newspapers or see films. The air hostess would

__9__ food and drinks. Allan would enjoy the flight and 10 soon.

1.A. by ship B. by air C. by car D. by bus

2.A. yet B. or C. but D. so

3.A. him B. me C. her D. he

4.A. stand up B. sleep C. to sit down D. sit down

5.A. a little B. little C. a bit of D. bit

6.A worrying B. be worried C. worry about D. worry

7.A. in B. for C. as D. like

8.A. neither B. either C. both D. also

9.A hold B. take C. bring D. carry

10. A. arrive home B. arrive to home C. get to home D. reach at home

答案简析

1.B。本文讲述了Allan第一次乘飞机时的情况, 故选by air。

2.D。根据文意, Allan因为找不到座位, 所以他就去问空姐。这里构成因果关系,应用 so引导结果状语从句。3.A。Allan是男士,故选 him充当show的宾语。 4.C。tell sb. to do sth.意思是“叫某人干某事”。故选to sit down。5.A。a little修饰形容词表示“有点……”。6.C。 need to后面应接动词原形。 worry为不接物动词,不能直接接宾语。 故选 worry about。7.D。like that意为“像那样”。

8.B。固定结构either…or… , 意为“或者……或者……”。9.C。根据文意,空姐拿来食物和饮料给乘客, 故选bring。

10.A。这里home是副词,其前面应用不接物动词,故选择arrive home。

23

What is the best way to study ? This is a very important question. Some Chinese students often 1 very hard 2 long hours. This is a 3 habit (习惯), but it is not a better way to study . A good student must 4 enough sleep, enough food and enough rest. Every 5 you 6 to take a walk or play basketball or ping-pong or sing a song. When you 7 to your studies, you’ll find yourself 8 than before and you’ll lean more.

Perhaps we can 9 that learning English is like taking Chinese medicine, we mean that like Chinese medicine, the effects(效果) of your study 10 slowly but surely. Learn every day and effects will come just like Chinese medicine.

1. A. play B. study C. sleep D. think

2. A. at B. in C. for D. with

3. A. best B. better C. good D. bad

4. A. have B. do C. want D. make

5. A. month B. week C. hour D. day

6. A. want B. hope C. need D. wish

7. A. begin B. return C. go D. are

8. A. stronger B. weaker C. strong D. week

9. A. say B. guess C. talk D. know

10. A. return B. come C. give D. get

名师点评

文章讲述了认真学习的同时,必须要注意劳逸结合。这样才有好的学习效率。

答案简析

1.B。下文指出这是一个好的学习习惯但不是一个好的学习方法,故选study。

2.C。介词for常与段时间连用, 在句中作状语。

3.C。与下半句形成转折关系,这里应选good,说明努力学习是一种好的习惯。

4.A。一个会学习的学生必须有足够的睡眠。have意为“拥有”,为正确选项。

5.D。下文take a walk, play basketball都是些日常活动,故day为正确选项。

6.C。take a walk, play basketball这些活动很有必要在学习之余进行,故选need。

7.B。根据文意,休息之后, 应重新返回到学习上, 而不是才开始学习, 故选return。

8.A。由句中的than可知应选比较级;根据文意,锻炼身体后, 身体应更加强壮, 故选stronger。

9.A。say强调说的内容;guess表猜测;talk指交谈;know指知道。这里强调说的内容,故选say。

10.B。根据最后一句“effects will come just like Chinese medicine”以及文意可知come为正确选项。

24

Mr. Green was ill and went to the hospital. A doctor __1__ and said, “Well, Mr. Green, you are going to __2__ some injections, and you’ll feel much better. A nurse will come __3__ give you the first one this evening, and then you’ll __4__ get another one tomorrow evening.” __5__ a young nurse came to Mr. Green’s bed and said to him, “I am going to give you your __6__ injection now, Mr. Green. Where do you want it?”

The old man was __7__. He looked at the nurse for a __8__, then he said, “__9__ has ever let me choose that before. Are you really going to let me choose now?”

“Yes, Mr. Green,” the nurse answered. She was in a hurry. “Where do you want it?”

“Well, then,” the old man answered __10__ “I want it in your left arm, please.”

1. A. looked for him B. looked him over

C. looked after him D. looked him up

2. A. get B. give C. make D. hold

3. A. so B. but C. or D. and

4. A. must B. can C. had better D. have to

5. A. In the morning B. In the afternoon

C. In the end D. In the evening

6. A. first B. one C. two D. second

7. A. confident B. surprised C. full D. hungry

8. A. hour B. minutes C. year D. moment

9. A. Somebody B. Anybody C. Nobody D. people

10. A. with a smile B. in time

C. in surprise D. with tears in his eyes

名师点评

这是一篇笑话,格林先生在医院看病时需要打点滴,当护士让他选择身体的一个部位时,他却借题发挥,选了护士的左臂。

答案简析

1. B。look for sb/sth 意为“寻找……”;look after sb 意为“照料……”;look up sb意为“看望……”;而look over sb意为“检查某人”,最贴近文意,为正确选项。

2. A。医生要对格林先生进行注射,格林先生是动作的接受者,故应选get。

3. D。空白部分前面I come 和后面的give形成承接关系,所以应用 and连接。

4. D。must 不可以用于将来时,根据文章意思,应选have to。

5. D。与上文this evening相对应,In the evening应为正确选项。

6. A。one 填入空白部分显得画蛇添足,根据上下文这是第一次注射,应用first。

7. B。老人对护士的提问应感到surprised, 因为下文提到从来没人问过他这样的问题。

8. D。对护士的提问, 老人思考了一会儿, 故应选moment。

9. C。老人感到奇怪, 是因为没有人问过这样的问题, 故应选nobody。

10. A。老人想捉弄一下这个小护士。按常理, 应是带着微笑取笑她, 故应选with a smile。

25

Today was a very important day. France played __1__ Senegal (塞内加尔) in the opening match of the World Cup. Soccer fans were very __2__ watching the match on TV. To our great surprise, France was __3__.

Today football has become very __4__ in China after a __5__ wait. “China is in the World Cup for the first time, __6__ we should support them!” Said some people. In our school many students enjoy __7__ it. My __8__ and I often go to the football field after class.

This afternoon there was a __9__ football match in our school. __10__ team played against No.1 Middle School. __11__ they were all very big and strong, it was a __12__ game between the two teams with the result 0-0 last time. Today our school played much __13__.

