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高考听力 满分绝招

2019-01-31  当以读书...

高考听力 满分绝招

高考听力 满分绝招

高考听力 满分绝招

高考听力 满分绝招

高考听力 满分绝招

高考听力 满分绝招

高考听力 满分绝招

高考听力 满分绝招

高考听力 满分绝招

聚典英语Classic English

高考听力 满分绝招

Listening skills

1.Read before you listen. 听前预读

2.Catch the key words. 抓关键词

3.Take notes quickly. 快速笔记

4.Be in a good mood. 心态良好

短对话:一般命题思路

借车?一般是借不到的。

考试?比较难,要熬夜,老师一般比较严厉。

事故?比较幸运,不会死人。

讲座?题目比较有趣,内容一般比较复杂难懂。

作文?一般要修改polish或重写rewrite。

娱乐?男生一般喜欢在家里玩,女生一般喜欢高雅艺术theater。

医院?需要预约make an appointment。

买票?基本上是买不到的。

听力解题步骤

第一步:看。

高考听力有一半的信息靠听,而另一半的信息靠阅读。

迅速浏览题干和所给选项,做到有备而发! 化被动为主动!

读题技巧一:

忽略相似部分,把注意力集中在有较大差异的部分。

例1:What’s the man’s suggestion?

A.Buying expensive things.

B.Buying cheap things.

C.Buying necessary things.

例2:

A: He went to see his doctor in his spare time yesterday.

B: He visited his friends when he was free yesterday.

C: He called on an old farmer after work yesterday.

读题技巧二

两个有交集的选项往往是正确答案。

What does the man want to order?

A . 50 TV sets

B. 15 computers

C. 50 personal computers

预判原则

1. 常识判断原则

Why does the man say that he should keep away from babies?

A. He has just become a father. 排除

B. He wears dirty clothes.

C. He is a smoker.

1.Why did the woman buy a heavy coat for Jimmy?

A.Winter is coming soon.

B. Jimmy’ll go into the mountains. 排除

C. Jimmy has caught a cold.

2. 同义同错原则

如果两个选项表意相同或相近,就意味着它们都不能选。

【2008年全国卷第11题】

What’s the man’s response to the woman’s suggestion?

A. He doesn’t take it seriously.

B. He has rejected it.

C. He has accepted it. 关注焦点

3. 反义有解原则

——为了干扰考生判断,往往会设一个与正确答案相反的选项作为陷阱,也就意味着如果两个选项的意思完全相反,那么答案很可能是其中的一个。

Why does the woman plan to go to town?

A. To pay her bills in the bank.

B. To buy books in a bookstore.

C. To get some money from the bank.

答案很可能是A或C

4.呼应原则

长对话中一般设计2—3个问题,这些问题往往形成了一个信息链,考生可以从中预测听力测试内容,有时甚至问题本身就泄露了答案。

例1:

1. What was the man doing?

A.Buying clothes.

B.Selling clothes.

C.Having a suit made.

2. Why didn’t the person take the suit?

A.It was too big.

B.It was too expensive.

C.It was out of fashion.

15.Why did the officer want to see the driver’s license?

A. The driver was speeding.

B. The driver was a stranger.

C. The driver took the wrong turn.

16. What is the speed limit in business area of that city?

A. 25 miles per hour.

B. 20 miles per hour.

C. 35 miles per hour.

第二步:听

——为了避免心理紧张等情绪,可做深呼吸,放松心情,使自己处于最佳心理状态。如果某一句话听不明白,暂时放弃,以免影响后面的答题。

1. 相信第一感觉

———听完听力后,不要再回过头去检查或修改自己的答案。因为,据统计学原理及对学生进行采访的结果表明:在大多数情况下,改动越多,错误率越高。

小对话典型题型分析

(part1)

1.场景型问题 2.人物关系及身份题 3.数字型问题

4.推理判断题 5.观点态度题

1.场景型问题(where)

1)餐馆(restaurant):menu, bill, order, tip, hamburger, sandwich

2)宾馆(hotel):luggage, single room, double room, room number ,reserve, book

3)医院(hospital):take medicine, pill , headache, blood pressure

Fever

4) 邮局(post office):mail, deliver, stamp ,envelope, telegram

Where does the conversation probably take place? (2011重庆)

A. In a restaurant

B. On a farm

C. At home

M:What would like to have, madam?