In the first half of the match __14__ team kicked a goal, but in the second, Li Ming from our school kicked a goal. We won 1-0, at last. I’m so __15__. I can’t get to sleep tonight.

1. A. with B. against C. to D. at

2. A. good at B. pleased to C. interested in D. boring in

3. A. beaten B. knocked C. fought D. hit

4. A. welcome B. popular C. useful D. usual

5. A. 44-day B. 44-week C. 44-month D. 44-year

6. A. or B. but C. so D. yet

7. A. buying B. playing C. drinking D. looking

8. A. students B. teachers C. classmates D parents

9. A. happy B. wonderful C. funny D. famous

10. A. Their B. Her C. Your D. Our

11. A. Because B. And C. As D. Though

12. A. mistake B. luck C. draw D. game

13. A. better B. well C. vest D. worse

14. A. neither B. either C. both D. none

15. A. lucky B. pleased C. unhappy D. worried

名师点评

本人介绍了世界杯首场比赛的结果,表达了中国队进入世界杯引起的兴奋之情,讲述了足球在中国的发展情况。

答案简析

1. B。固定结构 play against sb. 意为“与……进行比赛”。

2. C。be good at 意为“擅长于……”;be pleased to 后面应接动词原形;D项说法和意思都不对;be interested in 意为“对……感兴趣”,符合文意,为正确选项。

3. A。beat sb. 意为“击败某人”,符合文意,为正确选项。

4. B。事实说明,足球在中国越来越流行,故选popular。

5. D。大家都知道,这次等待的时间应为44年,故选 D。

6. C。两句的意思形成因果关系,所以应用so来引导结果状语从句。

7. B。play football 意为“踢足球”。

8. C。按常理,放学后,和我一起踢足球的应是同学,故选classmates。

9. B。通读下文,这是一场紧张但以我方胜利而告终的足球赛,比赛刺激精彩,应选wonderful 。

10. D。根据文章,比赛是在我们城队和另一支城队之间进行,故选our。

11. D。分析句子,前一句是后一句的让步状语从句,故应选Though。

12. C。根据上半场0:0的比分可知上半场以平局告终,故选draw 。

13. A。从文中可知,我对我队的表现非常满意,且much常用来修饰比较级,故选择better。

14. A。neither表示两者都不,either表示两者中的任意一个,both表示两者都,none表示三者或三者以上都不。上半场双方没有进球,故选neither。.

15. B。我队获胜,我当然很高兴,故选pleased。

26

The computer is fast, and never makes a mistake, while people are too slow, and full of mistakes sometimes. That’s __1__ people often say when __2__ talk about computers. For over a quarter of a century, scientists have been __3__ better and better computers. Now a computer can __4__ a lot of __5__ jobs wonderfully. It is __6__ used in factories, hospitals, post offices and airports. A computer can report, decide and control in almost __7__ field. Many computer scientists are thinking of __8__ the computer “think” like a man. With the help of a person, a computer can __9__ pictures, write music, talk with people, play chess, recognize voices, translate languages and so on. Perhaps computers will __10__ really think and feel. Do you think the people will be afraid __11__ they find that the computer is too clever to listen to and serve the people? No, people will __12__ better use of the computers in __13__ future. Man is __14__ the master of the computer. The computer works only __15__ the help of man. It cannot take the place of man.

1. A. that B. what C. how D. why

2. A. we B. they C. you D. people

3. A. loving B. taking C. making D. thinking

4. A. have B. get C. do D. offer

5. A. everyday B. every day C. each day D. some day

6. A. widely B. wide C. great D. deeply

7. A. either B. all C. both D. every

8. A. producing B. ordering C. making D. building

9. A. take B. look at C. draw D. put

10.A. one day B. a day C. any day D. the other day

11.A. when B. that C. how D. while

12.A. chose B. get C. take D. make

13.A. a B. an C. the D. /

14.A. often B. never C. always D. sometimes

15.A. with B. under C. by D. for

名师点评

本文讲述了电脑在人类工作与生活等方面起着越来越大的作用,并告诉人们不必担心不断发展的电脑会威胁人类的安全,因为它永远处于人类的操纵之中。

答案简析

1.B。这里需要一个表语从句的引导词,并在从句中作say的宾语,代替上文的内容。 what从意思和语法上都合乎文意,为正确选项。

2.B。替代前文的people应用they。

3.C。科学家们一直在制造越来越好的电脑,故选择making。

4.C。do a lot of jobs意思为“干许多事情”。其余三个动词皆不合文意。

5.A。词组every day意思为“每天”;some day指将来的“某一天”;形容词everyday意思为“日常的”,合乎文意,为正确选项。

6.A。这里应选择一个副词,表示电脑应用的程度。widely意思是“广泛地”,为正确选项。

7.D。下文中的field是可数名词单数形式,意思为“领域”,而either指两者中的任意一个,不合文意,故选择every。

8.C。make作使役动词时,后面应接不定式的复合结构,且不定式省去to,即make sb. do sth.,故选择make。

9.C。draw意思为“画图”,合乎文意。

10.A。the other day指过去的某一天;one day既可指过去的某一天,也可指将来的某一天。这里讲的是将来的设想,故选one day。

11.A。这是一个时间状语从句。while引导的从句中的动词必须是延续性动词;when引导的从句中,动词既可以是延续性动词,也可以是瞬间动词,故when为正确选项。

12.D。固定结构make use of意思为“利用”。

13.C。in the future意思为“将来”,为正确选项。而in future意思为“今后”,不合文意。

14.C。根据上下文,电脑是不可能取代人类的,而人类应永远是电脑的操纵者,故选always。

15.A。固定结构with the help of意思为“在……的帮助下”。

27

It was very cold that day. It was __1__ heavily and the ground was covered with __2__ snow. The shepherd thought it was dangerous to __3__ the hill and it was difficult for the sheep to find some __4__ there. So he decided to stay in the __5__ room. He put some hay(干草) in a pen(围栏) __6__ the sheep could eat it when they were __7__. The dog, who felt cold outside, lay on the __8__ hay and soon went to sleep.

At noon the sheep wanted to eat the hay. They were __9__ afraid of the dog and __10__ could get close to it. At last the __11__ sheep came to the hay. Before he started to eat, the dog heard it and opened his eyes. He barked(吠) loudly to __12__ him. The sheep ran away __13__. Looking at the unnatural(不近人情的) dog, the sheep began to talk __14__.

“What a selfish(自私的) dog!” said one of the sheep. “He cannot eat the hay, and yet refuses to __15__ those who can to eat!”

1. A. raining B. snowing C. blowing D. shining

2. A. thick B. thin C. beautiful D. big

3. A. play on B. live on C. climb up D. go to

4. A. cake B. grass C. fruit D. vegetables

5. A. cold B. cool C. hot D. warm

6. A. in order to B. so as to C. so that D. in order

7. A. hungry B. sick C. full D. free

8. A. hard B. soft C. thin D. wet

9. A. both B. either C. all D. neither

10. A. none B. neither C. any D. some

11. A. smallest B. youngest C. weakest D. strongest

12. A. meet B. greet C. warn D. receive

13. A. easily B. happily C. sadly D. quickly

14. A. angrily B. happily C. quietly D. politely

15. A. let B. ask C. forget D. allow

名师点评

本篇是一个寓言故事,说的是一只牧羊犬,因为天冷,就睡在牧羊人给羊吃的干草上。结果,羊吃不着草,感到非常生气,他们认为狗太自私,自己又不能吃草,还不让能吃草的吃。

答案简析

1. B。从下文可知天是在下雪。

2. A。上文说天在下着大雪,所以地上应该被覆盖着“厚厚的”雪。

3. C。可能有同学会选go to the hill,但比较climb up the hill,后者更符合常理。意为“在这种天气下爬上山是很危险的。”

4. B。根据常理,羊在那儿也很难找到草。

5. D。天冷,牧羊人就想呆在温暖的房间里。英语里一般不用hot room。

6. C。后面是一个完整的句子,所以不可以用in order to或so as to。so that意为“以便”,后面得跟一个完整的句子。

7. A。全句意为“牧羊人把干草放在围栏里以便羊在饿的时候能吃”。

8. B。躺在软草上,用soft最恰当。

9. C。羊都很害怕狗。“三者以上的都”只有用all。

10. A。没有一只羊能接近它。

11. D。最终也只有最强壮的羊敢上前去。小的、弱的哪有这个胆量?

12. C。狗大声叫,是想警告羊。绝不是去问候它。

13. D。羊只好赶紧离开,其他副词都不妥当。

14. A。不敢去吃草,只好私下里很气愤地谈论。

15. D。本句可能有同学会选let,但注意后面有to eat ,没有let sb. to do sth的说法.,但是有allow sb to do sth.,意为“但还不允许能吃的去吃(草)。

28

Mr. and Mrs. Harris had always spent their summer holidays in a small hotel at the seaside near their hometown. One year, however(然而) , Mr. Harris made a lot of 1 in his business, 2 they decided to go to a foreign country and stay at a really good 3 .

They flew to Rome, and 4 at a 5-star hotel late in the evening. They thought they would have to go to bed hungry, because in that 5 hotel where they had been used to stay in the past, no meals were served (供应) 6 seven in the evening. They were 7 to be told that the hotel served dinner until ten.

“Then what are the times 8 meals?” asked Mrs. Harris.

“Well, madam, we serve breakfast from seven to eleven, lunch from twelve to three, 9 from four to five, and dinner from six to ten.”

“But that hardly 10 any time for us to see the city!” said Mrs. Harris.

1. A. mistakes B. time C. friends D. money

2. A. but B. so C. though D. yet

3. A. hotel B. place C. city D. restaurant

4. A. stayed B. got C. arrived D. reached

5. A. small B. big C. foreign D. good

6. A. on B. after C. during D. until

7. A. tired B. interested C. surprised D. worried

8. A. with B. on C. at D. of

9. A. drink B. tea C. beer D. food

10. A. takes B. does C. has D. leaves

名师点评

哈里斯很少住星级宾馆,一次在罗马旅行时住进了一家五星级宾馆,因为对宾馆提供的服务不胜了解,结果闹出了笑话。

答案简析

1.D。根据下文,哈里斯夫妇出国旅游并住进高级宾馆,说明他们赚了很多钱。故选money。

2.B。made a lot of money与下文go to a foreign country构成因果关系, 故选so。

3.A。与下文他们住进a 5-star hotel相对应,这里应选择hotel。

4.C。表示到达目的地,reach可直接接宾语, get后应加介词to, arrive为不接物动词,后应加介词in或at才能接宾语,所以arrive为正确选项。

5.A。根据文章的第一句,以前他都是住的small hotel,这里应选small。

6.B。on和during都不能与seven连用。他们估计要挨饿,说明在以前住的宾馆里7点以后不可能有饭菜供应。故应选择after。

7.C。有人告知饭菜供应会持续到十点时,他们理应感到surprised。

8.D。of常用来表示所有关系,the times of the meals表示“每顿饭的供应时间”。

9.B。根据西方人的生活习性,宾馆一般不会在一段时间只供应啤酒,下午喝茶比较合乎常理。故选tea。

10.D。哈里斯以为从早到晚都得在吃饭或喝茶,几乎没有剩余时间观光旅游了,leave表示“剩下,遗留”,为正确选项。

29

Friends are very important in our everyday life. Everyone 1__ friends. We all like to feel close to someone. __2__ is nice to have a friend to talk, laugh, and do things with. 3 , sometimes we need to be alone. We don’t always want people 4 . But we would feel lonely if we __5__ had a friend.

No two people are 6 . Friends 7 don’t get on well. That doesn’t mean that they no longer like each other. Most of the time they will make up (言归于好) and become 8 again.

Sometimes friends move away. Then we feel very 9 . We miss them very much, but we can 10 them and write to them. And we can __11 new friends. It is encouraging to find out how much we like new people when we get to know them.

There’s more good news for people who have friends. They live __12__ than people who don’t. Why? Friends can make us feel happy. __13__ happy helps you stay well. Or it could be just done that someone cares. If some one cares about you, you take 14 care of 15 .