W: I … a cup of coffee and chicken sandwich.

2. 人物关系及身份题

解题技巧

在听人物之间关系的题目时,说话人之间的语气尤其重要。

如果是上司跟下属之间的关系,语气一般较强硬,有命令的意味;

而如果是夫妻之间,则语气较为甜蜜,随意朋友之间较亲切;服务员对顾客一般较尊敬。

Key words

relation

dear, darling, sweetheart,

my love, cook, TV, dinner

husband and wife

size, color, try on, discount, Can I help you?

assistant and customer

trouble,check, pain, fever, prescription, dentist

doctor and patient

professor,subject,homework, questions, major(专业),hand in

Teacher and student

3. 数字型问题

When does this conversation take place?

A. At 5:00. B. At 5:15. C. At 4:45.

W: Oh, no. It’s five o’clock already, and I haven’t finished my homework.

M: Don’t worry. That clock is fifteen minutes fast. You still have time to do it.

What was the normal price of the T-shirt? (2010全国一No.2)

A. $15 B. $30 C. $50

W: So what did you buy?

M: A T-shirt, it was a real bargain. I got it half price, saving 15 dollars.

4. 推理判断题

解题技巧

1.捕捉“弦外之音“,如降调表示赞同肯定;升调表示怀疑、惊讶或否定。

2.侧重but词后的信息,这些词后的信息往往比较重要。

3.注意一些语法结构的运用,如虚拟语气表示与事实相反;

否定比较级结构表示最高级;

I wish I could be in 2 places at once.

It couldn’t be better.

I couldn’t agree more.

I have never seen a better film.

种类

1) 语气

What does the man mean?

A.He’ll explain them.

B.He doesn’t know them, either.

C.He knows them very well.

W: Can you explain these difficult words for me?

M: Me?

2) 否定比较级表示最高级

What does the man imply?

A. The man is so forgetful.

B. The man is too careless.

C. ThW: Hi John. How is your exam?

M: It couldn’t be better.

W: Really? But remember this: hope for the best and be prepared for the worst.

e man is over confident.

3) but词

Will the woman come to the party?

A. Maybe. B. No. C. Certainly.

M: We are having a little party at the weekend. Can you and Tom come?

W: That sounds nice. Thank you. But I’ll have to check with Tom.

常见句型

I’d like…,but…

I was planning to…,but…

I’m sorry to hear that, but…

That’s great, but…

听力中要特别注意but 后的内容。因为but前的往往是婉转的客套话,而后面的才是真正的心里话,在口语表达中更常见的还有以下几个连接标志:to be honest, to tell the truth, in fact, as a matter of fact, actually等

4) 虚拟语气

2.What does the man mean?(09湖北5)

A. He had a terrible vocation

B. He remained at home all the time

C. The woman asked a silly question

M: Alen, …how was you vocation?

W: Just don’t ask. I wish I had never had it.

5. 观点态度题

解题技巧:

注意对话中肯定与否定 回答.

肯定回答:

Yes/ Absolutely/ I agree with you… ;

否定回答:

I’m sorry, I’m busy now ,I’m afraid I can’t……

常见语气词:well—委婉否定

M: Can you possibly lend me $ 10?

W: It's out of the question.

Q: What do you learn about the woman?

1) 巧用and 和or

1.Which book has the man’s brother get?

A. A history book

B. A Chinese textbook

C. An English book

W: Has your brother bought his books yet?

M: He bought a history book , but the Chinese and English test-book were sold out.

2. Where does the man live now?

A In New York

B In Boston

C In Washington

W: Do you enjoy life in Washington?

M: Yes indeed. I’m planning to move to New York or Boston. Anyway I’ve never regretted my earlier decision

小贴士:

1.根据对大量试题的统计,所提出的问题有90%左右都与speaker 2说话内容有关。所以我们要特别注意speaker2的回答。

2.当题干是:What does the woman think of ……? 注意听女声;如果题干是:What does the man imply/ suggest ... ? 听男声。

3.'阴胜阳衰'原则

1) 男生学习不好,不爱学习;女生爱学习,学的也好.

2) 男生总是不够沉稳,心里素质不行;女生很稳重,成熟,细心.

3) 男生在遇到困难的时候往往比较消极,而女生往往比较乐观,不怕困难,还开导男生.

4) 男生惹女生生气,然后向女生道歉.女生还是比较宽容的,能原谅他们.

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