1. A. loves B. hates C. needs D. becomes

2. A. It B. He C. There D. Someone

3. A. Hardly B. Nearly C. Suddenly D. Certainly

4. A. alone B. away C. all over D. around

5. A. ever B. never C. just D. really

6. A. friendly B. kind C. just the same D. quite different

7 A. always B. sometimes C. often D. usually

8. A. friendly B. good C. pleased D. friends

9. A. angry B. sad C. happy D. alone

10. A. call B. ask C. tell D. talk with

11. A. look for B. find C. make D. know

12. A. longer B. shorter C. slower D. faster

13. A. Smelling B. Being C. Sounding D. Making

14. A. less B. better C. little D. no

15. A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself

名师点评

本文讲述了朋友在人一生中扮演着重要角色。和朋友一起谈天说地,一起做事,不仅使我们远离寂寞,增添生活情趣,而且也使我们的身心更加健康。

答案简析

1.C。根据上文,friends are very important. 可以知道每个人都需要朋友, 故选needs。

2.A。这里应用it做形式主语,代替后面真正的主语,即to have a friend。

3.D。一方面我们需要和朋友在一起,另一方面我们也需要独处,根据句意,应该选certainly。

4.D。根据上一句we need to be alone,可以知道我们有时也不希望周围一直有人相伴,故选around。

5.B。根据句意,没有朋友的情况下会感到孤独。故选never。

6.C。根据句意,世界上没有两个人是相同的,故选just the same。

7.B。既然人与人之间总有不同之处,所以朋友有时也会有矛盾,故选sometimes。

8.D。根据上半句they will make up可以知道产生分歧的朋友也会和好如初。故选friends。

9.B。根据语境,朋友离开应是很难过的事情。故选sad。

10.A。根据常识,思念朋友时,我们可以通过打电话和写信来和朋友联络, 故选call。

11.C。make friends为固定结构,意思是“交朋友”。

12.A。根据上句中“good news”, 可以知道这里应该是长寿,又因为句中有than, 可以知道应填比较级,故选longer。

13.B。根据题意,心情好,有助于身体健康。这里用动名词短语充当主语,happy是形容词,前面应添上be动词,故选 being 。

14.B。根据题意,如果别人关心你,你就会加倍珍惜自己,故选better。

15.D。根据题意,这里表示“自己照顾自己“,故选yourself 。

30

Suppose(假设) you are going to Boston, and you 1 the city

before. If someone 2 you about the interesting places in the city, you __3 to get some ideas of what you will see. But don’t have a 4__ idea of where these places are or of how to find 5 . However, 6__ someone has a map of the city and 7 you the main roads and buildings, you may say, “ Oh, now I see . I can find my way with 8__ trouble at all ”. Working in math is somewhat(有点儿) like trying to find your way 9 a new city. Perhaps the words may tell you some information and you have 10 it, but you can’t see any clear road 11 the answers.

Maybe you 12 a kind of map of the main roads in maths 13__ you find your way. Explore(探究)what lies in maths, and 14 to find

the main roads. They will 15 you to the answer. If you can find the “map”, the maths problems will be easily worked out.

1. A. are going to visit B. once visited

C. have never visited D. have ever visit

2. A. answers B. shows C. meets D. tells

3. A. begin B. like C. learn D. refuse

4. A. clever B. clear C. strange D. wrong

5. A. someone B. Boston C. them D. it

6. A. if B. though C. whether D. since

7. A. helps B. gives C. passes D. shows

8. A. not B. no C. some D. much

9. A. of B. to C. in D around

10. A. thought over B. heard about

C. written down D talked with

11. A. with B. for C. of D to

12. A. need to have B. don’t need C needn’t D. in need of

13. A. help B. to help C. helps D help with

14. A. try your best B. take your place

C. look up D walk on

15. A. keep B. send C. lead D. ask

名师点评

文章以在陌生的城市找名胜为例,说明了解决数学最重要的是先找出一条通往答案的路径。

答案简析

1.C。下文表明:你要去的是一个一点儿都不熟悉的城市,说明以前没有去过。故选have never visited。

2.D。show意为“带领某人参观某地”或“向某人展示某物”;tell sb. about sth. 意为“告诉某人关于……的情况。根据下文可知tell为正确选项。

3.A。文章表明:听了别人的介绍后,你对城市的名胜开始有了一些初步的印象。故选begin。

4.B。根据文意,你对名胜的概况只是听说而已,对名胜的具体位置及如何找到所指的名胜不太清楚。故选clear。

5.C。指代上文出现的interesting places应用them。

6.A。根据句意,前半句是后半句的条件状语从句,应用if引导。

7.D。show sb. sth.意为“把……给某人看”,合符文意,为正确选项。

8.B。根据地图上的位置,你会毫不费力地找到想去的地方。故选no。

9.B。本文是讲如何在一个陌生的城市里找到目的地,而不是找去某个城市的路。故选in。

10.A。做数学题时,你肯定要对题目中所给的信息进行思考。故应选thought over。

11.D。the road to the answers意为“解决问题的路径”,to为正确选项。

12.A。根据上文列举的根据地图找名胜的例子可知,做数学题目也需要“地图”。故应选need to have。

13.B。这里应该用动词不定式to help you find your way作目的状语才合符句意。

14.A。try one’s best to do sth.意思是“尽某人最大的努力去做某事”,为正确选项。

15.C。“lead sb. to某地”意思是“引导某人到达某地”。

31

Several years ago I studied in a university in the biggest city in our country. It’s beautiful but it’s hot in __1__. So I usually returned to my hometown when my __2__ began. It is not big, but it’s cool and quiet. I could __3__ in the daytime and have a good sleep at night.

One day I had some __4__ to solve. But I didn’t take the dictionaries home. My father told me Charlie, one of my __5__, had a good library. I went to his house at once. We didn’t see each other after I __6__ middle school. At first he didn’t recognize me. He __7__ me up and down. And then he called out, “Oh, dear! It’s you, Fred!”

Of course we were __8__ to meet each other again and talked a lot about our schoolmates and __9__. Later on he showed me around his library. It wasn’t big but there were a lot of nice books in it. And the dictionaries I __10__ were in them too. At last I said, “__11__ you lend some dictionaries to me, please?”

“I’m sorry I don’t lend any books to __12__,” said the young man.

“Are you afraid I’ll __13__ them?”

“No, I’m not. I’m afraid you won’t __14__ them to me. Look! All the books are not __15__, but borrowed!”

1. A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter

2. A. birthday B. Saturday C. Sunday D. holiday

3. A. study B. play C. rest D. run

4. A. words B. sentences C. problems D. stories

5. A. brothers B. sisters C. aunts D. classmates

6. A. finished B. heard C. saw D. met

7. A. lifted B. carried C. looked D. pulled

8. A. angry B. happy C. worried D. sad

9. A. doctors B. teachers C. workers D. drivers

10. A. looked for B. read C. wrote D. looked at

11. A. Need B. Must C. May D. Can

12. A. other B. the other C. others D. another

13. A. lose B. sell C. throw D. know

14. A. pay B. return C. use D. look after

15. A. made B. picked C. won D. bought

名师点评

这篇短文主要讲了Charlie家里有许多藏书,却没有一本是自己买的,所以他从不借书给别人,因为他怕别人都和他一样。本题的不少答案只从缺空所在句子的语意和语法是无法确定的,解题是要联系上下文及一般常识进行推理。

答案简析

1. B。hot应该指的是夏天的天气情况。

2. D。大学生暑假回家度假。

3. A。学生暑假应该不忘学习。

4. C。solve problems意为“解决问题”。

5. D。根据下文可得知。

6. A。finish middle school表示“中学毕业”。

7. C。look sb. up and down表示“上下打量某人”,这时look用作及物动词。

8. B。老同学相见自然是高兴。

9. B。同学之间谈论的主要对象一般应该是同学和老师。

10. A。根据上下文得知“我”正在寻找一本字典。

11. D。这里指征求别人的意见,故用can。

12. C。泛指其他人,故用复数。

13. A。“我”以为他怕我把书弄丢,所以不借。

14. B。根据下文得知他的书都是借的,所以他不愿借给我,怕我也象他一样借书不还。

15. D。这些书都不是买的,而是借的。

32

Mr. Wang teaches English in a middle school. He likes his work very much. He wanted 1 a teacher even when he was a young boy.

There are six classes in a school day at Mr. Wang's middle school. Mr. Wang teachers five of these six classes. 2 his 'free' hour from 2 to 3 in the afternoon, Mr. Wang 3 meet with parents, check students' homework and 4 many other things. So Mr. Wang works hard from the moment he gets to school early in the morning until he leaves for home late in the afternoon, and his 'free' hour is not free at all.

In his English lesson, Mr. Wang sometimes teaches poems (诗). He likes poems very much, and he likes Li Bai’s poems 5 of all.

In his fifth class today, Mr. Wang taught a poem. He wrote the poem on the blackboard and read it. As soon as he finished 6 the poem, the students began to ask questions. He answered all the questions. Then he asked his students to talk about the poem. 7 one wanted to stop when the bell rang.

8 home, Mr. Wang thought about the fifth class. He was happy about what he did as a teacher. Every one of his students 9 the poem. When they started to talk, they forgot about the time. He did not have to make them 10 . He only had to answer their questions and help them understand the poem.

1. A. was B. being C. to be D. be

2. A. In B. At C. To D. On

3. A. has to B. has C. able to D. will

4. A. take care for B. care of

C. take care of D. be careful of

5. A. better B. good C. well D. best

6. A. reading B. to read C. read D. doing

7. A. Not B. No C. Have no D. Any

8. A. By the way B. To his way

C. On his way D. In the way

9. A. liked B. asked C. had D. wanted

10. A. learning B. to learn

C. learn D. leant

名师点评

Mr. Wang是一位英语老师,他热心于教育,忙于教学,工作负责,课堂上善于启发学生回答问题,讨论问题。即使在回家的途中,仍沉浸在课堂活跃气氛的回忆中。

答案简析

1. C。语法结构 want后面跟不定式。

2. B。时间点后面跟介词at。

3. A。has to意思是“不得不,必须”。这里引出所要做的事。

4. C。固定短语。

5. D。此句后面有 at all这一比较范围,故用最高级。

6. A。finish后面跟动名词。

7. B。课堂上学生们积极发言,没有人想停下来。

8. C。on one’s way home意思是“在回家的路上”。

9. A。学生受老师的影响也开始爱诗歌了。

10. C。语法结构:make sb.do sth。

33

Many animals use some kinds of “language”. They use signals(信号) and the signals have meanings. For example, __1 a bee has found some food, it goes 2 its home. 3 is difficult for a bee to tell __4 bees where the food is speaking to them, but it can do a little dancing. This tells the bees where the food is and 5 it is.

Some animals show 6 they feel by making sounds. It is not difficult to tell if a dog is angry because it barks. Birds make several different sounds and 7 has its meaning. Sometimes we humans make sounds in the same way. We make sounds like “Oh” to 8 how we feel about __9__ or we 10 something on our feet.

We humans have languages. We have words. These words have meaning of things, action, feeling or ideas. We are able to __11__ each other information, to tell other people 12 we think or we feel. By writing down words, we can remember what has happened or 13 messages to people far away.

Languages, like people, live and die. If a language is not used by people, it is called a dead language. This language cannot live and grow because 14 speaks it.

A living language, of course, is often spoken by people today. It grows and changes with time. New words are created, and some old words have 15 meanings.

1. A. because B. since C. when D. as

2. A. out of B. back from C. away from D. back to

3. A. It B. This C. That D. He

4. A. each other B. another C. the other D. others

5. A. how long B. how far away C. how many D. how old

6. A. why B. which C. how D. what

7. A. each B. every C. all D. some

8. A. show B. say C. talk D. speak

9. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything

10. A. put B. drop C. fall D. set

11. A. give B. put C. show D. take

12. A. that B. which C. what D. why

13. A. send B. bring C. push D. get

14. A. someone B. no one C. anyone D. everyone

15. A. new B. right C. real D. good

名师点评

这则短文讲述的是语言的重要性。无论是何种语言,只要不使用,它将死亡。

答案简析

1.C。表示”当……的时候”。

2.D。蜜蜂发现食物会返回蜂窝,通知其它蜜蜂。

3.A。形式主语。

4.C。the other bees其它的蜜蜂。

5.B。蜜蜂通过跳舞告诉同伴物源有多远。

6.C。用how作状语修饰feel。

7.A。根据谓语动词has应选each.。each指代的是可数名词sound,所以不能用all或some,而every是形容词,不能做主语。

8.A。用语言来表示自己的感觉,故选show。

9.B。

10.B。ouch表示疼痛,故推测是东西砸到了脚上。Fall是不及物动词,故不选。

11.A。

12.C。think为及物动词,这里what做think宾语。

13.A。send messages为固定搭配,表示“发送信息”。

14.B。根据文意,一种语言如果没人使用,就会灭亡。

15.A。旧词新意。

34

It’s never easy to admit(承认) you are in the wrong. We all __1__ to know the art of apology. Think how often you’ve done wrong. Then count how many __2__ you’ve expressed clearly you were __3__. You can’t go to bed with an easy mind if you do __4__ about it.

A doctor friend, Mr. Lied, told me about a man who came to him with different kinds of signs: headaches, heart __5__ and insomnia (失眠). __6__ some careful exams, Mr. Lied found nothing ___7__ with him and said, “If you don’t tell me what’s __8__ you, I can’t help you.” The man admitted he was cheating his brother of his inheritance(遗产). Then and there the __9__ doctor __10__ the man write to his brother and __11__ his money. As soon as the __12__ was put into the post box, the man suddenly cried. “Thank you,” he said to the doctor, “I think I’ve got __13__.”

An apology can not only save a broken relationship(关系) but also make it __14__. If you can think of someone who should be __15__ an apology from you. Do something about it right now.

1. A. decide B. have C. need D. try

2. A. mistakes B. people C. ways D. times

3. A. sorry B. weak C. sad D. wrong

4. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

5. A. trouble B. matter C. illness D. problem

6. A. Before B. wrong C. good D. bad

8. A. hurling B. changing C. touching D. worrying

9. A. clever B. silly C. good D. kind

10. A. made B. helped C. saw D. let

11. A. returned B. gave C. kept D. paid

12. A. paper B. box C. money D. letter

13. A. better B. well C. sick D. worse

14. A. never B. worse C. stronger D. harder

15. A. given B. received C. known D. forgotten

名师点评

这是一篇关于学会如何道歉的短文,它提醒人们要学会认识自己的错误,并能够为自己的错误道歉。做不到这一点会造成自己心理上的压力,甚至带来疾病。

答案解析

1. C。这里指的是人们有必要了解道歉这门艺术。

2. D。times这里表示次数。

3. A。根据上文,承认错误决非易事,道歉更是一门艺术,此时作者是建议读者计算一下有过多少次是能清楚地表达自己的歉意的,所以选sorry。

4. C。如果你对自己的错误什么也不去做, 你睡觉也不会睡得好。

5. A。这里表示心脏有毛病。

6. B。

7. B。nothing wrong 表明这个人生理没有任何问题, 看下文就可以知道这一点。

8. D。

9. A。这是一名很聪明的医生, 所以他提出了下面一个方法。

10. D。made 具有强制性的意思, 故选let sb. do sth..好。

11. A。上文得知这人骗了哥哥的遗产, 所以还了他所欠的钱才能治好他的心病。

12. D。根据后面的post box可以得知这里是指寄出了那封信。

13. B。这个人其实没有病, 所以在解决了心理问题后,他一下子觉得好了, 而不是好转, 故选well 而不是better。

14. C。道歉不仅可以挽救破碎的人际关系, 还可以增强人与人之间的联系。harder指的是具体事物的“坚硬”, 故此处不当。

15. A。give sb. an apology意为“向某人道歉”。

35

Mr. and Mrs. king have lived in our town for nearly twenty years. They have a bookshop by the bus station. They’re __1__ to everybody and have a lot of friends. They often __2__ the poor students and sell them some books cheaply. So there’re many young men in their shop. Of course people __3__ them and their friends often call on (拜访) them and __4__ them. We can always hear their rooms are full of __5__ and quarrel.

It was a Friday evening. Mr. and Mrs. King were going to have a picnic on the island the next __6__. It was a little far from our town. So they had to __7__ earlier than usual to catch a six o’clock train. After __8__ a few friends came to see them while they were cooking some __9__ and drinks for the picnic. Mr. king and his wife had to stop __10__ them. They talked a lot and few of them looked at the __11__ on the wall. Mr. and Mrs. King were anxious (焦急) but they couldn’t tell the visitors about it. The woman thought for a few __12__ and had an idea. She said to her __13__, “Oh, it’s eleven o’clock! You’d better stop talking, dear! Our guests are anxious to __14__!

Mr. king heard this and stood up and said __15__ to the visitors and they left soon.

1. A. had B. polite C. cold D. careful;

2. A. help B. hurt C. hit D. watch

3. A. know B. understand C. meet D. like

4. A. play with B. fight with C. talk with D. catch up with

5. A. cry B. shout C. noise D. laugh

6. A. morning B. afternoon C. evening D. laugh

7. A. go to work B. get up C. go to sleep D. open the shop

8. A. breakfast B. lunch C. supper D. meal

9. A. clothes B. bags C. books D. food

10. A. receive B. to receive C. receiving D. to accept

11. A. phone B. photo C. clock D. picture

12. A. minutes B. days C. weeks D. months

13. A. visitor B. husband C. brother D. father

14. A. go home B. go to bed C. go shopping D. have a rest

15. A. hello B. goodbye C. sorry D. nothing

名师点评

这是一则委婉地谢绝客人的故事, 这也是我们平时很容易遇到的事。

答案简析

1. B。根据下文have a lot of friends可以推断他们待人友好(friendly)。

2. A。他们帮助穷困的学生。

3. D。根据上文得知,别人都很喜欢他们。

4. C。talk with 表示聊天。

5. D。他们的家里总是充满了欢笑。

6. A。根据下文他们要赶早班车得知是早上。

7. B。为了赶早班车他们不得不早起,故选get up。

8. C。这是一个星期五的晚上,故是晚饭后。

9. D。他们正在为第二天的野餐准备食物和饮料。

10. B。停下(手中的事)来做某事,用stop to do sth.,另外receive sb. 表示接待某人。

11. C。他聊得很尽兴,以致于忘了时间,也就是忘了看墙上的钟。

12. A。这里指很短的时间。

13. B。

14. A。表示时间已经不早了,客人们肯定着急要回家了。

15. C。丈夫向客人道歉,表示是自己忘了时间,这样客人就不会尴尬了。

36

Martin Henfield talks about some of his experience(经历) as a twin: when we were small my mother dressed us __1_ the same clothes. That was bad enough and we didn’t like it. But we went on our first camping trip, it was even __2__. We were only ten years old, and while __3_ went into their sleeping bags for the _4__, we were not happy to snuggle(偎依) inside a double sleeping bag my mother made for us.

At school our classmates __5__us Henfield One and Henfield Two, so people ___6__ even see our difference according to our initials because __7__ of us were M.O. It was only when I went to _8___ and began to have my own friends that I started to feel my own freedom of identity(身份).

Before I went to college, during my secondary school __9__, I __10__ to a job on a building site. My twin brother, Mike Henfield, didn’t work. One day I asked my boss, “Can I have a week _11__?” “Certainly,” he said, “but you won’t have the job when you 12__ back.” I didn’t want to __13__ the job. So on Monday morning, Mike went there in my _14__, jacket and hat and he worked for me for one week __15___ of them knew the difference.

1. A. in B. for C. on D. with

2. A. badder B. worse C. good D. better

3. A. all boys B. another boy

C. all the other boys D. all the boys

4. A. day B. holiday C. night D. mid-night

5. A. called B. knew C. told D. made

6. A. didn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. couldn’t

7. A. very B. each C. both D. all

8. A. middle school B. college C. high school D. school

9. A. holidays B. week C. weekend D. holiday

10. A. received B. got C. find D. made

11. A. off B. free C. on D. back

12. A. came B. will get C. got D. are

13. A. miss B. lose C. lost D. losing

14. A. coat B. shirt C. shoes D. trousers

15. A. None B. Nobody C. All D. Each

名师点评

这是一则关于双胞胎的故事, 说明了作为双胞胎既有他们苦恼的一面, 也有乐趣的一面. 在做这则完型填空时, 只要抓住双胞胎非常相像这一特点, 就很容易理解其中发生的事情了。

答案解析

1. A。“给某人穿(衣服)”应为dress sb. in。

2. B 根据下文可知野营中的情况比平时更糟糕.。

3. C。the other加名词复数表示“剩余的所有的人”。

4. C。睡袋应用于夜间。

5. A。“称呼某人……”用call sb. …。

6. D。

7. C。根据后面的系动词were, 应用both表复数。

8. B。根据上下文可知, 直到大学, 这种情况才有所改变。

9. D。指中学生涯的最后一个假期。

10. B。“找到一份工作”可用get/find a job, 但此处应用过去时。

11. A。have a week off 休息一个星期。

12. D。只有D项时态正确。

13. B。

14. D。

15. A。没有一个人看出这时双胞胎交换了一下。B项不可带of。

37

Have you ever seen the advertisement: Learn a foreign language in six weeks, 1 give your money back? Of course, it 2 happens quite like that. The only language 3 to learn is the mother language. And think 4 practice is needed for that. Before the Second World War people usually learned a foreign language 5 the literature(文学) of the country. Now most people want to 6 a foreign language. Every year millions of people start learning 7 .

How do they do it? Some people try at home 8 books and tapes, others go to evening classes or watch TV programs. 9 they use the language only 2 or 3 times a week, learning it will 10 a long time, like language learning at school. A few people try to learn a language fast by studying for 6 or 11 hours a day. It's much easier to learn the language in the country where it 12 . But most people are 13 to do this, and many people don't have to do so. Machines and good books will be very 14 , but they can not do the students' work. 15 the language is learned quickly or slowly, it is hard work.

1. A. so B. or C. and D. but

2. A. can't B. impossible C. never D. often

3. A. easily B. difficult C. able D. easy

4. A. how much B. how long C. how fast D. how many

5. A. studied B. to study C. studying D. study

6. A. talk B. tell C. speak D. say

7. A. them B. this C. that D. it

8. A. without B. with C. in D. by

9. A. If B. When C. Since D. Until

10. A. spend B. use C. take D. cost

11. A. some B. more C. other D. less

12. A. speaks B. is speaking C. spoke D. is spoken

13. A. able B. possible C. unable D. not possible

14. A. careful B. forgetful C. wonderful D. helpful

15. A. either B. whether C. what D. how

名师点评

本文主要想告诉读者,学英语是一个长期而艰苦的劳动,没有任何捷径可走。无论你用什么方法学习——用书、机器或在学校,不多实践就无法达到预期的目的。

答案简析

B。这里的or是“否则”的意思。

C。根据作者的观点,这种事绝对不可能发生。impossible是一个形容词,不符语法,can’t后不可能跟happens,often意思与作者的意图相反。

D。唯一容易学的语言是母语。这里需要一个形容词充当后置定语。

A。用来修饰不可数名词,只有用how much,全句意为“母语好学,还需要那么多的练习。”何况外语呢?。

B。动词不定式充当目的状语。意为“学习外语来研究文学”。

C。说某种语言用speak,speak English,speak Chinese。

D。用it代指上文所说的a foreign language。

B。这里的with是“用”的意思。

A。作者在这里提出一种假设。如果他们一星期只有一两次使用外语。

C。固定短语,意为“做某事花费某人多长时间”。

B。后面省略了than 6 hours。意为6个小时或更多的时间。

D。it 代指上文所指的foreign language,故用被动被态。

C。许多人不可能做到这一点。这里不可以用not possible,因为它的主语不可以用人。

D。机器和书对于学习英语来说是很有帮助的。

15. B。whether …or…固定短语。

38

I have tried many ways to be 1 . I don’t wear a sweater when I 2 , and two days ago I walked in the 3 without my shoes. But so far nothing 4 . Debbie once told me about a boy in her class who liked 5 school. He would rub(摩擦) the end of the thermometer (温度计) until it went 6 to 39℃. Then he’d put it in his mouth and his mother would think he was 7 ill.

This morning I tried doing that but it 8 went above 35℃ and I rubbed it for ten 9 . So I held the thermometer 10 the light on my desk and it went up to 40℃. I thought I’d put it in my mouth and walk downstairs like that. 11 my mother would take it out and she would be 12 when she saw that I was rather ill.

The only trouble was I didn’t know the thermometer would be so 13 , As soon as I put it into my mouth I burnt my tongue(舌头)! I spit (吐) the thermometer out. It fell 14 the floor but it 15 .

1. A . well B. fine C. ill D. bad

2. A . could B. should C. must D. might

3. A . water B. rain C. sun D. wind

4. A . happens B. happened C. will happen D. has happened

5. A . being away from B. leaving

C. staying at D. being out of

6. A . on B. down C. up D. off

7. A . really B. real C. bad D. badly

8. A . can’t B. not C. never D. didn’t

9. A . seconds B. hours C. minutes D. moments

10. A . near B. near to C. next D. next to

11. A . When B. Then C. So D. If

12. A . worried B. surprised C. happy D. frightened

13. A . cold B. hot C. warm D. cool

14. A . off B. down C. to D. on

15. A . didn’t break B. didn’t broke C. wasn’t broken D. was broken

名师点评

这是一篇小幽默。一个男孩为了装病,用尽了各种办法想告诉妈妈自己的体温很高,结果差点儿烫伤了自己。

答案解析

1.C。根据下文得知,这个小孩就是想让自己生病。

2.B。这里应选择情态动词should, 表示在该穿毛衣的时候他不穿, 其实他就是想让自己冻出病来。

3.B。跟上两题同解。

4.D。so far常与动词的现在完成时连用,表示“到目前为止”。

5.A。leave school表示“辍学、毕业离校”的动作,be away from school则表示“不上学、逃学”的状态。

6.C。up表示“温度上升”。

7.A。妈妈会认为他真的病了,故选副词really。

8.C。其他选项在语法上均错。

9.C。根据文意。

10.D。next to表示“临近、非常接近”。

11.B。Then是副词,表时间上的“顺承”。 其他三选项均引导从句, 故不选。

12.A。妈妈得知孩子生病, 首先感到担心。

13.B。这里表示“烫”, 所以不能选warm。

14.D。fall on为“掉到……上”, fall off 是指“从某处摔下”, fall down是“落下”。

15.C。break为及物动词, 与主语构成动宾关系,所以用被动语态形式was broken。

39

Do you know Eskimos (爱斯基摩人)? Let me tell you something about their 1 .

The Eskimos live near the North Pole (北极). There are only two 2 there, winter and summer, There are no spring 3 autumn there. The winter nights are 4 . You can't 5 the sun for more than two months, even at noon. The summer days are long. For more than two months, the sun never 6 and there is no night.

The Eskimos have 7 clothes. They make their clothes from the skin of animals. From these skins they make coats, caps and 8 .

Near the North Pole trees can't grow, for it is too 9 there. The Eskimos 10 make their houses from skins, snow or stones (石头). When they 11 in storm and can't 12 home, they make house of snow. They 13 these snow houses when the storm is 14 .

Life is 15 for the Eskimos, but they still like to live there.

1. A. work B. life C. holiday D. families

2. A. weather B. seasons C. months D. years

3. A. not B. or C. and D. as

4. A. short B. warm C. long D. cold

5. A. see B. watch C. look D. look at

6. A. rises B. goes up C. drops D. goes down

7. A. beautiful B. metal C. warm D. cool

8. A. goods B. drinks C. medicine D. shoes

9. A. cold B. hot C. dry D. wet

10. A. will B. should C. never D. have to

11. A. go out B. go over C. keep on D. get on

12. A. get back B. got off C. get on D. get in

13. A. make B. leave C. stay D. break

14. A. over B. coming C. going D. hard

15. A. easy B. interesting C. hard D. lucky

名师点评

本文介绍了爱斯基摩人的生活情况:爱斯基摩人的特殊生活习惯缘于那儿的特殊气候。

答案简析

1. B。根据下文得知这里介绍的是爱斯基摩人的生活(life)。

2. B。根据winter和summer判断。

3. B。no....or....表示对两者否定。

4. C。由后一句话可推断答案。冬夜很长,几乎看不到太阳,也就是没有白天,这正是北极的气候特征。

5. A。see表示“看”的结果,watch和look都表示“看”的动作。

6. D。夏天白昼长,几乎没有夜晚,太阳从不下山,所以选 go down。

7. C。他们要穿上暖和的衣服才能抵御严寒。

8. D。这里是指用动物皮来做衣服鞋帽。

9. A。北极很冷。

10. D。表示客观原因使他们不得不用特殊的材料来建房。

11. A。表示在外面遇到风暴时。

12. A。由于风暴而回不了家。

13. B。用雪造房是因为遇到风暴回不了家,风暴过后自然要离开雪房子了。

14. A。be over表示结束。

15. C。这种恶劣的气候条件下,生活是很艰难困苦的,故选hard。

40

Life in the twenty-first century will be very 1 . Many changes will take place, but 2 will the changes be.

The population is growing 3 . There will be many 4 in the world and most of them will live 5 than people in the twentieth century.

Computers will be much smaller and 6 and there will be at least one in every 7 . And 8 studies will be one of the important subjects in school then.

People will work 9 and they will have more free time for sports, watching TV and travelling. 10 will be much easier and cheaper. And many more people will go to 11 countries for holidays.

There will be changes in our 12 , too. Maybe no one will eat meat every day, instead, they eat more fruit and vegetables. Maybe people will be 13 . Work in the future will be different, too. 14 and hard work can be done by robots. Because of this, 15 will not have enough work to do .This will be a problem.

1. A. interesting B. hard C. different D. beautiful

2. A. why B. how C. when D. what

3. A. slowly B. fast C. quietly D. suddenly

4. A. people B. workers C. scientists D. doctors

5. A. long B. longer C. happy D. lucky

6. A. more useful B. useful C. helpful D. less useful

7. A. hospital B. factory C. home D. town

8. A. science B. maths C. English D. computer

9. A. fewer hours B. more hours

C. eight hours D. more than eight hours

10. A. Seeing doctors B. Going to the cinema

C. Shopping D. Travelling

11. A. rich B. other C. poor D. small

12. A. food B. clothes C. fruit D. drinks

13. A. fatter B. thinner C .healthier D. more pleased

14. A. Safe B. Easy C. Simple D. Dangerous

15. A. a few people B. all the people

C. many people D. some people

名师点评

本文介绍了二十一世纪我们社会将发生的各种各样的变化,包括就业,饮食等一系列的变化。

答案解析

1. C。以下讲的是二十一世纪发生的一系列的变化,由于变化,生活也就变得与以前不同,故而选C。

2. D。这些变化会是哪些变化呢?What在这里充当的是表语。

3. B。众所周知,人口增长速度很快。

4. A。由上下文可知,这里指人口增多,故选people。

5. B。由于生活条件和习惯的改变,人们寿命将会更长,所以longer为正确选项。

6. A。电脑将发挥更大的作用,故选比较级more useful。

7. C。电脑将走进各家各户。

8. D。这一小节都讲的是电脑,故选D。

9. A。根据下文得知人们将有更多的时间用来娱乐,证明工作时间减少了,故选fewer hours。

10. D。根据下文的for holidays可知这里说的是旅行。

11. B。由于条件好了,更多的人都能够去其他国家旅游了,故选other。

12. A。根据下句得知,这里讲的是饮食变化。

13. C。由于饮食习惯发生变化,人们将更加健康。

14. D。和hard并列的词应选择dangerous。

15. C。因为很多工作都是由机器人来完成,那么许多人也就面临着失业的危险。

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